• Title, Summary, Keyword: Safety Characteristics

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A Study on the Comprehension of the Industrial Safety Policy Direction by Job Characteristics of Corporate Safety Managers (기업체 안전관리자의 직무특성에 따른 산업안전 정책방향 이해도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-In;Choi, Seo-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2012
  • This study investigated the comprehension of the occupational safety policy direction by job characteristics of the safety managers at 211 workplace selected under the Occupational Safety and Health Act. As for the characteristics of the subjects' firms, there was difference in their perception on the occupational safety policy direction by their region, type, scale, and the existence of labor union. Regarding the job characteristics of the subjects, there was difference in the comprehension of the occupational safety policy direction by their age, experience and department. This study suggests that the government policy as well as the awareness about safety by management and safety managers need to be changed by analyzing the comprehension of occupational safety policy direction by the job characteristics of corporate occupational safety managers.

An Exploratory Study of the Individual Characteristics Influencing the Safety Behavior of University Students (대학생의 개인 심리 특성이 안전행동에 미치는 영향 탐색)

  • Bae, Sung Ah;Noh, Soo Rim;Ok, Seung-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2016
  • As a range of accidents happen frequently in our society due to safety insensitivity, researches on individual psychological characteristics related to safety behavior and on safety education are increasing. However, safety behavior research that targets university students as potential employees remains rare. Therefore, this research investigates individual characteristics and psychological factors that affect safety behaviors of university students. Research participants were 131 university students (80 males, 51 females) from the Gyeonggi-do and Chungnam areas. Psychological characteristics (self-regulation, cognitive failure, conscientiousness, and emotional stability) were included as variables that may predict university students' safety behaviors (habits, compliance, mistakes, and violations). The major findings of the study are as follows. Stepwise regression analysis showed conscientiousness was a major predictor explaining safety habits and safety compliance; Cognitive failure and emotional stability were main predictors explaining safety mistakes, and self-regulation was a major predictor explaining safety violations. These findings suggest that development of proper education programs focusing on individual characteristics would allow systematic improvement of safety behaviors of university students.

Control of Industrial Safety Based on Dynamic Characteristics of a Safety Budget-Industrial Accident Rate Model in Republic of Korea

  • Choi, Gi Heung;Loh, Byoung Gook
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2017
  • Background: Despite the recent efforts to prevent industrial accidents in the Republic of Korea, the industrial accident rate has not improved much. Industrial safety policies and safety management are also known to be inefficient. This study focused on dynamic characteristics of industrial safety systems and their effects on safety performance in the Republic of Korea. Such dynamic characteristics are particularly important for restructuring of the industrial safety system. Methods: The effects of damping and elastic characteristics of the industrial safety system model on safety performance were examined and feedback control performance was explained in view of cost and benefit. The implications on safety policies of restructuring the industrial safety system were also explored. Results: A strong correlation between the safety budget and the industrial accident rate enabled modeling of an industrial safety system with these variables as the input and the output, respectively. A more effective and efficient industrial safety system could be realized by having weaker elastic characteristics and stronger damping characteristics in it. A substantial decrease in total social cost is expected as the industrial safety system is restructured accordingly. Conclusion: A simple feedback control with proportional-integral action is effective in prevention of industrial accidents. Securing a lower level of elastic industrial accident-driving energy appears to have dominant effects on the control performance compared with the damping effort to dissipate such energy. More attention needs to be directed towards physical and social feedbacks that have prolonged cumulative effects. Suggestions for further improvement of the safety system including physical and social feedbacks are also made.

Investment Direction of Disaster Safety Projects Considering Characteristics of Disaster Safety (재난안전사고 피해특징을 고려한 재난안전사업 투자방향 제시)

  • Heo, Bo-Young;Cho, Sung-Eun
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2017
  • Disaster and safety budget can be characterized as a large-scale public asset on which the government has a significant role. It is of a crucial importance to properly allocate the limited national budget to various areas as necessary. Higher investment efficiency of the budget related to disaster and safety management requires distribution criteria based on relevance and efficiency. Currently, the budget related to disaster and safety management is orchestrated through the prior consultation system. However, there is still no clear framework for reviewing the investment direction and setting the priority investment areas by prior consultation. This study analyzes the status and characteristics of disaster and safety management projects by damage type and proposes a structured system for prioritization. This framework can be useful in selecting the areas that need priority investments by damage type of disaster and safety management projects, thereby contributing to improving investment efficiency.

A Review of Safety Standards in Korea based on Structural Attributes and Lexical Characteristics (구조적 속성과 어휘적 특징에 기반한 안전기준 고찰)

  • Im, Sujung;Park, Dugkeun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.353-366
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    • 2019
  • As social standards have been subdivided and specialized due to social development, the number of related laws has also increased gradually, resulting in problems of duplication or conflict within the laws. After collecting all the safety standards that exist in Korea's legislation, it is necessary to analyze the characteristics of safety standards to find duplicate or conflicting issues. In this study, the characteristics of safety standards were divided into structural parts and lexical parts by extracting common elements that appear in all safety standards and singular points that appear only in specific safety standards. As a result of the analysis, two structural properties of safety standard were found and four lexical features were derived. The impact of these characteristics on future systems for managing safety standards was also reviewed. Based on this study, when more structural and lexical features of safety standards are accumulated in the future, it is possible to develop efficient algorithms to collect and analyze safety standards, which will help solve the problem of duplication and conflict of safety standards in the law.

The Study on the Explanatory Factors of the Disabled Women's Safety in the Convergence Society (융복합 사회에서 장애여성 안전의 설명요인에 대한 연구)

  • Kwak, Jee-Young;Kang, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.405-416
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed to explore the factors explaining the safety of disabled women in the convergence society and was surveyed 374 disabled women nationwide. This study examined the factors that explain the safety of disabled women from the accidents and crimes in terms of individual, familial, and community characteristics. Main findings are as follows: 1) the safety from accident was largely explained by the community type and social capital condition in characteristics of community domain. The material hardship in characteristics of familial domain and disability level in characteristics of individual domain explained the safety from accident also. 2) the safety from crime was largely explained by the material hardship in characteristics of familial domain. And the community type and social support condition in characteristics of community domain and the educational level in characteristics of individual domain explained the safety from crime. Based on the findings, we suggested practical and institutional implications to ensure the disabled women's safety.

Accident Characteristics and Safety Management Policy in the Small Manufacturing Industry (중소 제조업의 재해 특성 및 안전관리 정책에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Byung-Yong;Shin, Yun-Bong
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.595-601
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    • 1999
  • Accident analyses are used to identify common factors contributing to occupational accidents and to give recommendations for accident prevention. This study concerns with the accident characteristics and safety management in the small manufacturing industry. To investigate the accident characteristics, we used workers' compensation reports and employers' accident analysis reports. Two hundred and thirty injury accidents which results in more than 4 days absence were surveyed from the manufacturing companies with under 100 employees. The actual safety problems experienced today in the small manufacturing were also examined by interview method with safety engineers. We propose the safety management programs based on the accident characteristics and the actual safety problems. These results can be used to develop more effective occupational safety and health management policies in the small manufacturing industry.

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An Experimental Study of Smoke Movement and Evacuation in Road Tunnel (도로터널내 연기거동 및 피난에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kang Hyun-Wook;Lee Ho-Seok;Shin Young-Wan;Lee In-Ki
    • 한국터널공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.335-340
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    • 2005
  • Recently, According to increased tunnel accident, a matter of concern in tunnel fire safety is on an interesting trend. In case of tunnel fire, Evacuation is a primary factor for refugee safety. Therefore safety measures should be taken to increase capability of evacuation. Evacuation walking speed and characteristics of movement in tunnel is differ from building or outdoor site so, these characteristics must be considered in tunnel safety planning. In this study has performed to evaluate the smoke movement and characteristics of evacuation by full-scale test method. and aimed for basic data establishment in characteristics of evacuation for tunnel safety system design.

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Analysis of Deterioration Characteristics for Connection Factor used in Grounding System (접지시스템에 사용되는 접속요소의 열화특성 분석)

  • Gil, Hyoung-Jun;Shong, Kil-Mok;Kim, Young-Seok;Kim, Chong-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2015
  • This paper describes the analysis of deterioration characteristics for connection factor used in grounding system. The connection method of grounding system is specified in IEC standard. In order to analyze the deterioration characteristics for connection factor, deterioration test was carried out when the connection factor was buried in salt water and underground. The test connection factors were C-type sleeve, clamp, and exothermic welding. As a consequence, most of the connection factor was corroded, and the electrical resistance decreased after deterioration. The analytical results can be used to establish the safety of grounding system.

A study on characteristics of accidents involving horse scaffolds at construction sites (말비계 건설재해 특성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Seong-Chun
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2016
  • Many fatal and non-fatal injuries occurred as a result of unexpected falls from horse scaffolds during structural or finishing works such as painting, plastering, or plumbing. Therefore, this study is to improve safety standards for horse scaffolds used mostly in the interior finishing works. But hazard elements for the horse scaffolds has not been specifically identified. This study has analyzed the accidents of horse scaffolds to prevent construction accidents and the characteristics of a serious accidents related the horse scaffolds. It was suggested a safety management plan and a group of accidents characteristics. The results of this study are expected to be utilized as basic data for prviding a reference related to the horse scaffolds and to be unified the regulations associated with the horse scaffolds.