• Title/Summary/Keyword: Relapse

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The Patterns and Risk Factors of Smoking Relapse among People Successful in Smoking Cessation at the Smoking Cessation Clinics of Public Health Centers (보건소 금연클리닉 금연성공자의 재흡연 양상 및 위험요인)

  • Kim, Yi-Soon;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.365-376
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of smoking relapse and to identify risk factors related to smoking relapse among those successful in smoking cessation at the smoking cessation clinics of public health centers. Methods: Data were collected from 1,705 six-month quitters and analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox proportional hazard model. Results: The rate of smoking relapse was 38.2% in 1 year, 44.4% in 2 years, and 47.8% in 5 years. The vast majority of relapse (62.3%) occurred within the first six months after quitting. The risk factors related to smoking relapse were age (HR 1.964: 95% CI 1.545, to 2.497), nicotine dependence (HR 1.293: 95% CI 1.087 to 1.539), problem drinking (HR 1.497: 95% CI 1.116 to 2.008), behavioral therapy type (HR 1.398: 95% CI 1.193 to 1.638), and nicotine replacement therapy type (HR 1.363: 95% CI 1.077 to 1.724). Conclusion: For reducing smoking relapse, it is necessary to develop a smoking relapse prevention program for the first six months after quitting and to strengthen behavioral therapy in the course of smoking cessations clinics.

Impact of Risk Factors, Autonomy Support and Health Behavior Compliance on the Relapse in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease (관상동맥질환 위험요인, 자율성 지지 및 건강행위 이행이 관상동맥질환자의 재발에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ae Ran;So, Hyang Sook;Song, Chi Eun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.32-40
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to identify factors influencing a relapse among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Of 250 participants enrolled in the original study 75 were selected as there was no relapse for more than one year following the initial treatment and 54 were selected because there was a relapse. Data were analyzed using ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test or F test to determine if there were any significant differences in the study variables relative to the status of relapse. Predictors were calculated by logistic regression. Results: Autonomy supported by healthcare providers was the significant predictor for relapse in patients with CAD. Patients with low autonomy supported by healthcare providers was 3.91 times more likely to relapse than patients with high autonomy supported. Patients with diabetes were at greater risk of recurrence. Conclusion: Secondary prevention of CAD is a major task for patients with CAD. Behavioral strategies for cardiovascular risk reduction are essential and autonomy supported by healthcare providers should be included in their strategies.

A Clinical Study of Relapse Following Orthodontic Treatment (교정치료후의 복귀현상에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Lee, Sae-Hee;Lee, Dong-Joo
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 1986
  • This study was undertaken to determine the relapse amount in the various malocclusions and correlative coefficient with other factors. The sample were consisted of 60 orthodontic patients whose models were perfect before treatment, after treatment and after 6 months post treatment. For this study 8 liner lengths were measured in maxilla and mandible respectively. The results were as follows. 1. The change with treatment of maxillary dental arch length was most large in non extraction group of Angle's class II malocclusion. 2. The relapse compared with other treatment changes was most little in the arch perimeter. 3. The relapse was increased in proportion to the beginning age of the treatment in non extraction group. 4. The relapse of maxillary intermolar width was increased and those of overbite & molar relationship were decreased in proportion to the duration of active treatment. 5. The relapse of maxillary intercanine width was increased with a time goes after treatment.

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Assessing Misdiagnosis of Relapse in Patients with Gastric Cancer in Iran Cancer Institute Based on a Hidden Markov Multi-state Model

  • Zare, Ali;Mahmoodi, Mahmood;Mohammad, Kazem;Zeraati, Hojjat;Hosseini, Mostafa;Naieni, Kourosh Holakouie
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.4109-4115
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    • 2014
  • Background: Accurate assessment of disease progression requires proper understanding of natural disease process which is often hidden and unobservable. For this purpose, disease status should be clearly detected. But in most diseases it is not possible to detect such status. This study, therefore, aims to present a model which both investigates the unobservable disease process and considers the error probability in diagnosis of disease states. Materials and Methods: Data from 330 patients with gastric cancer undergoing surgery at the Iran Cancer Institute from 1995 to 1999 were analyzed. Moreover, to estimate and assess the effect of demographic, diagnostic and clinical factors as well as medical and post-surgical variables on transition rates and the probability of misdiagnosis of relapse, a hidden Markov multi-state model was employed. Results: Classification errors of patients in alive state without a relapse ($e_{21}$) and with a relapse ($e_{12}$) were 0.22 (95% CI: 0.04-0.63) and 0.02 (95% CI: 0.00-0.09), respectively. Only variables of age and number of renewed treatments affected misdiagnosis of relapse. In addition, patient age and distant metastasis were among factors affecting the occurrence of relapse (state1${\rightarrow}$state2) while the number of renewed treatments and the type and extent of surgery had a significant effect on death hazard without relapse (state2${\rightarrow}$state3)and death hazard with relapse (state2${\rightarrow}$state3). Conclusions: A hidden Markov multi-state model provides the possibility of estimating classification error between different states of disease. Moreover, based on this model, factors affecting the probability of this error can be identified and researchers can be helped with understanding the mechanisms of classification error.

Long-Term Complete Remission in an Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patient with Isolated Central Nervous System Relapse after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (급성골수성 백혈병에서 동종조혈모세포 이식 후 고립성 중추신경계 재발에서의 장기 완전 관해 1예)

  • Kim, Myung Jin;Ko, Sung Ae;Jang, Hyo Jin;Jeong, Da Eun;Park, Jeung Min;Lee, Kyoung Hee;Kim, Min Kyoung;Bae, Young Kyung;Hyun, Myung Soo
    • Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2012
  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is considered the optimal curative treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but some patients develop bone marrow relapse due to remnant leukemia, and few patients develop extramedullary relapse without bone marrow relapse. Isolated extramedullary relapse (IMER) is defined as extramedullary relapse without bone marrow relapse. IMER has been reported in various sites, including the skin, soft tissue, and central nervous system(CNS). Isolated CNS relapse is relatively rare and is associated with poor prognosis due to the absence of an optimal treatment for it. Reported herein is a case involving an adult AML woman who suffered from isolated extramedullary relapse in the CNS after allogeneic HSCT. She was treated with intrathecal chemotherapy and whole-brain and spine radiotherapy, followed by systemic chemotherapy. She is currently well, with no evidence of leukemia recurrence for over six years.

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Predictive Clinical Factors for the Treatment Response and Relapse Rate in Childhood Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome (소아 일차성 신증후군의 치료반응과 재발빈도에 관련된 인자)

  • Jeon, Hak-Su;Ahn, Byung-Hoon;Ha, Tae-Sun
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.132-141
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : This study was aimed to determine the predictive risk factors for the treatment response and relapse rate in children diagnosed with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. Methods : We analyzed the medical records of children who were diagnosed and treated for childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome from November 1991 to May 2005. Variables selected in this study were age at onset, sex, laboratory data, concomitant bacterial infections, days to remission, and interval to first relapse. Results : There were 46 males and 11 females, giving a male:female ratio of 4.2:1. The age($mean{\pm}SD$) of patients was $5.8{\pm}4.1$ years old. Of all patients who were initially given corticosteroids, complete remission(CR) was observed in 54(94.7%). Of the 54 patients who showed CR with initial treatment, 40(70.2%) showed CR within 2 weeks and 14(24.6%) showed CR after 2 weeks. The levels of serum IgG were lower in the latter group who showed CR after 2 weeks(P=0.036). Of the 54 patients who showed CR with initial treatment, 47(82.5%) relapsed. Of these patients, 35.1% were frequent relapsers and 43.9% were infrequent relapsers. There was no significant correlation between the frequency of relapse and the following variables : sex, days to remission, and laboratory data. However, age at onset and interval to first relapse had a negative correlation with the frequency of relapse(Pearson's coefficient=-0.337, -0.433, P<0.012, P<0.01). Conclusion : The age at onset and the interval to first relapse were found to be predictive clinical parameters for the relapse rate, while the levels of serum IgG at initial presentation were a predictive laboratory factor for treatment response in childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome.

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Predictors of Relapse in Patients with Organizing Pneumonia

  • Kim, Minjung;Cha, Seung-Ick;Seo, Hyewon;Shin, Kyung-Min;Lim, Jae-Kwang;Kim, Hyera;Yoo, Seung-Soo;Lee, Jaehee;Lee, Shin-Yup;Kim, Chang-Ho;Park, Jae-Yong
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.78 no.3
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    • pp.190-195
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    • 2015
  • Background: Although organizing pneumonia (OP) responds well to corticosteroid therapy, relapse is common during dose reduction or follow-up. Predictors of relapse in OP patients remain to be established. The aim of the present study was to identify factors related to relapse in OP patients. Methods: This study was retrospectively performed in a tertiary referral center. Of 66 OP patients who were improved with or without treatment, 20 (30%) experienced relapse. The clinical and radiologic parameters in the relapse patient group (n=20) were compared to that in the non-relapse group (n=46). Results: Multivariate analysis demonstrated that percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC), $PaO_2/FiO_2$, and serum protein level were significant predictors of relapse in OP patients (odds ratio [OR], 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.70-0.97; p=0.018; OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.00-1.04; p=0.042; and OR, 0.06; 95% CI, 0.01-0.87; p=0.039, respectively). Conclusion: This study shows that FVC, $PaO_2/FiO_2$ and serum protein level at presentation can significantly predict relapse in OP patients.

A Study on effectiveness of the relapse prevention program for adult substances abusers (성인 약물남용 재활 프로그램의 효과성 연구)

  • 장진경
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.33-52
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of using the relapse prevention program for adult substance addicts. Based on the results from the study of educational needs for the relapse prevention program among substance addicts the 10-session-relapse prevention program was developed. Then the researcher conducted the relapse prevention program for 15 adult methamphetamine addicts from Aug. 3 1999 to Sep. 4 1999 at the probation office in Suwon, South Korea. For examining the effectiveness of using that relapse prevention program the Social Adjustment Scale-Self Report(SAS-SR), McMullin Addiction Thought Scale(MAT), and Self Esteem Rating Scale(SERS) were used whether or not their social adjustment level, self-esteem level, and addiction thought level were improved. This study employed one group pre-post test research design as a quantitative purpose and in-depth interview as a qualitative purpose. For a qualitative purpose in-depth interview was conducted in not only between sessions but also after sessions dealing with their current life problems. For a quantitative purpose the analysis strategy employed here was frequency and t-test. Results shows that addicts who took the relapse prevention program consistently reported the improvement of their social adjustment level, self-esteem level, and addiction thought level although there were no statistically significant between pre and post tests. The implication of study findings will be discussed.

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The Lived Experience of Relapse and Treatment Among the Alcoholics (알코올 중독 환자의 재발과 치료 경험)

  • Woo, Ju-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Lye;Hyun, Myung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.162-172
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the subjective experiences of relapse and treatment among the alcoholics. Methods: Phenomenological methodology was used for the study. Participants were seven people with inpatient alcoholics at the alcohol treatment center at K hospital in K province. Data were collected via in-depth interviews from March to September, 2012 and analyzed using Colazzi's framework. Results: Six themes and seventeen meanings were formulated for the relapse and treatment experiences of participants with alcoholism. Six themes were 'Lack of true insight', 'Lack of strength to live a life', 'Unable to overcome an urge to drink', 'Being drawn away from others', 'Falling into the powerlessness and despair', and 'Being foothold of self-growth'. Conclusion: The results from this study revealed the relapse experiences among alcoholic patients. Therefore, the findings can provide the framework and direction for developing the relapse prevention program for alcoholic patients. In addition, practitioners in the treatment center or hospital need to consider their relapse and treatment experience.

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A Study of a Relapse Prevention Program for Alcoholics focused on Action Methods (행위기법을 중심으로 한 알코올의존 재발방지 프로그램 개발에 관한 연구)

  • No, In-Suk;Kim, Seong-Jae
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 2004
  • Relapse is one of the most series problems in alcoholics treatment. Previous studies have shown that significant proportions of treated alcoholics show an early relapse and go through a chronic phase. It is necessity to find more effective relapse prevention program. The Purpose of this study was to develop a relapse prevention program that emphasis on group activities using various action methods. Previous studies revealed that there was no effective therapeutic strategy to prevent relapse and proposed that action methods were more practical ways to be able ti cope with high-risk situation than verbal methods such as discussions and lectures. The special attempt of this program was the application of various actions methods and the integration of many psychosocial therapeutic strategies as compared with many relapse prevention programs. The theoretical framework of this relapse prevention program was based on mainly the Marlatt's Relapse Prevention model and Prochescha and DiClemente's Transtheoretical model. This Program consists of eight structure sessions. Every session has three phase: Warm-up phase, action phase, and sharing phase as sociodrama structure. Sociodrama is based on many of the principles of adult learning. And sociodrama looks at how groups work through an understanding of systems and role theory. Therefore, in working with a group a therapist might explore with them the roles that people play, roles that are missing at present such a visionary and how people can develop new roles or new ways of playing existing roles. The researchers explained the purpose of this study to all participants after their agreement to participate. Voluntary informed consent was obtained from all participants. Every session allows participants to recognize personal specific high-risk situation and to examine possible coping behaviors creatively. Multiple solutions can be proposed, tested and evaluated dramatically, giving new insights or breakthroughs in thinking. This is vital for the initiation of change, and if appropriate, expanding new role development. The first two sessions aim at understanding of relapse process and recognize of high-risk situations focused on orientation about action methods. The next four sessions deal with high-risk situations. The last two sessions give participants opportunities to venture new life-styles. The methods and approaches used in this program utilized as a tool to explore and practice possible coping strategies. and this program can contribute to prevent relapse episode if tune with the particular high-risk situation by using active practices in safe environment.

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