• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rotary Atomizer

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Spray Characteristics of the Rotary Atomizer for the Slinger Combustor (슬링거 연소기의 회전형 분사장치의 분무특성 연구)

  • Choi, Hyun-Kyung;Lee, Dong-Hun;You, Gyung-Won;Choi, Seong-Man
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2008
  • An experimental study was performed to understand spray characteristics of the rotary atomizer for the slinger combustor. In this fuel injection system, fuel is injected and atomized in the combustor by centrifugal forces to engine shaft. The experimental apparatus consists of a high speed rotational spindle, rotary atomizer, pressure tank and acrylic case. The droplet size and velocity were measured by PDPA (phase Doppler particle analyzer), and spray was visualized by using high speed camera and Nd:Yag laser-based flash photography. From the test results, the droplet size (SMD) is largely affected by rotational speed, mass flow rate and the number of orifice. As the experimental results, we could understand the spray characteristics of the rotary atomizer for the slinger combustor and obtain the optimum shape of the rotary atomizer which is suitable for the small gas turbine engine.

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An Experimental Study on the Atomization Characteristics of the Rotary Cup Atomizer (회전컵 무화기의 미립화 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Jin, S.B.;Cho, D.J.;Yoon, S.J.
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 2001
  • Rotary atomizer is widely used in practical application ranging from combustion, cooling, spray drying, agriculture, chemical system. Rotary cup atomizer has some advantages such as extreme versatility and liquid atomization successfully varying widely in viscosity. In rotary atomization, the feed liquid is centrifugally accelerated to high velocity and the liquid extends over the rotating surface as a thin film before being discharged into an atmosphere. The degree of rotary atomization depends upon peripheral speed, feed rate, liquid properties and atomizer design. An important asset is that thickness and uniformity of the liquid sheet can readily be controlled by regulating the liquid flow rate and the rotational speed. LDPA(Laser Diffraction Particle Analyser) and image aquisition system are used to measure drop size distribution and spray pattern. The atomization characteristics of the rotary cup atomizer is investigated experimentally by varing the liquid feed rate, rotary cup speed and air velocity for atomization. As a results, the effect of air velocity on the atomization characteristics such as drop size and spray uniformity is considerably greater than variation of those with liquid feed rate.

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Vibration Characteristics of High Speed Rotary Bell Cup (고속 회전 벨 컵의 진동 특성)

  • Sohn, Jung Woo;Park, Ji Hoon;Choi, Seung-Bok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.771-778
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    • 2015
  • In this work, vibration characteristics of high speed rotary bell cup for paint atomizer are numerically investigated. New type of bell cup model is proposed and additional corresponding models with design parameter variations for length and diameter are constructed. Dynamic characteristics, such as natural frequencies and corresponding mode shapes, are studied for each model as a first step. To investigate operation stability, critical speed of rotary bell cup is numerically analyzed based on Campbell diagram and separation margin between operating speed and critical speed is identified. Unbalance vibration responses are also investigated with respect to design parameter variation, operating speed and balancing quality grade of G. Then the proper design guideline for stable operation of high speed rotary bell cup for paint atomizer is suggested.

The Atomization Mechanism and Spray Characteristics of Drum Type Rotary Atomizer (드럼형 회전연료노즐의 미립화 기구 및 분무특성 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Hun;Choi, Hyun-Kyung;Choi, Seong-Man;You, Gyung-Won;Huh, Hwan-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2008
  • The atomization phenomena and spray characteristics of drum type rotary atomizer using centrifugal force from high rotational speed of gas turbine engine shaft were studied through rotary atomizer modeling analysis and experimental method. A test rig for rotary atomization that has range of $5,000{\sim}40,000\;rpm$ was used to make similarity for high speed rotating shaft. Spray visualization methodology and Phase Doppler Anemometry were also used to investigate the atomization mechanism and spray characteristics. We found that the rotating fuel spray has unique breakup process and we have to make breakup point earlier through increasing rotating speed to improve atomization performance.

Study on the RPM Characteristics of Rotary Atomizer for Various Air Turbine and Nozzle Types (공기 터빈 및 노즐 설계에 따른 도장기기의 회전수 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chan;Cha, SangWon
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2003
  • Basic concepts and procedures for designing air turbine and atomizing disk, which require core technologies, of rotary atomizer were established. Experimental data agreed well with the computational fluid dynamics analysis results. The rotary atomizer RPM was varied remarkably for various air turbine and atomizing disk types. Experimentally, the atomizer with $20^{\circ}$, slope-contraction and 2 nozzle air turbine has shown the most desirable performance.

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A study on the Characteristics of the Blowing type Rotary Burner (송풍형 로터리 버너의 특성 연구)

  • Choi Y. H.;Kim K. H.;Yoon S. J.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.303-306
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    • 2002
  • Liquid atomization by means of a spinning cup is widely used as a device for combustion, in cooling and spray drying. In this study, the blowing type rotary atomizer was experimental carried out the investigations on the characteristics of the blowing type rotary atomizer which is an air flow energy of blower instead of an electric motor most commonly used to a driven energy. The analysis on the rotary cup speed, air velocity with the blower conditions was performed and also the drop size was measured using LDPA. It was tried to analyzed on air-nozzle size and liquid flowrate as the result. It was found that the increase of the relative velocity between liquid and air improve significantly atomization liquid, and decrease of the liquid flowrate improved the maximum drop size though the mean drop size is really the same.

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Design of Rotary Atomizer Using Characteristics of Thin Film Flow on Solid Surfaces (완전접촉 경계면 위의 박막유동 특성을 이용한 회전무화기의 형상 설계)

  • Park, Boo Seong;Kim, Bo Hung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.12
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    • pp.1473-1482
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    • 2013
  • A disc-type rotary atomizer affords advantages such as superior paint transfer efficiency, uniformity of paint pattern and particle size, and less consumption of compressed air compared to a spray-gun-type atomizer. Furthermore, it can be applied to all types of painting materials, and it is suitable for large-scale processes such as car painting. The painting quality, which is closely related to the atomizer performance, is determined by the uniformity and droplet size in accordance with the design of the bell disc surface. This study establishes the basics of how to design a surface by modeling the operating bell disc's RPM, diameter, surface angle, and film thickness considering dye characteristics such as the viscosity, density, and surface affinity.

Vibration Characteristics Analysis of High Speed Rotary Bell Cup with Different Shapes and Dimensions (형상 및 치수 변화에 따른 고속 회전 벨 컵의 진동 특성 해석)

  • Park, Jiong-Min;Choi, Seung-Bok;Sohn, Jung Woo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.857-864
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    • 2016
  • In the present work, vibration analysis of high speed rotary bell cup model for paint atomizer application is carried out through numerical simulation. At first, eight bell cup models, considering four different cup shapes and two different cup diameters, are proposed and corresponding dynamic characteristics are investigated. To evaluate the operating stability, critical speed analysis is conducted using Campbell diagram and separation margin between operating speed and critical speed is identified. Unbalance vibration responses are also studied according to operating speed and balancing quality grade of G. Finally, the stability and adequacy of the proposed bell cup models are discussed for field application.

Effect of Serrated Disk of Electrostatic Rotary Atomizer on Transfer Characteristics (정전 회전무화형 도장기기의 빗살무늬 디스크가 도착성능에 미치는 영향)

  • Cha, SangWon;Lee, Chan;Ko, YongSeo
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2002
  • The effect of outer edge serrations of a rotating disk in the electrostatic rotary atomizer has been experimentally investigated. In this study, the edge serrations of the rotating disk are designed and fabricated to maintain the ligament atomization for wide range of paint flow rates. A series of experiments have been conducted using optimally-designed or off-designed disks to investigate the surface characteristics, i.e., transfer efficiencies, thicknesses and bubbles. The optimally-designed disk has experimentally shown the best surface characteristics compared to other disks, especially for an existing non-serrated disk.

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A Numerical Study on the Spray Dryer Characteristic for Manufacture of Deep Sea Water Salt (해양심층수 기능성소금 제조를 위한 분무건조기 특성의 수치해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Shin, Phil-Kwon;Park, Seong-Je
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.24-29
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    • 2003
  • Deep sea water has cold temperature, abundant nutrients and minerals, and good water quality that is pathogen-free and stable. Compared with surface water, deep sea water contains more nutrition salt, such as nitrogen and phosphor. Moreover, if has the good balance of minerals. Because of the ability of the spray drying process to produce a free-flowing power considering of spherical particles with a well-defined size distribution and the rapid drying times for heat-sensitive material, spray drying is attractive for a wide range of applications spray drying is a unique unit operation in which powders are produced from a liquid feed in a single processing step. Key component of the process are atomizer, spray chamber. Design of spray chamber should be based on the atomizer type, the production rate, and the particle size required. Because of the complex processes taking place during spray drying, traditional design method are based on pilot-plant tests and empirical scale-up rules. Modern technique such as CFD have a role to play in design and troubleshooting.

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