• Title, Summary, Keyword: Science textbook

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On Science Textbooks and Related Teaching Learning Materials (과학교과서와 그에 관련된 교수 학습자료의 활용 실태 조사)

  • Kwon, Chi-Soon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 1985
  • The purpose of the study was to establish a new view of textbook which may contribute to the abolishment of the instruction mainly based on the only textbook and to the promotion of creativities of students. We first reviewed science textbooks and related teaching-learning materials of foreign countries with emphasis on the relationship among textbook and teaching-learning materials and practical use of them. In western countries the roles of traditional textbook has been changed. That is, various kinds of materials such as reading book, work-book, worksheet, experimental guidebook, filmstrips are used to raise effect of instruction besides of traditional type of textbook. Secondary, we identified the problems related to the science textbook-view of textbook, textbook contents, practical use of textbook-through opinion survey administered to principals akd teachers of elementary schools. The results of the survey are as follows; Concerning the view of textbook, most teachers did not recognize textbook as an absolute materials. They thought that textbook contents could be taught reorganized according to their judgements. On the contrary, teachers responded to the question of whether or not they follow contents of textbook as they are presented in it were approximately 30%. Further, more than 75% of them have seldom used instructional materials except textbooks. In order to revise the problems of our present textbook as stated above, a new view of textbook should be established. We, above all, established 4 basic premises for searching a new view of textbook. 1) Textbook should not be considered as the only material but as being at the center of various teaching -learning materials. 2) The importance of textbook should be illustrated Among Curriculum, textbook and related teaching-learning materials, instruction and evaluation. 3. Textbook contents should not be regarded as definitely fixed or absolute ones. 4. Human being can understand environment more fully by commanding his swnsory organ multilaterally. Under these premises we disscussed about curriculum and textbook, textbook, and instruction, akd evaluation method.

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The Effect of Using Digital Science Textbook on the Scientific Problem Solving of Elementary School Students (초등과학 디지털 교과서 활용이 학생들의 과학적 문제 해결력에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Sun-Young;Seo, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.132-141
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of using digital science textbook on the scientific problem solving of elementary school students. For this research, an instrument to measure student's problem-solving skills was developed. The pretest and posttest scores of one hundred and six 5th grade students' problem-solving skills were analyzed and also the responses of three students who were selected by their levels in the problem-solving science digital textbook class were qualitatively analyzed. The results of this study were as follows; the scores of problem solving skills of science digital textbook groups were higher than that of traditional paper textbook group(p<.05). In the qualitative analysis of the students' reponses in a digital textbook class according to their achievement level, low-achievers' problem-solving skills were much more improved than high- and mid-achievers' skills. In conclusion, science digital textbook has a potential to improve students' scientific problem solving skills, and this possibility will be much higher when science digital textbook is used with teachers' intended instructional goals and strategies like problem-solving lessons.

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Analysis of G4 Science Digital Textbook according to Universal Design for Learning (보편적 학습 설계의 관점에서 초등학교 4학년 과학 디지털 교과서 분석)

  • Seo, Jeong-Hee;Sung, Jung-Hee;Koo, Yang-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.442-458
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    • 2011
  • Digital textbook project is one of government-driven project to improve education due to integrating technology. Digital textbook need to be universally designed to fit for each student. Recently, universal design for learning( UDL) gains great attention as one of promising approaches for the development of the digital textbook through giving various options and flexibility to all students. UDL has three main principles, first provide multiple means of representation, second provide multiple means of action and expression, third provide multiple means of engagement. The purpose of the study is to analyze fourth grade science textbook according to three UDL guidelines and suggest implications to improve an existing science textbook. The results indicated that fourth grade science digital textbook has been partly applied UDL guidelines like implementing multimedia and multi- mode contents, learning and communication tools, and motivation strategies. But options which students can choose according to their needs and styles are insufficient and tools for expression and communication need to enhance for helping each student to overcome his/her obstacles for learning and need to be more and elaborate to support learner-centered science digital textbook.

An Analysis of 'The Phase Changes of the Moon', the Contents in Science Textbook of the 9th Grade

  • Chae, Dong-Hyun
    • 한국지구과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.73-73
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze illustrations, contents, and experiment in 6 kinds of science textbook from the 9th grade covering the phase change of the Moon (on the phase change of the Moon in six 9th grade science textbook) and to suggest coherent and effective contents and frame of the science textbook. Hence, the researcher decided the study problem. The study problems are as follows; 'Are the illustrations in the science textbook presented to help understand the phase change of the Moon depending on the position of the observer?', 'Does the contents of the book clearly mention the phase change of the Moon?', 'Can students understand the phase change of the Moon through the experiments in the science textbook?', 'Do illustrations, contents, and experiment of the science textbook consistently explain phase change of the Moon?'. 10 persons (9graduate students including the researcher) took part in this study. All things unanimously agreed upon by all participants were reflected in the results. The results are as follows. First, the universe observer's view point is mixed with the earth observer's view in illustration of these science textbook regarding the phase change of the Moon. Moreover, illustrations of some textbooks are presented with such words as 'sunrise', 'midnight' and consequently contain too much contents. Second, the contents of the science textbook concerning the phase change of the Moon is not described clearly. In addition, they don't give clear and detailed explanations for the reason of the phase change of the Moon. Third, all of the textbooks, except one textbook, describe the experiment regarding the phase change of the Moon with the earth observer's view point but don't specifically mention that the view point is that of the earth observer's view point. Fourth, illustrations, contents, and experiments in the science textbook don't coherently explain the phase change of the Moon. In addition, it is confirmed through the process of the result analysis that the described contents in the science curriculum is not well constructed or logical.

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An Introduction of Korean Elementary Science Textbook Development Model 'FLOW' and the Feathers of the Textbook

  • Yang, Il-Ho;Chae, Dong-Hyun;Lim, Sung-Man;Kwon, Suk-Won;Kim, Eun-Ae;Lim, Jae-Keun
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.477-485
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    • 2012
  • This study introduces the development of elementary science textbooks in Korea. In Korea there has been eight revisions to the National curriculum and the development of nine textbooks. The State of Korea has organized textbook development teams, but this time the State chose the development team through public contest. Researchers suggested the 'FLOW' development model based upon results of studies in creative education and developed the new science textbooks. The 'FLOW' model includes four stages, aimed towards capturing students' interest in science (Fun Science), engaging students in various scientific inquiries and experiences (Lab. Experience), organizing their own knowledge of science (Organizing Knowledge), and to encourage students to become little scientists (Willing to be a Scientist). The textbook is a research-developmental textbook that utilizes various literature and exploration-strategic textbooks. The textbook's basis is formed upon scientists' experiences that assist in the realization of 'inquiry' that is emphasized within the science field.

Content Analysis of the Elementary Science Textbooks Between USA and Korea for leaching the Returnee Students (귀국학생 지도를 위한 미국과 한국의 초등 과학과 교과서 내용 분석)

  • 한영욱;김대홍
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of the study is to compare and analyze the elementary science textbooks' contents between the United States(Science Horizons) and Korea for teaching the Returnee students. The analyzed contents are the name of chapters, the number of chapters, the page amounts of chapters, the structure of chapters and the studying time of chapters. The results of this study are : 1. Korean science textbook's number is 20. 'Science Horizons' has 6. Korean science textbook's total number of chapter is 58, 'Science Horizons' is 75. Korean science textbook's total number of page is 1,60.3, 'Science Horizons' is 2,106. So 'Science Horizons' has more number of chapter and page than Korean textbooks. 2. The ratio of Korean science textbook's contents is as follows: physical area, 22.4%; chemistry area, 12 1%: biology area, 39.6%; earth science area, 25.9%. But the ratio of 'Science Horizons' science textbook's contents is as follows: physical area,21.3%; chemistry area,4.0%; biology area, 46.7%; earth science area. 28.0%. 3. In case of 'Predicting the Weather' chapter, Korean science textbook has 3 lessons, 17 themes and 11 activities, whereas' Science Horizons' has 5 lessons, 10 themes and 5 activities. 4. The themes or chapters of 'Science Horizons' to propose deeper than Korea are about animals and plants, energy and movement, weather and season. our body, and earth and outer space. In case of Korean textbook are about chemistry area, the rock and volcanic activity and electric circuit. There are some differences between Korean and the United States' elementary science curriculum and textbook's contents. And the returnee students has many troubles to adapt korean science curriculum, textbooks and educational environment,;. Therefore, teachers should know and understand that, and help them.

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Development and Application of the Student-centered Elementary Science Textbook Model: Focusing on Earth Science (학생 활동 중심의 초등학교 과학 교과서 모형 개발 및 적용: '지구와 우주' 영역을 중심으로)

  • Chae, Dong-hyun;Lim, Sung-man;Lee, Hyo-nyong;Han, Je-jun;Lee, Sang-gyun;Kim, Eun-jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the student-centered elementary science textbook model and explore the applicability of the school. For this study we conducted a literature survey and analysis of domestic and foreign books, surveys, and then developed a textbook model of student-centered instruction. We have selected the three elementary school, three grades, fifty-seven students to apply the model developed textbooks. Textbook model of Earth was developed as a center of student activity. Applying the results of development of textbooks in the field, students were interested about the student-centered textbooks and they were felt that the development of textbooks were textbook that students can study on their own. Through this research it could confirm that it should be provided feedback to causes of the reflective thinking of students in the textbook for the development of student-centered textbook.

Science Textbooks under the Rule of CHOSUN Government General (일제시대(日帝時代)의 조선총독부(朝鮮總督府)편찬 이과교과서(理科敎科書))

  • Nagata, Eiji;Song, Min-Young
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.389-395
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    • 1993
  • Science textbooks which were compiled by CHOSUN Government General are known as books which appeared after 'Science Textbook for Common School' (1923-) compiled by CHOSUN Government General which are almost similar to state authorized textbooks and are also known as leaving the effect on 'Science Textbook for Elementary School' (1931-) which were focused on the subjects being issued since then and 'Science Text for Elementary Course' (1942-) being compiled by the Education Ministry, However in this research it was found out that there were publications in 1911, 1913 and 1921 and they were harbingers for 'Science Textbook for Elementary School' 0931-). For this reason it was decided to report overall picture on the science textbooks being compiled by CHOSUN Government General. And it was possible to illustrate that such textbooks can be classified into following 5 periods ; The 1st period:The time for search--'Science Textbook for Students of Common school' 1911 compiled by CHOSUN Government General. The 2nd period:Commencing separate compilation--'Science Textbook for Common School' 1913 compiled by CHOSUN Government General. (The 2'nd period:Final Separate Compilation-- Reissue after corrections of 'Science Textbook for Common School' compiled by CHOSUN Government General, 1921.) The 3rd period:Same as the state authorized science textbook of Japan--' Science Textbook for Common School' compiled by CHOSUN Government General, totally 3 books 1923-. The 4th period:Separate compilation, centered on subjects--'Science Textbook for Elementary School' compiled by CHOSUN Government General, 1931-. (The 4'th period:Changers of subjects--'Science Text for Elementary School' compiled by CHOSUN Government General, 1937-. The 5th period:Matched to compiled by the Education Ministry--'Observation of Nature' compiled by CHOSUN Government General, 1942-'Science Text for Elementary School'(Writing laterally) 1943-.

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A Study on the Cognition of Structure and Contents of Elementary 3rd and 4th Grade Science Textbook in the 7th curriculum (제7차 교육과정에 따른 초등학교 3, 4학년 과학 교과서의 체제와 내용에 대한 인식 조사)

  • 김정애;노석구
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.37-50
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the quality of the textbook and to find out reasonable selection and structure by examining and analyzing the cognition of teacher and students on the structure and contents of elementary science textbook in the 7th curriculum. The findings of this study were as follows: First, as a result of the students’ cognition, their interest level of the learning contents was high and the degree of the difficulty of the learning contents was low on the whole. Second, as a result of the teachers’ cognition of contents of the textbook, teachers who taught third graders understood that the third graders have relatively much contents to be studied and the level of the contents of the textbook was high. On the other hand, fourth graders’ teachers recognized that contents to be studied and the level of the contents were appropriate. And they understood that there were much work to be studied in the units which were difficult and there were difference between contents to be studied and the degree of the difficulty in some units such as life or the earth fold. Third, as a result of the teachers' cognition of structure of the textbook. teachers were very affirmative to reduce school hours. They understood that current numbers and scale of the unit were appropriate. Teachers were satisfied with the structure of elementary science textbook in the 7th curriculum on the whole.

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Analysis of Question and Sentence in High Environmental Science Textbook (고등학교 환경과학 교과서의 질문과 문장 내용 분석)

  • Lee, Bong-Hun;Moon, Seong-Bae;Moon, Jung-Dae
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 1997
  • The question style In high school enoronmental science textbook was examined in terms of the placement, frequency, and type of question, and then analyzed the kind of scientific Inquiry process elicited by the question In the topic of textbook using the Tektbook guestioning Strategy Assessment Instrument (TQSAI). The average number of question per topic was only 0.6. The number of all Question In the high school enororunental science textbook was very little : the number of non-experiential Question was 8 and that of experiential one was 3. The total number of sentence was 1,236 and the ratio of the number of Question to that of sentence was 0.9% . The frequency of non-experlential question was higher than that of experiential one. In action part of the textbook, there were more kinds of Question styles than In the matin part.

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