• Title, Summary, Keyword: Resilience

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The Concept and Functional Objectives of the Urban Resilience for Disaster Management (재난관리를 위한 도시 방재력(Urban Resilience) 개념 및 기능적 목표설정)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Kye-June
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2011
  • Resilience has been suggested as a new paradigm of disaster management which reduces losses against disasters under the uncertain circumstances. The purpose of this study is to define the concept and to set up the objectives of urban resilience for disaster management. The common concept and components of resilience were analyzed by examining recent studies on resilience. The resilience was defined as "a capacity of physical and social urban elements adapting and recovering against disaster for better condition" and the five objectives of resilience - Robustness, Redundancy, Resourcefulness, Rapidity, and Regional Competency - were derived from the review of literatures. The major disasters and accidents were analyzed focused on those objectives. The concept and objectives of urban resilience could be used as a guidance for disaster prevention planning and disaster management processes.

A Study on Mental Health, Resilience and Happiness of Intermarried Korean Men (다문화가족 남편의 정신건강, 레질리언스와 행복에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.135-147
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study were to uncover the relationships and correlations between mental health, resilience and happiness. The sample consisted of 184 intermarried Korean men. The data were analyzed by means of frequency, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS. The major findings were as follows; Mental health was negatively correlated with resilience and happiness, except for the component of negative emotion. Additionally, resilience was positively correlated with feelings of happiness and positive emotion. Second, social maladaptation and depression had a negative influence on resilience and a negative influence on happiness. Resilience had a mediating effect on mental health and feelings of happiness. Resilience had a mediating effect on mental health and positive emotion, while resilience had a mediating effect on mental health and negative emotion. In conclusion, in order to improve happiness it is important to mediate on intermarried Korean men's resilience through special education programs and counseling.

Internal Locus of Control and Behavior Problems of Institutionalized Children : Mediating Effect of Ego-resilience (시설보호 아동의 내적 통제소재와 행동문제 간의 관계에서 자아탄력성의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Jin-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2008
  • This study explored relationships between internal locus of control, ego-resilience, and behavior problems including effects of ego-resilience as mediating variables of behavior problems in 135 institutionalized children. Instruments were the Locus of Control (Min, 1999) and Ego-resilience (Yoon et al. 2001) scales and Korea-Child Behavior Checklist (Oh et al., 1997). Locus of control was administered to the children; ego-resilience and behavior problems were rated by teachers. Findings were that (1) internal locus of control related positively to ego-resilience and negatively to behavior problems; ego-resilience related negatively to behavior problems. (2) Effects of internal locus of control on behavior problems were mediated by ego-resilience; ego-resilience sub-factors of peer relationships and comprehension ability mediated relationships between internal locus of control and behavior problems.

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Resilience Evaluation of Vehicle Driving System Depending on System Architecture (차량 구동 시스템의 구조에 따른 resilience 분석)

  • Byun, Sungil;Lee, Dongik
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.273-279
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    • 2015
  • The vehicle has lots of embedded systems. Each of systems has its own role. In case of the vehicle, simple failure of system can be critical to driver. Therefore all of embedded system should be managed based on importance factors to be effective. In this paper, we consider the resilience as the importance factor for the driving system with ACC(Adaptive Cruise Control). We propose metrics to calculate the resilience of the embedded system. To get the resilience of system, we calculate the reliability and the resilience of nodes in the system using its failure rate. The resilience of whole system can be presented by the resilience of nodes and its weight. We calculate the resilience and compare the centralized structure and the distributed structure.

Concept Development of Resilience (회복력 (Resilience) 개념 개발)

  • 김혜성
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.403-413
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    • 1998
  • The Resilience is described as the personal capacity which brings psychosocial comeback. The role of nursing is to do its best to rehabilitate patients and to explore the individual in order to promote patients psychosocial change. However, as the current nursing is heavily physical nursing oriented, the identity of the nursing would be lost. Therefore this researcher reviewed if the concept of resilience can be applied to the nursing after examing the concept of resilience by Documents and Fieldwork. The methodology of this research is Hybrid Model developed by Schwartz-Barcott and Kim for the concept development and analysis. The process and procedure consist of The Theoretical Phase, The Fieldwork Phase and The Final Analytical Phase in accodance with the Hybrid Model. The followings the summary of the Research. 1. The Concept of Resilience Finally Analyzed by Documents and Fieldwork (1) The Redefinition of Resilience The resilience is the latent psychosocial capacity which minimize the negative emotion and promote the adaptation under adversity. Resilience appears as cognitive, emotional and behavioral response in the course of changing from negative response to positive response through the interaction of the individual and the enviroments in a given time. Resilience changes and decreases according to time and situation and it can be nurtured. Resilience is the higher concept including hardiness, sense of coherence and self-strength which maintain the health under stress. (2) The Attribute of Resilience The attribute of resilience was devided into psychological and social dimension. In psychological attributes, there are admittion of reality of situation, denial of negative emotion, desire to live, responsibility, confidence, courage, hope, pursuit of positive meaning, identification and pursuit of goal, self-esteem, reception, spontaneity, planning, positiveness, will power, flexibility and creativity. In social attributes, there are a sense of belonging, perception of social support and active social relations. (3) The Process of Resilience There are 4 resilience phases which were the process minimizing the possibility of the negative chain reactions under adversity, the process minimizing the negative emotion under adversity, the process gaining the desire to live and the process exposing the active social relations. 2. The Application Possibility of Resilience Concept to Nursing The resilience concept is the psychosocial capacity with which an individual manages adversity. As many nursing scientists have developed nursing theory based on this capacity and the identification of nursing has been established in this field, resilience is not the new conception in nursing. However, since resilience appears in the attributes related with the resilience process concretely, it would help a lot when nurses execute psychosocial nursing.

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Predictors of Resilience for High School Adolescents (고등학교 청소년의 적응유연성 영향요인)

  • Nam, Kyoung-A;Lim, Ji-Young;Song, Hee-Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.244-252
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to find out the relationship among resilience, coping mechanism, social support and family strengths and to explore the predictors for school adolescents' resilience. Method: The subjects of this study were 296 high school adolescents residing in two urban area in Korea. The subjects completed self-report questionnaires measuring Resilience(Jew, et al., 1997), Coping Mechanism(Carver, et al., 1989), Social Support(Lee, 1997) and Family Strengths(Olson 1982). Results: Socio-demographic characteristics of school adolescents influencing resilience, coping mechanism, social support and family strengths were revealed. The results showed that resilience, problem-focused coping, social support and family strengths were correlated positively and self-esteem support, problem-focused coping, sibling's and mother's help, and instrumental support were the predictors of resilience of school adolescents. Conclusion: We found out the specific attributes of individual, social and family factors which predict resilience for school adolescents. These results may suggest further studies to investigate the relationship between stress and resilience, find out other predictors of resilience for Korean school adolescents, examine whether protective factors for adolescents' problem behaviors influence similarly on resilience.

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Rresilience in Children with Chronic Illness and in Their Family (만성질환을 가진 아동과 가족의 극복력)

  • Baek, Kyung-Won;Choi, Mi-Hye
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study were to describe of resilience in children with chronic illness and family resilience, and to identify their correlations. Method: Data was collected from 108 children and their families, being treated by hospitals C and K in Seoul, who are diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome, IgA nephritis, diabetes, asthma at least six months ago. Descriptive, t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation were done. Result: The mean score of resilience in children was 101.31 and family resilience was 60.14. The variable which showed a statistically meaningful difference in the resilience in children according to a general characteristic was the gender of a child (t=6.209, p<.05), diagnosis (F= 6.315, p<.01), age of a mother (t=2.237, p<.05), and school grade (F=12.838, P<.01). In terms of the family resilience according to a general characteristic, the variable showing a statistically meaningful difference was the order of sibling (F=13.468, p<.01). There was significant positive resilience in children between family resilience (r=.356, p<.01). Conclusions: In this study we proposed the implement programs for the increase of the resilience in children with chronic illness. In order to give a positive effect on the resilience in children, implement for the increase of the family resilience is also proposed.

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A Correlation Study on the Resilience of Children with Cancer and Their Mothers (암환아와 어머니의 회복력에 관한 상관관계 연구)

  • Shin, Hye-Won;Lee, Ja-Hyung
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate resilience of children with cancer and their mothers. This study aims to identify the main factors behind the resilience of these patients and their mothers. Method: To measure the resilience of cancer patients, Kim's (2002) resilience scale was utilized. The Korean Family Functioning Scale revised by Chae (2004) was used to calculate the resilience of mothers. Respondents for this study consist of 60 pediatric cancer patients and their mothers. Data was collected a Medical Center in Seoul, Korea. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and the Pearson's correlation coefficients were used for data analysis. Results: The resilience mean of pediatric cancer patients is 98.32 ($3.09{\pm}0.03$) and of mothers is 64.95 ($3.08{\pm}0.25$). There appears to be a high resilience in pediatric cancer patients who hold religious beliefs. Similarly, there is a high resilience for mothers who are employed. And there is a significant positive correlation between the resilience of pediatric cancer patients and their mothers. Conclusions: As the study indicates that there is a definite relationship between the resilience of pediatric cancer patients and their mothers, it is vital to improve the condition of both the patient and his mother to augment the healing process.

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Acculturative Stress and Marital Adjustment among Marriage Migration Females: Focusing on the Mediating and Moderating Effects of Ego-Resilience (결혼이주여성의 문화적응스트레스와 부부 적응: 자아탄력성의 매개효과 및 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun-Suk;Kim, Hee-Jae;Choi, Song-Sik
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.153-176
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between marriage migration females' acculturative stress and marital adjustment, especially the mediating and moderating effects of ego-resilience. The structural equation models were tested by setting marriage migration females' acculturative stress as a prediction variable, their marital adjustment as an outcome variable and their ego-resilience as mediator and moderator variables. The sample consisted of 172 marriage migration females from Busan. I analyzed the data using correlation analysis in order to discover the correlation coefficient of those variables among acculturative stress, ego-resilience and marital adjustment. I used the structural equation model (SEM) for investigating the relationship among acculturative stress, ego-resilience and marital adjustment and for investigating the mediating effects of ego-resilience. I also used multiple group analysis and two way ANOVA to investigate the moderating effects of ego-resilience. The results of structural equation modeling were as follows: first, it was proved that ego-resilience was exerted as a mediating variable, because acculturative stress appeared to affect marital adjustment in relation to ego-resilience. Therefore, marital adjustment was evident when ego-resilience was low. Second, it was proved that ego-resilience was exerted as a moderating variable, because those with low ego-resilience experienced high acculturative stress and low marital adjustment, and those with high ego-resilience experienced low acculturative stress and high marital adjustment. Such findings point out the importance of considering personal characteristics, like ego-resilience, in the relationship between acculturative stress and marital adjustment.

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Factors Influencing Resilience of Adult Children of Alcoholics among College Students (알코올 중독자 성인 자녀인 대학생의 극복력에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Hee-Kyung;Lee, Mi-Hyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.642-651
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the resilience of adult children of alcoholics (ACOA) who are college students, and examine factors contributing to their resilience. Methods: A total of 459 college students from a university in Incheon, participated in this study. Data were collected between April 6 to 30, 2010 using the Korean version of the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST-K), CAGE, Social Support, Self-Esteem, Family Adaptability and Cohesion, and Resilience measurements. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Overall, ACOA group showed lower scores of resilience, social support, self-esteem and family adaptability and cohesion compared to non-ACOA group. Resilience among the ACOA group showed significant relationships with self-esteem (r=.53, p<.001), social support (r=.43, p<.001), and family adaptability and cohesion (r=.25, p<.013). Multiple regression analysis showed that 45% of the variance for resilience in the ACOA group was accounted for by age, gender, social support, self-esteem, and religion. Conclusion: The results of the study show that self-esteem and social support are important determinants of resilience in ACOA, thus it is recommend that further resilience training programs for ACOA be developed to enhance their social support and self-esteem, and ultimately to increase their resilience.