• Title, Summary, Keyword: School Adolescents

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The Influences of Parental Behavior Control and Adolescents' Anxiety on School Related Adjustment (부모의 행동통제와 청소년의 불안이 학교적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyung;Min, Dae-Gi
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.363-373
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the direct and indirect influences of parental behavioral control on adolescents' school related adjustment by exploring pathways between parental behavioral control, adolescents' anxiety, and school related adjustment. Participants were composed of 319 high school 1st graders (153 male and 165 female students) from the Seoul area. They completed questionnaires on parental behavioral control, adolescents' anxiety, and adolescents' school related adjustment. The collected data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficients, Factor Analysis, and Structural Equation Modeling. It was adapted to SPSS version 19.0 and Amos version 21.0 for Windows. The results indicated that adolescents' anxiety partially mediated the association of parental behavioral control and adolescents' school related adjustment. More concretely, direct effect of adolescents' anxiety on adolescents' school related adjustment were slightly greater than the direct/indirect effects of parental behavioral control on adolescents' school related adjustment. The effect of adolescents' anxiety on adolescents' school related adjustment was the greatest among all associations between research variables. The findings of this study have implications for research and practice that highlights the important considerations for proper parental behavioral control and reducing adolescents' anxiety that should be emphasized to improve adolescents' school related adjustment. We believe that improved parental behavioral control needs to be emphasized when designing prevention and parent intervention education programs for adolescents' psychological problem and school related adjustment.

The Influence of Family Dynamic, Attachment to Fathers, Attachment to Friends, Self-esteem, and Stress on School Adaptation: A Comparative Study of Adolescents from Non-military Families and Military Families

  • Yang, Suk Kyung;Moon, Hyuk Jun
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the factors that influenced school adaptation by adolescents from non-military families and military families; subsequently, our research targeted 387 middle school children located in Chungnam province. Questionnaires were used and data analysis was conducted by t-tests and multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: First, adolescents from non-military families perceived higher levels of attachment to fathers and self-esteem than adolescents from military families. However, the stress level for adolescents from military families was higher than adolescents from non-military families and adolescents from non-military families adapted better to school than adolescents from military families. Secondly, family dynamic, attachment to fathers, and stress influenced school adaptation by adolescents of non-military families and family dynamic and the attachment to friends influenced the adaptation to school by adolescents from military families.

An Analysis of the Impact of Adolescents' Impulsivity, Academic Procrastination and School Adaptability Using R

  • Lee, Dong Su;Chang, In Hong
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.281-291
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the causal relationship between adolescent impulsivity, academic procrastination and school adaptability. The main purpose of this study is to confirm the degree of influence among these variables and analyze the causes of school adaptability. In this model, impulsivity and academic procrastination were set as independent variables and school adaptability was set as a dependent variable. Impulsivity of adolescents affects academic procrastination and school adaptability, and academic procrastination will affect school adaptability. As a result of the research, first, it can be seen that adolescents 'cognition impulsivity, motion impulsivity, and unplanned impulsivity have a significant influence on behavioral in adolescents'. Second, adolescents' cognition impulsivity, motion impulsivity, and unplanned impulsivity a significant influence on the cognitive in the adolescents'. Third, adolescents' behavioral, cognitive, and emotional have a significant influence on school adaptability in adolescents' school adaptability. In conclusion, we proposed a policy proposal on school adaptability by deriving meaning to improve adolescents' school adaptability.

The Effects of Parents' Neglect and Abuse on the School Adjustment in Adolescents : The Mediating Effects of Social Withdrawal (부모의 방임 및 학대가 청소년의 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향 : 사회적 위축의 매개효과)

  • Park, Ki-Won
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, the effects of parental neglect and abuse on school adjustment mediated by social withdrawal in adolescents were examined using a sample of 2,163 second grade middle school students(1,096 boys and 1,067 girls) from the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS) data set. All research variables were measured using self-reported questionnaires. They were analyzed by means of Structural Equation Modeling. The results indicated that parents' abuse had no direct effect, but there was an indirect effect on adolescents' school adjustment mediated by adolescents' social withdrawal. Parental neglect had a direct effect on adolescents' school adjustment and also had an indirect effect on adolescents' school adjustment mediated by social withdrawal. The results indicate that parental neglect is a more significant contributor than adolescents' social withdrawal on adolescents' school adjustment. The results of this study show that parenting attitude, more specifically parental neglect, tend to be more important factors on school adjustment compared to adolescents' psychological problems, such as social withdrawal in adolescence. Taken together, these findings suggest that interventions aimed at improving parental neglect and adolescents' social withdrawal need to be emphasized if adolescents are to better adjust to school life.

A Comparative Study on Academic Achievement Motivation, Parental Expectation, Teacher Expectation, and Self-Efficacy of Korean and Chinese-Korean Adolescents (화교 청소년과 한국 청소년의 학업적 성취동기, 부모 및 교사기대, 자기효능감에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Youn;Yang, Sung-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.641-656
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to compare Chinese-Korean adolescents' with Korean adolescents's academic achievement motivation, parental expectation, teacher expectation, self-efficacy. The object is 492 students in the middle school 2th and high school 2th grade who are from Chinese-Korean school and Korean school in Seoul and Incheon. The major results of findings were as follows: First, Chinese-Korean adolescents were more high than academic achievement motivation in Korean adolescents. Second, juniors in middle school were more positive than parental expectation in high school. Third, Chinese-Korean adolescents were more positive than teacher expectation in Korean adolescents, and juniors in middle school are more positive than ones in high school. Forth, Chinese-Korean adolescents were more high than self-efficacy in Korean adolescents.

The Effect of Social Support on Adolescents' School-Related Adjustments: The Mediation Effect of Life Satisfaction (사회적지지가 남녀청소년의 학교적응에 미치는 영향: 삶의 만족도의 매개효과)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.651-668
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    • 2014
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between social support, life satisfaction, and school-related adjustments of adolescents. The participants were 260 junior high school students (140 male and 120 female students) from the Seoul area. They completed questionnaires on social support, life satisfaction, and school-related adjustments. The collected data were analyzed using basic descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and a multiple regression analysis. Baron and Kenny's method was used and examined, and the Sobel test was performed to determine the mediating model's significance. It was adapted to SPSS ver. 19.0 for Windows. The major findings were as follows: first, social support (parents/teacher/friend) was positively correlated with the adolescents' school-related adjustment. Second, the adolescents' life satisfaction was also positively correlated with the adolescents' school-related adjustments. In addition, social support was positively correlated with life satisfaction. It was further found that the adolescents' life satisfaction tended to play a perfectly/partially mediating role between social support and school-related adjustment; that is, social support (parents/teacher/friend) was shown to have not only a direct effect, but also an indirect effect through the adolescents' life satisfaction, on the school-related adjustments. These results clearly indicated that adolescents' life satisfaction plays a crucial role in the relationship between social support and the adolescents' school-related adjustments.

Social Centrality and Antisocial Behavior According to Adolescents' Popularity (청소년의 인기도에 따른 사회중심성과 반사회적 행동 특성)

  • 도금혜;최보가
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.87-102
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the social centrality and antisocial behavior according to adolescents' popularity. The 809 subjects are selected from the first and second graders of middle and high schools. The main findings of this study are as follows: 1) The social centrality of popular adolescents is higher than that of average adolescents and rejected adolescents. 2) For high school students, female students have higher social centrality than male students. 3) For female students, high school students have higher social centrality than middle school students. 4) The antisocial behavior score of popular adolescents is not different in that of average adolescents and rejected adolescents. That is, popular adolescents also show antisocial behavior. 5) The antisocial behavior score of male students is higher than that of female students. 6) The antisocial behavior score of high school students is higher than that of middle school students.

Predictors of Resilience for High School Adolescents (고등학교 청소년의 적응유연성 영향요인)

  • Nam, Kyoung-A;Lim, Ji-Young;Song, Hee-Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.244-252
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to find out the relationship among resilience, coping mechanism, social support and family strengths and to explore the predictors for school adolescents' resilience. Method: The subjects of this study were 296 high school adolescents residing in two urban area in Korea. The subjects completed self-report questionnaires measuring Resilience(Jew, et al., 1997), Coping Mechanism(Carver, et al., 1989), Social Support(Lee, 1997) and Family Strengths(Olson 1982). Results: Socio-demographic characteristics of school adolescents influencing resilience, coping mechanism, social support and family strengths were revealed. The results showed that resilience, problem-focused coping, social support and family strengths were correlated positively and self-esteem support, problem-focused coping, sibling's and mother's help, and instrumental support were the predictors of resilience of school adolescents. Conclusion: We found out the specific attributes of individual, social and family factors which predict resilience for school adolescents. These results may suggest further studies to investigate the relationship between stress and resilience, find out other predictors of resilience for Korean school adolescents, examine whether protective factors for adolescents' problem behaviors influence similarly on resilience.

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Primary Study of Developing Program far Adolescents′ Psychological & Behavioral Adaptation to School Violence( I ) (학교폭력에 대한 청소년들의 심리적 .행동적 학교 적응강화 프로그램 개발을 위한 기초연구( I ))

  • 송정아;김영희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.35-50
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of family violence, peer\`s deviant behavior, school environment, and accessibility of violence through a mass media, mediated by school violence, on adolescents 'psychological & behavioral maladjustment. The present study was the primary research of developing program for adolescents'psychological & behavioral adaptation to school violence. On the basis of previous literature, the theoretical model was specified, estimated, and evaluated for adequacy of statistical fat. Subjects of this study consisted of 974 adolescents drawn from middle and high schools in Cheong-ju. The model was supported by the data. Family violence, peer's deviant behavior, school environment, and accessibility of violence through a mass media explained directly the variance of school violence and adolescents'psychological & behavioral maladjustment. The results shows that adolescents'psychological & behavioral maladjustment can be viewed as products of the interaction with environmental factors and school violence. Accessibility of violence through a mass media was strongly related to school violence. Also, school violence was the strongest risk factor in relation to adolescents'behavioral maladjustment while school environment to adolescents'psychological maladjustment. Therefore, prevention program for school violence should consider the psychological & behavioral components within the environmental context.

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Convergent Factors Affecting Problem Behaviors in Out-of-school Adolescents: A Focus on Gender Difference (학교 밖 청소년의 문제행동 관련 융복합적 요인: 성별차이를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jaeyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.333-342
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the problem behavior and its convergent factors in out-of-school adolescents, with a focus on gender differences. This study was a secondary data analysis study using out-of-school adolescents research data at Busan women and family development institute. The study was conducted in a total of 499 out-of-school adolescents (337 males, 162 females). The type of the 8 problem behaviors (run away from home, drop out, prostitution, violence, internet game addiction, theft, drug addiction, and smoking) were identified. The collected data were analyzed with multiple logistic regression. Among the problem behaviors of the participants, internet game addiction and theft were more significantly high in male out-of-school adolescents than female out-of-school adolescents. In internet game addiction, male out-of-school adolescents were 1.90 times higher than female out-of-school adolescents (p=.008, 95% CI=1.18-3.06). In theft, male out-of-school adolescents were 1.92 times higher than female out-of-school adolescents (p=.006, 95% CI=1.21-3.03). When the social measures were provided for those adolescents, a distinguished approach is required depending on the problem behavior and gender.