• Title, Summary, Keyword: Resistin

Search Result 43, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Generation of Embryonic Stem Cell-derived Transgenic Mice by Using Tetraploid Complementation

  • Park, S.M.;Song, S.J.;Uhm, S.J.;Cho, S.G.;Park, S.P.;Lim, J.H.;Lee, H.T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.17 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1641-1646
    • /
    • 2004
  • The objective of this study was to generate transgenic mice expressing human resistin gene by using the tetraploidembryonic stem (ES) cell complementation method. Human resistin gene was amplified from human fetal liver cDNA library by PCR, cloned into $pCR^{(R)}$ 2.1 $TOPO^{(R)}$ vector and constructed in pCMV-Tag4C vector. Mammalian expression plasmid containing human resistin was transfected into D3-GL ES cells by Lipofectamine 2,000, and then after 10-12 days of transfection, the human resistin-expressing cells were selected with G418. In order to produce tetraploid embryos, blastomeres of diploid embryos at the two-cell stage were fused with two times of electric pulse using 60 V 30 $\mu$sec (fusion rate: 2,114/2,256, 93.5%) and cultured up to the blastocyst stage (development rate: 1,862/2,114, 94.6%). The selected 15-20 ES cells were injected into tetraploid blastocysts, and then transferred into the uteri of E 2.5 d pseudopregnant recipient mice. To investigate the gestation progress, two E 19.5 mused fetuses were recovered by Cesarean section of which one fetus was confirmed to contain human resistin gene by genomic DNA-PCR. Therefore, our findings demonstrate that tetraploid-ES mouse technology can be considered as a useful tool to produce transgenic mice for the rapid analysis of gene function in vivo.

Circulating Levels of Adipocytokines as Potential Biomarkers for Early Detection of Colorectal Carcinoma in Egyptian Patients

  • Zekri, Abdel-Rahman N;Bakr, Yasser Mabrouk;Ezzat, Maali Mohamed;Zakaria, Mohamed Serag Eldeen;Elbaz, Tamer Mahmoud
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.16
    • /
    • pp.6923-6928
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: Early detection of various kinds of cancers nowadays is needed including colorectal cancer due to the highly significant effects in improving cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential value of adiponectin, visfatin and resistin as early biomarkers for colorectal cancer patients. Materials and Methods: Serum levels of adiponectin, visfatin and resistin were measured by a sandwich-enzyme-linked (ELISA) assay technique in 114 serum samples comprising 34 patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), 27 with colonic polyps (CP), 24 with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and 29 healthy controls. The diagnostic accuracy of each serum marker was evaluated using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: The mean concentration of adiponectin was significantly higher in CRC and CP groups than IBD and control groups (P-value <0.05). Also the mean concentration of serum resistin was significantly elevated in the IBD and control groups compared to CRC and CP groups (P-value = 0.014). However, no significant difference was noted in patients of the CRC and CP groups. On the other hand, the mean concentration of visfatin was significantly elevated in CRC and control groups compared to CP and IBD groups (P-value = 0.03). ROC analysis curves for the studied markers revealed that between CRC and IBD groups serum level of adiponectin had a sensitivity of 76.7% and a specificity of 76% at a cut off value of 3940, +LR being 3.2 and -LR 0.31 with AUC 0.852, while serum level of adiponectin between CP and IBD had a sensitivity of 77.8% and a specificity of 75% at a cut off value of 3300, with +LR=3.11 and -LR = 0.3 with AUC 0.852. On the other hand the serum level of visfatin between CRC and CP groups had a sensitivity of 65.5% and a specificity of 66.7 at a cut off value of 2.4, +LR being 1.67 and -LR 0.52 with AUC 0.698. Also the serum level of resistin had a sensitivity of 62.5% and a specificity of 70.3% at a cut off value of 24500, with +LR=2.1 and -LR = 0.53 with AUC 0.685 between control and other groups. On the other hand by comparing control vs CP groups resistin had a sensitivity of 81.8% and a specificity of 70.8% at a cut off value of 17700, with +LR=2.8 and -LR = 0.26 with AUC 0.763 while visfatin had a sensitivity of 68.2% and a specificity of 70.8% at a cut off value of 2.7, with +LR=2.34 and -LR = 0.0.45 with AUC 0.812. Conclusions: These findings support potential roles of adiponectin, visfatin and resistin in early detection of CRC and discrimination of different groups of CRC, CP or IBD patients from normal healthy individuals.

Ginseng Saponin-Re and Coix lachrymajobi var. mayuen Regulate Obesity Related Genes Expressions, TNF-alpha, Leptin, Lipoprotein Lipase and Resistin in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes (지방세포 3T3-L1에 인삼 사포닌 Re와 의이인 추출액 처리시 비만관련 유전자인 TNF-α, lipoprotein lipase, leptin 및 resistin 발현 조절에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Ok
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1523-1532
    • /
    • 2007
  • In order to determine if the mRNA and protein expression levels of 3T3-L1 adipocytes are influenced by oriental medicines, adipocytes were treated with $100\;{\mu}g/ml$ of G-Re and aqueous extract of a Coix lachrymajobi var. mayuen (AEC) every other day for 12 days, respectively. The tumor necrosis factor alpha ($TNF-{\alpha}$). mRNA and protein expressions were suppressed markedly in treated mature adipocytes. Those of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) levels were found to increase gradually in preadipocytes differentiating into mature adipocytes. Those were higher than that of the untreated mature adipocytes. The treated adipocytes showed reduction of leptin expression levels, while in untreated mature adipocytes cell, those of levels were significantly higher after the conversion of preadipocytes into mature adipocytes. The resistin levels in the treated adipocytes were significantly decreased comparing to that of the untreated mature adipocytes. In conclusion, the expression levels of LPL, $TNF-{\alpha}$, leptin and resistin mRNA and proteins are shown to be regulated by G-Re and AEC, making them potential candidates for controlling fat mass related obesity.

Effects of an exercise program on health-related physical fitness and IGF-1,C-peptide, and resistin levels in obese elementary school students

  • Ha, Min-Seong;Cho, Won-Ki;Kim, Ji-Hyeon;Ha, Soo-Min;Lee, Jeong-Ah;Yook, Jang Soo;Kim, Do-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.956-962
    • /
    • 2018
  • Childhood obesity causes a higher risk of obesity, premature death and disability in adulthood. In addition, obese children experience an increased risk of respiratory problems, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and psychological effects. This study aimed to investigate how an exercise intervention affects health-related physical fitness and inflammatory-related blood factors in obese children after. We hypothesized that there would be positive effects on serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), connecting peptide(C-peptide) and resistin, as well as in muscle and cardiovascular-related physical capacities, after an exercise intervention in obese children. Thirty-seven obese children haveperformed health-related fitness tests and provided blood samples for the analysis of changes in circulating biomarkers, both before and after an 8-week exercise intervention, which includes stretching, aerobic exercise, resistance exercise and sports games. The results indicate that exercise training beneficially affects body compositions, especially percentage body fat and muscle mass, without influencing to body weight and height. The results of the physical fitness tests show that muscle and cardiovascular capacity were increased in obese children in response to exercise training. Simultaneously, the exercise training decreased circulating levels of C-peptide, which equated to a "large" effect size. Although there were no significant effects on the levels of IGF-1 and resistin, they show a "small" effect size. Therefore, our findings suggest that the exercise intervention have beneficial effects on body composition and physical fitness levels in obese children, whichmight be associated with the decline in circulating C-peptide.

Obesity Related Adipokines and Colorectal Cancer: A Review and Meta-Analysis

  • Joshi, Rakhi Kumari;Lee, Sang-Ah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.397-405
    • /
    • 2014
  • Obesity has been considered as an important risk factor for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), but the association has not been fully elucidated. Obesity is linked significantly to adipose tissue dysfunction and to alteration of adipokines in blood; in particular, obesity-induced inflammation is thought to be an important link between obesity and colorectal cancer. Based on epidemiological studies, we undertook a systematic review to understand the association of circulating levels of selected adipokines, including adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$, with the level of CRC risk. Most prospective studies suggested protective effects of adiponectin, but these were attenuated by body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) data in our meta-analysis. On the other hand, meta-analyses for leptin and CRC did not demonstrate any association, similar to the results of systematic review. Although it proved difficult to determine whether other selected adipokines (resistin, IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$) were related to CRC risk due to small number of reports, the present systematic review suggested a positive association with elevated resistin levels but null associations with IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$.

Effect of Nutrition Education for Weight Control on the Dietary Behavior, Anthropometry, Body Composition, and the Serum Levels of Adipocytokines in the Elementary Obese Children (체중조절 영양교육 프로그램이 비만 아동의 식습관, 체중, 지방세포분비 호르몬의 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sook;Choi, Jin-Sun;Kim, Wha-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.323-330
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the weight control programme through nutrition education on anthropometry, body composition, dietary behavior, and adipocyte-drived protein in obese elementary school children. The subjects were 17 obese children of OI over 120% from the fourth to sixth grades of elementary school. The subjects were given nutrition education for weight control along with physical and behavioral advices once a week, and the program was 12 weeks long. On the completion of 12 week weight control program, significant decreases in waist and hip circumferences were resulted, however, no changes in body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were found. Hemoglobin was significantly decreased and HDL-cholesterol was significantly increased. Energy intake was decreased significantly along with intakes of Ca, Fe, folic acid, vitamin B1, vitamin B6, and vitamin C. Meal distribution of energy was changed; % energy from snack significantly from 11.9% to 3.3%. Resistin, leptin, and adiponectin level were not changed; Resistin had a negative correlation with vitamin C intake. Leptin had positive correlations with weight and BMI. Adiponectin was negatively correlated with weight and BMI. In conclusion, nutrition education program for weight control for 12 weeks is effective in changing the dietary behavior, serum profile, and anthropometry in obese elementary children, however, no effect was seen in adipocytokine levels.

Serum leptin, adiponectin and resistin levels in obese children and their correlations with insulin resistance (비만 아동에서 leptin, adiponectin 및 resistin의 혈중농도와 인슐린 저항성과의 관계)

  • Park, Min Young;Ahn, Sun A;Cho, Won Kyoung;Cho, Kyoung Soon;Park, So Hyun;Hahn, Seung Hoon;Jung, Min Ho;Suh, Byung Kyu
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.52 no.7
    • /
    • pp.766-771
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose : The objective of this study was to compare the levels of adipocytokines in obesity group with those in control group and examine their correlation with insulin resistance. Methods : We enrolled 36 obese children (male:female [M:F]=17:19; age, $9.3{\pm}1.9yrs$) with ${\geq}95^{th}$ percentile body mass indexes (BMIs) (obesity group) and 35 healthy children (M:F=16:19; age, $9.1{\pm}2.1yrs$) with $25^{th}-75^{th}$ percentile BMIs (control group). We measured the serum leptin, adiponectin, and resistin levels and insulin resistance in both the groups. Results : The weights, heights, BMIs, fasting sugar levels, insulin levels, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values were higher in the obesity group than in the control group. As compared to the control group, the obesity group showed significantly higher leptin levels and lower adiponectin levels; no significant difference was observed in the resistin levels. The leptin/adiponectin (L/A) ratio was higher in the obesity group than in the control group. In the obesity group, HOMA-IR showed significant positive correlations with weight, height, BMI, and leptin level. However, it was not correlated with age and adiponectin and resistin levels. In the obesity group, leptin level showed significant positive correlations with age, weight, height, and BMI, while adiponectin and resistin levels showed no such correlations with the other variables. Conclusion : We suggest that adiponectin plays an important protective role against weight gain in obese children. Further, L/A ratio can be used as a parameter for predicting the prognosis of obese children.

The Effects of Diet Methods on Blood Lipid Profiles and Metabolic Risk Factors in Obese Female College Students (다이어트 방법이 비만여대생들의 혈중지질성분 및 대사성위험요인에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Jinhee;Park, Sungchul
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1145-1155
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary restriction(DG), aerobic exercise(EG), dietary restriction with aerobic exercise(DEG) on weight, improvement of obesity, blood lipid profiles and metabolic risk factors of obese female college students. Experiments was conducted 5 times a week for 8 weeks. DG spent 300kcal/day, and EG used 300kcal/day to run, DEG each consumed 150kcal/day limits. As s result, in case of body composition, weight(p<.011) and BMI(p<.008) were decreased in DG group, and weight(p<.044, p<.017), body fat(p<.047, p<.018), BMI(p<.03, p<.008), body fat%(p<.036, p<.015) and WHR(p<.049, p<.027) were decreased in EG and DEG groups. In case of blood lipid profiles's change, there are some differences on TC(p<.006), TG(p<.047) according to the time. In DG:HDL-C(p<.028), in EG:TG(p<.038), in DEG:TC(p<.014), LDL-C(p<.007) have decreased. In case of metabolic risk factor's change, there are some differences on FBG(p<.001), insulin(p<.004), HOMA-IR(p<.001), leptin(p<.000), adiponectin(p<.038), resistin(p<.010) according to time. In DG:HOMA-IR(p<.035) and leptin(p<.007), EG:FBG(p<.043) and leptin(p<.003), DEG:FBG(p<.014), insulin(p<.005), HOMA-IR(p<.005), leptin(p<.016), and resistin(p<.040) have decreased. In conclusion, combined treatment of eating restriction with aerobic exercise was the most effective way to improvement of weight, blood lipid profiles and metabolic risk factors in obese female college students rather than respectively alone treatment.

The Effects of the Sasa Borealis Leaves Extract on Plasma Adiponectin, Resistin, C-Reactive Protein and Homocysteine Levels in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese C57/BL6J Mice (조릿대 잎 추출물이 고지방식이 유도 비만 마우스 (C57/BL6J)의 혈장 Adiponectin, Resistin, C-reactive Protein 및 Homocysteine 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Jung, Eun-Young;Lim, Hyeon-Sook;Heo, Young-Ran
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.303-311
    • /
    • 2007
  • As obesity is known to be related to hyperlipidemia, diabetes and coronary heart disease, and other chronic diseases, many researches have focused on functional food materials showing anti-obesity activity. The adipokines secreted by adipose tissue, resistin and adiponectin are known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases directly. C-reactive protein and homocysteine are molecules regulated by adipose tissue indirectly also relate to the chronic diseases. This study was performed to study of the anti-obesity effects of Sasa borealis in diet-induced obese mice (C57/BL6J). The mice were divided into four group: NFD (Normal fat diet), HFD (High fat diet), BSE (High fat diet containing 5% of 70% ethanol extract of Sasa borealis leaves), BLW (High fat diet containing 5% of water extract of Sasa borealis leaves). The experimental diets were fed for 11 weeks. The final body weight of the mice in the groups of BSE and BLW groups were significantly lower than the HFD group. The effects of weight reduction were due to reduced body fat accumulation. The adiponectin levels are significantly decreased in HFD group compared than NFD group and increased taken by Sasa borealis containing diet. The resistin levels are not significantly different between experimental groups. The CRP and homocyteine levels are significantly higher in HFD group than NFD group and significantly decreased by Sasa borealis containing diet, especially BLW group. These results indicate that orally administered Sasa borealis not only has the effect of reducing the body weight and total fat weight, but preferable effect in adiponectin levels and related molecules as CRP and homocysteine. Therefore we expect the Sasa borealis may have an anti-obesity function and anti-metabolic syndrome effect in diet-induced obese mice.