• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ring Pack

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A Basic Study on Piston-Ring Pack (피스톤-링 팩에 관한 기초 연구)

  • Chun, Sang-Myung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2005
  • A piston assembly is very important because it directly receives the energy generated during combustion process. Surely, the friction and lubrication of piston-ring pack do an important role in the performance and fuel economy of an engine. In fact, the friction loss in piston-ring pack is the biggest portion to the whole engine friction. Therefore, the improvement of lubrication quality and friction loss in piston-ring pack will be directly related with the improvement in the performance and fuel economy of an engine. Meanwhile, the oil consumption and blow-by gas through piston-cylinder-ring crevices have to be controlled as less as possible. In these two aspects, the study on the optimized design of piston-ring pack has to be carried out. In this study, for the efficient design of piston-ring pack, it is focused to develop a basic computer program that predicts the inter-ring pressure, the motion of ring and the blow-by gas through a crevice volume model between adjacent rings, and the oil film thickness and the friction computed by lubrication theories.

Development of a Basic Program for the Study of Piston-Ring Pack (피스톤-링 팩 연구를 위한 기초 프로그램 개발)

  • Chun Sang Myung;Ha Dae-Hong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2004
  • A Piston assembly is very important because it directly receives the energy generated during combustion process. Surely, the friction and lubrication of piston ring pack do an important role in the performance and fuel economy of an engine. in fact, the friction loss in piston ring pack is the biggest portion to the whole engine friction. Therefore, the improvement of lubrication quality and friction loss in piston ring pack will be directly related with the improvement in the performance and fuel economy of an engine. Meanwhile, the oil consumption and blow-by gas through piston-cylinder-ring crevices have to be controlled as less as possible. In these two aspects, the study on the optimized design of piston ring pack has to be carried out. In this study, for the efficient design of piston ring pack, it is focused to develop a basic computer program that predicts the inter-ring pressure, the motion of ring and the blow-by gas through a crevice volume model between adjacent rings, and the oil film thickness and the friction computed by lubrication theories.

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Analysis of Ring Pack Lubrication (다중 피스톤 링계의 피스톤 링 윤활 해석)

  • 이재선;한동철
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 1999
  • Generally quantity of supply oil for piston ring lubrication in an internal combustion engine may be insufficient to fill the entire volume formed in the clearance between piston ring and cylinder liner. Thus oil starvation condition should be considered for the analysis of piston ring lubrication. In order to reasonably estimate amount of oil left on the cylinder liner, adequate boundary condition should be adapted for the analysis of ring pack lubrication. In this analysis of ring pack lubrication of an internal combustion engine, oil starvation and open-end boundary conditions are considered at inlet and outlet of piston rings. It is revealed that piston rings are operated under oil starvation in most operating cycle and the result with these conditions are quite different from that with fully-flooded assumption.

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Analysis of Ring Pack Lubrication Considering Oil Transport (오일 이송을 고려한 다중 피스톤 링계의 피스톤 링 윤활 해석)

  • 이재선;한동철
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.233-239
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    • 1999
  • Generally quantity of supply oil for piston ring lubrication in an internal combustion engine may be insufficient to fill the entire volume formed in the clearance between piston ring and cylinder liner. Thus oil starvation condition should be considered for the analysis of piston ring lubrication. In order to reasonably estimate amount of oil left on the cylinder liner, adequate boundary condition should be adapted for the analysis of ring pack lubrication. In this analysis of ring pack lubrication of an internal combustion engine, oil starvation and open-end boundary conditions are considered at inlet and outlet of piston rings. It is revealed that piston rings are operated under oil starvation in most operating cycle and the result with these conditions are quite different from that with fully-flooded assumption.

A Study on Oil Consumption Related with the Piston Ring Pack with Thinner Ring Width and Lower Ring Tension (박폭 저장력 피스톤 링 팩에 대한 오일소모 연구)

  • Chun, Sang-Myung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.311-317
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    • 2009
  • To satisfy the more severe emission regulation and the demand of higher fuel economy in near future, the combustion pressure and power output of engines is going to be higher. In order to get the reduction of engine emission and the higher power, it is needed the reduction of the tension and width of ring pack. The lower tension ring and the thinner width ring can bring not only the friction reduction between the ring and liner during engine running, but also the adjustment of the blow-by gas and oil consumption by changing in the pressure in the crevice volume and the axial motion of rings togethe with the adjustment of the inter-ring crevice volumes. In this study, by using a developed basic computer proglram that predicts the blow-by gas and oil consumption of engines, it is to be examined how satisfying the level of the blow-by gas and oil consumption as being installed the piston ring pack with thinner width ring and lower tension ring.

A Study on Friction Reduction Related with the Piston Ring Pack with Thinner Width Ring and Lower Tension Ring (박폭 저장력 피스톤 링 팩에 대한 마찰저감 연구)

  • Chun, Sang-Myung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.348-358
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    • 2009
  • To satisfy the more severe emission regulation and the demand of higher fuel economy in near future, the combustion pressure and power output of engines is going to be higher. In order to get the reduction of engine emission and the higher power, it is needed the reduction of the tension and width of ring pack. The lower tension ring and the manufacturing technology of cast iron thinner width ring can bring the friction reduction between the ring and liner during engine running. Therfore, the fuel economy can be achieved. Thereafter the engine emission can be reduced. In this study, by using a developed basic computer program that predicts the inter-ring pressure, the motion of ring and the inter-ring pressure through a crevice volume model between adjacent rings, and the oil film thickness and the friction computed by lubrication theories, it is to be examined the effect of friction reduction from piston ring pack equipped with thinner width ring and lower tension ring.

Friction Characteristics of Piston Ring Pack with Consideration of Mixed Lubrication: Parametric Investigation

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Kim, Jee-Woon;Cho, Myung-Rae;Han, Dong-Chul
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.468-475
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    • 2002
  • This paper reports on the friction characteristics of a piston ring pack with consideration of mixed lubrication. The analytical model is presented by using the average flow antral asperity contact model. The effect of operating condition, and design parameters on the MOFT, maximum friction force, and mean frictional power loss are investigated. Piston ring prick shows mixed and hydrodynamic lubrication characteristics. From the predicted results, it was fand that the ring tension and height of surface roughness have great influence on the frictional power losses in a ring pack. Especially, ring tension is a dominant factor for the reduction of friction loss and maintenance of oil film thickness.

Analysis of Frictional Performances In Ring Pack By Commercial Package (상용 소프트웨어를 이용한 피스톤 링팩의 윤활 성능 해석)

  • 최원석;차상량;이희락;장시열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.219-226
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    • 2000
  • Frictional performance of ring pack in internal engine is investigated by varying spatial dimensions of ring pack and operating speed. This investigation is performed with commercial software by Ricardo Consultant Engineers, Inc. which is now in wofdwide use in automobile industries. Among the ring performances, blow-by rate, axial ring motions and frictional behaviors of top and second rings are studies in our work.

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Eviction Characteristics of Piston Assembly (I) -Theory- (피스톤계 마찰 특성 (I) -이론적 연구-)

  • Cho, Myung-Rae;Ha, Kyoung-Pyo;Kim, Joong-Soo;Oh, Dae-Yoon;Han, Dong-Chul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.349-356
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    • 2003
  • The aim of this paper is to investigate the friction characteristics of piston assembly. The friction of piston assembly is composed of ring pack and skirt friction. In this paper, the theoretical models of piston ring pack and piston skirt were presented. The mixed lubrication theory was considered to calculate friction force of piston ring and skirt. from the results, most of friction in piston assembly occurred at the piston ring park. The piston assembly usually showed hydrodynamic lubrication characteristics. but the top and bottom dead centers showed mixed lubrication characteristics. The piston skirt was much affected by radial clearance and load, but ring was significantly influenced by ring tension.

Analysis of Ring Pack Lubrication

  • Lee, Jae-Seon;Han, Dong-Chul
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.928-934
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    • 2000
  • This paper describes a method developed for the simulation of ring pack lubrication characteristic in an internal combustion engine. In general, the quantity of oil supply for piston ring lubrication may be insufficient in filling the entire volume formed at the interference between the piston ring and the cylinder liner. Thus the oil starvation condition should be considered in analyzing piston ring lubrication. In order to reasonably estimate the amount of oil left over on the cylinder liner, the flow rate at the posterior portion of the interface should be calculated with an adequate boundary condition that confirms flow continuity condition. In this analysis, oil starvation and open-end boundary conditions are considered at the inlet and outlet of the piston rings. The lubrication characteristic of each piston ring is obtained by an iterative method with sequential steps. It is revealed that piston rings are operated under oil starvation in most operating cycles and the result under these conditions are quite different from that with the fully-flooded assumption.

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