• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sang-hwang mushroom

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Effect of Herbal Acupuncture with Sang-hwang(Phellinus linteus) on High Fat Diet-induced Obesity in Rats (지방식이로 유도된 비만동물모델에서의 약침의 효과)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun;Park, Chang-Shin;Hahm, Dae-Hyun;Lee, Hye-Jung;Shim, In-Sop
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 2004
  • Acupuncture has fairly good weight-reducing effect in treating simple obesity due to the neuroendocrine regulation. In this study, the antiobesity effects of herbal acupuncture(HA) with Sang-hwang(phellinus linteus) at Fuai(SP16) were investigated in the rat fed on high-fat(HF) diet. Sang-hwang mushroom has been proven to have anti-carcinogenic effects and Sang-hwang extracts are highly effective in treatment and preventive treatment of AIDS, diabetes and high blood-pressure. To determine whether the Sang-hwang herbal acupuncture may have the anti-obesity effect, male Sprague-Dawley(4-wk-old) rats were fed a HF diet for 5 wk, which produced significant weight gain compared to rats were fed a normal diet, and then herbal acupuncture were treated for 3 wk in HF diet group. The body weight, food consumption, food effeciency ratio(FER), body fat mass, plasma nitric oxide(NO) were investigated in rats fed on normal diet, HF diet, and HF diet with HA(HF-diet-HA) groups. NO has been proposed to be involved in the regulation of food intake. In addition, the expression of appetite peptides such as orexigenic peptide neuropeptide Y(NPY) and the anorectic peptide cholecystokinin(CCK) were observed in the hypothalamus. HF-HA group reduced body weight gain, FER, body fat contents and NO concentration compared to HF diet group. The expression of NPY was reduced in arcuate nucleus(ARC), and CCK was increased in the paraventricular nucleus(PVN) after treatment of HA. In conclusion, Sang-hwang HA reduced adipocity, plasma NO and hypothalamic NPY, but increased CCK expression in the HF dietinduced obesity rat, therefore HA may have anti-obesity action through regulating body weight and appetite peptide of the central nervous system.

Study on Clinical Effects of Oak-Mushroom Herbal-Acupuncture on Osteoarthritis in Knee Joint (표고버섯 약침의 퇴행성 슬관절염 치료효과에 관한 임상연구)

  • Jeong Hyung-Seob;Baek Jong-Yeob;Lee Sang-Mu;Han Hee-Cheol;Ahn Ho-Jin;Jeong Dong-Hwa;Hwang Kyu-Seon
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.141-150
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    • 2001
  • Objective : This study is designed to find out the effects of Oak-mushroom Herbal acupuncture on osteoarthritis in knee joint. Methods : We investigated 33 cases of patients with osteoarthritis in knee joint that are visited in Hospital of Dong-Seo oriental medicine. We evaluated knee joint function that before and after its treatment by Lysholm score and satisfaction of treatment by Baumgaertner nine point scale and visual analog scale. Results : These results showed that female patients are 26 cases and these are more 19 cases than male patients. On the age of patients, above 61 are mainly distributed as 17 cases. According to Ahlaback's grading system, grade Ⅲ are more than others as 11 cases. We estimated effects of Oak-mushroom Herbal-acupuncture by Lysholm score, those results showed that the mean of Lysholm score before treatment is 51.42, and after treatment is 76.55. That showed statistically meaningful increase. In evaluating of satisfaction, excellent are 11 cases and good are 15 cases. The percentage of above good is 78.8%. Conclusion : According to the results, Oak-mushroom Herbal-acupuncture may be effects on the increase of knee joint function and the decrease of pain in osteoarthritis in knee joint.

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Changes of Saponin and β-Glucan Content on the Cultured Ginseng with Mushroom Mycelia (버섯균사체로 배양된 인삼 Saponin과 β-Glucan 함량 변화)

  • Joung, Eun-Mi;Hwang, In-Guk;Lee, Hyeon-Yong;Jeong, Jae-Hyun;Yu, Kwang-Won;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.8
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    • pp.1084-1089
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the changes of saponin and $\beta$-glucan content on the cultured ginseng with mushroom mycelia of Phellinus linteus (PL), Ganoderma lucidum (GL), and Hericium erinaceum (HE). Cultured ginsengs with mushroom mycelia were extracted with 80% ethanol, fractionated with n-buthanol, and analysed for ginsenosides by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Crude saponin content of raw ginseng was 4.11% (d.b) but cultured ginseng with mushroom mycelia of PL, GL, and HE were increased to 6.74, 6.77 and 6.23% (d.b), respectively. Ginsenoside-Rd, among the 12 ginsenosides which were available for analysis, was remarkably increased to 13.61, 24.26, and 32.69 mg/g, respectively (raw ginseng: 0.80 mg/g). The $\beta$-glucan content of cultured ginseng with mushroom mycelia of PL, GL, and HE were decreased to 8.85, 5.51 and 5.46% rather than mushroom mycelia of 29.14, 19.44, and 23.39% (d.b), respectively.

Exploring the quality standard of Phellinus spp through β-glucan content and sensory evaluation (β-glucan 함량과 관능검사를 통한 상황버섯 품질기준 모색)

  • Shin, Yong-Wook
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2017
  • Objective : Phellinus spp. mushroom is an object of interest because it has excellent anticancer effect. Owing to the similalarities in the morphology, Phellinus linteus and Phellinus baumii are often used as same Sang Hwang Mushroom in the Korean market.. The quality control for mushrooms is needed because there are many differences in the efficacy according to cultivation method and cultivation area. Therefore, a reliable authentication method of these herbal medicine is necessary to compare and measure the amount of beta-glucan which is known to have a hypoglycemic effect, from the mushrooms collected in various regions Methods : 7 samples of medicinal mushrooms supplying phellinus spp. were collected in Korea, China and Cambodia. We investigated the hardness, colors, extract ratio, ${\alpha}-amylase$ and ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activities, glucose transporter 4 (GLUT-4) expressions of water extracts from Phellinus spp and also MTT assay were examined for cell toxicity. Results : The results revealed that Phellinus spp.water Ext.inhibited ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ activity. glucose transporter 4 (GLUT-4), the key insulin signaling pathway transcription factor, was remarkably increased by the Phellinus baumii water extract Conclusions : These results suggest that The more yellowish the mushroom is, the lower the hardness, the more the content of ${\beta}-glucan$ is proportional. Because the more ${\beta}-glucan$, the greater the effect of hypoglycemia. compared to the hypoglycemic effect, Phellinus Baumii grown at hanging on selves for 7 month in the green house is the best.

Effect of horseradish, mushroom waste and almond hull on the concentrations of odorous compounds in swine manure for spreading on grassland in spring

  • Hwang, Ok-Hwa;Han, Deug-Woo;Lee, Sang-Ryoung;Kwag, Jeong-Hoon;Lim, Joung-Soo;Cho, Sung-Back
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.589-594
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    • 2016
  • The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of odor reducing agents on the levels of pH, total carbon, total nitrogen, and odorous compounds [phenols, indoles, short chain fatty acid (SCFA), branched-chain fatty acid (BCFA), and ammonium nitrogen] of swine manure during the spring season (temperature around $20^{\circ}C$). Odor reducing agents included horseradish powder, mushroom waste powder, and almond hull powder. A manure sample (15 L) was taken from the pit under the pens of a swine feeding operation and incubated with 0.03% horseradish powder, 1% mushroom waste powder, and 1% almond hull powder, respectively, in acryl chambers for 14 days. Addition of almond hull powder showed the lowest pH (p < 0.05) and the highest level of total carbon (p < 0.05) among treatments of odor reducing agents. Although addition of odor reducing agents increased the level of phenols (p < 0.05), addition of almond hull powder decreased the level of indoles (p < 0.05). Levels of SCFA and BCFA were higher in almond hull powder than those in control (p < 0.05). Taken together, the results from our current study showed that odor reducing agents can be used for reducing the odor of swine manure by providing fermentable carbohydrates. At $20^{\circ}C$, however, the function of odor reducing agents might be decreased due to lower microbial activity.

Effects of Spent Mushroom Substrates Addition on Eating Behavior of Growing Hanwoo (버섯잔사 첨가급여가 육성기 한우 채식행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Moo;Hwang, Joo-Hwan;Yoon, Yong-Bum;Kwak, Wan-Sup;Kim, Young-Il;Moon, Sang-Ho;Jeon, Byong-Tae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of spent mushroom substrates on eating time, ruminating and resting time of growing Hanwoo. A total of eighteen growing Hanwoo $(357.0{\pm}2.9kg)$ were allocated into three feeding groups and assigned to three dietary treatments: Control (C : concentrate + rice straw; 5.32 kg + intake of free), T1 (concentrate + spent mushroom substrates + rice straw; 5.32 kg +0.82 kg + intake of free) and T2 (concentrate + spent mushroom substrates + rice straw; 5.32 kg + 1.64 kg + intake of free). Intake of rice straw was the highest at C (2.66 kg), while T2 (2.03 kg) was the lowest. But total intake and NDF intake were highly in order of T2 > T1 > C (p<0.05). Eating time was similar in C and T1 with 289.3 and 290.5 minutes, and that in T1 was the shortest with 236.0 minutes (p<0.05). When spent mushroom substrates were increased by 0 (0.0 kg), 15 (0.82 kg) and 30% (1.64 kg) of concentrate, chewing time was decreased linearly from 451.0 and 402.3 to 359.5 minutes (p<0.05), which was due to the particle size of very small feed. Number of bolus, number of chews, number of chews/bolus and FVI (chewing time/intake of feed 1kg) showed the highest to all in C. But ruminating time per bolus was the longest in T2 (69.4 min.), and number of bolus per minute was the highest at T1 (1.07 no.) Eating rate, ruminating efficiency and chewing efficiency were significantly higher (p<0.05) in T1 and T2 than in C, which was due to increased feed intake and the small particle size of spent mushroom substrates. When fed with concentrate, Hanwoo group did united behavior in the all treatment (C, T1 and T2). But group behavior in ruminating and resting was hardly influenced by feeding levels of roughage. Consequently, spent mushroom substrates could be used up to from 15 to 30% in growing Hanwoo roughage source without any harmful effect on eating behavior.

Effect of the Dietary Supplementation of Fermented Spent Mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) Substrates on the Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Hanwoo Steers (새송이버섯 수확 후 배지 발효산물 첨가급여가 한우 거세우의 성장과 도체등급에 미치는 영향)

  • Gal, Sang-Wan;Moon, Yea-Hwang;Cho, Soo-Jeong
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.1705-1709
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the feeding effects of the dietary supplementation of fermented spent mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) substrates with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CS47 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (F-SMS) on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers. Thirty two Hanwoo steers were allocated into two feeding groups and assigned equally to two dietary treatments; Control (commercial formula feed for Hanwoo steers and rice straw) and TMR including 30% F-SMS. The nutritional values of TMR including 30% F-SMS was higher crude protein (11.67%) and TDN (72.11%) than rice straw, but not significantly different from commercial formula feed (p<0.05). Feed intake was significantly greater in the TMR including 30% F-SMS than the control (p<0.05), but body weight gain and carcass grades were not influenced by the experimental diets. Based on this study, fermented spent mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) substrate with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CS47 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae is may be used as an ingredient of feed in TMR for Hanwoo steer.

Changes of Antioxidant Activities on Cultured Ginseng with Mushroom Mycelia During Cultivation (배양기간에 따른 버섯균사체 인삼배양물의 항산화활성)

  • Joung, Eun-Mi;Kim, Hyun-Young;Hwang, In-Guk;Jeong, Jae-Hyun;Yu, Kwang-Won;Lee, Jun-Soo;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.9
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    • pp.1346-1352
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant activities of the cultured ginseng with mushroom mycelia (Phellinus linteus (PL), Ganoderma lucidum (GL), and Hericium erinaceum (HE)) during cultivation periods of 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 days. The lyophilized powder from the cultured ginseng with mycelia was extracted with 80% ethanol, and then evaluated for antioxidant activities. Total phenolic contents ranged from 149.63 to 205.91 mg/g, and the highest value was 80% EtOH extract from the cultured ginseng with GL at 30 days. The highest antioxidant activity ($IC_{50}$) for DPPH was 1.16 mg/mL in the cultured ginseng with HE at 40 days, and total antioxidant activity for ABTS was the highest value of 4.03 mg AA eq/g in PL cultivation at 30 days. $\alpha$-Glucosidase inhibitory activity was the highest value of 92.51% in EtOH extract from the cultured ginseng with PL at 50 days, and tyrosinase inhibitory activity was highest value of 13.21% in GL cultivation at 40 days. These results suggest that mushroom mycelium cultivation period for enhancement of antioxidant activity might be 40 days.