• Title, Summary, Keyword: STS 내용

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Improvement Schemes of STS Contents and Structure of the High School Chemistry Ⅰ Textbooks to be developed by the 7th Curriculum (고등학교 화학 Ⅰ교과서의 STS 교육 내용 및 구성 방식 개선 방안)

  • Hong, Mi Young
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.491-499
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine for high school chemistry I textbooks published by the 6th curriculum and some foreign STS programs such as Chemistry in the Community, Science and Technology in Society, Chemistry: The Salter's Approach by analyzing STS contents, students' activity, overall structure of the books and space devoted to STS, and to provide improvement schemes for developing high school chemistry I textbooks to be developed by the 7th curriculum in future. It was found that STS topics in the high school chemistry I textbooks were related only to 'social problems and issues', 'applications of science', 'multiple dimensions of science', and STS contents were presented mostly by narration. Students' activities were limited to discussion and survey, and none of the topics were related to 'career awareness', and 'cooperative work on real problems' in high school chemistry I textbooks. On the contrary, a variety of STS topics and activities such as case study related to local and community, practicing decision-making strategies, role play, practical work career awareness were included in foreign STS programs. Desirable directions for the improvement of STS contents and structure of present high school chemistry I textbooks were proposed in this paper.

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An Analysis of STS Contents in the High School Chemistry(II) Textbook (화학II 교과서의 STS 내용 분석)

  • Kim, Jung-Tae;Kim, Yun-Hi;Moon, Seong-Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 2002
  • The STS contents, emphasized in the 6th curriculum, in the chemistry textbooks(II) were analyzed. The STS contents in textbooks showed average value of 2.7%. The chapter of ‘chemical bond and compound' were included 3.8% of STS contents. And the chapter of ‘atomic structure and periodic table', ‘state of material and solution', ‘science of material', and ‘chemical reaction' contained 3.2%, 2.2%, 1.9%, and 1.9% of STS contents, respectively. When the STS contents were analyzed by STS topics of Piel, the results are as follows; 33.7% on effect of technological developments, 27.5% on environmental quality and utilization of natural source, 19.6% on human engineering, 13.8% on energy, and 5.4% on sociality of science. However, there were no topics on population, space research and national defense. When the STS contents were analyzed by student activities of SATIS, most of the activities were research and case study. There were few field activities of practical investigation, problem solving and decision making, research design and stimulation. There were no activities of role play.

Analysis of STS Contents in Chemistry Chapters of Middle School Science Textbooks and Chemistry Teachers’ Perception Investigation of STS Education (제7차 교육과정에 의한 중학교 과학 교과서 화학 단원의 STS 교육 내용 분석과 화학 교사들의 STS 교육에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Park, Guk-Tae;Lee, Yu-Ra;Kim, Eun-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.153-162
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the STS (science-technology-society) contents in chemistry chapters of middle school science textbooks standardized by 7th national curriculum, and to investigate chemistry teachers' perception of STS education. This study was based on 8 essential elements in STS education suggested by Yager and 9 activities in SATIS (science and technology in society). The questionnaire and interview were used to investigate chemistry teachers' perception. As a result of this study, the average value of the STS contents in chemistry chapters of 7 kinds of middle school science textbooks was 22.4%, and the STS contents were preponderated to essential elements of science application and local and community relevance. And STS contents showed that science 2 textbooks were the most of all and in order of science 1 textbooks and science 3 textbooks. As a result of analysis by activities in SATIS, most activities were practice activity, problem-solving and decision making, and structured discussion. Chemistry teachers' perceptions of STS education were following. There were many responses that STS education was necessary for educational efficiency. On the other hand STS education was unnecessary because there were few effective teaching-learning method related with STS education. From these results, middle school science textbooks have to be complemented because 2 essential elements of the STS contents were preponderated in the science textbooks. And the teaching-learning method connected with STS education will have to be developed for the efficiency of STS education.

An analysis of STS Contents Reflected in the Middle School Science Textbooks and Instructions (중학교 과학 교과서와 수업에 반영된 STS 내용 분석)

  • Hong, Mi-Young;Jeong, Eun-Young
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.659-667
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    • 2004
  • The purposes of this study were to examine the middle school science textbooks published according to the 7th curriculum by analyzing overall structure of the books and STS contents, and to diagnose the current status of STS education in science classroom through interviews with teachers and students of the middle schools. It was found that STS approaches were of increasing importance in the science textbooks, however, they were not popular in the science classes. STS topics in the middle school textbooks were related mostly to 'applications of science' and 'social problems and issues', and few of the topics were related to 'cooperative work on real problems', 'multiple dimensions of science' and 'practice with decision making strategies'. Major barriers of STS education implementation in middle school science classroom were identified as follows; difficulties of assessment, teachers' insufficient cognitions and experiences regarding STS education, perceptions of students and parents that prefer didactic lecture methods and working on exercises. Desirable directions for the improvement of present status of STS education in middle school science classes were proposed.

An Analysis on the Contents of STS in the High-School 'Science' Textbooks according to the Curriculum Revised in 2009- Focused on the Unit of 'Evolution of Life' and 'Health of Humanity and Scientific Technology' (2009 개정 교육과정에 따른 고등학교 '과학' 교과서의 STS 내용분석 - '생명의 진화'와 '인류의 건강과 과학기술' 영역을 중심으로 -)

  • Jeong, Kyeong-Ha;Son, Yeon-A;Kim, Dong-Ryeul
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.343-357
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    • 2015
  • The present study aims to analyze the extent of the use of STS contents in the areas of 'Evolution of Life' and 'Health of Humanity and Scientific Technology' in 'Science' textbooks and to determine whether they meet the goals of the curriculum revised in 2009. The analysis of the 7 types of textbooks according to the STS topics areas indicated big differences between textbooks as little as 16.67% and as much as 58.33%. Also, among the topics associated with STS, 'Space Development and National Defense' and 'Environmental Problems' were not included. In the STS activity areas, the areas of 'Structured Debate,' 'Interpretation of Data,' 'Research and Investigation' showed great frequency. On the other hand, the STS activity areas of 'Field Activities,' 'Problem-solving and Decision-making,' 'Role Playing,' 'Simulation,' 'Case Study,' and 'Research Design' showed small frequency. Analysis of the STS contents for each area indicated 67.57% for the contents relevant to 'the applicability of science' accounting for the largest part whereas 'Understanding of Occupations related to Science' accounted for 1.63%, showing a great difference in their frequency. Seven standards except 'the applicability of science' were included each contents beyond 10% or less than 10% proportion. The STS contents included in the life science area of the 7 types of convergence-style 'Science' textbooks for the high-school accounted for an average of 20.75%, from as little as 12.35% to as much as 26.90%, depending on the publishes.

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An Analysis of STS Content in the Elementary School Science Textbooks Developed Under the 7th National Curriculum (제 7차 교육과정에 의한 초등학교 과학 교과서의 STS 내용 분석)

  • 고한중;전경문;노태희
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.289-296
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze STS contents in the elementary school science textbooks developed under the 7th national curriculum. Major findings from the analyses are as follows: (1) The Percentage of STS contents included is 26% by the number of pages, and 40% by the lesson hour, Higher proportions of the STS contents are found in the domains of ‘energy’ and ‘material’. By grade level, the coverage of 5th grade textbooks is relatively low. (2) Most STS topics are related to science rather than technology or society. (3) In many cases, STS contents are used in the whole processes of a lesson. (4) Most activities are 'group activity' or 'experiment.observation'. There are few activities of 'role playing', 'spot study' or 'interview'. These results indicate that recent STS education trends are reflected on the revised textbooks well. However, it is suggested that some improvement is needed, such as diversification of topic or activity.

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An Analysis of STS Contents in the General Science Textbooks(Chemistry Parts) of High School (공통과학 교과서 화학영역의 STS 내용 분석)

  • Choi, In Young;Kim, Yun Hi;Lee, Seok Hee;Moon, Seong Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.256-263
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    • 2001
  • The STS contents, emphasized in the 6th curriculum, in the chemistry parts of general science textbooks were analyzed. The STS contents of textbooks showed average of 24.4%. The chapter in "modern science and technology" were included 45.5% in STS contents, 38.7% in "environment", 29.1% in energy, and 14.0% in "materials". When the STS contents were analyzed by STS topics of Piel, the results are as follows; 38.3% on environmental quality and utilization of natural source, 29.6% on effect of technological developments, 7.9% on energy, and 0.6% on human engineering. However, there were no topics on population, space research and national defense. When the STS contents were analyzed by student activities of SATIS, most of the activities were research and case study. There were few field activities of role play, problem solving and decision making, and research design.

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An Analysis of STS Materials in Chemistry Parts of Middle School Science Textbooks (제 6차 교육과정에 따른 중학교 과학 교과서(화학단원)의 STS 내용 분석)

  • Kim, Yun Hi;Kwon, Hyo Jin;Moon, Seong Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.321-327
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    • 1999
  • The STS materials, emphasized in the 6th curriculum, in the chemistry part of middle school science textbooks were analyzed. The average value of the STS content of textbook was 13.2%. In the study of chapter of textbook, 15.9% of STS materials was included in the chapter of ?reaction of materials?, 12% in "character and separation of materials", and 10.8% in "composition of materials". When the STS topics classified by Piel were analyzed, the results were as follows; 40.2% on sociology of science, 28.8% on environmental quality and utilization of natural source, 20.4% on effects of technological developments, and 12.9% on energy. However, the topic on human engineering was only included in a textbook, and the topics on space research and national defence were not included in any textbooks. When the STS materials were analyzed by student activities of SATIS, the number of activities was 71. Most activities were consisted of solving problems and decision, simulation and data analysis, and there was no research design and role playing.

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The Status of Science-Technology-Society Approach at the Junior High School Science Class in the Capital Area of Korea and Japan (한국과 일본의 수도권 소재 중학교 과학수업에서 과학-기술-사회적 접근의 적용 실태)

  • Park, Jong-Yoon;Kim, Sook-Hyun;Nagasu, Namio
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.599-610
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    • 2000
  • In this study, a questionnaires survey was administered to Korean and Japanese junior high school science teachers in the capital area to investigate the extents of Science-Technology-Society(STS) education practiced in science classroom. The responses of 69 Korean teachers and 33 Japanese teachers were analysed. The results showed that most of teachers in both country knew well about the meaning and the purpose of STS education. Also they realized the needs of applying the STS education in science class and had wills to do it. However, only about a half of teachers - more than a half of Japanese and less than a half of Korean - were practicing the STS related subjects, activities and assessments in the class. Teachers in both country responded that their science textbooks did not contain enough amounts of STS related contents and other STS education materials available were not much. Therefore, it is needed to include more STS related contents in the science textbooks and to develop various STS education materials and circulate them as well as to establish adequate teaching and assessment methods for STS education. Also activating teachers' meetings to circulate the informations and materials and improving the school environments are recommended.

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