• Title, Summary, Keyword: SSEF

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Spinach Saponin-Enriched Fraction Inhibits Platelet Aggregation in cAMP- and cGMP-Dependent Manner by Decreasing TXA2 Production and Blood Coagulation

  • Cho, Hyun-Jeong;Choi, Sun-A;Kim, Chun-Gyu;Jung, Tae-Sung;Hong, Jeong-Hwa;Rhee, Man-Hee;Park, Hye-Jin;Park, Hwa-Jin
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.218-223
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we investigated the effect of spinach saponin-enriched fraction (SSEF) on collagen (10 ${\mu}g/ml$)-stimulated platelet aggregation. SSEF inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation, and which was involved in the inhibition of thromboxane $A_2$ ($TXA_2$) production, an intracellular $Ca^{2+}$-agonist as an aggregation-inducing autacoidal molecule. In addition, SSEF significantly increased the formation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), intracellular $Ca^{2+}$-antagonists as aggregation-inhibiting molecules, in collagen-stimulated platelets. These results suggest that SSEF might inhibit $Ca^{2+}$-elevation and $TXA_2$ formation by increasing the production of $Ca^{2+}$-antagonistic molecules cAMP and cGMP. These mean that SSEF is a potent inhibitor of collagen-stimulated platelet aggregation. On the other hand, prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were potently prolonged by SSEF. These findings suggest that SSEF prolongs the internal time between the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin. Accordingly, our data demonstrate that SSEF may be a crucial tool for a negative regulator during platelet activation and blood coagulation on thrombotic diseases.

Production of Acetic Acid from Cellulosic Biomass (섬유성 바이오매스를 이용한 Acetic Acid 생산)

  • 우창호;박준호;윤현희
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.458-463
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    • 2000
  • Production of acetic acid from cellulosic biomass by Simultaneous Saccharification and Extractive Fermentation (SSEF) was investigated. The homoacetate organism used in this study was a strain of Clostridium thermoaceticum, ATCC # 49707. A batch operation of Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation(SSF) using ${\alpha}$-cellulose at pH 5.5 and 55$^{\circ}C$ yielded 40% conversion of cellulose to acetic acid, while a fed-batch SSF operation produced a maximum acetic acid concentration of 25 g/L, with 50% overall yield. In-situ extractive fermentation to reduce the end-product inhibition on both bacteria and enzyme was carried out. in a batch SSEF using 200 g/L IRA-400 resin, acetic acid concentration reached to 23.9 g/L and acetic acid yield and productivity were observed to be 48% and 0.20 g/L-hr, respectively.

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