• Title, Summary, Keyword: Resistin

Search Result 43, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

Expressional Patterns of Adipocyte-Associated Molecules in the Rat Epididymal Fat during Postnatal Development Period

  • Lee, Ki-Ho;Kim, Nan Hee
    • Development and Reproduction
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.351-360
    • /
    • 2018
  • The adipogenesis is a maturation process of pre-adipocyte cell into mature lipid-filled adipocyte cell. The adipogenesis begins at the late prenatal stage and continues until the early postnatal age. Because the adipogenesis and formation of adipose tissue persist during postnatal period and are precisely regulated by the action of numerous gene products, the present research was attempted to determine the expressional patterns of adipose tissue-associated genes in the rat epididymal fat pad at different postnatal ages, from 7 days to 2 years of ages, using a quantitative real-time PCR analysis. The basal expression levels of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein gamma, sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1, fatty acid binding protein 4, adiponectin, leptin, and resistin at the early postnatal ages were significantly lower than those at the elderly ages, even though a fluctuation of expressional levels was observed at some ages. The lowest expressional level of delta like non-canonical Notch ligand 1 was detected at 44 days and 5 months of ages. The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$) was the highest at 44 days of age, followed by a diminished expression of $PPAR{\gamma}$ at the elderly ages. These results indicate the existence of a complex regulatory mechanism(s) for expression of adipose tissueassociated genes in the rat epididymal fat during postnatal period.

Intensive Proteomic Approach to Identify Secreted Peptides/Proteins from 3T3-L1 Adipocytes using Gel Electrophoresis and Liquid Chromatograph Separation Methods (젤 전기영동 및 액체 크로마토그래피 분리 방법을 이용하여 지방 세포로부터 분비되는 단백질들에 대한 프로테오믹스 연구 방법)

  • Hwang, Hyun-Ho;Baek, Moon-Chang
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.55 no.3
    • /
    • pp.203-212
    • /
    • 2011
  • Adipocytes have been known to secrete a number of important proteins called adipokines with roles in energy metabolism, reproduction, cardiovascular function and immunity. In this study we have attempted to identify intensively secretory proteins from 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into mature adipocytes and then the cells were left in serum-free medium. The supernatant was filtrated and dialyzed. Lyophilized secretome was fractionated by two different methods, 1-D SDS PAGE and RP-FPLC. The tryptic peptides from the gel slices and the FPLC fractions were analyzed by nanoLC/ESI-MS/MS. We identified a total of 303 identical proteins from two methods, 251 proteins from 1-D gel and 184 proteins from RP-FPLC. 86 of them were listed as a secretory protein Finally, we identified many known or unknown secreted proteins existed in the low level including adiponectin, angiotensinogen, bone morphogenetic protein-1 (BMP-1), macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), insulin like growth factor-II (IGF-II), interleukin-6 (IL-6), follistatin-related protein-1, minecan, and resistin. The existence of some of secreted proteins has been confirmed in RNA level. This proteomic experiment is useful for the intensive screening of secretory proteins in many kinds of other cells.

Effect of Silybin on Body Weight and Glucose Tolerance in High-fat-diet Induced Obese Mice (고지방 식이로 유도된 비만 쥐에서 실리빈 (Silybin)이 체중 및 내당 능에 미치는 영향)

  • Hur, Haeng-Jeon;Hwang, Jin-Taek
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.78-82
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, we investigated the effects of silybin on body weight and glucose tolerance in mice fed high fat diet mice. We found that body weight, plasma TG contents, fat size, glycerol, 3-hydroxybutyrate and total cholesterol were significantly decreased in silybin (500 mg/kg) supplemented groups compared to high fat diet group. Whereas, total food intake was not changed between high fat diet group and high fat diet plus silybin group. Futhermore, supplement of high fat elevated the glucose intolerance and was improved in silybin supplement group. Finally, we examined the effect of silybin on circulating adipocytokine level to explore the possible mechanism by which silybin improves high fat diet-induced obesity and diabetes. The silybin supplement significantly reduced the level of adipocytokine, such as leptin, resistin, IL-6, and MCP-1 induced by high fat diet. These results suggest that silybin can be used to improve obesity and diabetes.

Proteomic Analysis in ob/ob Mice Before and After Hypoglycemic Polysaccharide Treatments

  • Kim, Sang-Woo;Hwang, Hye-Jin;Baek, Yu-Mi;Hwang, Hee-Sun;Yun, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.19 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1109-1121
    • /
    • 2009
  • In an attempt to discover novel biomarker proteins in type 2 diabetes prognosis, we investigated the influence of hypoglycemic extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) obtained from the macrofungus Tremella fuciformis on the differential levels of plasma proteins in ob/ob mice using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). The 2-DE analysis demonstrated that 92 spots from about 900 visualized spots were differentially regulated, of which 40 spots were identified as principal diabetes-associated proteins. By comparing control with EPS-fed mice, we found that at least six proteins were significantly altered in ob/ob mice, including Apo A-I, IV, C-III, E, retinol-binding protein 4, and transferrin, and their levels were interestingly normalized after EPS treatment. Western blot analysis revealed that the altered levels of the two regulatory molecules highlighted in diabetes and obesity (e.g., resistin and adiponectin) were also normalized in response to EPS. The Mouse Diabetes PCR Array profiles showed that the expression of 84 genes related to the onset, development, and progression of diabetes were significantly downregulated in liver, adipocyte, and muscle of ob/ob mice. EPS might act as a potent regulator of gene expression for a wide variety of genes in ob/ob mice, particularly in obesity, insulin resistance, and complications from diabetes mellitus.

Chitosan Oligosaccharides Inhibit Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Cho, Eun-Jae;Rahman, Atiar;Kim, Sang-Woo;Baek, Yu-Mi;Hwang, Hye-Jin;Oh, Jung-Young;Hwang, Hee-Sun;Lee, Sung-Hak;Yun, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.80-87
    • /
    • 2008
  • The 3T3-L1 cell line is a well-established and commonly used in vitro model to assess adipocyte differentiation. Over the course of several days, confluent 3T3-L1 cells can be converted to adipocytes in the presence of an adipogenic cocktail. In this study, the effects of chitosan oligosaccharides (CO) on adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells were studied. The CO significantly decreased lipid accumulation, a marker of adipogenesis, in a dose-dependent manner. The low molecular mass CO (1-3 kDa) were the most effective at inhibiting adipocyte differentiation. Moreover, mRNA expression levels of both CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) ${\alpha}$ and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ${\gamma}$, the key adipogenic transcription factors, were markedly decreased by CO treatments. CO also significantly down regulated adipogenic marker proteins such as leptin, adiponectin, and resistin. Our results suggest a role for CO as antiobesity agents by inhibiting adipocyte differentiation mediated through the down regulated expression of adipogenic transcription factors and other specific genes.

Differential Expression of Adipocyte-Related Molecules in the Distal Epididymal Fat of Mouse during Postnatal Period

  • Lee, Ki-Ho;Kim, Nan Hee
    • Development and Reproduction
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.213-221
    • /
    • 2019
  • The epididymal fat of mouse is a part of visceral fat deposit and is divided into the distal or proximal part based on its histochemical characteristics. Even though the formation of the epididymal fat pad begins before the birth, a detailed adipogenic procedure of the epididymal fat has not been revealed. The epididymal fat pad becomes enlarged and expended with age, and expressional changes of numerous genes are associated with the maturation of fat tissues. In the present research, expressional patterns of adipose tissue-related genes in the distal epididymal fat of mouse at 2, 5, 8, and 12 months of postnatal age were determined by a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. The lowest transcript levels of fatty acid binding protein 4 (Fabp4), lipoprotein lipase (Lpl), delta like non-canonical Notch ligand 1 (Dlk1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparg), leptin (Lep), adiponectin (Adipoq), and resistin (Retn) were detected at 2 months of age, except fatty acid synthase (Fasn) showing the lowest level at 5 months of age. Even though expression of Lep and Fabp4 were gradually increased until 12 months of age, significant increases of Pparg and Adipoq transcript levels were continued until 8 months of age. The transcript levels of Lpl, Rent, Dlk1, and Fasn were significantly increased at 8 months of age, compared with those at 2 months of age. The current findings suggest that the expansion of the distal epididymal fat of mouse during postnatal period would be companied with differential expression of various adipocyte-associated molecules.

Setting of Adiponectin Reference Range and Clinical Significance of investigation (Adiponectin Reference Range설정과 임상적 의의 고찰)

  • Kim, Yong-Ha;Oh, Choon-Soon;Lee, Ann-Na
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.82-87
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: The Bio-energy metabolism control hormone by Adipocytokine is composed with Leptin, Adiponectin, resistin, TNF-a, IL-6. Adiponectin become known to participating in Insulin sensitivity exasperation, Fat metabolism accomodation and inducing metabolic disease such as diabetes mellitus, arteriosclerosis, hyperlipemia. When we accomplished the test with purpose of Research, we observed significance with a result of test related to diabetes mellitus with reference setting by way of suggestion. Methods: Result of normal group (n=100) which is committed in the SCL from September 2006 to December 2006 and result of control group (n=50) relationship examination item that is decided diabetes measures themselves against each other. Also, we measured the normal group against the control group for the reference range of adiponectin. Results: Result in normal group (n=100) appeared by Glucose (reference 70~120 mg/dl) Mean and the SD 96.99 (${\pm}24.35$), HbA1c (reference 4.0~6.0%) Mean and the SD 5.64 (${\pm}0.90$), Insulin (reference 2.0~25.0 uIU/ml) Mean and the SD 7.80 (${\pm}4.42$), the Adiponectin the Mean and the SD 9,861.23 (${\pm}4,977.0$). Result in control group(n=50) appeared by Glucose (reference 70-120 mg/dl) Mean and the SD 224.95 (5.30), the HbA1c (reference 4.0~6.0%) Mean and the SD 8.22 (1.63), Insulin (reference 2.0~25.0 uIU/ml) Mean and the SD 17.02 (3.01), C-peptide (reference 0.48~3.30 ng/ml) Mean and the SD 7.92 (${\pm}7.40$), the Adiponectin Mean and the SD 18,110.03 (${\pm}12,843.29$). Conclusions: Therefore, it seems that test results are significant and we consider that it can be apply to useful diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, arteriosclerosis, hyperlipemia patients throughout the reference range setting of Adiponectin, Leptin is one of the Bio-energy metabolism control hormone.

  • PDF

Effects of the Combined Extracts of Grape Pomace and Omija Fruit on Hyperglycemia and Adiposity in Type 2 Diabetic Mice

  • Cho, Su-Jung;Jung, Un Ju;Kim, Hye-Jin;Ryu, Ri;Ryoo, Jae Young;Moon, Byoung Seok;Choi, Myung-Sook
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.94-101
    • /
    • 2015
  • Grape products have been known to exert greater antioxidant and anti-obesity than anti-hyperglycemic effects in animals and humans. Omija is used as an ingredient in traditional medicine, and it is known to have an anti-hyperglycemic effect. We investigated whether the combined extracts of grape pomace and omija fruit (GE+OE) could reduce fat accumulation in adipose and hepatic tissues and provide beneficial effects against hyperglycemia and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic mice. C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were fed either a normal control diet or GE+OE (0.5% grape pomace extract and 0.05% omija fruit extract, w/w) for 7 weeks. GE+OE decreased plasma leptin and resistin levels while increasing adiponectin levels and reducing the total white adipose tissue weight. Furthermore, GE+OE lowered plasma free fatty acid (FFA), triglyceride, and total-cholesterol levels as well as hepatic FFA and cholesterol levels. Hepatic fatty acid synthase and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities were decreased in the GE+OE group, whereas hepatic ${\beta}$-oxidation activity was increased. Furthermore, GE+OE supplementation not only reduced hyperglycemia and pancreatic ${\beta}$-cell failure but also lowered blood glycosylated hemoglobin and plasma insulin levels. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance levels was also decreased and the decrease seems to be mediated by the lowered activities of hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinases. The present data suggest that GE+OE may have the potential to reduce hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and obesity in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Circulating Levels of Adipokines Predict the Occurrence of Acute Graft-versus-host Disease

  • Kim, Jin Sook;You, Da-Bin;Lim, Ji-Young;Lee, Sung-Eun;Kim, Yoo-Jin;Kim, Hee-Je;Chung, Nack-Gyun;Min, Chang-Ki
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.66-72
    • /
    • 2015
  • Currently, detecting biochemical differences before and after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) for improved prediction of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a major clinical challenge. In this pilot study, we analyzed the kinetics of circulating adipokine levels in patients with or without aGVHD before and after allogeneic SCT. Serum samples were obtained and stored at $-80^{\circ}C$ within 3 hours after collection, prior to conditioning and at engraftment after transplantation. A protein array system was used to measure the levels of 7 adipokines of patients with aGVHD (n=20) and without aGVHD (n=20). The resistin level at engraftment was significantly increased (p<0.001) after transplantation, regardless of aGVHD occurrence. In the non-aGVHD group, the concentrations of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (mean values${\pm}$SD; $206.6{\pm}34.3$ vs. $432.3{\pm}108.9pg/ml$, p=0.040) and angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2) (mean values${\pm}$SD; $3,197.2{\pm}328.3$ vs. $4,471.8{\pm}568.4pg/ml$, p=0.037) at engraftment were significantly higher than those of the pre-transplant period, whereas in the aGVHD group, the levels of adipokines did not change after transplantation. Our study suggests that changes in serum HGF and ANG-2 levels could be considered helpful markers for the subsequent occurrence of aGVHD.

The Genetic Variations of RETNLB Gene are Associated with Serum Levels of Alkaline Phosphatase in the Korean Population

  • Ahn, Hyo-Jun;Eom, Yong-Bin
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.338-343
    • /
    • 2013
  • Serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are widely used in the clinical diagnosis of hepatic diseases and the assessment of liver status. They also have epidemiological significance to be prospective risk factors for bone diseases, such as osteitis deformans, rickets, osteomalacia, hyperparathyroidism, healing fractures, and osteoblastic bone tumors. In the previous study, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in several genes have been reported to be associated with serum levels of liver enzyme in American population. We aimed to confirm whether the genetic variation of RETNLB (resistin like beta) gene also influence the serum levels of liver enzyme in Korean population. We genotyped variants in or near RETNLB in a population-based sample including 994 Korean adults. Here, we performed association analysis to elucidate the possible relations of genetic polymorphisms in RETNLB gene with serum levels of liver enzyme. By examining genotype data of a total of 944 subjects in 5 hospital health promotion centers, we discovered the RETNLB gene polymorphisms are associated with serum levels of ALP. The common and highest significant polymorphism was rs736327 (${\beta}$=8.66, P=2.37E-05), rs7639070 (${\beta}$=8.56, P=3.24E-05) with ALP in all groups. Furthermore, the ALP was consistently associated with rs736327 (${\beta}$=10.40, P=5.23E-05), rs7639070 (${\beta}$=10.32, P=6.74E-05) in the male population. Consequently, we found statistically significant SNPs in RETNLB gene that are associated with serum levels of ALP. In addition, these results suggest that the individuals with the minor alleles of the SNP in the RETNLB gene may have elevated serum levels of ALP in the Korean population.