• Title, Summary, Keyword: Robust Video Watermarking

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Discrete Multiwavelet-Based Video Watermarking Scheme Using SURF

  • Narkedamilly, Leelavathy;Evani, Venkateswara Prasad;Samayamantula, Srinivas Kumar
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.595-605
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    • 2015
  • This paper proposes a robust, imperceptible block-based digital video watermarking algorithm that makes use of the Speeded Up Robust Feature (SURF) technique. The SURF technique is used to extract the most important features of a video. A discrete multiwavelet transform (DMWT) domain in conjunction with a discrete cosine transform is used for embedding a watermark into feature blocks. The watermark used is a binary image. The proposed algorithm is further improved for robustness by an error-correction code to protect the watermark against bit errors. The same watermark is embedded temporally for every set of frames of an input video to improve the decoded watermark correlation. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that the proposed DMWT domain video watermarking using SURF features is robust against common image processing attacks, motion JPEG2000 compression, frame averaging, and frame swapping attacks. The quality of a watermarked video under the proposed algorithm is high, demonstrating the imperceptibility of an embedded watermark.

System Design and Realization for Real Time DVR System with Robust Video Watermarking (강인한 비디오 워터마킹을 적용한 실시간 DVR 시스템의 설계 구현)

  • Ryu Kwang-Ryol;Kim Ja-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1019-1024
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    • 2006
  • A system design and realization for real time DVR system with robust video watermarking algorithm for contents security is presented in this paper. The robust video watermarking is used the intraframe space region and interframe insertion simultaneously, and to be processed at real time on image data and algorithm is used the 64bits special purpose quad DSP processor with assembly and soft pipeline codes. The experimental result shows that the processing time takes about 2.5ms in the D1 image per frame for 60% moving image.

System Realization for Real Time DVR System with Robust Video Watermarking (강인한 비디오 워터마킹을 적용한 실시간 DVR 시스템 구현에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Ja-Hwan;Sclabassi Robert J.;Ryu Kwang-Ryol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.201-204
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    • 2006
  • A system realization for real time DVR system with robust video watermarking algorithm against is attacked various is presented in this paper. The main system is composed of DSP processor and robust video watermarking to be processed at real time on image data and algorithm of the DVR system. The experimental result shows that the processing time takes about 2.5ms on the D1 size image per frame.

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A Wavelet-Based Video Watermarking Approach Robust to Re-encoding

  • Yoo, Kil-Sang;Lee, Won-Hyung
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.33 no.1C
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    • pp.124-130
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    • 2008
  • We present in this paper a method of digital watermarking for video data based on the discrete wavelet transform. In the proposed method, a watermark signal is inserted into the decompressed bitstream while detection is performed using the uncompressed video. This method allows detection if video has been manipulated or its format changed. We embed the watermark in the lowest frequency components of each frame in the un-coded video by using wavelet transform. The watermark can be extracted directly from the decoded video without access to the original video. Experimental results show that the proposed method gives the watermarked video of better quality and is robust against MPEG coding, down sampling and re-encoding to other type of video format such as MPEG4, H.264

Robust Digital Watermarking for High-definition Video using Steerable Pyramid Transform, Two Dimensional Fast Fourier Transform and Ensemble Position-based Error Correcting

  • Jin, Xun;Kim, JongWeon
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.3438-3454
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we propose a robust blind watermarking scheme for high-definition video. In the embedding process, luminance component of each frame is transformed by 2-dimensional fast Fourier transform (2D FFT). A secret key is used to generate a matrix of random numbers for the security of watermark information. The matrix is transformed by inverse steerable pyramid transform (SPT). We embed the watermark into the low and mid-frequency of 2D FFT coefficients with the transformed matrix. In the extraction process, the 2D FFT coefficients of each frame and the transformed matrix are transformed by SPT respectively, to produce two oriented sub-bands. We extract the watermark from each frame by cross-correlating two oriented sub-bands. If a video is degraded by some attacks, the watermarks of frames contain some errors. Thus, we use an ensemble position-based error correcting algorithm to estimate the errors and correct them. The experimental results show that the proposed watermarking algorithm is imperceptible and moreover is robust against various attacks. After embedding 64 bits of watermark into each frame, the average peak signal-to-noise ratio between original frames and embedded frames is 45.7 dB.

Robust Watermarking for Compressed Video Using Fingerprints and Its Applications

  • Jung, Soo-Yeun;Lee, Dong-Eun;Lee, Seong-Won;Paik, Joon-Ki
    • International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.794-799
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a user identification method at H.264 streaming using watermarking with fingerprints. The watermark can efficiently reduce the potential danger of forgery or alteration. Especially a biometric watermark has convenient, economical advantages. The fingerprint watermark can also improve reliability of verification using automated fingerprint identification systems. These algorithms, however, are not robust against common video compression. To overcome this problem, we analyze H.264 compression pattern and extract watermark after restoring damaged watermark using various filters. The proposed algorithm consists of enhancement of a fingerprint image, watermark insertion using discrete wavelet transform and extraction after restoring. The proposed algorithm can achieve robust watermark extraction against H.264 compressed videos.

Robust Digital Video Watermarking Algorithm Using Dual Watermarks in Block DCT Domain

  • Kim, Byung-Ju;Lee, Suk-Hwan;Kwon, Ki-Ryong;Ahn, Sang-Ho;Kim, Tai-Suk;Lee, Kuhn-Il
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.791-797
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    • 2004
  • We proposed a novel digital video watermarking that embeds dual watermarks in the block DCT domain to solve the deadlock problem. Daul watermarks are composed of private watermarks and robust blind watermarks. Firstly, private watermarks are embedded into the lowest AC coefficients of the P or B-frames in accordance with the motion direction gained from a previous frame. Secondly, blind watermarks that have the robustness are inserted into the DC coefficients of the I-frames using a private key made from temporal I-frame motion information. Thus, when a deadlock situation occurs, the proposed algorithm can efficiently solve the problem. Experimental results confirmed that the proposed algorithm can produce good subjective and objective results for MPEG coding with a variety of bit rates. Furthermore, the proposed watermarking algorithm can potentially be applied to broadcasting monitoring systems due to its simplicity and high robustness.

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Video Watermarking Scheme for Scalable Video Coding using ROI

  • Yoon, Ji-Sun;Kwon, Seong-Geun;Lee, Suk-Hwan;Song, Yoon-Chul;Kim, Min-Hwan;Kwon, Ki-Ryong
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.796-806
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a blind video watermarking algorithm that has the robustness against spatial, temporal, and SNR scalability and transcoding for the copyright protection of video contents in heterogeneous multimedia service. The proposed process of watermark embedding and detecting is accomplished on base layer for considering spatial scalability. The watermark consists of the string and the ordering number of string for considering temporal scalability. Thus, each of frames has the bitstream of one character and a ordering number of its character. To robust against FGS, the proposed algorithm quantizes low and middle frequency coefficients in ROI region of each of frames and embeds its watermark bitstream into the specific bits of the quantized coefficients. Experimental results verified that the proposed algorithm satisfies the invisibility of watermark and also has the robustness against spatial scalability, temporal scalability and FGS.

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Scene-Based Video Watermarking Using Temporal Spread Spectrum in Com pressed Domain (압축 영역에서 시간축 확산 스펙트럼을 이용한 장면단위의 비디오 워터마킹)

  • 최윤희;강경표;최태선
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents robust and efficient scene-based video watermarking method using visual rhythm (spatio-temporal slice) in compressed domain. Scene change can be detected easily using visual rhythm and video sequences are conveniently edited at the scene boundaries. Therefore, scene-based watermark embedding Process it a natural choice. Temporal spread spectrum can be achieved by applying spread spectrum methods to visual rhythm. Additive Gaussian noise, low-pass filtering, median filtering and histogram equalization attack are simulated for all frames. Frame sub-sampling is also simulated as a typical video attack Simulation results show that proposed algorithm is robust and efficient in the presence of such kind of attacks.

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Robust video watermarking algorithm for H.264/AVC based on JND model

  • Zhang, Weiwei;Li, Xin;Zhang, Yuzhao;Zhang, Ru;Zheng, Lixin
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.2741-2761
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    • 2017
  • With the purpose of copyright protection for digital video, a novel H.264/AVC watermarking algorithm based on JND model is proposed. Firstly, according to the characteristics of human visual system, a new and more accurate JND model is proposed to determine watermark embedding strength by considering the luminance masking, contrast masking and spatial frequency sensitivity function. Secondly, a new embedding strategy for H.264/AVC watermarking is proposed based on an analysis on the drift error of energy distribution. We argue that more robustness can be achieved if watermarks are embedded in middle and high components of $4{\times}4$ integer DCT since these components are more stable than dc and low components when drift error occurs. Finally, according to different characteristics of middle and high components, the watermarks are embedded using different algorithms, respectively. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed watermarking algorithm not only meets the imperceptibility and robustness requirements, but also has a high embedding capacity.