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Corelation of Television Drama's Rating and Image Production Techniques - Mainly on the Home Dramas - (TV 드라마의 시청률과 영상제작기법의 상관성 - 홈드라마를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.9
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 2008
  • Under the changing circumstances of broadcasting, this study aims at the corelation of television drama's rating and television image production techniques, analyzing TV image production techniques and TV rating of drama, the highest rating genre. For this research, 6 dramas were selected as samples except the dramas about history and violence on the basis of the TNS media korea's top 100 of the year 2007. This study analyzed camerawork, shot size, shot duration and scene duration with the contents of replay and manuscript viewing of broadcasting companys' homepages. As the result of the analysis of corelation, TV rating is inverse proportionate to multiple camerawork and shot average duration with a very close relationship, showing no relationship with other variables. The result of this study shows that multiple cameraworks and long durated shots should be avoided for higher TV rating.

Epipolar Geometry of Line Cameras Moving with Constant Velocity and Attitude

  • Habib, Ayman F.;Morgan, Michel F.;Jeong, Soo;Kim, Kyung-Ok
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.172-180
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    • 2005
  • Image resampling according to epipolar geometry is an important prerequisite for a variety of photogrammetric tasks. Established procedures for resampling frame images according to epipolar geometry are not suitable for scenes captured by line cameras. In this paper, the mathematical model describing epipolar lines in scenes captured by line cameras moving with constant velocity and attitude is established and analyzed. The choice of this trajectory is motivated by the fact that many line cameras can be assumed to follow such a flight path during the short duration of a scene capture (especially when considering space-borne imaging platforms). Experimental results from synthetic along-track and across-track stereo-scenes are presented. For these scenes, the deviations of the resulting epipolar lines from straightness, as the camera's angular field of view decreases, are quantified and presented.

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Emotion and Sentiment Analysis from a Film Script: A Case Study (영화 대본에서 감정 및 정서 분석: 사례 연구)

  • Yu, Hye-Yeon;Kim, Moon-Hyun;Bae, Byung-Chull
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.1537-1542
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    • 2017
  • Emotion plays a key role in both generating and understanding narrative. In this article we analyzed the emotions represented in a movie script based on 8 emotion types from the wheel of emotions by Plutchik. First we conducted manual emotion tagging scene by scene. The most dominant emotions by manual tagging were anger, fear, and surprise. It makes sense when the film script we analyzed is a thriller-genre. We assumed that the emotions around the climax of the story would be heightened as the tension grew up. From manual tagging we could identify three such duration when the tension is high. Next we analyzed the emotions in the same script using Python-based NLTK VADERSentiment tool. The result showed that the emotions of anger and fear were most matched. The emotion of surprise, anticipation, and disgust, however, scored lower matching.

Characterization of Rabbit Retinal Ganglion Cells with Multichannel Recording (다채널기록법을 이용한 토끼 망막 신경절세포의 특성 분석)

  • Cho Hyun Sook;Jin Gye-Hwan;Goo Yong Sook
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.228-236
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    • 2004
  • Retinal ganglion cells transmit visual scene as an action potential to visual cortex through optic nerve. Conventional recording method using single intra- or extra-cellular electrode enables us to understand the response of specific neuron on specific time. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how the nerve impulses in the population of retinal ganglion cells collectively encode the visual stimulus with conventional recording. This requires recording the simultaneous electrical signals of many neurons. Recent advances in multi-electrode recording have brought us closer to understanding how visual information is encoded by population of retinal ganglion cells. We examined how ganglion cells act together to encode a visual scene with multi-electrode array (MEA). With light stimulation (on duration: 2 sec, off duration: 5 sec) generated on a color monitor driven by custom-made software, we isolated three functional types of ganglion cell activities; ON (35.0$\pm$4.4%), OFF (31.4$\pm$1.9%), and ON/OFF cells (34.6$\pm$5.3%) (Total number of retinal pieces = 8). We observed that nearby neurons often fire action potential near synchrony (< 1 ms). And this narrow correlation is seen among cells within a cluster which is made of 6~8 cells. As there are many more synchronized firing patterns than ganglion cells, such a distributed code might allow the retina to compress a large number of distinct visual messages into a small number of ganglion cells.

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Emotion-based Video Scene Retrieval using Interactive Genetic Algorithm (대화형 유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 감성기반 비디오 장면 검색)

  • Yoo Hun-Woo;Cho Sung-Bae
    • Journal of KIISE:Computing Practices and Letters
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.514-528
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    • 2004
  • An emotion-based video scene retrieval algorithm is proposed in this paper. First, abrupt/gradual shot boundaries are detected in the video clip representing a specific story Then, five video features such as 'average color histogram' 'average brightness', 'average edge histogram', 'average shot duration', and 'gradual change rate' are extracted from each of the videos and mapping between these features and the emotional space that user has in mind is achieved by an interactive genetic algorithm. Once the proposed algorithm has selected videos that contain the corresponding emotion from initial population of videos, feature vectors from the selected videos are regarded as chromosomes and a genetic crossover is applied over them. Next, new chromosomes after crossover and feature vectors in the database videos are compared based on the similarity function to obtain the most similar videos as solutions of the next generation. By iterating above procedures, new population of videos that user has in mind are retrieved. In order to show the validity of the proposed method, six example categories such as 'action', 'excitement', 'suspense', 'quietness', 'relaxation', 'happiness' are used as emotions for experiments. Over 300 commercial videos, retrieval results show 70% effectiveness in average.

A Study on the Correlationship Between Genre and Image Expression Technique of TV Drama (TV 드라마의 장르와 영상표현기법의 상관성)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.263-267
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    • 2009
  • With the increase of weight and influence of TV drama, Many researchers began to publish papers on TV drama. However, Those papers were mainly about social meaning of TV drama and viewing motives and attitudes of TV audience. However, only a few limited papers were about television image production techniques. The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the relationship between TV genre and image production technique with the data of top 100 of TNS Media Korea from the year 2004 to 2008. This paper found out that history drama uses more closeup, longshot, tracking and less waist shot than other genres, with shorter shot duration and longer scene duration.

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The Analysis of the Flight Nurses Activities in Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) (응급의료전용헬기 항공간호사의 항공이송업무분석)

  • Lee, Eun Ja;Choi, Min Kyung;Park, Yu Jin
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.218-232
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to describe Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) and analyze the flight nurses' activities in HEMS. Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from the air transportation reports that contained data of 168 patients transported by aircraft to G University medical center in Incheon since June, 2012 to March, 2013. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Average distance of flights was 44.0 km, duration of field treatment took 13.6 minutes, and duration of a flight from scene to hospital was 14.5 minutes. Nursing activities were categorized into 12 direct nursing activities and 5 nursing management activities, and a total number of 7806 nursing activities were occurred in HEMS. The most frequently performed nursing activity was measurement and monitoring (27.9%) followed by medication (11.5%) and respiratory management (8.7%). The most frequent nursing management were information management (11.0%). Nursing activities performed were significantly different depending on the patient's level of consciousness, cause of illness, crew configuration, and type of transportation. Conclusion: This study described HEMS nursing activities performed by flight nurses. Difference in nursing activities according to patient characteristics, crew configuration and type of transportation requires flight nurses to be prepared through educational programs to improve nursing activities and nursing management during air transportation.

Correlation between Genre and Image Expression Technique of TV Drama (TV 드라마의 내용상의 장르와 영상표현기법의 상관성)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2009
  • With the increase of weight and influence of TV drama, many researchers began to publish papers on TV drama. However, those papers were mainly focused on social meaning and viewing motives and attitudes of TV audience. However, only a few papers researched about television image production techniques, such as 'Relationship between TV ratings and image production techniques', 'Transition process of TV drama's image production techniques', and 'Comparison of TV and film image production techniques'. According to the recent research on the relationship between TV ratings and image production techniques, TV rating is inverse proportionate to multiple camerawork and shot average duration with a very close relationship. The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the relationship between TV genre and image production technique with the data of top 100 of TNS Media Korea from the year 2004 to 2008. This paper found out that history drama uses more closeup, longshot, tracking and less waist shot than other genres, with shorter shot duration and longer scene duration.

Efficiency Analysis on Customs Clearance Service of Korea (한국의 통관서비스 효율성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ki-Woong
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.53
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    • pp.315-336
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    • 2012
  • In year 2011 export volume of South Korea surpassed 500billion USD and overall trade volume has exceeded one trillion USD. South Korea is ranked at 7th in the world by its export volume. Such an expansion of the trade volume leads to growth in customs clearance service demand. However, there are only handfuls of studies on the efficiency of customs clearance service which customs broker provide. If the efficiency in this study is not absolute, it shows relative efficiency to decision making unit. In this research survey was conducted targeting members of Korea Customs Brokers Association. Based on the survey improvement plans to enhance efficiency of customs clearances are as follows. First, rationalize the customs broker fee. Second, setup batch processing system to improve efficiency of the work process. Third, develop new area of task such as FTA and AEO certification. Forth, raise service quality by improving professionalism of customs brokers. Fifth, work efficiency of the office in the capital area will increase. Sixth, when inspecting import export cargo, customs broker should attend at the scene by their choice. Meanwhile, difference analysis on competent customs, type of office, and duration of the business was done but all the aspects were rejected. Such aspects does not influence on its effectiveness.

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Qualitative Analysis of Food and Nutrition Informations offered in Television Programs(year 2002-2003) -Newscastings, Health Information Programs and Dramas (지상파 TV 방송프로그램에 나타난 식품영양정보의 질적 분석(2002-2003년) - 뉴스, 건강정보 프로그램, 드라마)

  • Mun, Hyeon-Gyeong;Jang, Yeong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.67-85
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    • 2005
  • The study aimed to perform the qualitative analysis of food and nutrition informations offered in TV program by monitoring newscastings, health-related programs giving food and nutrition information, dramas for family, education programs for children, and information programs for elderly in major TV broadcasting station(KBS, MBC, SBS, EBS). In this study, statistical analysis were done for numbers of information items related to health or food and nutrition informations. Duration of program the main, subject, sources, evaluation criteria of the contents. Results of qualitative monitoring for TV program are as follows. For health-related informations major propotions of subjects for the newscastings were about diseases. Those for health information programs were about foods. Those for children-education programs were about groceries. Those for seniors’ information programs were about eating habits. The analysis of food and nutrition information sources for most of programs were interviews with specialist and normal person, and on-the-spot-investingations. For food and nutrition informations those were evaluated as inappropriate, the propotion of news was increased to 72.2% in 2003 from 49.3% in 2002. For health information programs, it was increased to 67.7% in 2003 from 54.0% in 2002. But, in drama the propotion of inappropriate scenes were decreased to 16.2% in 2003 from 63.2% in 2002. In children-education programs, it was 40.0%. In seniors’ information programs, it was 17.9% in 2002. The propotion of cases that the quantity of foods is inappropriate in the food scene of serial drama, decreased to 15.8% in 2003 from 28.6% in 2002. The rate of drinking scenes increased to 11.5% from 10.7%. The rate of smoking scenes decreased to 0.2% from 1.6% due to the broadcasting self-regulation of smoking scenes in dramas. In the newscatings and information programs, reasons of being evaluated as inappropriate was that they didn’t have any practical suggestions and proper intakes. There were also insufficient explanation for technical terminology, different comparison standard of nutritive value, and exaggeration for physiological effect of food. The drama contained a lot of unnecessary scenes of alcohol drinking, coffee drinking, midnight meal, and had more quantity of foods than the quantity needed for persons to the scene. As the result of this study, the rate of food and nutrition information were high, but the rate of information which was evaluate as appropriate was not sufficient. There are need to improve contents of information and to moniter the contents for consumer.

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