• Title, Summary, Keyword: Safety

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The Effect of Safety Culture on the Safety Awareness and Safety Behavior of Manufacturing Workers (안전문화가 제조업 종사자의 안전의식과 안전행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Ki-Seok;Ahn, Byung-Joon;Rhim, Jong-Kuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of safety culture on the safety awareness and safety behaviors of manufacturing workers, and to suggest ways for manufacturing workers to understand the safety culture and improve safety awareness and safety behavior. In order to verify this, data were collected from 282 research subjects for 1 month from August 1 to 31, 2018, using the manufacturing workers in the Seoul and Gyeonggi area as a population. The results of the study are as follows. First, the safety culture (safety climate, safety procedures) has a positive effect on the safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and participation inducement) of the manufacturing workers. Second, the safety culture (safety climate, safety procedures) has a positive effect on the safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. Third, safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and inducement of participation) has a positive influence on the safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. Fourth, the safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and inducement of participation) appears to have a partial mediating effect in relation to safety culture (safety climate, safety procedure) and safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. The implication of this study is that although the industrial accidents have occurred in the manufacturing industry in recent years, the studies on the workers in the manufacturing industry are insufficient. However, this study is meaningful that it has suggested ways for manufacturing workers to understand the safety culture and improve the safety awareness and safety behavior by analyzing the effects of safety culture on safety awareness and safety behavior of manufacturing workers.

Research about Researcher's Safety Ethnic Level and Improvement Extent of Safety Culture, Based on Organizational Safety Efforts (조직의 안전행동에 따른 연구원의 안전의식 수준 및 안전문화 향상정도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Su Kyung;Park, Chang Bok;Yoon, Yeo Song
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted with the following three study objectives. First, effects of safety awareness level of lab researchers to the improvement of safety culture in the organization Second, effects of organizational safety behaviors to the improvement of safety culture Third, test of mediating effects of organizational safety behaviors in the relationship between safety awareness level and the improvement of safety culture. The results show that organizational safety behavior is an indispensable factor for the improvement level of safety culture. Especially, the factors in safety training activities, safety compliance and management system are mediating variables which affect the safety awareness level and improvement level of safety culture, which shows these variables are very important factors in reducing safety accidents through the improvement of safety culture. Therefore, safety behaviors in the organization should be considered with priority. If the organization leads to improve safety awareness through regular safety training and rewards and punishes according to the test results, safety awareness could be improved. This study was conducted to identify the necessary factors to improve the overall safety culture in the organization and contribute to the diffusion of safety culture by improving the safety training awareness of the researchers.

Improving industrial safety in small business: from the socio-psychological point of view (중소기업의 산업안전 제고방안 - 사회심리적 접근을 중심으로 -)

  • An Gwan Yeong
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2004
  • Recently occupational safety and health literatures begin to emphasize the influence of social, organizational or psychological context. Based on this research trend, this paper tried to review the relationship between safety climates and safety compliance. Based on the responses from 385 manufacturing workers, this paper reviewed the relationships among safety climates, safety motivation, and safety compliance. The results of statistical analysis showed that all safety climate factors(management involvement, leadership, safety training, precaution activities, safety system) have affirmative effects on safety motivation and safety compliance. Also, safety motivation appeared to have mediating effects on the relationship between 5 safety climate factors and safety compliance. Especially it appeared to have full mediating effects on the relationship between safety training/ safety system and safety compliance.

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- Improving industrial safety in small business: from the socio-psychological point of view - (중소기업의 산업안전 제고방안 - 사회 심리적 접근을 중심으로 -)

  • Ahn Kwan Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.11-24
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    • 2004
  • Recently occupational safety and health literatures begin to emphasize the influence of social, organizational or psychological context. Based on this research trend, this paper tried to review the relationship between safety climates and safety compliance. Based on the responses from 385 manufacturing workers, this paper reviewed the relationships among safety climates, safety motivation, and safety compliance. The results of statistical analysis showed that all safety climate factors(management involvement, leadership, safety training, precaution activities, safety system) have affirmative effects on safety motivation and safety compliance. Also, safety motivation appeared to have mediating effects on the relationship between 5 safety climate factors and safety compliance. Especially it appeared to have full mediating effects on the relationship between safety training/ safety system and safety compliance.

A Study on the Improvement of Safety Perception and Safety Action of Cabin Crews: Focusing on the Airlines Safety Climate (객실승무원의 안전지각과 안전행동 향상을 위한 연구: 항공사 안전 분위기를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hee Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.76-87
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to check the cabin crew's safety perception in relation to the airline's safety climate and cabin crew's safety action and to verify that the safety perception's mediation effects. The results of the study confirmed that all three factors of the safety climate have a significant impact on safety perception, and among them, safety practice is the most significant. Accordingly, Airlines need to establish a community that enables real-time information exchange for air accidents so that the cabin crew can present real-time examples of safety-related accidents. In addition, it will be necessary to work with external safety agencies to form an active attitude for the establishment of safety procedures in order to prevent recurrence of safety problems while considering the causes of such incidents internally in the event of an airline safety accident. In addition, it was confirmed that safety training was the most significant factor to safety action, among which all three elements of the safety climate had a significant effect on safety action. Therefore, airlines need to expand practical training on aircraft to full-scale safety training to build an immediate resolution for cabin crews in the event of an air accident. In addition, safety training should be established to encourage collaboration among aviation safety-related personnel to participate in safety training together to address aviation safety from a diverse point of view. Safety perception was has a significant effect on safe action. Therefore, airlines should reinforce the airline's safety management system by checking the status of the cabin crew's safety perception extending the level of punishment to the scope of retirement or disqualification to establish a firm awareness of safety. Finally, the safety perception has demonstrated partial mediation effects in relation to the safety climate and safety action. Therefore, the airline needs to improve the duties of the cabin crew that interferes with cabin safety duties. In addition, airlines should utilize advertisements emphasizing that safety is first.

The relationship between perceived safety climate and safety participation, and the mediating effect of safety motivation in small business employee (중소기업 종사자들의 안전분위기 인지도와 안전참여의 관계 및 안전동기의 매개효과)

  • Ahn, Kwan Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2014
  • This paper reviewed the relationship between safety climate(management commitment, safety education, preventive activity) and safety participation, and the mediating effect of safety motivation(intrinsic and extrinsic motivation) in small business employee. Based on the responses from 270 employees, the results of multiple regression analysis appeared as follow; 1) management commitment, safety education, and preventive activity effect positively on intrinsic/extrinsic safety motivation. 2) management commitment, safety education, and preventive activity effect positively on safety participation. 3) intrinsic and extrinsic safety motivation effect positively on safety participation. 4) intrinsic safety motivation mediates between 3 climate factors(management commitment, safety education, preventive activity) and safety participation. 5) extrinsic safety motivation mediates between only management commitment and safety participation.

A Study on the Characteristics of Safety Culture by Workplace Size and Work Type in the Group Company (동일업종 그룹 계열사의 사업장 규모 및 작업형태별 안전문화 특성연구)

  • Kwon, Hyo Seung;Lee, Keun-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2017
  • The government operates autonomous safety management activities in the regulated safety management in order to prevent industrial accidents. On the other side, companies are promoting safety management in the workplace, such as improving the safety level of the safety system, but the major reason for the accidents is safety ignorance in the event of big accidents. This study aims to improve the safety culture level by analyzing the difference in safety culture among six workplace sites in the manufacture of food products and drawing the improvement point. The main result is as follows. In order to enhance the safety level of the safety system, it is necessary to minimize the number of systems to be implemented, and to strengthen the small safety management activities that workers participate directly in the workforce, and the incentive policy for the promotion of the safety management activities should be coordinated by each group. Due to the high proportion of female workers, the proportion of female workers should be encouraged to actively participate in the safety of women, thereby improving safety culture levels and improving safety awareness through customized safety education. By learning work procedures through theory and practice, the level of safety culture should be increased. Employees voluntary safety participation activities should increase the level of mutual safety culture. Depending on spontaneous safety participation activities, one should promote safety culture enhancement activities by enhancing the safety level of the safety culture and enhance safety culture through safety awareness, and promote safety culture and procedures for improving safety culture.

Effect of Behavior Based Safety Program on Safety Behavior, Safety Climate and its Satisfaction (행동기반안전관리 프로그램이 안전행동, 안전 분위기 및 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Jeong Mo;Kwon, Young Guk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.109-119
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    • 2018
  • This study has performed to identify the effect of safety behavior, safety climate and its satisfaction through the Behavior Based Safety Program for 5 sites of the same Company. The study result indicated that the level of recognized safety behavior, climate and its satisfaction improved by conducting observation of worker behavior, jobsite feedback, displaying feedback chart, safety training, behavior modification committee. Additionally, the participation level of safety activity and conformity level of safety rule improved. The recognized level of safety climate improved together with recognized safety value by management, safety participation of direct boss, communication with each other to be dealt with safety matter, safety training material to be contained unsafe behavior and practical hazard, understanding and conducting safety standard. In addition, The recognized level of satisfaction improved together with safety behavior and climate. As a result, this program provided an opportunities to correct worker's unsafe behavior to safe behavior in conjunction with increasing number of observation, providing additional time to have a safety check, safety suggestion to improve work situation and a permit to work rule. It will be integrated into health and safety management system to be able to reduce industrial accident.

The Effects of Safety Leadership of Manager and Safety Climate in the Organization on the Workers' Safety Behaviors (관리자의 안전 리더십과 조직 내 안전 분위기가 근로자의 안전행동에 미치는 효과)

  • Moon, Kwangsu;Lee, Jaehee;Oah, Shezeen
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.66-72
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the influence of safety leadership of manager and safety climate of the organization on the workers' safety behavior. Especially, this study examined a mediating effect of safety climate on the relationship between safety leadership and safety behaviors. 219 workers were asked to respond to the questionnaires that measured various demographic variables, safety climate, safety leadership and safety behaviors. A hierarchical regression was conducted to identify variables that had significant relationships with safety behaviors and to examine the mediating effect of safety climate. Results indicated that the safety leadership significantly predicted both safety compliance and participation behavior. It was found that the safety climate was also a significant predictor for both safety compliance and participation behavior. In addition, safety climate had a mediating effect on the relationship between safety leadership and safety compliance and participation behavior. Based on these results, the implications of this study and suggestions for future research were discussed.

Study on Experience and Practice of Safety Education (안전교육 경험과 안전교육 실천에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, In-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2014
  • This study is about safety education experience and practice of parents who are raising preschool children and the study results are as the following. For safety education experience state, parents had experience of safety education and mostly received it through communities, TV, Internet, etc. The most common educational content was the traffic safety education. For safety education practice degree according to number of children, safety education practice was mostly done well with 1~2 children. For safety education practice degree according to family type, safety education practice degree within the family was done most in nuclear families while healthy life habit safety education practice degree was done most in nuclear families and reconstituted families. Also, for traffic safety education practice degree, it was done well in nuclear families. For respiratory disease safety education practice degree, nuclear families and reconstituted families were the highest and for first aid safety education practice degree, single-parent families were the highest. For safety knowledge level of parents, safety knowledge of family was the highest, followed by safety knowledge of respiratory disease, and traffic. For safety education practice degree and safety knowledge according to safety education experience of parents, there was a significant difference in practice degree according to safety education experience of parents and there was also difference in practice knowledge according to experience. There was also education effect in healthy life habit safety knowledge and traffic safety knowledge.