• Title, Summary, Keyword: Resonance Interference Effect

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Resonance Elastic Scattering and Interference Effects Treatments in Subgroup Method

  • Li, Yunzhao;He, Qingming;Cao, Liangzhi;Wu, Hongchun;Zu, Tiejun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.339-350
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    • 2016
  • Based on the resonance integral (RI) tables produced by the NJOY program, the conventional subgroup method usually ignores both the resonance elastic scattering and the resonance interference effects. In this paper, on one hand, to correct the resonance elastic scattering effect, RI tables are regenerated by using the Monte Carlo code, OpenMC, which employs the Doppler broadening rejection correction method for the resonance elastic scattering. On the other hand, a fast resonance interference factor method is proposed to efficiently handle the resonance interference effect. Encouraging conclusions have been indicated by the numerical results. (1) For a hot full power pressurized water reactor fuel pin-cell, an error of about +200 percent mille could be introduced by neglecting the resonance elastic scattering effect. By contrast, the approach employed in this paper can eliminate the error. (2) The fast resonance interference factor method possesses higher precision and higher efficiency than the conventional Bondarenko iteration method. Correspondingly, if the fast resonance interference factor method proposed in this paper is employed, the $k_{inf}$ can be improved by ~100 percent mille with a speedup of about 4.56.

Detection of electromagnetic interference shielding effect of Hanji mixed with carbon nanotubes using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques

  • Byun, Young Seok;Chae, Shin Ae;Park, Geun Yeong;Lee, Haeseong;Han, Oc Hee
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.27
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    • pp.90-97
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    • 2018
  • Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding is an important issue in modern daily life due to the increasing prevalence of electronic devices and their compact design. This study estimated EMI-shielding effect (EMI-SE) of small ($8-14{\times}17mm$) Hanji (Korean traditional paper) doped with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and compared to Hanji without CNT using $^2H$ (92.1 MHz) and $^{23}Na$ (158.7 MHz) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) peak area data obtained from 1 M NaCl in $D_2O$ samples in capillary tubes that were wrapped in the Hanji samples. The simpler method of using the variation of reflected power and tuning frequency by inserting the sample into an NMR coil was also tested at 242.9, 158.7, and 92.1 MHz. Overall, EMI shielding was relatively more effective at the higher frequencies. Our results validated that NMR methods to be useful to evaluate EMI-SE, particularly for small, flexible shielding materials, and demonstrated that EMI shielding by absorption is dominant in Hanji mixed with CNT.

Asymmetric Absorption Profile of Damped Lyman Alpha and Beta Systems

  • Lee, Hee-Won
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.79.1-79.1
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    • 2012
  • Due to the quantum interference of many atomic levels, the exact scattering cross section around a given resonance transition deviates from the Lorentz function when the frequency of the incident radiation is quite far from the resonance frequency. This atomic effect is quite significant in the case of damped Ly alpha systems, where HI column density is in excess of 10^20 cm^-2. In this poster, we present the deviation quantitatively taking into consideration of the Rayleigh and Raman scattering around Lyman alpha and Lyman beta.

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Hydration Effect on the Intrinsic Magnetism of Natural Deoxyribonucleic Acid as Studied by EMR Spectroscopy and SQUID Measurements

  • Kwon, Young-Wan;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Do, Eui-Doo;Choi, Dong-Hoon;Jin, Jung-Il;Kang, Jun-Sung;Koh, Eui-Kwan
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1233-1242
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    • 2008
  • The hydration effect on the intrinsic magnetism of natural salmon double-strand DNA was explored using electron magnetic resonance (EMR) spectroscopy and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetic measurements. We learned from this study that the magnetic properties of DNA are roughly classified into two distinct groups depending on their water content: One group is of higher water content in the range of 2.6-24 water molecules per nucleotide (wpn), where all the EMR parameters and SQUID susceptibilities are dominated by spin species experiencing quasi one-dimensional diffusive motion and are independent of the water content. The other group is of lower water content in the range of 1.4-0.5 wpn. In this group, the magnetic properties are most probably dominated by cyclotron motion of spin species along the helical π -way, which is possible when the momentum scattering time (${\tau}_k$) is long enough not only to satisfy the cyclotron resonance condition (${\omega}_c{\tau}_k$ > 1) but also to induce a constructive interference between the neighboring double helices. The same effect is reflected in the S-shaped magnetization-magnetic field strength (M-H) curves superimposed with the linear background obtained by SQUID measurements, which leads to larger susceptibilities at 1000 G when compared with the values at 10,000 G. In particular, we propose that the spin-orbital coupling and Faraday's mutual inductive effect can be utilized to interpret the dimensional crossover of spin motions from quasi 1D in the hydrate state to 3D in the dry state of dsDNA.

Scattering cross section for various potential systems

  • Odsuren, Myagmarjav;Kato, Kiyoshi;Khuukhenkhuu, Gonchigdorj;Davaa, Suren
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.1006-1009
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    • 2017
  • We discuss the problems of scattering in this framework, and show that the applied method is very useful in the investigation of the effect of the resonance in the observed scattering cross sections. In this study, not only the scattering cross sections but also the decomposition of the scattering cross sections was computed for the ${\alpha}-{\alpha}$ system. To obtain the decomposition of scattering cross sections into resonance and residual continuum terms, the complex scaled orthogonality condition model and the extended completeness relation are used. Applying the present method to the ${\alpha}-{\alpha}$ and ${\alpha}-n$ systems, we obtained good reproduction of the observed phase shifts and cross sections. The decomposition into resonance and continuum terms makes clear that resonance contributions are dominant but continuum terms and their interference are not negligible. To understand the behavior of observed phase shifts and the shape of the cross sections, both resonance and continuum terms are calculated.

Practical resolution of angle dependency of multigroup resonance cross sections using parametrized spectral superhomogenization factors

  • Park, Hansol;Joo, Han Gyu
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.1287-1300
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    • 2017
  • Based on the observation that ignoring the angle dependency of multigroup resonance cross sections within a fuel pellet would result in nontrivial underestimation of the spatial self-shielding of flux, a parametrized spectral superhomogenization (SPH) factor library (PSSL) method is developed as a practical means of resolving the problem. Region-wise spectral SPH factors are calculated by the normal and transport corrected SPH iterations after ultrafine group slowing down calculations over various light water reactor pin-cell configurations. The parametrization is done with fuel temperature, U-238 number density, fuel radius, moderator source represented by ${\Sigma}_{mod}V_{mod}$, and the number density ratio of resonance nuclides to that of U-238 in a form of resonance interference correction factors. The parametrization is successful in that the root mean square errors of the interpolated SPH factors over the fuel regions of various pin-cells are within 0.1%. The improvement in reactivity error of the PSSL method is shown to be superior to that by the original SPH method in that the reactivity bias of -200 pcm to -300 pcm vanishes almost completely. It is demonstrated that the environment effect takes only about 4% in the reactivity improvement so that the pin-cell based PSSL method is effective in the assembly problems.

Design of 3-D resonator for improvement of interference in ETCS (ETCS 신호 간섭 개선을 위한 3-D 공진기 설계)

  • Kim Ho-Yong;Lee Hong-Min
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.43 no.9
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, the conventional 2 dimensional metamaterial structure has degeneration of shielding characteristic in cross polarization effect. The proposed 3-D resonator is designed for reduction of cross polarization effect. The proposed 3-D resonator using LTCC consists of 2-D parallel resonators on X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis. The 2-D parallel resonator consists of two plate and one via. When the co-polarization electric filed is excited, the resonance frequency of 3-D resonator is 5.024GHz. The stop bandwidth is 19MHz. When the cross-polarization electric field is excited, the resonance frequency of 3-D resonator is 4.825GHz. The stop bandwidth is 19MHz. The proposed 3-D resonator achieve reduction of cross-polarization effect. The concrete consists of proposed 3-D resonator and absorbtion materials. The concrete will be applied for reduction or interference signal of ETCS(Electric Toll collection system).

Effect of Contruals on Social Action Perception: Modulation of Motor Resonance Effect by Perspectives (사회적 행위 지각에 있어 해석 효과: 관점에 따른 운동공명효과의 조절)

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon;Shin, Cheon-Woo;Shin, Hyun-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2012
  • According to recent embodied cognition approach, understanding of actions is not based on abstract symbolic process but based on mental simulation of sensory-motor information related to those actions. As supporting evidence, motor resonance effect is a facilitation/interference effect of motor response in terms of similarity between observed action and concurrent own action. In the current research, we investigated this effect in the situation to perceive a complex social action perception and how it would be modulated by perspectives of construals of the social action scene. For this purpose, we created three kinds of fighting action scenes of two people in terms of body actions of the subject(ie., hitting, stepping, biting), and described them in two perspectives; active and passive. During the experiment, subjects had to verify the congruency of the picture and the description first, and if they are congruent, they had to do two different actions in terms of color of following cues. In the first experiment, subjects' response time for stepping on a pedal and pressing a button were analyzed for measuring motor resonance effect for the foot movement. In the second experiment, voice response time with a microphone and button pressing time were analyzed for the mouth movement motor resonance effect. Results showed the facilitation of the foot movement(in Exp1), and the mouth movement(in Exp2) only when the action scene was described in active perspective. Our results indicate that the motor resonance effect can be occurred during perception of social actions in the real life situation, but it can be also modulated by the perspective of the mental construal of the action event.

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SSFP Interferometry (SSFPI) Technique Applied to functional MRI - A Fast and Direct Measurement of Magnetic Susceptibility Effect (SSFPI 기법을 이용한 MR 뇌기능 영상 -고 속의 자화율 효과의 직접적인 측정)

  • 정준영
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.525-534
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    • 1996
  • We have developed a fast steady state free precession interferometry (SSFPI) technique which is useful for the fMRl (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging). As is known, SSFP sequence with a suitable adjustment of Vadient (readeut) allows us to measure precession angle 6 which in tw relates to the field inhomogeneity. Combining the two pulses (known as FID and Echo) in FADE (Fast Acquisition Double Echo) sequence, for example, one can obtain the interference term which is directly related to the precession angle It has been known that a fast high resolution magnetic field mapping is possible by use of the modified FADE sequence or SSFPI, and we have attempted to use the SSFPI technique for the susceptibility-induced fMRl. When the method is applied to the susceptibility effect based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRl), it was found that the direct susceptibility effect measurement was possible without perturbations such as the backgrounds and inflow effect. In this paper, simulation results and experimental results obtained with 2.0 Tesla MRI system are presented.

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