• Title, Summary, Keyword: Resonance Deviation

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A Wide Frequency Range LLC Resonant Controller IC with a Phase-Domain Resonance Deviation Prevention Circuit for LED Backlight Units

  • Park, YoungJun;Kim, Hongjin;Chun, Joo-Young;Lee, JooYoung;Pu, YoungGun;Lee, Kang-Yoon
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.861-875
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a wide frequency range LLC resonant controller IC for LED backlight units. In this paper a new phase-domain resonance deviation prevention circuit (RDPC), which covers a wide frequency and input voltage range, is proposed. In addition, a wide range gate clock generator and an automatic dead time generator are proposed. The chip is fabricated using 0.35 μm BCD technology. The die size is 2 x 2 mm2. The frequency of the clock generator ranges from 38 kHz to 400 kHz, and the dead time ranges from 300 ns to 2 μs. The current consumption of the LLC resonant controller IC is 4 mA for a 100 kHz operation frequency using a supply voltage of 15 V.

Comparative Evaluation of North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial and Warfarin-Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease Methods for Measurement of Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis in Digital Subtraction Angiography and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (디지털 감산 혈관조영술과 자기 공명 혈관조영술에서 중대뇌동맥의 협착 측정을 위한 North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial 및 Warfarin-Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease 방법의 비교 평가)

  • Lee, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.351-356
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to determine whether there was a difference in measurements between North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial(NASCET) and Warfarin-Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease(WASID) methods that measure the middle cerebral artery stenosis in Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA). It involved 24 patients who had completed both DSA and MRA among patients with Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) stenosis. The Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) stenosis was measured using the NASCET and WASID methods through a retrospective analysis. For the NASCET and WASID methods, they performed measurements on normal blood vessels located far from and close to the stenosis, respectively. The mean value and standard deviation of the Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) measured by the NASCET method were 59.23% and 13.27%. On the other hand, those of the Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) measured by the WASID method were 66.64% and 12.47%. And, the mean value and standard deviation of the Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) measured by the NASCET method were 49.82% and 12.06%. By contrast, those of the Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) measured by the WASID method were 56.63% and 10.67%. All the p-values obtained by the Pearson and Spearman correlation tests in the Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) and the Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) were <0.01. In conclusion, this study suggests that both the NASCET and WASID methods to measure the middle cerebral artery stenosis in the Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) and the Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) can be used if they are not used interchangeably.

Effect of building volume and opening size on fluctuating internal pressures

  • Ginger, John D.;Holmes, John D.;Kopp, Gregory A.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.361-376
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    • 2008
  • This paper considers internal pressure fluctuations for a range of building volumes and dominant wall opening areas. The study recognizes that the air flow in and out of the dominant opening in the envelope generates Helmholtz resonance, which can amplify the internal pressure fluctuations compared to the external pressure, at the opening. Numerical methods were used to estimate fluctuating standard deviation and peak (i.e. design) internal pressures from full-scale measured external pressures. The ratios of standard deviation and peak internal pressures to the external pressures at a dominant windward wall opening of area, AW are presented in terms of the non-dimensional opening size to volume parameter, $S^*=(a_s/\bar{U}_h)^2(A_W^{3/2}/V_{Ie})$ where $a_s$ is the speed of sound, $\bar{U}_h$ is the mean wind speed at the top of the building and $V_{Ie}$ is the effective internal volume. The standard deviation of internal pressure exceeds the external pressures at the opening, for $S^*$ greater than about 0.75, showing increasing amplification with increasing $S^*$. The peak internal pressure can be expected to exceed the peak external pressure at the opening by 10% to 50%, for $S^*$ greater than about 5. A dominant leeward wall opening also produces similar fluctuating internal pressure characteristics.

The Measurement of the Resonance Frequency of Transducer by Ultrasonic Visualization (초음파의 가시화에 의한 진동자의 공진주파수 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, B.S.;Han, E.K.;Song, C.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.14-23
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    • 1993
  • A method to measure the resonance frequency of the ultrasonic transducer which is adhered to the specimen by the ultrasonic visualization is tried. The result shows that the resonance frequency of the transducer adhered to the specimen is lower than the nominal resonance frequency of the transducer in itself and the greater the degree of deviation. It is verified that its cause is the resonance of Al-plate for protecting the transducer by the theoretical analysis.

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Effect of Number of Measurement Points on Accuracy of Muscle T2 Calculations

  • Tawara, Noriyuki;Nishiyama, Atsushi
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the number of measurement points on the calculation of transverse relaxation time (T2) with a focus on muscle T2. Materials and Methods: This study assumed that muscle T2 was comprised of a single component. Two phantom types were measured, 1 each for long ("phantom") and short T2 ("polyvinyl alcohol gel"). Right calf muscle T2 measurements were conducted in 9 healthy male volunteers using multiple-spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging. For phantoms and muscle (medial gastrocnemius), 5 regions of interests were selected. All region of interest values were expressed as the mean ${\pm}$ standard deviation. The T2 effective signal-ratio characteristics were used as an index to evaluate the magnetic resonance image quality for the calculation of T2 from T2-weighted images. The T2 accuracy was evaluated to determine the T2 reproducibility and the goodness-of-fit from the probability Q. Results: For the phantom and polyvinyl alcohol gel, the standard deviation of the magnetic resonance image signal at each echo time was narrow and mono-exponential, which caused large variations in the muscle T2 decay curves. The T2 effective signal-ratio change varied with T2, with the greatest decreases apparent for a short T2. There were no significant differences in T2 reproducibility when > 3 measurement points were used. There were no significant differences in goodness-of-fit when > 6 measurement points were used. Although the measurement point evaluations were stable when > 3 measurement points were used, calculation of T2 using 4 measurement points had the highest accuracy according to the goodness-of-fit. Even if the number of measurement points was increased, there was little improvement in the probability Q. Conclusion: Four measurement points gave excellent reproducibility and goodness-of-fit when muscle T2 was considered mono-exponential.

Asymmetric Absorption Profile of Damped Lyman Alpha and Beta Systems

  • Lee, Hee-Won
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.79.1-79.1
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    • 2012
  • Due to the quantum interference of many atomic levels, the exact scattering cross section around a given resonance transition deviates from the Lorentz function when the frequency of the incident radiation is quite far from the resonance frequency. This atomic effect is quite significant in the case of damped Ly alpha systems, where HI column density is in excess of 10^20 cm^-2. In this poster, we present the deviation quantitatively taking into consideration of the Rayleigh and Raman scattering around Lyman alpha and Lyman beta.

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Fuzzy Control Strategy for Damping Sub-Synchronous Resonance

  • Qader, M.R.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.1791-1797
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    • 2018
  • Sub-Synchronous Resonance (SSR) is a phenomenon that harms turbine generator shafts because the phenomenon induces sub-synchronous wavering in the system. In the study presented in this paper, a dynamic resistance bank is used to mitigate the occurrence of sub-synchronous phenomenon. A fuzzy logic controller using rotor speed deviation and its derivative as inputs is implemented to damp sub-synchronous oscillations more efficiently. An eigenvalue technique is used to analyse the stability of the system, and a simulation in MATLAB is conducted, based on the IEEE Second Benchmark, to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method under a 3-phase fault condition at an infinite bus. The time-domain simulation and eigenvalues are used to observe the proposed method's superior ability to damp sub-synchronous oscillation.

Platybasia in 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Is Not Correlated with Speech Resonance

  • Spruijt, Nicole E.;Kon, Moshe;Molen, Aebele B. Mink Van Der
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.344-349
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    • 2014
  • Background An abnormally obtuse cranial base angle, also known as platybasia, is a common finding in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). Platybasia increases the depth of the velopharynx and is therefore postulated to contribute to velopharyngeal dysfunction. Our objective was to determine the clinical significance of platybasia in 22q11DS by exploring the relationship between cranial base angles and speech resonance. Methods In this retrospective chart review at a tertiary hospital, 24 children (age, 4.0-13.1 years) with 22q11.2DS underwent speech assessments and lateral cephalograms, which allowed for the measurement of the cranial base angles. Results One patient (4%) had hyponasal resonance, 8 (33%) had normal resonance, 10 (42%) had hypernasal resonance on vowels only, and 5 (21%) had hypernasal resonance on both vowels and consonants. The mean cranial base angle was $136.5^{\circ}$ (standard deviation, $5.3^{\circ}$; range, $122.3-144.8^{\circ}$). The Kruskal-Wallis test showed no significant relationship between the resonance ratings and cranial base angles (P=0.242). Cranial base angles and speech ratings were not correlated (Spearman correlation=0.321, P=0.126). The group with hypernasal resonance had a significantly more obtuse mean cranial base angle ($138^{\circ}$ vs. $134^{\circ}$, P=0.049) but did not have a greater prevalence of platybasia (73% vs. 56%, P=0.412). Conclusions In this retrospective chart review of patients with 22q11DS, cranial base angles were not correlated with speech resonance. The clinical significance of platybasia remains unknown.

A Study on the Quality Deviation of Passenger Cars using the Robust Design (강건 설계 기법을 이용한 승용차의 품질 산포에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Chang;Kim, Chan-Mook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.110-113
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    • 2006
  • This paper describes the development process of body and full vehicle for reduced idle vibration through the data level of frequency and sensitivity. The vibration mode map is used to separate body structure modes from resonance of engine idle nm and steering system. This paper describes the analysis approach process to reduce the variation of uncertainties for idle vibration performance at initial design stage. The robust design method is performed to increase the stabilization performance under vehicle vibration. It is used to predict the effects of the stiffness deviation according to the spot welding condition of the body structure. The tolerance associated with hood over slam bumper is analyzed for the quality deviation of the moving system in full vehicle. And the glass sealant stiffness and weight difference is considered for the deviation characteristic. The design guideline is suggested considering sensitivity about body and full vehicle by using mother car at initial design stage. It makes possible to design the good NVH performance and save vehicles to be used in tests. These improvements can lead to shortening the time needed to develop better vehicles.

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