• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sasa borealis

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Antibacterial Activity of Ethanol Extract and Fraction of Sasa borealis (조릿대 Ethanol 추출물 및 분획물의 항균 효과)

  • Jang, Mi-Ran;Lee, Da-Uhm;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.848-852
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the antibacterial activities of extracts and fractions of Sasa borealis against eight bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Psedomonas aerginosa, Salmonella choleraesuis, Serratia marcescens and Vibrio vulnificus) by broth dilution assay. Using survival curves, the kinetics of bacterial inactivation upon exposure to the extracts and fractions were followed for 24 h. In this same manner, MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) values were determined by broth microdilution assay and then confirmed to be the extract concentrations that inhibited bacterial growth. Sasa borealis extracts showed antibacterial activities against all tested bacteria. In particular, all tested fractions of Sasa borealis had stronger activities than 70% ethanol extract. MIC of Sasa borealis extract was determined to be 5 mg/mL against Salmonella choleraesuis. All fractions of Sasa borealis extract had extremely strong antibacterial activities. MIC of fractions were determined to be 0.03~2.5 mg/mL. These results suggest that the extracts and fractions of Sasa borealis effectively inhibited bacterial growth and thus are useful as natural antibacterial agents.

Vegetational Structure of Dwarf Bamboo and Its Effects on the Developmental Stages of Deciduous Forests in Clearcutting Sites (벌채적지에서 조릿대 임분의 식생 구조 및 산림식생 발달에 미치는 조릿대의 영향)

  • 차윤정;전승훈
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2002
  • Dwarf bamboo(Sasa borealis) is a dominant understory species in the various forest types in Korea. The objective of this study was to investigate vegetation structure of Sasa borealis and effects of Sasa on the growth of overstory tree species along the forest development after clearcutting. Three representative stand types with and without S. borealis in Baekwoonsan, Chonnam province were selected in 1998 for this study: uncutting stands(natural deciduous forests with overstory vegetation), 1987-cutting stands (11 years after clearcutting), and 1993-cutting stands(5 years after clearcuting). Vegetation type was largely classified into Sasa borealis dominant type and Sasa borealis recessive or absent type. The former composed of four associations including Quercus serrata-Carpinus laxiflora / Sasa borealis community, Cornus controversa-Morus bombysis / Sasa borealis community, Styrax japonica-Styrax obassia / Sasa borealis association, Zelkova serrata / Sasa borealis community. The latter divided into six associations including Quercus serrata / Lindera erythrocarpa community, Cornus controversa / Lindera erythrocarpa community, Quercus serrata / Acer pseudosieboldianum / Deutzia glabrata community, Fraxinus rhynchophylla-Quercus serrata / Lindera erythrocarpa / Euonymus alataus community, Rubus crataegifolius-Hydrangea macrophylla community, Rubus crataegifolius-Lespedeza bicolor community. Distribution of Sasa, borealis by developmental stages of forests showed that in natural stands was dominant understory, but was various pattern in two cutting stands. Mean annual ring growth of Quercus serrata and Carpinus laxiflora during the last 35 years had not been affected by presence of Sasa, based on comparisons in annual ring growth between Sasa-present and Sasa-absent stands. In conclusion, dense crown of Sasa borealis suppressed the invasion of other shrubs or annuals and facilitated later stages of plant succession by promoting growth of shade-tolerant tree species after clear cutting.

The Effects of the Sasa Borealis Leaves Extract on Plasma Adiponectin, Resistin, C-Reactive Protein and Homocysteine Levels in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese C57/BL6J Mice (조릿대 잎 추출물이 고지방식이 유도 비만 마우스 (C57/BL6J)의 혈장 Adiponectin, Resistin, C-reactive Protein 및 Homocysteine 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Jung, Eun-Young;Lim, Hyeon-Sook;Heo, Young-Ran
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.303-311
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    • 2007
  • As obesity is known to be related to hyperlipidemia, diabetes and coronary heart disease, and other chronic diseases, many researches have focused on functional food materials showing anti-obesity activity. The adipokines secreted by adipose tissue, resistin and adiponectin are known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases directly. C-reactive protein and homocysteine are molecules regulated by adipose tissue indirectly also relate to the chronic diseases. This study was performed to study of the anti-obesity effects of Sasa borealis in diet-induced obese mice (C57/BL6J). The mice were divided into four group: NFD (Normal fat diet), HFD (High fat diet), BSE (High fat diet containing 5% of 70% ethanol extract of Sasa borealis leaves), BLW (High fat diet containing 5% of water extract of Sasa borealis leaves). The experimental diets were fed for 11 weeks. The final body weight of the mice in the groups of BSE and BLW groups were significantly lower than the HFD group. The effects of weight reduction were due to reduced body fat accumulation. The adiponectin levels are significantly decreased in HFD group compared than NFD group and increased taken by Sasa borealis containing diet. The resistin levels are not significantly different between experimental groups. The CRP and homocyteine levels are significantly higher in HFD group than NFD group and significantly decreased by Sasa borealis containing diet, especially BLW group. These results indicate that orally administered Sasa borealis not only has the effect of reducing the body weight and total fat weight, but preferable effect in adiponectin levels and related molecules as CRP and homocysteine. Therefore we expect the Sasa borealis may have an anti-obesity function and anti-metabolic syndrome effect in diet-induced obese mice.

Structure and Dynamics of Lindera sericea Community in Mt. Chogye, Korea (조계산 털조장나무군낙의 구조와 동태)

  • Kim, J. H.
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 1997
  • The deciduous shrubs, Lindera sericea belonging to family Lauracea are distributed in Mt. Chogye and Mudeung locally. To estimate the community structure of this shrub, the relationship between the floristic composition and environmental factors of 20 sites in Mt. Chogye were investigated. L. sericea community distributed at the hum양 zone of altitude 305-480 m in ES and NE slope of $15~30^{\circ}$. The floristic composition of this communities consisted of 17-32 species varied with sites. Sasa borealis, Sapium japonicum, and Quercus serrata were the constant species over 90%. The forest vegetation was classified as Sasa borealis-Lindera sericea community, and the Sasa borealis-Meliosma oldhamii, and Sasa borealis-Callicarpa japonica were as subunit community. Acidity, organic matter content, inorganic phophate, potassium, calcium, magnesium, cation exchange capacity and conductivity were determined as environmental factors. Diameter of stem at ground surface and stem, distribution area and growth property of this plant were investigated, and this plant was presumed to be a relic endemic species.

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Spatial Autocorrelation within Three Populations of Sasa borealis in Korea (한국 조릿대집단의 공간적 상관관계)

  • Huh Man Kyu
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 2005
  • Spatial autocorrelation was applied to microgeographic variations of Sasa borealis populations in Korea. Separate counts of each type of join (combination of genotypes at a single locus) for each allele, and for each distance class of separation, were tested for significant deviation from random expectations by calculating the Standard Normal Deviation. Moran's I was significantly different from the expected value in 25 of 150 cases $(16.7\%)$. Seven of these values $(4.7\%)$ were negative, indicating genetic dissimilarity among pairs of individuals in the ten distance classes. Populations of S. borealis are small in Korea, and are distributed with occasional cutting of seed-bearing stems used for sieves. Thus, artificial disturbance may contribute to the fact that the S. borealis population of Jirisan is unusual in lacking spatial genetic structure.

A Study of Distribution and Communities Stewartia koreana (I) - Temple Huibang and Mt. Sogri - (노각나무의 분포(分布)와 생태(生態)(I) 희방사(熹坊寺)와 속리산(俗離山)을 중심(中心)으로)

  • Kim, Chi Moon;Song, Ho Gyung
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 1981
  • The study was carried out to investigate the distribution and composition of community of Stewartia koreana in Temple Huibang and Mt. Sogri. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Within the forest floor cover species of the Temple Huibang forest, higher importance value were observed as Calamagrostis arundinacea. Sasa borealis. Lindera erythrocarpa and Lindera obtusiloba 2. In the forest floor cover species of Mt. Sogri forest, higher importance value were observed as Sasa borealis and Acer pseudo-sieboldianum var. koreanum 3. Within the floor cover species under Stewartia koreana forest, higher importance value were observed as Sasa borealis. Acer pseudo- sieboldianum var. koreanum and Calamagrostis arundinacea 4. Under shrub layer of Stewartia koreana stands, 73% of Sasa borealis and Calamagrostis arundinacea in Temple Huibang and 93% of Sasa borealis in Mt. Sogri were counted respectively as dominant species. Therefore, it might be necessary to control such dominant undergrowing species for natural reproduction of Stewartia koreana 5. In the Temple Huibang sites, by 700m Sasa borealis and 800m Calamagrostis arundinacea were grown as dominant species.

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Antioxidant Activities of Extracts from Different Parts of Sasa borealis (조릿대의 부위별 추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Kang, Jun-Woo;Chang, Jun-Pok;Yoo, Ji-Hyun;Doh, Eun-Soo;Kil, Ki-Jung
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the antioxidant activity of water and ethanol extracts from Sasa borealis leaves, stems and roots. Methods : Sasa borealis leaves, stems and roots extract were prepared using water and ethanol. The total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents were analyzed. 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical scavenging activity, SOD like activity, 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)(ABTS), hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, and Nitrite scavenging activity assays were carried out to determine the antioxidant activities. Results : The antioxidant activities of the Sasa borealis appeared higher in ethanol extract than water extracts. Total polyphenol and total flavonoids contents in ethanol extracts of leaves were $24.6mg/m{\ell}$ and $14.3mg/m{\ell}$, respectively, which were much higher than those of any other parts. SOD like activity was 70% ethanol extract of the leaves was highest with 15.68%. Electron donating ability was 70% ethanol extract of the leaves had the highest 59.07%. It exhibited high electron donating ability than BHT(45.68%). Nitrite scavenging activity of 70% ethanol extract was higher than the water extract at pH 2.5 and pH 4.2. Nitrite scavenging activity was 70% ethanol extract of the leaves was the highest 75.2%. Hydroxyl radical scavenging activity was 70% ethanol extract of the leaves was highest with 16.16%, showed very low activity than BHT(61.56%). Conclusions : These results suggest that 70% ethanol extracts from Sasa borealis leaves, exhibited higher antioxidant activities than those of root and stem, and can be potentially used as proper natural antioxidants.

Sasa borealis extract exerts an antidiabetic effect via activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase

  • Nam, Jung Soo;Chung, Hee Jin;Jang, Min Kyung;Jung, In Ah;Park, Seong Ha;Cho, Su In;Jung, Myeong Ho
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2013
  • Leaf of Sasa borealis, a species of bamboo, has been reported to exhibit anti-hyperglycemic effect. However, its antidiabetic mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we examined whether an extract of S. borealis activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and exerts anti-hyperglycemic effects. Treatment with the S. borealis extract increased insulin signaling and phosphorylation of AMPK and stimulated the expression of its downstream targets, including $PPAR{\alpha}$, ACO, and CPT-1 in C2C12 cells and $PPAR{\alpha}$ in HepG2 cells. However, inhibition of AMPK activation attenuated insulin signaling and prevented the stimulation of AMPK target genes. The S. borealis extract increased glucose uptake in C2C12 cells and suppressed expression of the gluconeogenic gene, PEPCK in HepG2 cells. The extract significantly reduced blood glucose and triglyceride levels in STZ-induced diabetic mice. The extract enhanced AMPK phosphorylation and increased Glut-4 expression in the skeletal muscle of the mice. These findings demonstrated that the S. borealis extract exerts its anti-hyperglycemic effect through activation of AMPK and enhancement of insulin signaling.

A phytogeographical study of Sasa borealis populations based on AFLP analysis (AFLP 마커를 이용한 조릿대 개체군의 식물지리학적 연구)

  • Kim, Il Ryong;Yu, Dasom;Choi, Hong-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2015
  • Sasa borealis (Hack.) Makino & Shibata is widely distributed in South Korea. With amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers, we analyzed the genetic diversity of S. borealis to predict and measure the phytogeographical factors of these populations. Relatively high levels of genetic diversity (PPL = 37.2%, h = 0.143, I = 0.205) and genetic differentiation ($G_{ST}$ = 0.324, ${\theta}^B$ = 0.395) were confirmed in populations of S. borealis. Moreover, an analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed that the rate of differentiation among the populations was 47.7%. The results showed that genetic diversity is inversely proportional to the latitude of the S. borealis populations, indicating that the distribution of S. borealis may have extended from lower to higher latitudes. This method of investigating the correlation between genetic diversity and latitude presents critical information for estimating changes in distributions and plant conservation due to climate change.

An Analysis of Sasa Borealis' Growth Properties and Positional Environmental Factors in Jirisan National Park (조릿대의 생장특성 및 입지환경요인 분석)

  • Park, Seok-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2013
  • The present study elucidated the growth properties of Sasa borealis communities distributed in the lower layer of deciduous broadleaf forests in temperate zones and analyzed the correlation between the growth properties of S. borealis and positional environmental factors. The higher the culm height of S. borealis was, the higher the values of the leaf number, leaf area, and foliage layer thickness became. This might be because as the culm height of S. borealis increased, the acquisition of light sources became easier so that the biomass of leaves increased simultaneously for smooth anabolism. S. borealis seem to change their growth mode for smooth acquisition of light resources. The culm density of S. borealis and the leaf number, leaf area and foliage layer thickness of S. borealis did not show any clear correlation. The values of the culm height, leaf number, leaf area, and foliage layer thickness of S. borealis as the above altitude of the location of S. borealis increased. It seems like that growth conditions such as temperatures and winds are deteriorated as the above altitude of the location of S. borealis increased so that S. borealis becomes smaller. No clear correlations were shown between the physiochemical properties of soil and S. borealis' growth properties. It seems like that the growth of S. borealis complexly intertwined with diverse environmental factors and that due to the physiological integration of S. borealis, certain physiochemical properties do not unilaterally affect S. borealis' growth properties.