• Title, Summary, Keyword: SPM machine

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Experimental study of assembly of the carbon nanotube tip for SPM (SPM 용 카본 나노튜브 팁 조립의 실험적 연구)

  • Park J.K.;Kim J.E.;Han C.S.;Park Y.G.;Hwang K.H.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1228-1231
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    • 2005
  • This paper reports about the development of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) tip with multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT). For making a carbon nanotube (CNT) modified tips, AC electric field which causes the dielectrophoresis was used for alignment and deposition of CNTs to the metal coated SPM tip. By dropping the MWNT solution and applying an electric field between an SPM tip and an electrode, MWNTs which were dispersed into a diluted solution were directly assembled onto the apex of the SPM tips due to the attraction by the dielectrophoretic force. In this paper, we investigate experimental conditions about the alignment of the CNT to tip axis according to the change of the angle between a tip and an electrode. Experimental results are presented, and then fabricated CNT tips are showed and measurement results for 15nm gold particles are compared with that of the conventional silicon tip.

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A Novel Method of Reducing the Cogging Torque in SPM Machine with Segmented Stator

  • Jing, Li-Bing;Liu, Lin;Qu, Rong-Hai;Gao, Qi-Xing;Luo, Zheng-Hao
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.718-725
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    • 2017
  • The method of stator segmentation is generally taken to enhance the electromagnetic performance of surface-mounted permanent magnet (SPM) machine and reduce its production cost. Based on the model with single slot, the expressions of cogging torque in machine with uniform or non-uniform segmentations are deduced and the optimal combination is given. Moreover, this paper discusses a structured skewing method and put forward a novel stator structure model to reduce the cogging torque in segmented permanent magnet machine. The model can reduce the cogging torque amplitude by shifting a proper angle of slot-opening. The shifting angle formula for analysis can also be suitable for other permanent machine with segmented stator. Finally the results of finite element simulation are given to prove that the method is effective and feasible.

Using Focus Ion Beam Carbon Nanotube Tip Manipulation (Focus Ion Beam을 이용한 탄소나노튜브 팁의 조작)

  • Yoon Y.H.;Han C.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.461-462
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    • 2006
  • This paper reports on the development of a scanning probe microscopy(SPM) tip with caborn nanotubes. We used an electric field which causes dielectrophoresis(DEP), to align and deposit CNTs on a metal-coated SPM tip. Using the CNT attached SPM tip, we have obtained an enhanced resolution and wear property compared to that from the bare silicon tip through the scanning of the surface of the bio materials. The carbon nanotube tip align toward the source of the ion beam allowing their orientation to be changed at precise angles. By this technique, metal coated carbon nanotube tips that are several micrometer in length are prepared for scanning probe microscopy.

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Direct Fabrication of the Scanning Probe Tip with Multi­Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using Dielectrophoresis

  • Lee Hyung-Woo;Han Chang-Soo;Lee Eung-Sug;Chul Youm;Kim Jae Ho;Kim Soo-Hyun;Kwak Yoon-Keun
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.50-54
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    • 2005
  • We report a simple, low cost, and reliable method for assembling a multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) to the end of a metal coated scanning probe microscopy (SPM) tip. By dropping the MWNT solution and applying an electric field between an SPM tip and an electrode, MWNTs which were dispersed into a dielectric solution were directly assembled onto the apex of the SPM tip due to the attraction by the dielectrophoretic force. The effective measurement of a MWNT -attached SPM tip was demonstrated by direct comparison with AFM images of a standard sample with a bare AFM tip.

Analytical Calculation for Predicting the Air Gap Flux Density in Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine

  • Feng, Yan-li;Zhang, Cheng-ning
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.769-777
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    • 2017
  • The research of air gap flux density has a significant effect on predicting and optimizing the structure parameters of electrical machines. In the paper, the air gap coefficient, leakage flux factor and saturation coefficient are first analytically expressed in terms of motor properties and structure parameters. Subsequently, the analytical model of average air gap flux density for surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous machines is proposed with considering slotting effect and saturation. In order to verify the accuracy of the proposed analytical model, the experiment and finite element analysis (FEA) are used. It shows that the analytical results keep consistency well with the experimental result and FEA results, and the errors between FEA results and analytical results are less than 5% for SPM with high power. Finally, the analytical model is applied to optimizing the motor structure parameters. The optimal results indicate that the analytical calculation model provides a great potential to the machine design and optimization.

Cost-effective Power Module Package using Leadframe and Ceramic substrate

  • Jeon, O-S;Jeun, G-Y;Park, S-Y;Lee, K-H;Kim, B-G
    • Proceedings of the International Microelectronics And Packaging Society Conference
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    • pp.9-25
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    • 2001
  • Fairchild has been developing a new class IPM called SPM consisting of dramatic Packaging technology to achieve the lowest cost rind better performance for low power home appliances and industrial AC drive applications. The first Fairchild SPM development with IGBT 600V/15A for washing machine application started in 1999 and was completed successfully. Fairchild SPMs are going to be the best solution for low power inverter-driven AC drive system after 2001. The new SPM Packages like SPM ∥ and SPIM for the next generation IPM with the highest competitiveness (cost & performance) shall be continuouslly developed.

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Nanomanipulation and Nanomanufacturing based on Ion Trapping and Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM)

  • Kim, Dong-Whan;Tae, Won-Si;Yeong, Maeng-Hui;K. L. Ekinci
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.530-537
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    • 2004
  • Development of a versatile nanomanipulation tool is an overarching theme in nanotechnology. Such a tool will likely revolutionize the field given that it will enable fabrication and operation of a wealth of interesting nanodevices. This study seeks funding to create a novel nanomanipulation system with the ultimate goal of using this system for nanomanufacturing at the molecular level. The proposed design differs from existing approaches. It is based on a nanoscale ion trap integrated to a scanning prove microscope (SPM) tip. In this design, molecules to be assembled will be ionized and collected in the nanoscale ion trap all in an ultra high vacuum (UHV) environment. Once filled with the molecular ions, the nanoscale ion trap-SPM tip will be moved on a substrate surface using scanning probe microscopy techniques. The molecular ions will be placed at their precise locations on the surface. By virtue of the SPM, the devices that are being nanomanufactured will be imaged in real time as the molecular assembly process is carried out. In the later stages, automation of arrays of these nanomanipulators will be developed.

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Analytical Performance Modelling of Slotted Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Machines with Rotor Eccentricity

  • Yan, Bo;Wang, Xiuhe;Yang, Yubo
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.778-789
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents an improved subdomain method to predict the magnet field distributions and electromagnetic performance of the surface-mounted permanent magnet (SPM) machines with static or dynamic eccentricity. Conventional subdomain models are either based on the scalar magnet potential to predict the rotor eccentricity effect or dependent on the magnetic vector potential without considering the eccentric rotor. In this paper, both the magnetic vector potential and the perturbation theory are introduced in order to accurately calculate the effect of rotor eccentricity on the open-circuit and armature reaction performance. The calculation results are presented and validated by the corresponding finite-element method (FEM) results.

A study on the development of automatic sewing machine (산업용 자동 재봉기 제어장치 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Chan;La, Seung-Ho;Lee, Eung-Hyuk;Heo, Kyung
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 1990
  • Our N.C. sewing machine is a device that acts sewing automatically in reference to N.C. data made by data input device. Our N.C. sewing mechine is composed of induction motor that has electric clutch and brake, step motor that drives x-y table. Sewing area of our machine is 170 mm * 100 mm, maximum sewing speed is about 2000 spm, maximum stitch length 6.2 mm. In actual sewing, synchronization between motion of needle up-down and motion of x-y table is a critical factor. In this paper, technology about synchronization will be profoundly discussed.

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A Study on Various Rotor Shape of Outer Rotor Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine for High Torque Density (고 토크밀도를 위한 다양한 회전자 형상의 외전형 영구자석 동기전동기에 관한 연구)

  • Cha, Jin-wook;Kwon, Byung-il
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.732-733
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    • 2015
  • 본 논문에서는 외전형 영구자석 동기전동기(Outer rotor Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor)의 회전자 형상에 따른 토크특성을 비교하였다. 표면부착형 영구자석(SPM) 형태의 FAN용 PMSM을 설계하고 이 모델을 기준으로 동일한 외경사이즈를 갖지만 더 높은 토크 밀도를 갖는 4가지 매입형 영구자석(IPM) 형태의 PMSM을 제시한다. Finite Element Analysis(FEM)을 통하여 각 모델의 특성을 해석하고 자석 사용량과 토크를 비교 및 분석하였다.

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