• Title/Summary/Keyword: School health

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Development of School Health Indicator System for the Health Promotion of School Children (학생건강증진을 위한 학교보건지표체계 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Chang-Gok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.204-213
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop the school health indicator system for the health promotion of school children. Methods: Logic model was adopted for developing conceptual framework of school health indicator system and reviewed school health indicators developed by WHO, CDC, MEST and KCDC. Results: School health contents were classified into five area; school health policy, health promotion of school children, school health education, physical environment and community linkage. School health indicator system was developed for each area based on the logic model. Conclusion: Conceptual framework of school health indicator system was developed and school health indicator system was suggested according to the five school health areas.

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The Trend and International Comparison of Overseas School Health Indicators (학교보건지표의 해외 동향과 국제 비교)

  • Shin, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.181-189
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the trend of overseas school health indicators and to investigate indicators comparable internationally. Methods: Using the key words, school, health, indicators and policy through formal literature and web sites, the resources were used after the completeness of resources such as the presence of author, year published and place, and reproducibility was evaluated. Results: In overseas, the interest of school health indicators has increased gradually since 1960. Quality indicators as well as quantitative indicators are important as the good school health indicators. The overseas school health indicators have been very comprehensive, not only including students, but also including the expanded population such as school personnel, parents, family and community, process and outcomes, policies, social and cultural environment. The trend of school health research is from traditional issue-based to indicatorbased which makes comprehensive interpretation including development of school health service and life satisfaction. Among internationally comparable indicators, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) and Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) were chiefly for students' health and behavior level, and the School Health Service Survey (SHS) was for school health service personnel and policy. Conclusion: Characteristics of overseas school health indicators were expanded population, and comprehensive and internationally comparable indicators. Therefore, Korea school health indicators need to be comprehensive using expanded population and qualitative indicators, and consider standardized indicators comparable internationally.

A Study of School Health Nursing Activity Performed Teachers Holding Additonal school Health (양호겸직교사의 학교보건간호 업무활동에 관한 조사연구)

  • Jung, Chan Gyoo;Chung, Yeon Kang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.108-130
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study is to provide the basic data for the development of school health nursing activities by surveying realities of school health nursing activities in schools lacking in a school nurse performed by teachers holding additional school health. The subjects for the study was selected from teachers holding additional school health who participated in the annual training course for teachers holding additional school health in 1988 organized by Province Education Council. 105 teachers holding additonal school health from Kyung-gi Province, 85 from Chung-buk province, 50 from Chun-buk Province, answered the questionaire. The results can be epitomized as follows. 1. General characteristics of Teachers Holding Additional School Health. The majority of the subjects are female (94.3%) and 64.1% of the subjects are in their twenties, 79.5% of them graduated from four-year teacher's college, 54.5% of them are unmarried, 74.5% has less than one-year experience as a teacher holding additional school health. 2. General characteristics of schools 92.4% of schools are national, of public schools, and 91.9% are located in country, elementary schools are 64%, junior high schools are 35.4%. The annual school nursing budget is unknow to 89.2% of them. The school nursing organization is non- existent to 85.6%. 82.4% of the school nursing clinics occupy their place solely, or jointly. 3. Status of School Health Nursing Activities In the questionaire, School Health Nursing Activities arc divided into Health Program planning and Evaluation (4 items), Clinic Management (4 items), Health Education (4 items), Management of School Environment 98 items), Operating of School Health Organization (1 item) and Health Care Service (25 items). The answers to each item measured by the Likert-type scale reveals that in the activities of techcrs holding additional school health the practice rate in Management of School Environment is 55%, 47% in Health Education, 45% in Health Program Planning and Evaluation, 32% in Health Care Service, 27% in Operating of School Health Organization, and 27% in Clinic Management. 4. The Relation between Influencing variables and School Health Nursing Activities. The results are as follows. (1) Health Program Planning and Evaluation: religion, marital status ($P<0.05^{**}$) (2) Clinic Management: age, school health organization ($P<0.05^{**}$) (3) Health Education: age ($P<0.01^*$), religion ($P<0.05^{**}$), business except for school nursing ($P<0.05^{**}$), form of operation ($P<0.05^{**}$), the number of clinic client a month ($P<0.05^{**}$). (4) Management of School Health Environment: age, marital status, business except for school nursing ($P<0.05^{**}$), presence of the annual school health nursing budget ($P<0.01^*$), school health organization ($P<0.05^{**}$). (5) Operating of School Health Organization: There is a statistical significance in Education, Interest in School Nursing ($P<0.05^{**}$). 5. The Regional Relationship of School Health Nursing Activity. There is a statistically significal difference in Health Education ($P<0.05^{**}$) and Health Care Service ($P<0.01^*$) of elementary school located in Kyung-gi, Chung-buk, Chun-buk Province. There is a statistically significant difference Health Program Planning and Evaluation of junior high Schools located in Kyung-gi, Chung-buk, Province ($P<0.05^{**}$). 6. The Correlation in School Health Nursing Activities. The analysis of the correlation in the 6 fields of school Health Nursng Activities shows that there is a statistically significant difference between Clinic Management and health Education, Clinic Management and Operating of School Health Organization, and between management of School Environment and operating of School Health Organization ($P<0.05^{**}$). The conclusions are as follows The 40.5 percent of schools should arrange nurse teachers by regulation 38, relative to the application of the Law of Education. But, in reality, teachers who have nothing to do with nursing, hold school health as an additional job. And it is very difficult to expect the qualititive health management of school faculty and students. In the 85.6 percent of schools, there is no organization for school health. And also, persons in charge of pracitcal affairs perform the school health activity without any knowledge about annual school health nursing budget. In the school health nursing activity of teacheres holding additional school health, operating of school, health organization and clinic management are the most difficult to get the cooperation from the persons relate to school and communities. There are a lot of problems in performing the school health nursing activity without any disposition of school health teachers, therefore, it is necessary to supplement school health teachers who had a professional training in order to make efficient the school health nursing management for children who are about to attend a school.

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History and Development Strategy of School Health Education in Korea (우리나라 학교보건교육의 역사적 변천 및 발전방안)

  • Kim, Hyeon Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.147-158
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    • 2012
  • The School Health Act was revised in 2007 and the contents of school health education was officially organized in the school curriculum in elementary, middle and high schools, since the contents of school health education disappeared in 1963. For the successful school health education, sufficient time for health education should be provided by opening health education course as an essential subject in every grade. The large scale schools need to have more school health teachers for performing efficient health education and in all schools there needs to be a reorganization of the teacher's complex works. For quality improvements of the health education, the change of principal's attitude and budget plan for health education are essential. Additionally, various training programs for school health teachers and developing effective educational materials should be provided.

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Improvement of School Health program in Korea (학교보건사업(學校保健事業)의 효율화(效率化)를 위(爲)한 개선방안(改善方案)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Young Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.66-85
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    • 1988
  • This paper reviewed present status of school health program in Korea to seek. The improvement of health of school children. The results are summarized from reviewing publications of school health and survey data from trainees for principals of primary and middle school at Korea National University of Education during Jun. 17 to Aug. 13, 1987. The major recommandations for the improvement of school health program in Korea of this study are as follow: 1. Reformation of School Health Organization It is hard to activate effective school health program without reformation of school health organization in the Ministry of Education. School health section in MOE should be reorganized for the planning, operation and evaluation of school health program. School health committee in MOE and Provincial Board of Education should be established by the health and education professions. 2. Appointment of school physician and recruitment of school nurse: School health center in Office of City/Gun Education should be established for increasing the utilization of school physician, and school nurse should be appointed for 3 - 4 schools in same area. 3. Improvement of school health education: 1) Curricula of physical education of teachers College/University should be rearrangement for school health education. 2) Role of school nurse as a health educator in school should be extented. 3) In-service training for health education should be done for teachers of physical education. 4) Professional health teacher should be trained independently from physical education in College of Education and Teachers College. 4. Revision of school health law and regulations: Present school health law and regulations should be revised by the recommendations of experts on school health.

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The Analysis of the Real Condition of School Health and the Establishment of a Management System (학교보건(學校保健)의 실태분석(實態分析)과 운영체계(運營體系) 정립(定立))

  • Chang, Kwan-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.24-55
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    • 1993
  • School health aims to guide and manage growing students from elementary schools to high schools in order to grow healthily through the formation of healthy life habits, the self-control health management guide and the making of pleasant school health environments. Even though this school health plays an important role in guiding the students who are in the period of growing to have a perfect personality as a democratic people of our country in the school education, there are many lacks, such as they still don't know the word itself, "school health" or recognize its importance. Also it's a real condition to practice items concerned with the health under the condition of unestablished structure. 1. The results of analyzing school health real conditions. Based on treatises concerned with school health and various statistical materials which are announced by concerned people. We divided and analyzed school health into the items concerned with health education, the items with health management, and the items with school health environments, and investigated the level of the present school health and its necessity. As the items concerned with health education, we investigated the necessary range of school health education, the effect of health education on children's daily life, family's health and the interesting contents of school health. And as the items with health management, I investigated children's obesity, dental caries, eyesight, clinics, a health examination, drug abuse, spirit health, providing meals for school children, and school health manpower. And as the items conerned with school health environments, we investigated the recognition of the problem of natural environments, the management of purification district around the school, the problem of environments within the school and classroom lighting. As the results of analyzing these, I realized that the present level of school health is still in unsatisfactory situation and school health is needed necessary. 2. The establishment of school health. In order to set the school health, above all, the management system of School health should be set. I classified and systemized the contents of each item which had been promoted till now according to the function. They are classified as followings Based on classifying school health into (1) health education, (2) health management and (3) health environments, I divided school health education into the health education of health subjects, the health education of concerned subjects and the education of health life. And I divided health management into the health managements for a prevention and a cure. And I divided health environments into the environment around the school and within the school. Each system set like these is not fixed invariably and I should keep the relationship of mutual supplement between health education and health management, between health management and health environments, and between health environments management and health education. When we run these systemetic school health, students' health could be maintained and improved to more proper directions.

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A Study on the Policy Improvement by Means of a Historical Review of School Health Programs (학교보건사업의 역사적 고찰을 통한 정책 방향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Wook;Kim, Yoon-Shin;Chang, Chang-Gok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.127-150
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    • 2004
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to provide a basic structure for the establishment of the direction of school health programs, an overview of the historical changes of school health programs and their results, and a conceptual framework on school health programs. Methods: The data analysis has been done using a statistical almanac, relevant laws and regulations, operation handbook of the program, theses, reports, records of public hearings, and other reports as a technical research primarily based on evidence. The methodology of this research classifies the development and growth transition of school health programs during a historical period through the investigation of regulations, organization, manpower, and its program via its development process and to provide a basic tool to design a solid school health policy. Results: A The growth and development of school health programs The development of school health programs was classified into three different periods including the forthcoming period (1945~1967), the completion period (1967~1993), and the actualization period based on the establishment of legislation for School Health Law, other relevant legislation, and the contents of school health programs (1993~present). B. Policy direction of school health programs School health programs have reestablished their goals and range based on basic direction, and developed the W1it model of information structure for school health program management and its basic structure. Finally, the stepwise support system through the building of the school health support center is recommended. (1) The basic direction of school health programs has proposed 7 basic goals to reestablish the policy direction of health improvement based on total health. (2) The W1it model of information system and the school health information system for school health program management has been developed to utilize positive management. (3) School health policy through the study of the health laws and systems has been developed. The necessity of school health support center for the policy support, functional support and operation support has also been proposed. Conclusions: It is necessary to build a school health support center that consists of health professionals in charge of policy support, functional support, and program support of school health programs in order to realize and develop new policy.

Analysis to Recognition of School Health Promotion Applied ACCESS Model (초등학교 양호교사의 학교건강증진 인식도 연구- ACCESS모델을 적용 -)

  • Kang, Mal-Soon;Kim, Jung-Nam;Ryu, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.577-590
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    • 2000
  • This study is basic research for developing health promotion programs in elementary school and is looking at the effect factor of School nurses perception and school health promotion. This study was conducted with the ACCESS model for school health promotion from WHO. The subjects of this study were 28 elementary school nurses located in the west side of Kung-Nam from the 7th of June to the 30th of June by direct interview. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. the score from obesity, dental caries, health counselling, scoliosis, hepatitis B, immunization BCG items are higher in the low grade but showed significant difference in visual disturbance items. 2. the average score of school health promotion perception is 5.04. The list of school health promotion is composed of school health policies(5.39), physical environments (5.38), school health services(5.34), social environments (5.22), personal health skills (4.92), and community relationships(4.64). 3. after an analysis of the perception of school health promotion from school nurses, the relationship between the school health budget and the school health policy and school health service was shown to be significant. 4. after analysis of the effect factor of perception of school health promotion from school nurses, school health policy, school social environment, personal health skills, and school health service were shown to be significant. 5. The factors in school health promotion are the number of classes and students, school budgets, school nurses' final education and age, health education classes per week, and teaching experience. Particularly the school health budget and school nurses of the classes per week are statistically significant. The suggestions of this study are as follows: 1, as a related factor of school health promotion. the generally characteristics of schools and school nurses should be considered for improving the perception of school health promotion. 2, the period of health education for effective school health management and health education should be an on-going program. 3. the scope of school health promotion and perception should be considered for developing health promotion programs. 4. elementary school health promotion programs should be developed and applied to research. 5. computer system programs should be developed for effective school health projects.

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Development of School Health System and Projects in Korea from 1945 to 2010 (우리나라의 학교보건제도와 학교보건사업의 발달: 1945~2010년)

  • Chang, Chang-Gok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.143-146
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the academic development of school health system and projects implemented in Korea since 1945. Methods: This study analyzed and reviewed literatures to find out the process of the development of school health system and projects implemented in Korea. Results: The history of school health in Korea since 1945 could be divided into three periods according to the development of school health system and projects; countermeasure period (1945-1969), support period (1970-1999), and innovation period (2000~). The major school health system and projects were focused on the health screening and prevention, health management and support, and health promotion for each period. Conclusion: School health system in Korea has been set successfully due to school health law(1967) and school meal law(1981), and various countermeasure, support, and innovation projects had implemented during last 60 years.

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Analysis of Advanced School Health Promotion Policies and Programs for Developing Effective School Health Strategies (학교건강증진사업의 주요 영역과 전략 개발을 위한 선진사례 분석)

  • Kim, Myung;Kim, Hye-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.13-27
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    • 2007
  • The role of school as a key setting for health promotion practices should be empathized. However, there were limitations for the effectiveness of school health promotion practices in Korea because of the lack of recognition about its importance, social support, guiding principles of the school health promotion services by the school health related law, and cooperation between school and community. The purpose of this study was to analyse the advanced cases from The United States, Japan, Europe and Australia, and to evaluate the applicability to school health promotion services in Korea for establishing the strategy for effective implementation of school health promotion program in Korea. Four cases of school health program were selected for analysis, including Coordinated School Health Program and National School Health Strategies in the USA, Healthy Japan21, National School Health Initiative in Australia and the European Network of Health Promoting Schools. Major conclusions were as follows: 1. Advanced cases of school health programs were comprehensive in nature. 2. Integrated school and community health promotion efforts was emphasized. mostly. 3. Governmental agencies played an active role in conducting surveillance activities to monitor priority health risk behaviors, developing school health program and training manual, providing periodic program evaluation. 4. Life skill focused health education was the key component for the comprehensive school health program. For the improvement of efficiency in school health promotion practices, above advanced strategies for school health promotion program would be necessary.

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