• Title, Summary, Keyword: Science writing

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Analysis of Experience and Perception in Writing of Students Majoring in Science and Engineering (이공계 대학생의 글쓰기 경험과 인식 분석)

  • Oh, Yoon-Jeong;Choi, Kyunghee
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.74-86
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    • 2014
  • This research intended to find the desirable orientation of writing education for students majoring in science and engineering. The survey was conducted to investigate the experience and perception of writing of 268 students majoring in science and engineering. Also students who relatively had more writing experience were selected for focus group interview in order to have an in-depth understanding on survey. Finally, the two investigations were combined to find the implication of education of writing for students. The results of the research are as follows. First, the students of science and engineering who participated in the research not only had a relatively insufficient writing experience, but lacked enough education opportunity on systematic writing. The satisfaction of the writing subject was directly affected by the quality of writing instructor and, feedback of the writing and writing process. Second, the students who participated in the research went through various difficulties in their writing process, but the efforts in trying to figure out the cause of the difficulties were relatively insufficient. Third, the students of the research perceived and agreed on the importance of writing and writing skills. They insisted needs of writing exercise, thought exercise for writing, accurate feedback in writing course.

Analysis of Science Writing Tasks in Korean and American Science Textbooks (한국과 미국의 초등과학 교과서 과학 글쓰기 과제 분석)

  • Koo, Sul Ki;Park, Il-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.463-480
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    • 2012
  • This study is intended to investigate the frequency of scientific writing tasks in Korean and American science textbooks, to compare the differences in types of posing the writing tasks according to the level of the children's scientific cognition, and to analyze the differences in the organization and development of writing ones of each chapter and thus to propose an effective way of presenting scientific writing in science textbooks. Korean 'Science' and 'Experiment Observation Workbook'and Macmillan Mcgraw-Hill(MMH) Science for fourth graders were analyzed for the purpose. The results are as follows: First, Korean textbooks contain more science writing tasks per pages, and less per chapters than MMH one. Both text books provide balanced amount of science writing tasks, yet MMH especially does systematic exercises for each chapter. Second, the qualitative analysis of the textbooks' scientific writing shows that both textbooks contain a significant amount of "understanding" and "explanatory" writing, which reflects that the purpose of writing in science textbooks is leaning towards acquiring and verifying scientific concepts. In American textbooks, however, writings utilizing extensive cognition process and materials are also present. It is necessary for textbooks to present diverse and expressive writing assignments including personal opinions. Third, there are differences in organization and development of science writing tasks. Science writing tasks in Korean textbooks are present independently with lesson objectives of the chapters and practices, while those in MMH are systematically developed. Based on these results, it is necessary to systemize the textbooks' way of presenting writing tasks for effective teaching and learning. By organizing the writing materials and thus developing diverse materials, and by implementing extensive cognitive process in the writing activities, textbooks will be able to contribute in attracting the students' interests and in improving their scientific knowledge.

Effect of Free Writing on Engineering and Science Writing (자유글쓰기(Free Writing)를 활용한 이공계 글쓰기 수업의 효과)

  • Kim, Haekyung;Choi, Won-Young
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the effects of free writing in writing class targeted for engineering students on their writing skills. To assess the effects, we have asked 100 engineering students from writing class to write free writing, classifying them as the test group(N=50) and the control group(N=50). We have also compared their learning effect, their writing ability, and learning satisfaction via pre and post intervention surveys. The results showed higher change in learning effect, interest in writing, learning attitude, writing ability, learning satisfaction in the test group compared to the control group. This positive change proves that free writing is a significant teaching method in writing class for engineering and science students.

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The Development of Teaching and Learning Strategy for Improving Science Process Skills with Science Writing (과학 탐구 능력 신장을 위한 과학 글쓰기 교수.학습 전략 개발)

  • Bae, Hee-Sook;Jhun, Young-Seok;Hong, Jun-Euy
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 2009
  • The science writing is recognized for useful learning method to boost up scientific thinking for all class course as well as traditional lecture and experiment. Many researches say that science writing is helpful to extend students' science knowledge and scientific attitude. By the way, the researchers thought that science writing can also improve the science process skill if students participate in delicately organized learning program. In this study, we had contrived the teaching & learning strategy of science writing to improve science process skills. The learning program covers all field of Klopfer's process skills with various forms of writing; explaining writing, logical writing, critical writing, and creative writing. The learning program has been developed for 5th grade students in the regular classes in order to enhance science process skills as well as knowledge and scientific attitude. Not to miss any process skill or various kinds of writing, we used 3 dimensional frame. The axes of the frames are science process skills, forms of writing, and science curriculum contents. The students are given the final writing theme at the beginning of each chapter. They drill science process skills step by step during the classes, and have a chance to talk each other before the final writing. They practice writing skills from one sentence to full article by degrees. The effect of the program was examined by students' work and TSPS (Test of Science Process Skill). The result showed that 5th grade students had a meaningful progress in science process skills as well as knowledge and scientific attitude. we could confirm it with examining students' work in the class.

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Development of Science Writing Teaching Strategy and Its Application to Elementary Science Classes (초등 과학 글쓰기 지도 전략의 개발 및 적용)

  • Koo, Sul-Ki;Park, Il-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.427-440
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a science writing teaching strategy, and to apply it to the fourth-graders in elementary science classes. We examined its effect on their motivation, attitude, and understanding of science concept. For the research fourth grade children were grouped into three classes: an experimental class A of 27 children, an experimental class B of 24 and a comparative class of 27. All of them are from H elementary school in Seoul, Korea. Experimental class A learned science writing with a newly developed strategy while experimental class B learned science writing in a traditional method. Comparative class did not learn science writing. As a result, class A showed positive changes on students' science motivation, attitude, and understanding of science concept. In addition, class B with even one science writing task for a chapter had higher achievement in the understanding of science concept than the comparative class had.

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The Characteristics of Summarized Activities using Science Notebook for Elementary School Science Gifted (초등과학영재의 과학 노트를 활용한 정리활동 특성분석)

  • Cho, Young Seok;Kang, Ho Kam
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.46-57
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the writing styles and features of science writing by using science notebook for elementary school science gifted. The subject of this study was 37 sixth grade elementary school science gifted in P city. The preliminary 1 hour instruction was conducted to explain the usage of science notebook. The summarized activity using science notebook was conducted for 20 minutes following 4 hour lesson. These activities were performed for 8 times. As the result of this study, in The content which is learned today (main learning content)' which is one of components of science note, the writing appears the most frequently in external expression types and features of scientific writing, followed by writing+drawing, drawing, cartoon, writing+cartoon, mind map, table. Science writing which uses inductive thinking appears the most frequently in internal expression types and features of scientific writing, followed by deductive thinking, creative thinking. Among the components of science note, 'thinking and feeling', 'question,' 'one's own thinking of question' which are the components of science note promote the reflective thinking of elementary school student gifted for science.

The Effect of Science Journal Writing on Science-related Attitude and Science Academic Achievement (과학 일기쓰기가 과학 관련 태도 및 학업성취도에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Yong-Seob;Park, Mi-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.219-227
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of science journal writing on science-related attitude and science academic achievement of elementary school students in order to find out the value of science journal writing. For this purpose, one class of 6th graders was tested. The result of this study were as follows: First, Science journal are classfied by forms and content. The most frequently used types are prose and organizing concept. Second, Science journal writing brought positive effects on science - related attitude, especially cognition of science. Third, Science journal writing has positive effect on science academic achievement. Therefore Science Journal Writing can be useful method in Science education.

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The Development and Application of Instructional Strategy for Science Writing using Newspaper Articles (신문기사를 활용한 과학글쓰기 수업 전략의 개발과 적용)

  • Lee, Chi-Yun;Park, Jae-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.710-723
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to develop instructional strategy for newspaper-based science writing and to examine the effect of its application. The target unit was 'change of weather' and 'a variety of gas' in the sixth grade of elementary school, and the teaching strategy was composed of 3 stages-writing including realistic, interpretative and comprehensive writing. The result of applying this strategy into actual classrooms was as follows. First, it was proven that the science writing strategy using newspaper articles actually helped improving science process skills of learners, in particular, integrated process skills. Second, this strategy for science writing changed the scientific attitude of learners positively. While they read the newspaper articles, their thinking became more elaborate and systemized, which seemed to serve to foster their openness, criticism, and perseverance. Third, the science writing strategy did not contribute to the improvement of learners' science study achievement. To improve the understanding of scientific concepts and principles of learners, it is needed that teaching program combines with argument-based activity organically. The above-mentioned findings show that this instructional strategy using newspaper articles can be applicable as one of effective methods in science writing.

A Perceptions about the Creative Writing of Elementary Pre-service Teachers (과학 창의적 글쓰기에 대한 초등 예비 교사들의 인식)

  • Kim, Yun-Ji
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.144-154
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted among elementary pre-service teachers who participated in creative story writing exercises related to science. It aimed at analyzing their perceptions, based on their own experiences in the story writing exercises, about story writing as a pedagogic method, to discover the implications on science education. First, creative story writing exercises were carried out over a period of eight weeks by 114 elementary pre-service teachers at a college of education, all of whom were non-science majors taking a course on earth science as a liberal arts elective. Afterward, an open-ended survey was conducted among them to discover their attitudes and opinions, both as students and as teachers-to-be. The majority of the subjects expressed a positive opinion about creative story writing as a pedagogic tool, stating that they would apply it in their future teaching by telling stories they wrote or having students write their own compositions. Pre-service teachers conclude a creative writing improves students' studying, leads interest and motivation. In addition, it linked with daily life and other school subjects. Creative story writing, when used at colleges of education, has didactic value as an empirical exercise for pre-service teachers who are not majoring in science.

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Analysis of Argumentation Structure in Students' Writing on Socio-scientific issues (SSI): Focusing on the Unit of Climate Change in High School Earth Science I

  • Yoo, Bhyung-ho;Kwak, Youngsun;Park, Won-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.405-414
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we analyzed the development of high school students' argumentation through their writings on socio-scientific Issues (SSI) related to the Climate Change Unit in the Earth Science I curriculum. Pre- and post-writing assignments on the two main causes of global warming were analyzed and compared. In addition, an in-depth interview of the focus group was conducted with 7 students who showed a distinct change in the level of argumentation. According to the results, 16 of 52 students remained at the same argumentation level in pre- and post-writing assignments, and students remaining at Level 2 among five levels had difficulty in understanding the Toulmin's argument pattern (TAP) structure. Using the TAP structure, 29 of 52 students demonstrated increased argumentation levels in the post-writing assignments. The conclusions include that writing lessons on SSI using the TAP in Earth science classes can improve the level of high school students' argumentative writing, and that the level of students' argumentation can develop with the elaboration of their level of falsification. Also, it is suggested that the science curriculum should increase students' science writing competencies by specifying science writing as one of the goals.