• Title, Summary, Keyword: SCM

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A Study on the Impact of IT and SCM Process Management Capability on e-SCM Performance (IT와 SCM 프로세스 관리역량이 e-SCM 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sun-Ro;Kim, Ki-Young
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.79-103
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    • 2007
  • The main purpose of this study is to define antecedents that influence e-SCM synchronization and to investigate how it affects e-SCM performance. We, therefore, investigate (1) the impact of firms' internal IT planning capabilities on e-SCM synchronization and on SCM process management capability, (2) the impact of firms' internal IT infrastructure on e-SCM synchronization and on SCM process management capability, (3) the impact of firms' internal SCM process management capabilities on e-SCM synchronization, and finally (4) the impact of e-SCM synchronization on SCM performance. A survey has been administrated to the firms' SCM and marketing staffs and 171 returns analyzed. The results show that (1) IT plan has not direct impacts on e-SCM synchronization, but has direct impacts on organizational support, purchasing, and operations processes except logistics process. IT plan, however, has indirect impacts on e-SCM synchronization through purchasing and operations of SCM process management capability. (2) IT infrastructure has both direct and indirect effects on e-SCM synchronization, and also has direct impacts on organizational support, purchasing, and operations processes except logistics process. (3) SCM process management capabilities have direct impacts on e-SCM synchronization. Among these SCM core processes purchasing positively influences operations, which in turn positively influences logistics process management capability. (4) e-SCM synchronization has positive impacts on SCM performance indicator (SCOR), such as delivery reliability, responsiveness & flexibility, and cost. These results indicate that e-SCM synchronization can be critical to achieve better internal performance like cost and external performance like delivery reliability, responsiveness & flexibility of firms' SCM. In sum, this study demonstrates that the intervening role of e-SCM synchronization between e-SCM performance and IT management capability and between e-SCM performance and SCM core process management capability has been significant in achieving better e-SCM performance. Therefore, it can be suggested that e-SCM performance should be accomplished in consequence of the acceleration of e-SCM synchronization through the enhancement of preceding factors for the e-SCM synchronization.

A study of SCM strategic plan: Focusing on the case of LG electronics (공급사슬 관리 구축전략에 관한 연구: LG전자 사례 중심으로)

  • Lee, Gi-Wan;Lee, Sang-Youn
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.83-94
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    • 2011
  • Most domestic companies, with the exclusion of major firms, are reluctant to implement a supply chain management (SCM) network into their operations. Most small- and medium-sized enterprises are not even aware of SCM. Due to the inherent total-systems efficiency of SCM, it coordinates domestic manufacturers, subcontractors, distributors, and physical distributors and cuts down on cost of inventory control, as well as demand management. Furthermore, a lack of SCM causes a decrease in competitiveness for domestic companies. The reason lies in the fundamentality of SCM, which is the characteristic of information sharing, process innovation throughout SCM, and the vast range of problems the SCM management tool is able to address. This study suggests the contemplation and reformation of the current SCM situation by analyzing the SCM strategic plan, discourses and logical discussions on the topic, and a successful case for adapting SCM; hence, the study plans to productively "process" SCM. First, it is necessary to contemplate the theoretical background of SCM before discussing how to successfully process SCM. I will describe the concept and background of SCM in Chapter 2, with a definition of SCM, types of SCM promotional activities, fields of SCM, necessity of applying SCM, and the effects of SCM. All of the defects in currently processing SCM will be introduced in Chapter 3. Discussion items include the following: the Bullwhip Effect; the breakdown in supply chain and sales networks due to e-business; the issue that even though the key to a successful SCM is cooperation between the production and distribution company, during the process of SCM, the companies, many times, put their profits first, resulting in a possible defect in demands estimation. Furthermore, the problems of processing SCM in a domestic distribution-production company concern Information Technology; for example, the new system introduced to the company is not compatible with the pre-existing document architecture. Second, for effective management, distribution and production companies should cooperate and enhance their partnership in the aspect of the corporation; however, in reality, this seldom occurs. Third, in the aspect of the work process, introducing SCM could provoke corporations during the integration of the distribution-production process. Fourth, to increase the achievement of the SCM strategy process, they need to set up a cross-functional team; however, many times, business partners lack the cooperation and business-information sharing tools necessary to effect the transition to SCM. Chapter 4 will address an SCM strategic plan and a case study of LG Electronics. The purpose of the strategic plan, strategic plans for types of business, adopting SCM in a distribution company, and the global supply chain process of LG Electronics will be introduced. The conclusion of the study is located in Chapter 5, which addresses the issue of the fierce competition that companies currently face in the global market environment and their increased investment in SCM, in order to better cope with short product life cycle and high customer expectations. The SCM management system has evolved through the adaptation of improved information, communication, and transportation technologies; now, it demands the utilization of various strategic resources. The introduction of SCM provides benefits to the management of a network of interconnected businesses by securing customer loyalty with cost and time savings, derived through the consolidation of many distribution systems; additionally, SCM helps enterprises form a wide range of marketing strategies. Thus, we could conclude that not only the distributors but all types of businesses should adopt the systems approach to supply chain strategies. SCM deals with the basic stream of distribution and increases the value of a company by replacing physical distribution with information. By the company obtaining and sharing ready information, it is able to create customer satisfaction at the end point of delivery to the consumer.

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An Innovative Methodology Development of Combining SCM and 6 Sigma (SCM과 6 Sigma를 결합한 혁신 방법론 개발)

  • Park, Hyungjin;Kim, Hyoungtae;Yoon, Junggee;Yang, Hongmo;Chung, Banghwan;Kah, Chulsoon;Park, Heungok
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.323-337
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    • 2006
  • Samsung, recognized as a global leading company, has huge and complex supply chain structures and has been improving them continuously for its fast-growing global businesses. SCM 6 Sigma is the state-of-the-art methodology developed through a combination of SCM innovation concepts accumulated from SCM Business Group in Samsung SDS and 6 Sigma which has successfully settled down as the management innovation tool for many companies in Samsung. The ultimate goal of SCM 6 Sigma is to train and develop future supply chain leaders who are more capable of leading SCM innovations. By leveraging the established 6 Sigma Belt System, Samsung aims to alleviate a shortage of SCM talents that has been a bottleneck in improving SCM performances at its group companies. This explains why SCM 6 Sigma is created. SCM 6 Sigma is the unique and critical component for Samsung to implement its various strategies for continuous improvement of its operations at a higher level of effectiveness and systematically as well. In return on these efforts, many SCM innovation projects have been successfully executed through SCM 6 Sigma up to today. In this paper, we introduce the methodology and explain the business rationale behind it together with its deployment case.

A Study on the effect of the fit between SCM usage pattern and Strategic Typology (SCM 활용 패턴과 전략 유형 적합의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Nam-Jae;Son, Ji-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Information Technology Applications Conference
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    • pp.463-484
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구는 많은 기업들이 SCM의 중요성을 인식하고 도입하여 활용을 하고 있는 정보시스템의 발전 단계에서 공급사슬에 참여하고 있는 기업이 어떻게 SCM을 활용하고 있는지에 초점을 둔 연구라 할 수 있다. 기존 연구에서 도출한 SCM 활용 목적에 대한 설문 항목을 중심으로 기업이 활용하고 있는 SCM 활용 패턴을 도출하였다. 군집 분석 방법을 활용하여 집단에 특성을 배정하여 동일 집단에 속한 대상의 유사성을 갖게 함으로써 집단 간의 차이를 명확하게 하였다. 군집 분석 결과 효율성을 추구 형, 군집, Business process 정확성 추구형 집단과 환경 변화 대응 추구형 군집으로 패턴을 나눌 수 있었다. 응답 기업을 Miles와 Snow의 전략유형으로 분류하여 응답 기업의 전략 유형을 판별한 결과 분석자형 40.6%, 방어자형 15.1%, 공격자형 37.2%, 반응자형 6.9%로 조사되었다. 위에서 유형화한 SCM의 활용 패턴과 전략유형을 Matrix화하여 가설인 SCM 활용 패턴과 전략유형의 적합도와 SCM 성과 만족도와의 관계를 검증하였다. 연구를 수행한 결과 기업이 SCM을 활용할 때, SCM 활용 패턴 및 전략 유형에 따라 SCM 성과 만족도가 다르게 나타난다는 것을 알 수 가 있다.

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A Case Study on Determinants of e-SCM Performances (e-SCM의 성과에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Heon;Kim, Sang-Deok
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.21-39
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    • 2008
  • This paper is a case study on determinants of e-SCM performances. It suggested effective factors related with e-SCM performances for common feature, and point of difference between case firms. So the paper investigated former literature. Then it derived determinants on e-SCM performances. The authors found that establishment of e-SCM project team, mind change of top management, sharing of information, establishment of exact demand and supply plan, the best use of information technology, scale of organization, and collaboration of between firms are key success factors of e-SCM. Case company were three companies. The paper chose SONY, and Samsung Electronics among electronic companies, and HAITAI among confectionary companies. It analyze three companies about common feature, and point of difference, regarding seven effective factors as mentioned above.

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Empirical Research on Performance of SCM Adoption - Structural Equation Modeling Approach - (SCM 시스템 도입성과에 관한 실증적 연구 - 구조방정식모형 접근 -)

  • Park, Kwang-Oh
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.295-310
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this research is to examine qualitative and quantitative performance on SCM. To validate our research model, five hundred survey questionnaires were distributed to the companies that have implemented SCM systems for at least one year. A total of 153 valid responses were obtained. In this research, we were to derive influencing factors of SCM performance, modelize the mutual influential relationship between them, and look into the influential relationship influencing the SCM performance. Moreover, we tried to analyze difference of financial ratios after adopting SCM. The results of the research can be summarized as follows. Change management had a significant impact on information system quality and SCM performance, and, information system quality had a significant impact on SCM performance. And, the difference of financial ratio was existed after the adopting SCM. Moreover, inventory turnover rates, ROI, ROA were increased, and labor costs to sales was decreased.

Study on the Supply Chain Management Success Model and Performance Measurement Indicators (SCM 성공모형 및 성과측정 지표에 관한 연구)

  • Choi Il-Yong;Choi Hyung-Rim;Kim Hyun-Soo;Hong Soon-Goo;Kang Moo-Hong
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.87-101
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    • 2005
  • Many studies on the SCM related topics have been carried out during the last decade. However, most of research focused on identifying critical success factors of SCM with collaborations between partners. There have been a need for the integrated SCM success model and for identifying indicators of SCM performance measurement. In this study, we suggest the SCM success model classifying 5 aspects with key indicators for measurement. The suggested model can be applied to the measurement of SCM success.

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Analysis of Business Process in the SCM Sector Using Data Mining (데이터마이닝을 활용한 SCM 부문에서의 비즈니스 프로세스 분석)

  • Lee, Sang-Young;Lee, Yun-Suk
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2006
  • If apply BPM that is a business process management tool to SCM sector, efficient process management and control are available. Also, BPM can execute integrating process that compose SCM effectively. These access method does to manage progress process of SCM process more efficiently and do monitoring. Also, It is can be establish plan about improvement of process analyzing process achievement result. Thus, in this paper, introduce this BPM into SCM environment. Also, SCM process presents plan that executes integration and improves business process effectively applying data mining technique.

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A Study on the Impact of the RTE Characteristics for SCM Performance (RTE 특성이 SCM성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Hwal-Sik;Jun, Jong-Hyun;Park, Kwang-Oh
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.161-186
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    • 2011
  • To date, SCM research has mainly focused on the effects of controlled variables on SCM success and emphasized adoption strategies and critical success factors. Consequently, the effects of more uncontrolled variables such as partnership between SCM partners have been largely ignored. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to examine the effects of both controlled variables and uncontrolled variables on SCM performance through affecting RTE characteristics. The six factors examined in this study include Quality of information, partnership quality, Forecasting, Agility, Visibility, and SCM performance. In this study, SCM Performance was divided into three categories: Quality Performance, Cost Performance, Delivery Performance. All factors were examined from the perspective of part suppliers. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, SCM information quality positively affected SCM partnership quality, Forecasting, Agility, Visibility. Second, SCM partnership quality positively affected Forecasting, Agility. But, SCM partnership quality showed no significant effect on Visibility. Third, Forecasting had a significant impact on SCM performance. According to the detailed result of measuring SCM performance with Quality Performance, Cost Performance, Delivery Performance, although Forecasting affects Cost Performance, Delivery Performance directly, it does not affect Quality Performance directly. Fourth, Agility also had a significant impact on SCM performance. According to the detailed result of measuring SCM performance, Agility has significant impact on Quality Performance, Cost Performance, Delivery Performance. Fifth, Visibility, as expected, had a significant impact on SCM performance. According to the detailed result of measuring SCM performance, Visibility has significant impact on Quality Performance, Cost Performance, Delivery Performance.

A Study on the Implementation of Global SCM(Supply Chain Management) Model using Electronic Commerce Infrastructure (전자상거래 인프라를 활용한 글로벌 SCM(Supply Chain Management) 모델 구현에 관한 연구)

  • ;;Ishiguro Eiji
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.121-137
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    • 2002
  • SCM(Supply Chain Management) have been introduced in many companies for integrated management and improvement of business process. Recently, as internet and e-business concept are spread globally, the SCM concept is expanded from one internal company process to inter-company process, it makes a Global SCM concept. In this paper, we discuss the implementation of the Global SCM concept using e-business infrastructure, and propose SCM portal models. Four types of the SCM portal model are discussed, which are forecasting information sharing model, e-Marketplace-typed model, collaboration model and logistics information sharing model. The major concept of the SCM portal is to share information of supply chain process, it provide merits of scale to company. The result of this paper can be summarized as follows : First, the information sharing is very useful in the Global SCM. Second, the e-business infrastructure, especially e-Marketplace can be usefully used for implementation of SCM portal. Third, the M2M(Market to Market) function of e-Marketplace is a major function for implementing SCM portal.

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