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COMPARATIVE TENSILE BOND STRENGTH OF HEAT-CURED, COLD-CURED, AND LIGHT CURED DENTURE BASE RESINS BONDED TO CONTINUOUS-PRESSURE INJECTION TYPE DENTURE BASE RESIN (지속적 가압 주사식 열중합 의치상 레진에 대한 열중합, 자가중합 및 광중합 레진의 결합력에 관한 비교분석)

  • Whang Seung-Woo;Chung Moon-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.385-393
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    • 1993
  • Injection processing of denture base resin was introduced by Pryer in 1942, in an attempt to reduce processing shrinkage. More recently a continuous-pressure injection type technique has been developed (SR-Ivocap, Ivoclar AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein.), and it reduced processing error and increased resin density. The purpose of this study was to compare tensile bond strength of heat-cured, cold-cured, and light-cured denture base resin bonded to continuous-pressure injection type resin. To know it, 60 cylindrical resin specimens were fabricated, and tensile bond strength were measured. The results were as follows : 1. The mean tensile bond strength bonded to continuous-pressure injection type resin was lower than bonded to conventional heat cured resin. But tensile bond strength of conventional heat cured resin bonding with light cured resin was lower than continuous-pressure injection type resin. 2. Of the tensile bond strength bonded to continuous-pressure injection type resin, tensile bond strength bonding with continuous-pressure injection type resin was the greatest(but not significantly different from bonding with conventional heat cured resin), followed by cold-cured, light-cured resin. 3. Of the tensile bond strength bonded to conventional heat cured resin, tensile bond strength bonding with conventional heat cured resin was the greatest and followed by continuous-pressure injection type resin, cold-cured resin, light-cured resin. According to these results, bonding of continuous-pressure injection type resin with conventional heat cured resin or continuous-pressure injection type resin is acceptable, but bonding with light-cured resin is questionable.

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Manufacturing of High Water-Resistant Particleboard by Combining Use of Urea Resin and EMDI Resin (요소수지와 EMDI수지의 복합이용에 의한 고내수정 파티클보드의 제조)

  • Park, Jong-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 1998
  • This study examined the combined using effects of urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin and emulsifiable methylene diphyenyl diisocyanate (EMDI) resin to overcome performance limit of three-layer particleboards commonly made by UF resin. Two adhesive adding methods were applied with three types of resin combination system to each layer of particleboards. The one was simultaneously spreading method with emulsified compound resin (UF and EMDI) while the other was separately spreading method with unemulsified EMDI resin after UF resin spreading. The performance of particleboards bonded with 2% EMDI resin to the inner layers(IL) were similar to that of controls bonded with 8% UF resin. In the case of the emulsified compound resin application to the all layers of particleboards, there were marked reinforcing effects of EMDI resin, although a small amount of EMDI resin was mixed with UF resin. Especially bending MOR after 24 hours cold water-immersion and thickness swelling after 2 hours hot water-immersion of compound resin-bonded particleboards were remarkably different from those of pure UF resin-bonded particleboards. It was found that separately spreading method with unemulsified EMDI resin was more effective than simultaneously spreading method with emulsified compound resin to sustain the internal bond strength of particleboards after 24 hours cold water-immersion. In the resin combination systems to outer layers/inner layers of particleboards, water resistance and strength properties were superior in order of UF+EMDI/UF+EMDI > UF/UF+EMDI > UF/UF. And water resistance of particleboards was greatly dependent upon EMDI resin level in any adhesive adding method.

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Measurement of Flash Points of Epoxy Resin Solutions by Using Additives (첨가제 사용에 의한 Epoxy Resin 용액의 인화점 측정)

  • Ha, Dong-Myeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.22-27
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    • 2007
  • The knowledge of the flash point of the various liquid substances is required because of process safety and control in industrial fire protection. The epoxy resin is one of versatile resins that has wide selection of using curing agents and additives to achieve various applications such as coatings, adhesives, interior materials, reinforced plastics and electrical insulation. In this study, the lower flash points for p-xylene+epoxy resin, o-xylene+epoxy resin and n-butanol+epoxy resin systems were measured by using Pensky-Martens closed cup tester. The lower flash points for p-xylene+epoxy resin, o-xylene+epoxy resin and n-butanol+epoxy resin systems rapidly increased 80wt%, 90wt% and 95wt% of epoxy resin concentration, respectively. This results serve as a guide to estimate flash point of any epoxy resin solution.

Densification Characteristics of Softwood Veneers Treated by Resin Impregnation (침엽수단판의 수지함침처리에 의한 압밀화 특성)

  • 서진석
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate characteristics of plywood overlaid with softwood veneers densified by resin impregnation and compression. The resin impregnability of Korean pine veneer under atmospheric pressure soaking was greater than that of larch, and impregnability of melamine resin was slightly greater than phenolic resin. It was suggested that resin impregnation ratio was affected by density and thickness of veneer. The largest melamine resin impregnation ratio of 50.7% was obtained with 1.26mm thick Korean pine veneer, and the lowest phenolic resin impregnation ratio of 11.7% with 3.41mm thick larch veneer. Therefore, it was suggested that the vacuum-pres sure-soak treatment is required at thick larch veneer. In densifying resin-impregnated veneers, densification ratio from 13.4 to 31.2% was obtained by high pressure from 15.6 to $20.8kgf/cm^2$. Impregnation of melamine resin also showed relatively greater at densification than that of phenolic resin. So it showed the degree of densification of about 20% or greater. It was seemed that adhesive bonding strength of plywood(base panel) which was directly pressed and overlaid with resin-impregnated veneer was affected by resin tackiness after resin impregnation followed by semi-drying. In laboratory scale, melamine resin impregnation was more favorable for the development of adhesive bonding strength owing to moisture control.

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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE DIMENSIONAL CHANGES OF RELINED DENTURES AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SURFACE TEXTURES OF SEVERAL RESINS USED IN DENTURE RELINING (수종 레진으로 의치상 조직면 개조시 의치상의 크기변화와 물리적 성질 및 표면상태 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Chang-Han;Kim, Yung-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.25-41
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the dimensional changes of relined dentures with a light-curing resin, a heat-curing resin, and a direct, hard reline resin. And also to measure the transverse strength, impact strength, surface hardness of the three resins used in relining. The surface textures of three resins also of evaluated by using scanning electron microscope. Through analyses on the data from this study, the following conclusions were obtained. 1. Impact strength of heat-curing resin was highest, and direct, hard reline resin higher, light-curing resin lowest. 2. Transverse strength of heat-curing resin was highest, and direct, hard reline resin and light-curing resin was lower and not signiicantly different. 3. Surface hardness of light-curing resin was lighest, heat-curing resin higher, and direct, hard reline resin was lowest. 4. After storage of the relined dentures for 1 day and 1 week in water at room temperature, linear shrinkage of distance between the reference points in the maxillary base relined with direct, hard reline resin was lowest, and those relined with light-curing resin and heat-curing resin were lower and were not significantly different. 5. After storage for 4 weeks in orator at room tempeature, linear shrinkage of distance between ridge crests of dentures relined with heat-curing resin was highest and that of distance between denture borders was not significantly different. 6. The dimensional changes of relined dentures during storage in water was not significant except those of distance between denture borders relined with light-curing resin at 1 day and 1 week storage in water. 7. At low magnification (x40) of SEM examination, the surface textures of three resins were similar except light-curing resin which had some defects. At high magnification (x200), the surface textures of hard, direct reline resin were smooth with little defects, but those of heat-curing resin and light-curing resin w ere irregular.

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COMPARISON OF WEAR RESISTANCE AMONG RESIN DENTURE TEETH OPPOSING VAR10US RESTORATIVE MATERIALS (수복재료에 대합되는 의치용 레진치의 마모저항성 비교)

  • Lee, Chul-Young;Chung, Moon-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.313-327
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    • 1999
  • The aim of this study was to compare wear resistance of resin denture teeth opposing various restorative materials. The wear resistance of conventional acrylic resin teeth(Trubyte Biotone) and three high-strength resin teeth(Bioform IPN, Endura, SR-Orthosit-PE) opposing different restorative materials(gold alloys, dental porcelain, composite resin) was compared. Wear tests were conducted with a sliding-induced wear testing apparatus which applied 100,000 strokes to the specimen in a mesio-distal direction under conditions of 100 stroke/min and constant loading of 1Kgf/tooth. Wear resistance of the resin denture teeth was evaluated by the following criteria : 1) wear depth, 2) weight loss, and 3) SEM observation. Results were as follows. 1. When opposed to gold alloys and composite resin, high-strength resin teeth showed superior wear resistance compared to acrylic resin teeth. But, in cases opposing dental porcelain, differences between the wear of the high-strength and acrylic resin teeth were not statistically significant (p<0.05). 2. When comparing wear resistance among high-strength resin teeth, opposing gold alloys, Endura was slightly more resistant and while in cases opposing dental porcelain, SR-Orthosit-PE was showed to be slightly resistant(p<0.05). 3. The wear of high-strength resin teeth was greater by 5 to 7 times when opposing porcelain and 2 to 3 times when opposing composite resin compared to gold alloys(p<0.05). 4. SEM observations of the wear surface showed that wear of resin teeth opposing gold alloys is a fatigue type of wear and wear of resin teeth opposing dental porcelain is fatigue and abrasion type of wear. Trubyte Biotone showed more severe fatigue type of wear than high-strength resin teeth. In conclusion, the use of dental porcelain should seriously be considered as restorative material in cases opposing resin denture teeth and improvement seems to be needed on resin teeth in the areas of wear resistance.

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Type and Characteristics of Polymer-based Luting Materials (레진시멘트의 종류와 특성)

  • Kim, Ah-Jin;Bae, Ji-Myung
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 2015
  • Dental polymer-based luting materials are classified into esthetic resin cement, adhesive resin cement and self-adhesive resin cement. Due to the different component of each type of resin cement, the preconditioning method of tooth surface and the steps are different from each type of resin cement. The pre-treatment of adherend (ceramic, resin and metal) surface also varies with the type of resin cement and the manufacturer. In this study, the characteristics of each type of resin cement, mechanical properties, indication and advantages were investigated. Through these, clinical tips on using resin cements were suggested.

Compatibility and Properties of SIS Pressure Sensitive Adhesives (SIS계 점착제의 상용성과 점착물성)

  • Yoon, J.;Shim, M.J.;Kim, S.W.
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.851-856
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    • 1994
  • Compatibility and viscoelasticity in non-solvent type pressure sensitive adhesive of styrene-isoprene-styreno(SIS) block copolymer with tackifier resin were investigated. In the isoprene phase of SIS block copolymer, it was found that it's compatibility with $C^5$ petroleum resin was good, but that with Coumarone-indents resin was not so good. The magnitudes of peel strength, tack, and holding power were as follows : $C^5$ petroleum resin>rosin ester resin>coumarone-indene resin. The tackifier resin with good compatibility in rubber phase was also effective. However, with plateau modulus value of $1{\times}10^6-3{\times}10^6dyn/cm^2$, the effect of pressure sensitive adhesives was excellent.

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A study on synthesis and mechanical properties polyurethane-acrylic hybrid resin with milk casein (Milk casein을 이용한 수용성 polyurethane-acrylic hybrid resin의 합성 및 물성 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Joo-Youb;Nam, Sang-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.567-574
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    • 2013
  • For this research, prepared water soluble milk casein resin and waterborne polyurethane-acrylic resin. Use these resin, this article has been analyzed about change of mechanical properties by increasing amount of casein resin in polyurethane-acrylic resin on coated leather. According to measure data for solvent resistance, WPA(waterborne polyurethane-acrylic resin) resin and WPA-C1, C2, C3(samples of polyurethane-acrylic resin with milk casein resin) had good property. As known in the results, increase of casein constant did not influence to big change of hybrid resin properties. As test of tensile strength, WPA had lowest tensile characteristic(1.598 $kg_f/mm^2$) and WPA-C3 had highest tensile characteristic(1.718 $kg_f/mm^2$). Also best properties of abrasion was WPA-C3(06.021 mg.loss). In elongation case, WPA had best properties(754 %) in this experiment.

Bond strength of denture base resin repaired according to contamination (의치상 수리면 오염원에 따른 수지의 결합강도)

  • Jung, Kyung-Pung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate bond strength of denture base resin repaired according to contamination. One commercial denture base resin and two different kinds of relines resin were tested; Lusiton 199(denture base resin), Vertex(reline resin) and TokusoRebase(repair resin). The specimens were processed according to the manufacturer's instructions to cured denture base resin(polymethylmethacrylate; PMMA) and reline resin. Bond strengths were examined by use of a three-point transverse flexural strength test. Data were analyzed with two-factor analysis of variance and Duncan's post-hoc test at $\alpha$=0.05. Generally, the bondstrength of heat-cured resin(Lusiton 199) was higher than the other resins. The contaminations produced an decrease in bond strength. Therefore the contamination, such as saliva or water must be avoided during the laboratory repair procedures.

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