• Title, Summary, Keyword: S. epidermidis

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The Experimental Study on Anti-bacterial Potency of Jinpi-san on Staphylococcus aureus & Staphylococcus epidermidis. (진피산(秦皮散)이 Staphylococcus aureus와 Staphylococcus epidermidis에 미치는 항균효과에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Seo, Hyung-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2007
  • Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of Jinpi-san on Staphylococcus aureus(S. aureus) and Staphylococcus epidermidis(S. epidermidis) that induce keratitis. Methods : Minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) was measured by dropping to $50{\mu}l$ according to density Jinpi-san(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1 %). Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume. Results : 1. MIC on S. aureus in Jinpi-san was $40{\mu}l$ undiluted solution. 2. MIC on S. epidermidis in Jinpi-san was $20{\mu}l$ undiluted solution. Conclusions : These results indicate that Jinpi-san can be used to cure S. aureus, S. epidermidis that induce eye disease(keratitis). If further study is performed, the use of eye drops will be valuable and beneficial in the clinical medicines.

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Survey of Staphylococcus epidermidis Contamination on the Hands of Dental Hygienists and Equipment Surface of Dental Clinics (치과의료기관 의료장비 표면 및 치과위생사 손의 Staphylococcus epidermidis 오염도 조사)

  • Kim, Seol-Hee
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.472-480
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate Staphylococcus epidermidis contamination on hands of 20 dental hygienists and 140 equipment surface of 20 dental clinics in a local area, from July to August 2017. The degree of S. epidermidis contamination was measured using a hand plate and a rodac plate and then cultured at $35^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours. Based on hand plate criteria, hand contamination was classified into low, middle, and high groups. Analysis of the variance (ANOVA) of the contamination level of the hand parts of the group surface contamination level of the dental clinic equipment was descriptive statistics after clustering lock count. S. epidermidis contamination was moderate in 55% of the hands of dental hygienists. The area of contamination was 29.45 colony-forming units (CFU) on the palm, followed by the middle finger 7.8 CFU, ring finger 6.4 CFU, and thumb 6 CFU. Medical equipment surface contamination was showed that 3-way handle 4.45 CFU, computer mouse 3.37 CFU, mirror handle 1.60 CFU were higher than other areas. The group with high hand contamination had a high positive correlation with the S. epidermidis contamination of the hand. S. epidermidis contamination level was higher on hands than on the medical equipment surface contamination. Therefore, medical staff should recognize the importance of hand hygiene which should be practiced in the manner suggested by World Health Organization. In addition, the medical team needs to be responsible for performing infection control tasks, implementing infection management guidelines and providing systematic education on infectious disease management.

The Experimental Study on the continuous Anti-bacterial Potency of Tangpo-san on Cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis) (탕포산(湯泡散)이 Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis)의 배양일에 따른 항균효과의 지속성에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This experimental study was performed to investigate the continuous anti-bacterial potency of Tangpo-san on cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis)that induce eye disease. Methods : Minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) was measured by dropping to 50 ${\mu}$l diluted Tangpo-san(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%) on S. aureus, S. epidermidis that were cultivated from 2 to 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume(20 ${\mu}$l,30 ${\mu}$l,40 ${\mu}$l,50 ${\mu}$l). Results : 1. Anti-bacterial potency of Tanpo-san on S. aureus was not appeared all samples. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume was increased in propotion to increase volume, and the Anti-bacterial potency of 2 days was equal to 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency of Tangpo-san on S. aureus was appeared continuous. 2. Anti-bacterial potency of Tangpo-san on S. epidermidis was appeared in 100%, 10% on 2 and 6 days, and the Anti-bacterial potency of 6 days was decreased. In 2 days, Anti-bacterial potency was appeared 40 and 50u1, in 6 days, Anti-bacterial potency was appeared all samples. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume was increased in propotion to increase volume and increased on 6 days, but bacteria was increased. Anti-bacterial potency of Tangpo-san on S. epidermidis wasn't appeared continuous. Conclusions : Anti-bacterial potency of Tangpo-san on cultivation of S. aureus showed continuous, but on cultivation of S. epidermidis was not showed continuous.

The Experimental Study on the continuous Anti-bacterial Potency of Sean-tang on Cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis) (세안탕(洗眼湯)이 Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis)의 배양일에 따른 항균효과의 지속성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, O-Do;Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This experimental study was performed to investigate the continuous anti-bacterial potency of Sean-tang on cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis) that induce eye disease. Methods : Minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) was measured by dropping to 50${\mu}$l diluted Sean-tang(100%, 10%,1%, 0.1%) on S. aureus, S. epidermidis that were cultivated from 2 to 6 days. 1. Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume(20${\mu}$l, 30${\mu}$l, 40${\mu}$l, 50${\mu}$l). Results : 1. Anti-bacterial potency of Sean-tang on S. aureus was appeared in 100% and increased on 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume was increased in propotion to increase volume. Anti-bacterial potency of Sean-tang on S. aureus was appeared continuous. 2. Anti-bacterial potency of S. epidermidis was appeared in 100%, 10%, 1% on 2 days and in100%, 10% on 6 days. In 100% Sean-tang, Anti-bacterial potency of 6 days was increased, in 10%, 1%, Anti-bacterial potency of 2 days was increased. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume was increased inpropotion to increase volume and increased on 6 days, but bacteria was increased. Anti-bacterial potency Sean-tang on S. epidermidis wasn't appeared continuous. Conclusions : Anti-bacterial potency of Sean-tang on cultivation of S. aureus was showed continuous, but on cultivation of S. epidermidis was not showed continuous.

The Experimental Study on the continuous Anti-bacterial Potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract on Cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis) (황련(黃連) 전탕액(煎湯液)이 Staphylococcus species(S.aureus, S.epidermidis)의 배양일에 따른 항균효과의 지속성에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2007
  • Objectives This experimental study was performed to investigate the continuous anti-bacterial potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract on cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis) that induce eye disease. Methods Minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) was measured by dropping to $50{\mu}l$ diluted Coptidis rhizoma extract(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%) on S. aureus, S. epidermidis that were cultivated from 2 to 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume($20{\mu}l,\;30{\mu}l,\;40{\mu}l,\;50{\mu}l$). Results 1. Anti-bacterial potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract on S. aureus was appeared in 100%, 10% and was the same as anti-bacterial potency of 2 days and 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume(100%) was increased in propotion to increase volume on all samples. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume(10%) was increased in propotion to increase volume on all samples except $20{\mu}l$. Anti-bacterial potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract on S. aureus was appeared continuous. 2. Anti-bacterial potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract on S. epidermidis was appeared in 100%, 10% and was the same as anti-bacterial potency of 2 days and 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume(100%) was increased in propotion to increase volume on all samples. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume(10%) was appeared in $50{\mu}l$. Anti-bacterial potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract on S. epidermidis was appeared continuous. Conclusions Anti-bacterial potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract on cultivation of S. aureus & S. epidermidis was showed continuous.

Screening of Novel Inducible Resistance Gene to Macrolide-Lincosamide-Streptogramin B (MLS) Antibiotics from Clinical Isolates of Staphylococcus spp (임상분리 Staphylococcus속 균주로부터 마크로라이드-린코사마이드-스트렙토그라민 B(MLS)계 항생물질에 대한 새로운 유도내성 유전자의 검색)

  • 오정자;권애란;이미정;김숙경;최성숙;최응칠;김병각
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 1993
  • From 84 clinical isolates of Staphylococcus species, ten strains showing inducible resistance to MLS antibiotics were selected by disk agar diffusion method. Colony hybridization was executed using two MLS inducible resistance genes, ermA and ermC, previously identified from S. aureus as probes. S. hemolyticus 401 and S. epidermidis 542 whose genes were not homologous to those probes were finally selected. It was determined that the resistance genes of S. hemolyticus 401 and S. epidermidis 542 were not homologous to ermA, ermC and ermAM by Southern hybridization. S. epidermidis 542 had a plasmid DNA. To know if the plasmid may have genes related to inducible resistance, it was attempted to transform B. subtilis BR151 and S. aureus RN4220 with the plasmid prepared from S. epidermidis 542. It was shown that the gene related to inducible resistance to MLS antibiotics did not exist in this plasmid. These results indicate that two clinical isolates of S. hemolyticus 401 and S. epidermidis 542 had novel genes which were not homologous to MLS resistance genes identified previously. It was assumed that these genes may exist in chromosomal DNA.

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A Study on the evaluation of antimicrobial activity of extracts from Rhus javanica L fruit (붉나무 열매 추출물의 항균효능 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Deok-Young;Yang, Jae-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the antimicrobial activity was tested by Ethanol extract(ET), Ethyl acetate fraction(EA) and Butanol fraction(BT) of Rhus javanica L fruit as natural preservatives. The antimicrobial activity were tested by Paper disc method and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida Albicans). As a result of the antimicrobial activities of P. aeruginosa fruit extracts have shown the clear zone that S. aureus, S. epidermidis, E. coli, and P. aeruginosa. In BT, additional clear zones were observed for the Candida. The MIC results showed that EA samples showed the lowest concentrations for S. aureus S. epidermidis, E. coli, and P. aeruginosa. Accordingly, it can be concluded that these Rhus javanica L fruit extracts have the potential for antimicrobial materials for the cosmetic industry.

The Experimental Study on the continuous Anti-bacterial Potency of Jinpi-san on Cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermis) (진피산(秦皮散)이 Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermis)의 배양일에 따른 항균과의 지속성에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This experimental study was performed to investigate the continuous anti-bacterial potency of Jinpi-san on cultivation of Staphylococcus species(S. aureus, S. epidermidis) that induce eye disease. Methods : Minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) was measured by dropping to 50${\mu}$l diluted Jinpi-san(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%) on S. aureus, S. epidermidis that were cultivated from 2 to 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume(20${\mu}$l, 30${\mu}$l, 40${\mu}$l, 50${\mu}$l). Results : 1. Anti-bacterial potency of Jinpi-san on S. aureus was appeared in 100% and increased on 6 days. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume was increased in propotion to increase volume. Anti-bacterial potency of Jinpi-san on S. aureus was appeared continuous. 2. Anti-bacterial potency of Jinpi-san on S. epidermidis was appeared in 100%, 10%, 1% on 2 days and in 100%, 10% on 6 days. In 100% Jinpi-san, Anti-bacterial potency of 6 days was increased, in 10%, Anti-bacterial potency of 2 days was increased, in 1%, Anti-bacterial potency of 6 days was disappear. Anti-bacterial potency with change of volume was increased in propotion to increase volume except for 20${\mu}$l of 6days and increased on 6 days, but bacteria was increased. Anti-bacterial potency of Jinpi-san on S. epidermidis wasn't appeared continuous. Conclusions : Anti-bacterial potency of Jinpi-san on cultivation of S. aureus was showed continuous, but on cultivation of S. epidermidis was not showed continuous.

Purification and Characterization of the Staphylococcus epidermidis Urease (Staphylococcus epidermidis urease의 정제 및 생화학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Min, Seon-Hee;Lee, Mann-Hyung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.581-586
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    • 2007
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis is a coagulase-negative, gram-positive bacterium that normally inhabits the human skin. S. epidermidis is also known to be an opportunistic pathogen in infections of various indwelling medical devices. This report describes purification and characterization of the urease of S. epidermidis urease, which may act as a virulence factor. The urease from S. epidermidis was purified 1,127 fold by using DEAE-Sepharose, Phenyl-Sepharose, Mono-Q and Superdex HR200 column chromatography. The specific activity of the purified enzyme was 993.8 U/mg. Michaelis constant($K_m$) of the enzyme was estimated to be 8.5 mM urea by using Lineweaver-Burke double reciprocal plot. The native molecular weight of the urease was shown to be 255 kD by using Superose 6HR gel filtration chromatography and the purified enzyme contained 2.2 nickel ions per catalytic unit. The overall stoichiometry of the enzyme subunits appears to be $(\alpha\beta\gamma)_3$, which is consistent with the enzymes from other bacteria sources.

Antibacterial Activity of Graviola extract to inhibit the Staphylococcus epidermidis (Staphylococcus epidermidis를 억제하는 Graviola 추출물의 항균활성)

  • Choi, Jong-Hwa;Ohk, Seung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.667-673
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to verify the antimicrobial effect of Graviola leaves against pathogenic bacteria for the purpose of developing an antibacterial material. The extraction conditions of graviola leaves were $60^{\circ}C$, $80^{\circ}C$ and $98^{\circ}C$, and graviloa leaves werewater extracted at $60^{\circ}C$, $80^{\circ}C$ and $98^{\circ}C$.The extraction yields and extraction conditions were determined. The antimicrobial activity against S. epidermidis, S. aureus and E. coli TOP10 was evaluated by agar diffusion method. The extraction yields were 3.02%, 14.73% and 20.76% at $60^{\circ}C$, $80^{\circ}C$ and $98^{\circ}C$, respectively. The antimicrobial activity against S. epidermidis, S. aureus and E. coli TOP10 was found in S. epidermidis.In the samples extracted at $98^{\circ}C$, a clear zone of 13 mm was observed at 200 mg/mL and of 20 mm at 500 mg/mL. The MIC was 100 mg/mL. The higher the extraction temperature and concentration, the better was the growth inhibition effect. As a result, the natural antimicrobial activity contained in natural materials can solve the problem of resistance to antibiotics. It is considered that antimicrobial activity against S. epidermidis in skin is highly applicable to basic cosmetics and cosmetic materials.