• Title, Summary, Keyword: Science Textbooks

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Content Analysis of Secondary School Environmental Education Textbooks and 10th Grade Science Textbooks (중등 환경 교과서와 10학년 과학 교과서의 공통 내용 분석)

  • Shin, Dong-Hee;Son, Yeon-A;Park, June-Hee
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.26-40
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to analyze the science content in secondary school environmental education(EE) textbooks and the environment-related content in secondary school science text- books. Firstly, a total of 73 EE and science textbooks for secondary students were reviewed, which three kinds of textbooks, secondary school EE textbooks and the 10th grade "Science" textbooks, were finally selected for analysis. Three researchers separately analyzed the textbooks using NAAEE framework(1996) for the development of EE materials. In condition that there was a disagreement in their opinion, they had discussed until they came to an agreement. The results showed that secondary school EE textbooks contained more and deeper science concepts than the 10th grade "Science" textbooks, which were evaluated better in all perspectives of the analysis framework. The 10th grade "Science" textbooks had more various teaching and learning activities than EE textbooks. It it expected that the new EE textbook developers should consider the ultimate goal of EE which focused the affective perspectives rather than the cognitive perspectives.

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Comparative Analysis of the Earth Science Contents in Science Textbooks between Korea and DPRK (한국과 북한의 과학 교과서에서의 '지구과학' 내용 비교 분석)

  • Kwon, Chi-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.276-286
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    • 2012
  • This research is aimed to examine the differences through comparative analysis of the Earth Science contents in the science textbooks between Korea and DPRK. The contents of level and scope in science textbooks between Korea and DPRK are analysed by TIMSS frameworks. The results of this research are as follows : 1. The science textbooks of DPRK is lower in quality of paper, printing to that of Korea, and the illustrations, editing design in the textbooks of DPRK are fewer, monochromic and monotonous while those in Korea. 2. The contents of Earth Science in DPRK's science textbooks rank 37.0%, but those of Korea's science textbooks rank 25.5% of the whole textbooks. The learning units related to Earth Science are generally similar to the level and scope in science textbooks between Korea and DPRK. The type of inquire activities in the textbooks of DPRK largely takes on the model experiment, and it was shown that the number of experiments directly made by children is very small compared to Korea' textbooks. 3. There are lots of differences in Earth Science learning terms and predicates used in the textbooks between Korea and DPRK.

Comparative Study on Illustrations of the Korean Science Textbooks of Education Curriculum Revised in 2007 and the American Science Textbooks (2007년 개정 교육과정에 따른 한국 과학교과서와 미국 과학교과서의 삽화 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Hwa;Kim, Yong-Gwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2012
  • The focus of this study was on the comparative analysis in the area of illustrations between the primary school from third grade to the sixth grade between Korean and American science textbooks in order to offer some suggestions for consideration of the Korean science textbooks, which will be revised in 2009. The results are as follows: The number of illustrations per page in Korean science textbooks are more than that of American science textbooks. As the type of illustrations, the ratio of photos is the highest and as the role of illustrations, data provision has the highest percentage in both countries. The motivation role in Korean science textbooks seem to be higher than American science textbook, whereas study summary role is more prominent in American textbooks than in Korean textbooks.

A Comparative Analysis of Astronomy Areas in the Elementary Science Textbooks of Korea and the U.S.A. (우리나라와 미국 초등 과학 교과서의 천문 영역 내용 비교 분석)

  • Kwon, Kye-Hyeon;Park, Il-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.166-185
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    • 2010
  • Astronomy areas in the elementary science textbooks of Korea and the U.S.A. have been compared to find advantages and disadvantages of Korean textbooks. The analysis objects are the 7th national curriculum science textbooks for Korea and the Macmillan McGraw-Hill(MMH) science textbooks for the U.S.A. The results are as follows: First, in contexts, Korean science textbooks contain mostly inquiry activities and partly reading materials. However, MMH ones contain mostly explanations including photographs, related activities, and various reading materials. Second, in the contents and order, the observation activities of constellations are emphasized in Korean science textbooks, while the MMH ones explain solar system up to the universe in details. In addition, Korean science textbooks deal with one subject only once during the whole elementary course while MMH ones deal with one subject repeatedly in several grades. Third, in the frameworks of the international mathematics and science study (TIMSS) 2007, Korean science textbooks do not introduce some contents presented in TIMSS 2007, whereas MMH textbooks introduce every one of them in time. Fourth, the major subjects such as change of moon phases, constellations, the solar system, and change of seasons are handled independently in Korean science textbooks without strong correlation, while they are systematically done related with the rotation and the revolution of the earth in MMH ones.

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A Study of the Analysis about Natural Disaster in Elementary Society and Science Textbooks (초등 사회 및 과학 교과서의 자연재해 내용 분석)

  • Kim, Hai-Gyoung;Moon, Byoung-Chan;Oh, Kang-Ho
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.89-101
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to analysis natural disasters which can be applied environmental education for elementary students. For this study, the elementary society and science textbooks were selected. The results of this study are as follows. the society textbooks contain 2 units of the natural disaster in the 4th and 5th grades. In the science textbooks, 5 units of the natural disaster were showed in 3rd, 5th and 6th grades. The learning quantities were 4 hours in society textbooks and 7 hours in science textbooks. In society textbooks, the contents relating meteorological disasters were dominance. But the science textbooks were showed both meteorological and geological disasters. In aims of learning, while the society textbooks were focused as damages, prevention, counter-plan and restoring plan of the natural disaster, the science textbooks were emphasized damages. the photos in society textbooks, meteorological disasters were superiority in number; especially the flood and heavy rain were 76%. In science textbooks, the photos about earthquake were prominent as 40%. For activating environmental education in elementary school based on these results, it can be suggested that the effects of natural damage as tsunami and global warming should add to elementary textbooks. And the elementary teachers need to understand contents and photos relating environment problem in the elementary textbooks.

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An Analysis of Animal-related Learning Materials in Elementary and Secondary School Science Textbooks (제 7차 초ㆍ중등학교 과학 교과서에 나타난 동물 학습 소재 분석)

  • 박강은
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to provide implications for developing science textbooks and curriculum. The textbooks of elementary and secondary school Science were analyzed for their animal-related learning contents. Among learning materials, 165 kinds of animals were presented in Science of elementary school textbooks (37 kinds in Inquiry life, 162 kinds in Science), 167 kinds in Science of middle school, 486 kinds of high school (172 kinds in Science of high school, 180 kinds in Biology I, 366 kinds in Biology II). There are most kinds of animals in Biology II textbooks than in other textbooks. It was appeared that animal species were diverse in order of Class Insecta, Mammalia, Aves in the elementary school Science textbooks, Mammalia, Insecta, Aves in the middle school, Mammalia, Aves, Pisces in the high school.

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Analysis of Science Writing Tasks in Korean and American Science Textbooks (한국과 미국의 초등과학 교과서 과학 글쓰기 과제 분석)

  • Koo, Sul Ki;Park, Il-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.463-480
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    • 2012
  • This study is intended to investigate the frequency of scientific writing tasks in Korean and American science textbooks, to compare the differences in types of posing the writing tasks according to the level of the children's scientific cognition, and to analyze the differences in the organization and development of writing ones of each chapter and thus to propose an effective way of presenting scientific writing in science textbooks. Korean 'Science' and 'Experiment Observation Workbook'and Macmillan Mcgraw-Hill(MMH) Science for fourth graders were analyzed for the purpose. The results are as follows: First, Korean textbooks contain more science writing tasks per pages, and less per chapters than MMH one. Both text books provide balanced amount of science writing tasks, yet MMH especially does systematic exercises for each chapter. Second, the qualitative analysis of the textbooks' scientific writing shows that both textbooks contain a significant amount of "understanding" and "explanatory" writing, which reflects that the purpose of writing in science textbooks is leaning towards acquiring and verifying scientific concepts. In American textbooks, however, writings utilizing extensive cognition process and materials are also present. It is necessary for textbooks to present diverse and expressive writing assignments including personal opinions. Third, there are differences in organization and development of science writing tasks. Science writing tasks in Korean textbooks are present independently with lesson objectives of the chapters and practices, while those in MMH are systematically developed. Based on these results, it is necessary to systemize the textbooks' way of presenting writing tasks for effective teaching and learning. By organizing the writing materials and thus developing diverse materials, and by implementing extensive cognitive process in the writing activities, textbooks will be able to contribute in attracting the students' interests and in improving their scientific knowledge.

An Analysis on Education and Textbooks of Physics in North Korea (북한의 물리 교육 및 교과서 분석 연구)

  • Minn, Young-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.329-339
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    • 1996
  • We examined the science education system in North Korea from the elementary to the high schools. We also analyzed the physics textbooks used in North Korea and compared the results with the textbooks used in South Korea. We compared the goal and system of physics education, and the content, order of study, and volume of the textbooks. Physics education starts at the 4th year at the elementary school, and is taught through the whole school years in North Korea. The science process skills are regarded to be important and figures, tables, problem sets, experiments, and sample solutions are exclusively used in the textbooks. Electomagnetism occupies the largest portion in physics textbooks, but subjects related to the application of physics are more stressed. There are a few subjects which are included in the North Korean textbooks but not in the South Korean textbooks. We have compiled about 60 North Korean physics words which are different from the South Korean words used in the textbooks. Overall, there will be not much difficulty in integrating the physics education system and physics textbooks after the two Koreas are unified.

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The Comparative Analysis between the Demanded Cognitive Levels of Science Textbooks for the Sixth Graders and the Students' Psychological Difficulty with the Textbooks (초등 6학년 과학 교과서의 요구 인지 수준과 학생의 심리적 난이도 비교 분석)

  • Jeong, Eun Young;Jang, Myoung-Duk
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.356-366
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze whether the required cognitive levels of the current 6th graders' science textbooks conform to the children's cognitive levels and to examine the students' sensed psychological difficulty of the current science textbooks. The eighty five students (boy: 39, girl: 46) from one elementary school were participated in this study. The results of the study are as follows. First, the 2/3 out of the contents in the six graders' science textbooks require concrete level of operation and the 1/3 out of the contents in the textbooks requires the formal level of operation. So the 70% students at the concrete operational level are likely to undergo difficulties with the 1/3 contents in the textbooks. Second, the students' psychological difficulty on the science textbooks is relatively low (approximately two out of five points) and there is not any special pattern between the cognitive level of the textbooks and the students' psychological difficulty of the textbooks.

An Analysis for Gender-Role Stereotyping of Illustrations in Elementary Science Paper Textbooks and Digital Textbooks Developed under 2015 Revised National Curriculum (2015 개정 교육과정에 따른 초등학교 과학과 서책형교과서와 디지털교과서의 삽화에 나타난 성역할 고정관념 실태 분석)

  • Song, Nayoon;Hong, Juyeon;Noh, Taehee
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzed the illustrations presented in the elementary science paper textbooks and digital textbooks under the 2015 revised curriculum in terms of gender role stereotypes. The frequency of pupils and adults on illustrations was counted by gender, and the types of activities and behavior of characters were analyzed. For pupils, paper textbooks showed a higher frequency of girls than boys, and digital textbooks showed similar gender rates. In the aspect of the activity, paper textbooks showed similar gender rates in non-learning activities, but more girls in learning activities. In digital textbooks, the learning activity was balanced by gender, but the non-learning activities presented boys more frequently. For both paper and digital textbooks, most pupils were described to be active regardless of gender. For adults, paper textbooks were balanced in the frequency by gender, but digital textbooks had a higher proportion of men. Paper textbooks showed similar gender rates in out-of-home activities, but more men in housework activities. In digital textbooks, housework activities were balanced by gender, but out-of-home activities presented men more frequently. For both paper and digital textbooks, men appeared in a broader range of occupations than women. Female scientists appeared more than male scientists in paper textbooks, and opposite tendency appeared in digital textbooks. As a result of analyzing the characteristics of adults, both paper and digital textbooks showed gender stereotypes in specific behavioral characteristics.