• Title, Summary, Keyword: Region innovation policy

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How Does the Regulation of Location Affect Firm's Management and Innovation Performance? (정부의 지역 입지규제는 기업 경영 및 혁신성과에 어떤 영향을 미치는가? -평택(경기도)과 천안(충청남도)지역 기업 비교분석을 중심으로-)

  • Seo, Young-Woong;Choi, Seok-Joon;Lee, Si-Wook
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.586-603
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    • 2012
  • In order to relieve overcrowding, the Korean government has regulated firm's locations in the capital region of Korea. However, the standard of regulation mainly depends on the place of province. Using KIS-Value data of firms that are located Pyeong-taek(the Capital area) or Cheon-an(Non Capital area), in close proximity to each other, we utilize OLS and negative binomial regression models for identifying the difference of firms' management and innovation performance in terms of firms' location difference(regulation difference). Our analysis shows that innovation performance of firms in Cheon-an does better than Pyeong-taek's, but management performance has no gaps between them. This result indicates that the regulation of firm's location has influence on firm's innovation performance. Thus, regulation policy regarding firms' location need to be minutely amended.

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Evaluating Strategies for Regionally Balanced Development of the Roh Moo-hyun Government (참여정부의 지역균형발전 전략과 과제)

  • Choo, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2004
  • The Roh Moo-hyun Government of Korea with highest fierily establishes policy framework and measures to accomplish the goal of regionally balanced development. With the vision "constructing a county in which every region provides high quality of life with its own specificity" and basic strategy "self-sustained localization", the policy framework is geared to economic aspects of development rather than cultual or social aspects. Subsequently, policy measures are also focused on such economic tools as regional innovation system, strategic industry, or industrial cluster. This paper suggests that future policy of balance development should set clear definition of balanced development, be based on a though evaluation of the Bast policy measures, and draw several fresh ideas which match characteristics of each region. These policy directions should be given higher power of practice with efficient organizational support.

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Public Sector Relocation and Balanced Regional Development : A Case of French Experience (공공기관 지방이전과 지역균형발전 : 프랑스 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Tae-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.71-82
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    • 2005
  • Recently, the Korean Government has announced a plan of public sector relocation to deal with a severe overconcentration of economic functions in the capital region and to promote more balanced regional economic development This study analyses the case of the French public sector relocation policy and suggests its implications. The policy in france is evaluated to be successful to encourage more balanced regional growth, with reference to the growth of population, job creation and scientific-technological infrastructure out of the capital region. It has also contributed to the growth of regional innovation capacity which becomes to be a critical factor for the regional development. As the policy of public sector relocation can be accepted to be an effective tools for balanced regional development in Korea as well, Government has to make an every effort to implement the policy in a strategic way.

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Methodological Approaches to Estimation of Economic Growth and Sustainable Development: Kazakhstan's Experience

  • NURLANOVA, Nailya K.;OMAROV, Akedil K.;SATPAYEVA, Zaira T.
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.317-324
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    • 2020
  • The study aims to analyze the theoretical background of the economic growth and sustainable development; systematization of scientists view on monitoring and economic and innovative evaluation, analysis and diagnosis of factors affecting these processes. Rating characteristics of the level of innovative resources development obtained based on the comparative analysis of Kazakhstan regions. Calculations were done based on official statistics during 2010 and 2015-2017. Based on obtained data there has been grading of the country regions and their ratings were determined by the level of development of innovative resources. This research identifies areas and mechanisms to ensure balanced sustainable development of the national economy. The findings suggest that sustainable development of the state is affected by the innovative activity of the regions, the sustainable development of which is ensured by innovative enterprises. Transition to the model of sustainable territorial development involves the formation of such conditions and the use of mechanisms under which the natural base of this development is not destroyed, the environment suitable for human existence is preserved and reproduced. The findings of this research support for pursuing a national policy of reducing regional imbalances, and promoting a more balanced and sustainable development of the whole country.

Business Ecosystem Characteristics on the Regional 6th Industrialization (지역단위 6차산업화 생태계 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Yonglyoul;Lee, Hyungyong;Chung, Dochai
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed business ecosystems in 4 case regions(Yeongdong, Seocheon, Sunchang, and Hadong) that carry forward the regional $6^{th}$ industrialization. The analysis aimed to draw implications to build a healthy ecosystem for the sustainable development of the regional $6^{th}$ industrialization. As a result of the analysis, 4 districts show different characteristics for their growth stages, and these results provide implications for policy directions for the development of the regional industry. The following basic direction was set for the sustainable regional $6^{th}$ industrialization based on the healthy ecosystem. First, policy support should be differentiated by considering each region's growth stage. Second, to improve the regional innovation capacity, it is needed to lay the foundation continually and strengthen diverse support for it. Third, a stronger and efficient implementation system is necessary for the regional $6^{th}$ industrialization.

Research on the corrent status and prospects of the rural industry development projects (향토산업육성사업의 현황과 발전과제)

  • Park, Dong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.619-628
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    • 2012
  • Promoting Rural industry development projects with the support of the Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries had elapsed about 5 years old. Agency selected 30 municipalities they annually promoting business, its performance will be examined. The alternative analysis of the business problem and seeks to provide policy direction. Superior rural enterprises to build business through fostering rural industry than what the system of rural industries in the region to want to foster entrepreneurship, 6th industrialization area industrial structure for each of the items, and not continue to make policy judgments about the point of needis. Therefore, in this paper, so far, through the analysis of the performance of alternatives by sector presented.

A Study on the Characteristics of Firm Agglomeration of Green Energy Industry in Daegyeong Region (대경권 친환경에너지산업 집적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Chil-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.689-705
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the geographical distribution and the clustering characteristics as an industrial cluster in order to provide alternative fundamental data for the preparation of the policies to facilitate the development of the Green Energy Industry. The main source of the data in this study is the outcome of a survey conducted to the firms and environment specialist from June 21st, 2010 to July 23rd, 2010. The Green Energy related companies in Daegyeong region are clustered around Pohang and Gumi, Gyeongbuk, and Dalseo District of Daegu Metropolitan City. The core element of the sustainability of the Green Energy Industry in the region is the inducement of the large-scale corporate presence in the region as well as the technical and geographical proximity. That is, the fact that there are sister companies established by the large scale corporate Daegyeong region as they have chosen this field for their new drive for growth. The major location factors are proximity, higher quality expectations from the local demands, technical availability, and competition with other companies of the same industry in the region, rather than the availability of the raw material. And the choke points for these companies are the financial support of R&D and the policy support of specialist training. The policy to facilitate the development of the industry in question in Daegyeong region, therefore, should shift from its previous focuses on infrastructure building and taxation benefits to financial supports for the technical research, human resource development in response to the needs of the companies. Also, programs to support the proficiency training for the already-hired work forces and development of new policies for the Green Energy Industry are needed to be introduced for the development of the Green Energy Industry in Daegyeong region.

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An Empirical Study on the Determinants of Innovation Performance of SMEs in the Daejeon and Chungcheong Region (지역혁신체제관점에서의 대전·충청지역 중소기업 혁신성과 결정요인에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Jin;Kim, Byung-Keun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.102-111
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to identify the characteristics of the regional innovation system(RIS) and the determinants of innovation performance of SMEs. Data were collected from a questionnaire survey on 64 SMEs in the Daejeon and Chungcheong regions to uncover the relationship between capabilities, regional innovation capacities and innovation performance. The moderating effects of regional innovation capacities on the relationship between firms' innovation capabilities and performance were also tested. Empirical results revealed that R&D, marketing and entrepreneurial orientation had positive effects. The moderating effect of regional innovation capabilities on the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (risk taking) and performance was also confirmed.

University Linkages in Technology Clusters of Emerging Economies - Exploratory Case Studies from Cyberjaya, Malaysia - a Greenfield Development and Cyberabad, India - a Brownfield Development

  • Mohan, Avvari V.;Ejnavarzala, Haribabu;Lakshmi, C.N.
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.42-55
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    • 2012
  • This paper is concerned with the linkages between universities and industry in the information and communications technology (ICT) in Cyberjaya, Malaysia and Cyberabad, India. In the case of the ICT cluster of Cyberjaya, the context can be termed as greenfield cluster development as the whole project is developed from scratch. In the case of Cyberabad, India, the context can be seen as a brownfield development, where the cluster developed based on existing and new organisations in a region. There is extant literature in research, be it from an Innovation systems or a Triple Helix perspective that has given significant attention to the importance of universities as engines of growth and also about the significance of their linkages with industry innovation in regions. But as argued by scholars like Chaminade et al, most of these papers tend to ignore the specific context in which this interaction between the university and the industry takes place - this study aims to fill this gap through an exploratory study from emerging economies and in a greenfield and brownfield contexts. The findings from the two cases point towards (1) the role of intermediary organisations in developing the linkages, (2) the issue of capabilities of universities for supporting industry development and (3) university-industry linkages are different in greenfield and brown field developments. The paper presents the cases and discusses the findings and provides insights to cluster development officials and policy makers and implications to researchers for developing studies of university-industry from a capabilities and context perspectives.

The Role of Economic Cluster Perspectives in Regional Economic Development

  • Haak, Robert;Vora, Gautam;Walsh, Steven T.;White, Craig G.
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2014
  • The importance of science and technology as the root of exceptional regional economic development has been extolled since the time of Schumpeter. Today emerging technologies are signaling the start of a new economic cycle where regions that are effective in technology translation will gain advantage. The will of policymakers to translate technology into regional job and wealth creation seems to be at an all-time high. Yet an improved process for translating technical development into regional prosperity has proved elusive. If there are no processes other than applying techniques that have worked in the past for other regions to a new region then there is cause for concern. Here the authors seek to add to this field of knowledge by applying elements of the varied cluster theories to provide a basis for policy for regional economic development by turning science and technology into commercial innovation. We provide a review of current cluster theories and discuss the positive and negative issues associated with each. We propose a model that allows interested professionals to utilize aspects of each cluster perspective geared to the realities of their specific area.