• Title, Summary, Keyword: SSE

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Implementation of Fast Sobel Edge Detector Using SSE Instructions (SSE 명령어를 이용한 고속 Sobel Edge Detector 구현)

  • Park, Eun-Soo;Cui, Xue-Nan;Kim, Jun-Chul;Kim, Hak-Il
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.113-114
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    • 2007
  • 본 논문에서는 SSE(Streaming Sigle instruction multiple data Extensions)명령어를 이용한 고속 Sobel edge detection 알고리즘을 제안한다. SSE를 지원하는 CPU는 128bit의 SSE 레지스터를 보유하고 있으며 이에 속한 데이터는 한 번에 병렬적으로 처리 될 수 있다. 실험은 Sobel 연산에 대하여 순차처리 코딩, 이미지 처리 라이브러리인 OpenCV, MIL 8.0, IPP 5.2를 이용한 코딩, shift 알고리즘을 사용한 SSE 코딩, 제안하는 방법을 이용한 SSE 프로그램 코팅에 대해 각각의 수행 시간을 측정하고 이를 비교하였다. 실험결과 제안하는 방법은 순차코팅에 비해 약 12배, OpenCV에 비해 13배, MIL에 비해 2배 정도 빨랐으며, IPP에 대해선 약간 빠른 성능 향상을 보였다. 또한 일반적인 shift를 이용한 방법보다 제안하는 방법은 대략 1.5배 정도의 성능 향상이 있었다. 이를 통해 제안하는 방법은 라이브러리를 구입하는 비용을 들이지 않으며 추가적 하드웨어의 구입 없이도 PC에서 빠른 Sobel 연산을 수행 할 수 있음을 보였다.

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Mutation of the invF Gene Encoding a Salmonella Pathogenicity Island 1 (SPI1) Activator Increases Expression of the SPI2 Gene, sseA (Salmonella Pathogenicity Island 1(SPI1)의 발현조절 유전자 invF의 변이가 SPI2 유전자(sseA)의 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Ah-Reum;Joe, Min-Ho;Kim, Dong-Ho;Baik, Sang-Ho;Lim, Sang-Yong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2012
  • In Salmonella enterica, many genes encoded within Salmonella pathogenicity islands (SPI) 1 and 2 are required to cause a range of diseases in a variety of hosts. The SPI1-encoded regulator HilD activates both the SPI1 and 2 genes at different times during growth in Luria-Bertani (LB) media. In this study, the expression levels of hilD during growth in LB were investigated. The data suggest that hilD expression is induced in the early stationary phase and decreases in the late stationary phase, when sseA, an SPI2 gene, is maximally expressed. However, HilD could act as an activator of sseA expression in the late stationary phase despite being present at low levels. SseA expression was investigated in SPI1 regulator mutant strains, hilA, hilD and invF mutants. As expected, hilD mutation decreased sseA expression. However, we found that invF mutation caused a 1.5-fold increase in sseA expression in not only LB but also M9 minimal media, which is thought to resemble an intracellular environment. InvF overexpression restored sseA expression to wild-type levels in an invF mutant but did not cause an additional reduction in sseA expression. These results suggest that SPI1 controls SPI2 expression either positively or negatively.

Propagation of Structural Waves along Waveguides with Non-Uniformities Using Wavenumber Domain Finite Elements (국부적 불연속을 갖는 도파관을 따라 전파되는 파동에 대한 파수 영역 유한 요소 해석)

  • Ryue, Jungsoo
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.191-199
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    • 2014
  • Wave reflection and transmission characteristics in waveguides are an important issue in many engineering applications. A combined spectral element and finite element (SE/FE) method is used to investigate the effects of local non-uniformities but limited at relatively low frequencies because the SE is formulated by using a beam theory. For higher frequency applications, a method named a combined spectral super element and finite element (SSE/FE) method was presented recently, replacing spectral elements with spectral super elements. This SSE/FE approach requires a long computing time due to the coupling of SSE and FE matrices. If a local non-uniformity has a uniform cross-section along its short length, the FE part could be further replaced by SSE, which improves performance of the combined SSE/FE method in terms of the modeling effort and computing time. In this paper SSEs are combined to investigate the characteristics of waves propagating along waveguides possessing geometric non-uniformities. Two models are regarded: a rail with a local defect and a periodically ribbed plate. In the case of the rail example, firstly, the results predicted by a combined SSE/FE method are compared with those from the combined SSEs in order to justify that the combined SSEs work properly. Then the SSEs are applied to a ribbed plate which has periodically repeated non-uniformities along its length. For the ribbed plate, the propagation characteristics are investigated in terms of the propagation constant.

Antioxidant Activities of Steamed Extract from Squid (Todarodes pacificus) Muscle

  • Lee, Woo-Shin;Kim, Yong-Tae;Byun, Hee-Guk
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to purify antioxidant substances from steamed squid extract (SSE). The yield of SSE was 8% by dry weight. The approximate compositions of SSE proteins, lipids, moisture, carbohydrate and ash were 64.95%, 1.69%, 7.23%, 4.44% and 21.69%, respectively. The major amino acids in SSE were taurine (29.17%), glycine (20.33%), alanine (12.51%), and glutamic acid (9.83%). Antioxidant activities were evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, which was measured as 24.7% at 1.0 mg/mL. Four SSE fractions were isolated by Sephadex G-25 gel chromatography; the F2 fraction showed the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity. The F2 fraction was separated by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using an octadecylsilane (ODS) column, yielding a purified antioxidant substance with a DPPH radical scavenging activity of 64.41% at 1.0 mg/mL, representing a 2.64-fold increase in the scavenging activity of SSE purified by the 3-step procedure. The amino acid compositions showed that purified SSE was rich in taurine, glycine, glutamic acid and alanine. The purified SSE significantly elevated 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluororescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescence probe, which confirms its effective radical scavenging potential in cellular ROS. In addition, the SSE significantly inhibited oxidative damage of purified genomic DNA. These results suggest that a purified antioxidant substance from SSE can be used as a potential natural compound-based antioxidant in the functional food and pharmaceutical industries.

시스템 보안공학 능력 성숙도 모델 (SSE-CMM) 고찰

  • 김종기;이철원;이동호
    • Review of KIISC
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2001
  • 정보보안 분야가 성숙해짐에 따라 다양한 평가방법론들이 개발되어 적용되고 있다. 그러한 방법론들 중에서 본고에서는 품질 보증의 수단으로써 정보보안 제품/시스템의 개발기관의 보안공학 수행 능력을 평가하기 위한 SSE-CMM에 대하여 살펴본다. SSE-CMM의 개념적 기초가 되는 보안공학에 대하여 먼저 살펴보고, 보안공학 수행 능력의 수준을 평가하기 위한 평가 기준의 체계와 구성과 함께, SSE-CMM을 이용하여 평가를 수행하기 위한 평가방법론을 구체적으로 제시하고 있는 SSAM에 대하여도 살펴본다. SSE-CMM이 근거하고 있는 보안공학은 효과적인 정보보안을 도모하기 위한 개념적 틀이라는 점을 몇 가지 정보보안관리 지침들과의 비교를 통하여 논의하였다. SSE-CMM은 현재 ISO 표준으로 상정되어 표준화가 진행 중이다. 정보보안 분야의 여러 평가방법론들과 더불어 보다 다양한 관점에서 정보보안의 효과성을 보증해주는 도구로 활용될 것이다.

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Design of the Successive Selection Encoder by the Logical Effort for High Flash Speed ADC's (고속 플래시 AD 변환기를 위한 Successive Selection Encoder의 Logical Effort에 의한 설계)

  • Lee Kijun;Choi Kyusun;Kim Byung-soo
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, a new type of the TC-to-BC encoder for high speed flash ADC's, called the Successive Selection Encoder (SSE), is proposed. In contrast to the conventional fat tree encoder based on OR operations, the W- outputs, in the new design, are obtained directly from TC inputs through simple MUX operations. The detailed structure of the SSE has been determined systematically by the method of the logical effort and the simulation oil Hynix 0.25um process. The theoretical and experimental results show that (1) it is not required to generate one-out-of-n signals, (2) the number of gates is reduced by the factor of 1/3, and (3) the speed is improved more than 2-times, compared to the fat tree encoder. It is speculated that the SSE proposed in this study is an effective solution for bottleneck problems in high speed ADCs.

Development of ZnSSe:Te/ZnMgSSe DH structure Blue~Green tight Emitting Diodes (ZnSSe:Te/ZnMgSSe DH 구조 청색~녹색발광다이오드의 개발)

  • 이홍찬
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2003
  • The optical properties of $ZnS_ySe_{1-\chi-y}:Te_{\chi}(\chi<0.08,y~0.11)$ alloys grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) have been investigated by photoluminescence (PL) and PL-excitation (PLE) spectroscopy. Good optical properties and high crystal quality were established with lattice match condition to GaAs substrate. At room temperature, emission in the visible spectrum region from blue to green was obtained by varying the Te content of the ZnSSe:Te alloy. The efficient blue and green emission were assigned to $Te_1 and Te_n(n\geq2)$cluster bound excitons, respectively. Bright green (535 nm) and blue (462 nm) light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been developed using ZnSSe:Te system as an active layer. The turn-on voltage of 2.1 V in current-voltage characteristics is very small compared to that of commercial InGaN-based LEDs (>3.4 V), indicating the formation of a good ohmic contact due to the optimized p-ZnSe/p-ZnTe multi-quantum well (MQW) superlattice electrode layers.

Solar Energy Conversion by the Regular Array of TiO2 Nanotubes Anchored with ZnS/CdSSe/CdS Quantum Dots Formed by Sequential Ionic Bath Deposition

  • Park, Soojeong;Seo, Yeonju;Kim, Myung Soo;Lee, Seonghoon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.856-862
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    • 2013
  • The photoanode electrode of $TiO_2$ nanotubes (NTs) anchored with ZnS/CdSSe/CdS quantum dots (QDs) was prepared by anodization of Ti metal and successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) procedure. The tuning of the band gap of CdSSe was done with controlled composition of Cd, S, or Se during the SILAR. A ladder-like energy structure suitable for carrier transfer was attained with the photoanode electrode. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of our solar cell fabricated with the regular array of $TiO_2$ NTs anchored with CdSSe/CdS or CdSe/CdS QDs [i.e., (CdSSe/CdS/$TiO_2NTs$) or (CdSe/CdS/$TiO_2NTs$)] was PCE = 3.49% and 2.81% under the illumination at 100 mW/$cm^2$, respectively. To protect the photocorrosion of our solar cell from the electrolyte and to suppress carrier recombination, ZnS was introduced onto CdSSe/CdS. The PCE of our solar cell with the structure of a photoanode electrode, (ZnS/CdSSe/CdS/$TiO_2$ NTs/Ti) was 4.67% under illumination at 100 mW/$cm^2$.

A Study of Safflower Seed Extracts on Bone Formation in Vitro (홍화인 추출물이 골 형성에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험실적 연구)

  • Lee, Seong-jin;Choi, Ho-Chul;Sun, Ki-Jong;Song, Jae-Bong;Pi, Sung-Hee;You, Hyung-Keun;Shin, Hyung-Shik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.461-474
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    • 2005
  • The ultimate goal of periodontal therapy is the regeneration of periodontal tissue and the repair of function. For more than a decade there have been many efforts to develop materials and methods of treatment to promote periodontal tissue regeneration. Recently many efforts are concentrated on the regeneration potential of material used in traditional medicine. Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.) seed extract(SSE) have long clinically used in Korea to promote bone formation and prevent osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SSE on bone formation in human osteoblastic cell line. Human fetal osteoblastic cell line(hFOB 1.19) was cultured with DMEM and SSE($1{\mu}g/ml$, $10{\mu}g/ml$, $100{\mu}g/ml$, $1mg/ml$) at $34^{\cdot}C$ with 5% $CO_2$ in 100% humidity. The proliferation, differentiation of the cell was evaluated by several experiments. Cell proliferation was significantly increased at $10{\mu}g/ml$, $100{\mu}g/ml$, 1mg/ml of SSE after 3 and 7 days incubation(p<0.05). Cell spreading assay was significantly increased at $100{\mu}g/ml$ of SSE after 3 days and $1{\mu}g/ml$, $10{\mu}g/ml$, $100{\mu}g/ml$, 1mg/ml of SSE after 7 days(p<0.05). Alkaline Phosphatase(ALP) level was significantly increased in $10{\mu}g/ml$, $100{\mu}g/ml$, 1mg/ml of SSE(p<0.05). Collagen synthesis was significantly increased at $10{\mu}g/ml$, $100{\mu}g/ml$, 1mg/ml of SSE(p<0.05). A quantified calcium accumulation was significantly increased at $10{\mu}g/ml$, $100{\mu}g/ml$ of SSE(p<0.05). ALP and osteocalcin mRNA was expressed in $100{\mu}g/ml$ of SSE by RT-PCR. These results indicate that SSE are capable of increasing osteoblasts mineralization and may play an important role in bone formation.

Study of High-efficiency and Long-lived Blue - Green Light Emitting Diodes Using ZnSSe:Te System Grown by MBE (ZnSSe:Te계 청 -녹색 발광다이오드의 고효율화 및 장수명화에 관한 연구)

  • 이홍찬;이상태;이성근;김윤식
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Marine Engineers Conference
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    • pp.167-171
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    • 2002
  • We have investigated the optical properties of Te-doped ZnSSe:Te epitaxial layers grown on (100) GaAs substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. The Te-doped ternary specimen shows strong blue or green emission (at 300k) which is assigned to Te$_{1}$ or Te$_{n}$( n$\geq$2) cluster bound exciton. Bright green and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have been developed using ZnSSe:Te system as an active layer. The green LEDs exhibit a fairly long device lifetime (>2000 h) when operated at 3 A/cm$^{2}$ under CW condition at room temperature. It is confirmed that the Te-doping induced "crystal-hardening effect" plays a significant role in both efficient and strong suppression of the optical device degradation.gradation.

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