• Title, Summary, Keyword: S-curvature

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ON FINSLER METRICS OF CONSTANT S-CURVATURE

  • Mo, Xiaohuan;Wang, Xiaoyang
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.639-648
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we study Finsler metrics of constant S-curvature. First we produce infinitely many Randers metrics with non-zero (constant) S-curvature which have vanishing H-curvature. They are counterexamples to Theorem 1.2 in [20]. Then we show that the existence of (${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$)-metrics with arbitrary constant S-curvature in each dimension which is not Randers type by extending Li-Shen' construction.

NEW RELATIONSHIPS INVOLVING THE MEAN CURVATURE OF SLANT SUBMANIFOLDS IN S-SPACE-FORMS

  • Fernandez, Luis M.;Hans-Uber, Maria Belen
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.647-659
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    • 2007
  • Relationships between the Ricci curvature and the squared mean curvature and between the shape operator associated with the mean curvature vector and the sectional curvature function for slant submanifolds of an S-space-form are proved, particularizing them to invariant and anti-invariant submanifolds tangent to the structure vector fields.

RICCI CURVATURE OF SUBMANIFOLDS OF AN S-SPACE FORM

  • Kim, Jeong-Sik;Dwivedi, Mohit Kumar;Tripathi, Mukut Mani
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.979-998
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    • 2009
  • Involving the Ricci curvature and the squared mean curvature, we obtain a basic inequality for a submanifold of an S-space form tangent to structure vector fields. Equality cases are also discussed. As applications we find corresponding results for almost semi-invariant submanifolds, $\theta$-slant submanifolds, anti-invariant submanifold and invariant submanifolds. A necessary and sufficient condition for a totally umbilical invariant submanifold of an S-space form to be Einstein is obtained. The inequalities for scalar curvature and a Riemannian invariant $\Theta_k$ of different kind of submanifolds of a S-space form $\tilde{M}(c)$ are obtained.

The Curvature and Shear Effects on the Eddy Viscosity

  • Lim, Hyo-Jae
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.293-297
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    • 1999
  • Direct comparisons are made between curvature-corrected eddy viscosity models and the present experimental data. The results show that the curvature effects can be quantified through a curvature parameter R$\sub$c/ or S$\sub$c/ and a non-equilibrium value of p/$\varepsilon$. The data reveal a significant dependence of the eddy viscosity on the curvature and strain history for a fluid in a stabilizing curvature field, S$\sub$c/>1.0. Especially, experimental result shows that the eddy viscosity coefficient ratio at S$\sub$c/=3 changes from 10 to -10 although shear rate preserved constant. It is therefore suggested that proper curvature modifications, particularly the strain history effect, must be introduced into current eddy viscosity models for their application to turbulent flows subjected to curvature straining field for a non-negligible period of time.

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ON THE SECOND APPROXIMATE MATSUMOTO METRIC

  • Tayebi, Akbar;Tabatabaeifar, Tayebeh;Peyghan, Esmaeil
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.115-128
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we study the second approximate Matsumoto metric F = ${\alpha}+{\beta}+{\beta}^2/{\alpha}+{\beta}^3/{\alpha}^2$ on a manifold M. We prove that F is of scalar flag curvature and isotropic S-curvature if and only if it is isotropic Berwald metric with almost isotropic flag curvature.

ON CONFORMAL AND QUASI-CONFORMAL CURVATURE TENSORS OF AN N(κ)-QUASI EINSTEIN MANIFOLD

  • Hosseinzadeh, Aliakbar;Taleshian, Abolfazl
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.317-326
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    • 2012
  • We consider $N(k)$-quasi Einstein manifolds satisfying the conditions $C({\xi},\;X).S=0$, $\tilde{C}({\xi},\;X).S=0$, $\bar{P}({\xi},\;X).C=0$, $P({\xi},\;X).\tilde{C}=0$ and $\bar{P}({\xi},\;X).\tilde{C}=0$ where $C$, $\tilde{C}$, $P$ and $\bar{P}$ denote the conformal curvature tensor, the quasi-conformal curvature tensor, the projective curvature tensor and the pseudo projective curvature tensor, respectively.

ON CURVATURE PINCHING FOR TOTALLY REAL SUBMANIFOLDS OF $H^n$(c)

  • Matsuyama, Yoshio
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.321-336
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    • 1997
  • Let S be the Ricci curvature of an n-dimensional compact minimal totally real submanifold M of a quaternion projective space $HP^n (c)$ of quaternion sectional curvature c. We proved that if $S \leq \frac{16}{3(n -2)}c$, then either $S \equiv \frac{4}{n - 1}c$ (i.e. M is totally geodesic or $S \equiv \frac{16}{3(n - 2)}c$. All compact minimal totally real submanifolds of $HP^n (c)$ satisfy in $S \equiv \frac{16}{3(n - 2)}c$ are determined.

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ON GENERALIZED QUASI-CONFORMAL N(k, μ)-MANIFOLDS

  • Baishya, Kanak Kanti;Chowdhury, Partha Roy
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.163-176
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    • 2016
  • The object of the present paper is to introduce a new curvature tensor, named generalized quasi-conformal curvature tensor which bridges conformal curvature tensor, concircular curvature tensor, projective curvature tensor and conharmonic curvature tensor. Flatness and symmetric properties of generalized quasi-conformal curvature tensor are studied in the frame of (k, ${\mu}$)-contact metric manifolds.

Expanding the classic moment-curvature relation by a new perspective onto its axial strain

  • Petschke, T.;Corres, H.;Ezeberry, J.I.;Perez, A.;Recupero, A.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.515-529
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    • 2013
  • The moment-curvature relation for simple bending is a well-studied subject and the classical moment-curvature diagram is commonly found in literature. The influence of axial forces has generally been considered as compression onto symmetrically reinforced cross-sections, thus strain at the reference fiber never has been an issue. However, when dealing with integral structures, which are usually statically indeterminate in different degrees, these concepts are not sufficient. Their horizontal elements are often completely restrained, which, under imposed deformations, leads to moderate compressive or tensile axial forces. The authors propose to analyze conventional beam cross-sections with moment-curvature diagrams considering asymmetrically reinforced cross-sections under combined influence of bending and moderate axial force. In addition a new diagram is introduced that expands the common moment-curvature relation onto the strain variation at the reference fiber. A parametric study presented in this article reveals the significant influence of selected cross-section parameters.

RICCI CURVATURE OF INTEGRAL SUBMANIFOLDS OF AN S-SPACE FORM

  • Kim, Jeong-Sik;Dwivedi, Mohit Kumar;Tripathi, Mukut Mani
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.395-406
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    • 2007
  • Involving the Ricci curvature and the squared mean curvature, we obtain a basic inequality for an integral submanifold of an S-space form. By polarization, we get a basic inequality for Ricci tensor also. Equality cases are also discussed. By giving a very simple proof we show that if an integral submanifold of maximum dimension of an S-space form satisfies the equality case, then it must be minimal. These results are applied to get corresponding results for C-totally real submanifolds of a Sasakian space form and for totally real submanifolds of a complex space form.