• Title, Summary, Keyword: S-N Curve

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Fatigue performance of deepwater SCR under short-term VIV considering various S-N curves

  • Kim, D.K.;Choi, H.S.;Shin, C.S.;Liew, M.S.;Yu, S.Y.;Park, K.S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.881-896
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    • 2015
  • In this study, a method for fatigue performance estimation of deepwater steel catenary riser (SCR) under short-term vortex-induced vibration was investigated for selected S-N curves. General tendency between S-N curve capacity and fatigue performance was analysed. SCRs are generally used to transport produced oil and gas or to export separated oil and gas, and are exposed to various environmental loads in terms of current, wave, wind and others. Current is closely related with VIV and it affects fatigue life of riser structures significantly. In this regards, the process of appropriate S-N curve selection was performed in the initial design stage based on the scale of fabrication-related initial imperfections such as welding, hot spot, crack, stress concentration factor, and others. To draw the general tendency, the effects of stress concentration factor (SCF), S-N curve type, current profile, and three different sizes of SCRs were considered, and the relationship between S-N curve capacity and short-term VIV fatigue performance of SCR was derived. In case of S-N curve selection, DNV (2012) guideline was adopted and four different current profiles of the Gulf of Mexico (normal condition and Hurricane condition) and Brazil (Amazon basin and Campos basin) were considered. The obtained results will be useful to select the S-N curve for deepwater SCRs and also to understand the relationship between S-N curve capacity and short-term VIV fatigue performance of deepwater SCRs.

Fatigue Life Evaluation for Flange-Shaft Assembly of Front Loading Washing Machine (드럼세탁기 축계의 피로수명 평가)

  • Kim D.J.;We W.T.;Seok C.S.;Lee G.H.;Min J.H.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.429-430
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    • 2006
  • To estimate the fatigue life of flange-shaft assembly, fatigue test for flange material and bending fatigue test for flange-shaft assembly were conducted. Also, finite element analysis for flange-shaft assembly was conducted. Then, we have changed the obtained P-N curve to S-N curve using the finite element analysis results which were stress values at the location of fracture. The S-N curve of flange material itself was almost consistent with that of flange-shaft assembly, so it seems that the fatigue life of flange-shaft assembly could be estimated by using S-N curve for flange material and the stress at the location of fracture calculated by finite element methods.

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The comparison of the fatigue crack initiation life in a notch (노치부의 피로균열발생 수명 비교)

  • Kim, S.H.;Bae, S.I.;Ham, K.C.;Song, J.I.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 2001
  • For the life evaluating of notched members, it is the best way that performing the real fatigue test of structure containing notch. But this method required generally much times and costs to evaluate fatigue life. So, generally we use the modified S-N curve or several methods to predict fatigue life. In this study, crack initiation life was evaluated by fatigue testing the SAE keyhole specimen and smooth specimen made of Al 7075-T6 alloys using the constant load then obtained S-N curve of smooth specimen and P-N curve of SAE keyhole specimen. And, fatigue lives of keyhole specimen are predicted using some life prediction methods (Nominal range I method, Nominal range II method, FEM analysis) for investigating experimented results, and that were compared with experimental data. Predicted fatigue lives by FEM analysis were corresponded with experimental data between 1/3times and 3times on the whole, and predicted fatigue lives using modified S-N curve (Nominal range I method, Nominal range II method) were nonconservative compared with that of FEM analysis.

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S-N Curve Estimation of a KTX Structure for an Accelerated Life Testing (가속수명시험을 위한 KTX 구조물의 S-N 선도 추정)

  • Jung, Dal-Woo;Choi, Nak-Sam;Park, Su-Han
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.384-389
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    • 2008
  • An accelerated fatigue test is essentially required to maintain the reliability of the actual structure of KTX under operation conditions. However, actual fatigue life cannot be obtained if specimens are not adequate to the conventional fatigue test. Moreover component maker did not provide data of loading stress (S) - cycles at the failure (N). In this study, we suggest a prediction method of the S-N curve for establishing an accelerating test under various load levels. Load history was acquired from the field tests. A Rainflow method was used on the cycle counting of the field load data, and then, an S-N curve was obtained through the iteration process under the condition that the damage index satisfies to 1 in the Miner's rule.

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S-N Curve Deduction of a KTX High-Speed Train Structure for an Accelerated Life Testing (가속수명시험을 위한 KTX고속열차 구조물의 S-N 선도 추정)

  • Jung, Dal-Woo;Choi, Nak-Sam;Park, Su-Han
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.388-395
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    • 2009
  • An accelerated fatigue test is essentially required to maintain the reliability of the actual structures of KTX under operation conditions. However, actual fatigue life cannot be obtained because the conventional fatigue tests are not adequate to the real load conditions. Moreover foreign component makers have not provided data of the loading stresses (S) versus cycles at the failure (N). In this study, we suggested a deduction method of the S-N curve for establishing an accelerating test under various load levels. Load history was acquired from the field tests. A Rainflow method was used on the cycle counting of the field load data. After that, an S-N curve was obtained through the iteration process under the condition that the damage index satisfies to 1 in the Miner's rule. The deduced S-N curve was applied to the performance evaluation of Korean-made sealed knuckles compared with imports.

Surface Crack Behavior and the Fatigue Life Prediction of Notched Specimens (표면균열의 거동과 피로수명예측에 관한 연구)

  • 서창민;이정주;정은화;박희범
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.1097-1103
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    • 1988
  • This paper deals with surface crack behavior and the fatigue life prediction of notched specimens using the relation between surface crack length, a, and the cycle ratio, $N/N_{f}$. From the $a-N\;/\;N_{f}$ curves, UC(the upper limit curve), LC(the lower limit curve) and MC(the middle limit curve) were assumed and utilized to predict the fatigue life and crack growth rate. The data computed from the three assumed curves were compared with the experimental data. It has been found that in the stable crack growth region ($N/N_{f}=0.3-0.8$) fatigue life can be predicted within 20% errors. Using the characteristics of $a-N\;/\;N_{f}$ curve, it is possible to predict the $da/dN-K_{max}$ curve, the $da/dN-{\Delta}K_{{\varepsilon}_t}$ curve, and the $S-N_{f}$ curve.

STRUCTURE OF THE SPIRAL GALAXY NGC 300 II. Applications of the Mass Models

  • Rhee, Myung-Hyun;Chun, Mun-Suk
    • Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 1992
  • Applying mass model to disk galaxy NGC 300, since the observed rotation curve of NGC 300 is flatter than Toomre's mass model n = 1, two cases are used; obtaining parameters $a^n$ and $b^n$ from the polynomial fitting of the observed rotation curve (case A) and from the least square fitting between the observed rotation curve and model rotation curve (case B). In any case, n bas a fixed value of 1. Brandt's mass model is also discussed. which has a shape parameter n = 1.4. Calculated total mass and total mass to luminosity ratio are $3.3{\times}10^{10}M_{\odot}$, l2.1 for case A and $2.8{\times}10^{10}M_{\odot}$, 10.3 for case B. In case of Brandt's model, the values are $4.2{\times}10^{10}M_{\odot}$ and 15.4. The rise in the local mass to luminosity ratio in the outer part of NGC 300 implies existence of massive halo. Other dynamical properties are also discussed.

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타원곡선위에서의 연산

  • 최영주;황효선
    • Review of KIISC
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.86-90
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    • 1993
  • Finite field GF$(2^n)5에서 정의된 elliptic curve가 있을때 그 curve위의 어떤 point p를 k배하는 연산은 암호론에서 매우 자주 쓰여진다. 이때 optimal normal bases를 이용하여 GF$(2^n)의 element를 표현하고, 또 elliptic curve를 선택할 때 animalous curve가 되도록 한다면, 기존이 방법 보다 매우 빠르게 k P를 구할 수 있다.

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A New Kind of Slant Helix in Lorentzian (n + 2)- Spaces

  • Ates, Fatma;Gok, Ismail;Ekmekci, Faik Nejat
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.1003-1016
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, we introduce a new kind of slant helix for null curves called null $W_n$-slant helix and we give a definition of new harmonic curvature functions of a null curve in terms of $W_n$ in (n + 2)-dimensional Lorentzian space $M^{n+2}_1$ (for n > 3). Also, we obtain a characterization such as: "The curve ${\alpha}$ s a null $W_n$-slant helix ${\Leftrightarrow}H^{\prime}_n-k_1H_{n-1}-k_2H_{n-3}=0$" where $H_n,H_{n-1}$ and $H_{n-3}$ are harmonic curvature functions and $k_1,k_2$ are the Cartan curvature functions of the null curve ${\alpha}$.

Rapid S-N type life estimation for low cycle fatigue of high-strength steels at a low ambient temperature

  • Feng, Liuyang;Qian, Xudong
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.777-792
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    • 2019
  • This paper presents a new efficient approach to estimate the S-N type fatigue life assessment curve for S550 high strength steels under low-cycle actions at -60℃. The proposed approach combines a single set of monotonic tension test and one set of fatigue tests to determine the key material damage parameters in the continuum damage mechanics framework. The experimental program in this study examines both the material response under low-cycle actions. The microstructural mechanisms revealed by the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) at the low temperature, furthermore, characterizes the effect due to different strain ratios and low temperature on the low-cycle fatigue life of S550 steels. Anchored on the experimental results, this study validates the S-N curve determined from the proposed approach. The S-N type curve determined from one set of fatigue tests and one set of monotonic tension tests estimates the fatigue life of all specimens under different strain ratios satisfactorily.