• Title, Summary, Keyword: Salmonella gallinarum

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여름철, '가금티푸스'를 주의하자

  • Jo, Yeong-Mi
    • Feed Journal
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    • v.4 no.8
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    • pp.114-118
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    • 2006
  • 살모넬라 갈리나륨(Salmonella gallinarum)이 원인체인 가금티프스는 모든 품종의 닭에서는 물론이고 어린 일령의 병아리에서부터 산란중인 성계에 이르기까지 전 일령의 닭에서 높은 폐사를 일으키는 세균성 질병으로 우리나라뿐만 아니라 세계적으로 발생되고 있는 질병이다.

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Isolation and characterization of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens TK3 inhibiting causative bacteria of atrophic rhinitis and fowl typhoid (돼지위축성비염과 가금티푸스 병원균을 저해하는 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens TK3의 분리 및 특성 조사)

  • Jung, Taeck-Kyung;Song, Hong-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.177-180
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    • 2015
  • For prevention of atrophic rhinitis of swine by Bordetella bronchiseptica and fowl typhoid by Salmonella gallinarum, bacterial strains showing antimicrobial activity against those pathogenic bacteria were isolated from various samples collected at animal farms. Among 372 bacterial isolates strain TK3 showed the highest antibacterial activity against both pathogens, and was identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. B. amyloliquefaciens TK3 could inhibit growth of both pathogens by secretion of antibacterial compounds such as siderophore, rhamnolipid and antimicrobial peptide. Production radius of siderophore on Chrome azurol S agar plate by strain TK3 was 0.53 cm after 14 days of incubation, and concentration of siderophore in King's B medium was 1.06 mmol/ml. It also secreted 82.4 mg/L of rhamnolipid, and antimicrobial peptide that completely inhibited growth of both pathogens at concentration of $30{\mu}l/ml$ in LB medium.

Studies on serological tests for pullorum disease (추백리의 혈청학적 진단법에 관한 연구)

  • 김정태;심항섭;김태종;고태오;우종태;유기승;박유순
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.313-323
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    • 1998
  • In order to establish a sensitive and specific diagnostic method for detection of antibody to Salmonella pullorum, a enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was designed and standardized. The diagnostic efficacy of the established ELISA was compared with that of the serum plate agglutination test and immunodiffusion test for pullorum disease. 1. The chicken hyperimmune sera to Salmonella pullorum, S gallinarum, S typhimurium and S typhi were shown the cross reaction to S pullorum antigen by serum plate agglutination test. 2. When compared the cross reaction titer of microplate agglutination test for chickens hyperimmune sera, it was found that the titer were 64 in S pullorum, 32 in S gallinarum, 4 in S typhimurium and 8 in S typhi, respectively. 3. When compared the specificity of various antigen(HA, EA, PA and SA) by the immunodiffusion test, the most suitable antigen was phenol-treated bactrium. 4. The optimal concentration of S pullorum antigen for ELISA was 1 : 160 dilution of bacterium. 5. The efficacy of the ELISA for detection of S pullorum antibody was compared with serum Plate agglutination test and immunodiffusion test in chickens infected with S pullorum. The antibody was first detected at 6 days after infection using three tests examined. The antibody was alldetected at 9 days by ELISA, at 12 days by serumplate agglutination test, at 15 days by immunodiffusion test.

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Prevalent Characteristics of Fowl typhoid in Korea (국내 가금티푸스의 발생특징)

  • Lee, Young-Ju;Kim, Ki-Seuk;Kwon, Yong-Kuk;Kang, Min-Su;Mo, In-Pil;Kim, Jae-Hong;Tak, Ryun-Bin
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.155-158
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalent characteristics of fowl typhoid (FT) of chicken caused by Salmonella gallinarum in Korea. The occurrence of FT for 7 years from 1995 to 2001 in Korea was analyzed. The incidence of FT outbreaks was 10.3% of the total outbreaks of avian infectious disease cases diagnosed at National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service (NVRQS) from 1995 to 2001. When the outbreaks of H cases was analyzed in relation to the chicken breeds, the incidence of FT in commercial layers, commercial broilers, egg-type breeders, and meat-type breeders was 71.4%, 25.0%, 0.2% and 3.4%, respectively. Especially, the incidence in layers fell 25.8~27.6% in 2000 and 2001 from 1999, on the other hand, the amount of FT vaccines assayed at NVRQS for use in layers only jumped to 57,881.5$\times$1,000 dose in 2001, an increase of 4 times from the previous year. In the analysis of the seasonal distribution, it was found the incidence was high in summer (38.5%) and fall (33.9%). Also, the age comparison analysis showed that the rate of FT outbreaks in layers was highest (45.6%) between 10 to 30 weeks. However, in broilers, the highest percentage (61.6%) was shown at the age of below 2 weeks.

Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Herbs against Salmonella gallinarum and Staphylococcus epidermidis (Salmonella gallinarum와 Staphylococcus epidermidis 균주에 대한 한약재의 항균 활성)

  • Choi, I.;Chang, H.S.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2009
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the antimicrobial activities of extracts from approximately 40 different traditional Korean medicinal herbs against S. gallinarum and S. epidermidis. The extracts from Schizandra chinensis Baill., Melia azedarach Linn$\acute{e}$, Caesalpinia sappan Linn$\acute{e}$. and Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. exhibited high antimicrobial activities against S. gallinarum, whereas the extracts from Melia azedarach Linn$\acute{e}$ and Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. exhibited high antimicrobial growth for S. epidermidis. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of Melia azedarach Linn$\acute{e}$, Caesalpinia sappan Linn$\acute{e}$. and Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. for S. gallinarum were 1.2 mg/mL, whereas MIC of exracts from Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. extract for S. epidermidis were 0.6 mg/mL. Heat treatment of the extracts from Schizandra chinensis Baill. and Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. caused a significant reduction in antimicrobial activities against S. gallinarum. but didn't affect antimicrobial activities against S. edidermidis. Alkaline treatment of the extracts from Schizandra chinensis Baill. caused a significant reduction in antimicrobial activities against S. gallinarum, while similar treatment of the extracts from Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. caused a significant increase in antimicrobial activities against S. edidermidis. Since extracts from Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. and Caesalpinia sappan Linn$\acute{e}$. exhibited the highest antimicrobial activities, these extracts at the concentrations of 100, 300 or 500 ppm were added and then bacterial growth-inhibiting activities for S. gallinarum and S. epidermidis by these two extracts were further examined. Optical density at 620 nm ($OD_{620}$) after 24 hours incubation in the absence of Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. extract ranged from 0.30 to 0.45 compared with $OD_{620}$ value ranging from 0.06 to 0.18 in the presence of 100, 300 or 500 ppm of the extract, indicating that growth of all bacteria was significantly inhibited within 24 hours by the addition of at least 100 ppm of Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$ extract. Value of $OD_{620}$ after 24 hours incubation in the absence of Caesalpinia sappan Linn$\acute{e}$. extract ranged from 0.30 to 0.55 compared with $OD_{620}$ value ranging from 0.05 to 0.15 in the presence of 300 or 500 ppm of the extract, indicating that growth of all bacteria was also significantly inhibited within 24 hours by the addition of at least 300 ppm of Caesalpinia sappan Linn$\acute{e}$. extract. In conclusion, these findings suggest that extracts from Rhus javanica Linn$\acute{e}$. and Caesalpinia sappan Linn$\acute{e}$. may play important roles in antimicrobial activities against S. gallinarum and S. epidermidis.

Biochemical characteristics and serotypes of Salmonella spp isolated from domestic animal in western Gyeongbuk province (경북서부지방 가축에서 분리된 Salmonella 속균의 생물화학적 특성 및 혈청형)

  • 김규태;김정화;우정희;장영술;김대원;김봉환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.259-273
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    • 2002
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence, biochemical properties and serotypes of Salmonella organisms in the domestic animals in Western Gyeongbuk province during the period from January to December 2000. Salmonella spp were isolated from 51(1.62%) of 3,141 cases of domestic animals. Serotypes of isolates were S enteritidis 17(29.6% of isolates), S agona 11(20.3%), S rissen 8(14.8%), S gallinarum 4(7.4%), S derby 3(5.5%), S typhimurium 2(3.7%), S travis 1(1.8%), S montevideo 1(1.8%) and untypable 4(12.9%), in order. The majority of isolates were highly susceptible to amikacin, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, cephalothin, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, norfloxacin and gentamicin, whereas all isolates were resistant to bacitracin, erythromycin, tiamulin and tylosin, and the majority of them were highly resistant to penicillin, streptomycin and tetracycline.

Identification of Salmonella pullorum Genomic Sequences Using Suppression Subtractive Hybridization

  • Li, Qiuchun;Xu, Yaohui;Jiao, Xinan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.898-903
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    • 2009
  • Pullorum disease affecting poultry is caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum and results in severe economic loss every year, especially in countries with a developing poultry industry. The pathogenesis of S. Pullorum is not yet well defined, as the specific virulence factors still need to be identified. Thus, to isolate specific DNA fragments belonging to S. Pullorum, this study used suppression subtractive hybridization. As such, the genome of the S. Pullorum C79-13 strain was subtracted from the genome of Salmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum 9 and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis CMCC(B) 50041, respectively, resulting in the identification of 20 subtracted fragments. A sequence homology analysis then revealed three types of fragment: phage sequences, plasmid sequences, and sequences with an unknown function. As a result, several important virulence-related genes encoding the IpaJ protein, colicin Y, tailspike protein, excisionase, and Rhs protein were identified that may play a role in the pathogenesis of S. Pullorum.

Effect of tissue culture medium waste after harvest of Korean wild ginseng on growth performance and diseases resistance in broiler chickens (산삼배양액 급여에 따른 육계의 생산성 및 질병 저항성 효과)

  • Seol, Jae-Won;Park, Jae-Hong;Chae, Joon-Seok;Kang, Hyung-Sub;Ryu, Kyeong-Seon;Kang, Chun-Seong;Park, Sang-Youel
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2010
  • The large amount of tissue culture medium (TCM), which contains some of the active secretory components of Korean wild ginseng (KWG; Panax ginseng) such as saponins, is usually discarded after harvest of KWG. The present study was aimed to investigate the efficacy of oral administration of the TCM-KWG on growth performance and diseases resistance in broiler chickens. A day old broiler chickens randomized in 6 groups (n = 60/groups) were administered orally with 0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 mL/L TCMKWG through drinking water for 5 weeks and examined the change of weight gain, feed intake and blood components. Also, five weeks old broiler chickens (n = 15/groups) were challenged orally with Salmonella (S.) gallinarum and investigated the mortality in broiler chickens. An average weight gain and feed intake significantly didn't change in TCM-KWG administration groups as compared to control group. The concentration of calcium (Ca), phosphate (Pi) and potassium (K) in serum were increase by TCM-KWG administration in broiler chickens. We also found that oral administration of TCM-KWG through drinking water significantly reduced the mortality in broiler chickens experimentally infected with virulent S. gallinarum. The results of this study indicated that TCM-KWG administration may elevate the resistance on disease and improved the skeleton formation and body homeostasis of chickens, and TCM-KWG can be used as a cost-effective and environmentally alternative additives to control of the disease and growth.

Characteristics of Antimicrobial Organic Acids Produced by lactobacillus pentosus K34 isolated from Small Intestines of Korean Native Chickens (한국토종닭 소장에서 분리한 Lactobacillus pentosus K34가 생산하는 항균성 유기산의 특성)

  • Lee, Jae-Yeon;Hwang, Kyo-Yeol;Kim, Geun;Sung, Soo-Il;Park, Young-Sik;Baek, Man-Jung;Kim, Kyung-Rye
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2002
  • Seven lactic acid bacteria showing highly inhibitory activities against Salmonella gallinarum, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli were isolated from Korean native chickens. The inhibitory activities were insensitive to various pretenses indicating that the inhibitory substance is not proteinaceous. The culture broths seem to contain other inhibitory substances in addition to lactic acid. The metabolic profile of organic acids produced by Lactobacillus pentosus K34 was investigated by GC-MSD and 28 different organic acids were detected in the culture broth. Compared with the prominent lactic acid, acetic acid, formic acid, the thirdly most abundant phenyllactic acid showed high inhibitory activity against S. gallinarum. After pHs of the acids were adjusted to S, the inhibitory activities of lactic acid, acetic acid, formic acid against S. gallinarum were greatly reduced while the inhibitory activity of phenyllactic acid was unchanged. The inhibitory activity of the phenyllactic acid was specifically high against S. gallinarum and S. aureus but very low against yeast and mold.

Immunomodulatory effect on chitosan against Fowl typhoid infection (가금티푸스 감염에 대한 키토산의 면역반응)

  • Cho, Kyoung-Oh;Koh, Hong-Bum;Kim, Gye-Yeop
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2004
  • Chitosan is similar in structure to cellulose and are the second most abundant polysaccharides in nature, comprising the horny substance in the exoskeletons of crabs, shrimp and insects as well as fungi. This study was conducted to access the effect of immunomodulation responses of chitosan(N-acetyl-${\beta}$-D-glucosamine) chicken infected with in Fowl typhoid(Salmonella gallinarum). One-day-old broiler chicks were divided into eight groups: The 1st group was inoculated intra-peritoneally with chitosan and challenged intra-peritoneally with S. gallinarum. The 2nd group was inoculated intra-peritoneally with chitosan. The 3rd group was feeding with chitosan and intra-peritoneally inoculated with cyclophosphamide and challenged intra-peritoneally S. gallinarum. The 4th group was feeding with chitosan and intra-peritoneally with cyclophosphamide. The 5th group was feeding with chitosan and challenged intra-peritoneally with S. gallinarum. The 6th group was feeding with chitosan. The 7th group was challenged intra-peritoneally with S. gallinarum. The 8th group was nontreated-uninfected control group. The results shows that $CD4^+$, $CD8^+$ and B lymphocyte in lymphoid organs of chickens treated with chitosan increased in especially $CD4^+$, $CD8^+$ lymphocytes (p<0.05). The group of feeding chitosan showed the significantly increased $CD4^+$, $CD8^+$ and B lymphocyte than inoculated intra-peritoneally with chitosan. As the result suggests that the feeding of chitosan induced immunostimulatant effect than the inoculation intra-peritoeally of chitosan.