• Title, Summary, Keyword: Scratch Program

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Design and Implementation of Scratch-based Science Learning Environment Using Non-formal Learning Experience

  • Ko, Hye-Kyeong
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.170-182
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we use scratch to design and develop non-formal learning experiences that are linked with contents of secondary science textbook to educational programs. The goal of this paper is to develop a convenient and interesting program for non-formal learning in a learning environment using various smart device. Theoretical approaches to mobile education, such as smartphones, and smart education support policies continue to lead to various research efforts. Although most of the smart education systems developed for students who have difficulty in academic performance are utilized, they are limited to general students. To solve the problem, the learning environment was implanted by combining the scratch, which is an educational programming that can be easily written. The science education program proposed in this paper shows the result of process of programming using ICT device using scratch programming. In the evaluation stage, we were able to display the creations and evaluate each other, so that we could refine them more by sharing the completed ideas.

The Development of an Educational Robot and Scratch-based Programming

  • Lee, Young-Dae;Kang, Jeong-Jin;Lee, Kee-Young;Lee, Jun;Seo, Yongho
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.8-17
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    • 2016
  • Scratch-based programming has come to be known as an effective programming tool because of its graphic instruction modules, which are designed to be assembled like the famous LEGO building blocks. These building block-like structures allow users to more easily program applications without using other more difficult programming languages such as C or Java, which are text-based. Therefore, it poses a good opportunity for application in educational settings, especially in primary schools. This paper presents an effective approach to developing an educational robot for use in elementary schools. Furthermore, we present the method for scratch programming based on the external modules need for the implementation of robot motion. Lastly, we design a systematic curriculum, titled "Play with a Robot," and propose guidelines to using the educational programming language Scratch.

Development of Game Developer Career Experience Program using Scratch (스크래치를 활용한 게임 개발자 진로체험 프로그램 개발)

  • Kim, Soohwan;Kim, Sanghong
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a game developer career experience program that promotes student participation and to verify its effectiveness. The game developer career experience education program currently operated by Job World is composed of passive course, which makes students less interesting and only passive activities are possible. In this study, we improved the existing coursework type program to experience actual game development using scratch to promote learner participation. Scratch can be created and shared, giving students the opportunity to create their own work. Therefore, this study developed the game developer career experience education program using scratch and verified its effect. Two Delphi tests were conducted to develop the training program and one expert council was held. In addition, pilot classes were conducted from 22 elementary school students and 30 middle school students, and the satisfaction test was conducted. As a result, the developed educational program showed positive results in terms of help, satisfaction, effectiveness, and awareness.

Development and Application of STEAM based Education Program Using Scratch - Focus on 6th Graders' Science in Elementary School - (스크래치를 활용한 STEAM 기반 교육 프로그램 개발 및 적용 - 초등학교 6학년 과학교과를 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Jung-Cheol;Lee, Ji-Hwon;Kim, Jung-A;Kim, Jong-Hoon
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.11-23
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    • 2012
  • For this study, we reviewed theoretical background of STEAM education and domestic and international case studies in STEAM education. By doing so, we developed and applied the STEAM Education Program through the use of Scratch. This program is designed for the 3rd and 4th lesson of 6th graders' science in elementary school. As a result, the creativity index and positive attitude about science of the students who went through the researched program increased with meaningful difference compared to that of the sample population. The result of this study shows that the STEAM Education Program, using Scratch, can improve creativity. And it is sure that it brings positive changes for the science-related affective domains.

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Development and implementation of STEAM Program based on Scratch Programming (스크래치 프로그래밍 중심의 STEAM 교육 프로그램 개발 및 적용)

  • Kim, Tae-Hun;Kim, JongHoon
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2014
  • As growing more and more interested in programming education, we need to concerned how to teach programming in school. We are presented the STEAM program based on scratch programming as a way of programming education for elementary students. We were developed STEAM program that do digital storytelling using scratch about selected science topic in order to raise interests about science and educate programming. In order to verify the effectiveness of the educational program, we analyzed the results of pre- and post-test about GALT, TTCT of experimental group and comparison group is comprised of 6th grade elementary students. In the analysis results, the education program we developed affected positive impacts on creativity, logical thinking of elementary school students.

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Effect of Oriental Medicine Public-health Program on Frozen Shoulder Patients (동결견 환자에 대한 한방보건 프로그램의 효과)

  • Lee, Cham-Kyul
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of oriental medicine public-health program on frozen shoulder patients. Methods : Oriental medicine public-health program was done to 50 frozen shoulder patients who visited Eumseong-gun public health center. Oriental medicine treatment(twice a week for 12 weeks) and prevention-educaiton program was included in public-health program. The schedule was proceeded from 16th March 2010 to 3rd June 2010. The efficacy of program was measured by visual analog scale (VAS), ROM(range of motion), Apley scratch test and Life function score, sleep quality score of their first and last visit. Then we analyzed the improvement in the same group. Results : 1. In VAS change, program showed statistically significant improvement. 2. In ROM(flexion, extension, abduction, adduction) and apley scratch test, program showed statistically significant improvement. 3. In Life function score, program showed statistically significant improvement. 4. In sleep quality score, program also showed improvement, but didn't do statistical significans. Conclusions : The above results suggest that oriental medicine public-health program can be used as effective method for frozen shoulder's treatment and care.

Applicaton and Analysis of Scratch Programing for elementary EPL Education (초등 EPL교육을 위한 스크래치 프로그래밍의 적용 분석)

  • Lee, Mee-Hyun;Koo, Duk-Hoi
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.243-249
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    • 2010
  • 2007 revised curriculum in primary schools by the educational programming should be carried out due to a number of practical constraints have been performed well. Elementary education program conducted by the EPL and Scratch Programming for haneunge was not long after the development of intuitive interface and blocks created using the syntax, contains multimedia elements, such as the benefits that can create artifacts due to the elementary education program is appropriate for. The researcher targeted the school for a semester, 4th year 12 weeks based on the results of scratch programming, programming by way of the Plan and the training and the results were analyzed. Scratch programming to increase student interest and enhance creativity and Formal help cultivate the scientific attitude can give you results. Scratch Programming for Elementary EPL Education is an effective lead of the students' prior knowledge or interest in sex by level of achievement because of the variation to allow individual learning needs to organize a program of study. And results in the production of sufficient thinking ahead and given time to discuss the purpose of education and programming will need to be alive.

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Computational Thinking Framework-based Analysis of Afterschool Scratch Team Project Experiences (컴퓨팅 사고 프레임워크 기반 방과후 스크래치 팀프로젝트 경험의 분석)

  • Choi, Hyungshin;Jeong, Inkee;So, Hyojeong
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.549-558
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to provide suggestions for software education in an afterschool program, deriving from the analysis of student experiences of working on Scratch team projects. This study reports on the implementation of the 12 week afterschool software education program in an elementary school, where students worked in pairs to learn Scratch programming from ideation to design and presentation. For an in-depth study of student-generated artifacts, we selected three groups' Scratch projects and conducted artifact-based interviews to unpack student experiences working on Scratch projects as a group. Adopting the computational thinking framework as an overarching analytical lens, we focused on examining student experiences from three dimensions of computational thinking (CT), namely, CT concepts, CT practices, and CT perspectives. The present study provides both theoretical and practical implications. Firstly, we demonstrate the feasibility of applying the CT framework for assessing student-generated artifacts in design-oriented software education. We also believe that this study provides important suggestions to future software education programs adopting CT as an overarching design and assessment framework.

A Task Centered Scratch Programming Learning Program for Enhancing Learners' Problem Solving Abilities (문제해결력 향상을 위한 과제 중심 스크래치 프로그래밍 학습 프로그램)

  • Lee, EunKyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2009
  • Programming learning may help to enhance learners' complex problem solving abilities. However, it may cause excessive cognitive loads for learners. Therefore, selection of programming tools and design of teaching and learning strategies to minimize the learners' cognitive loads and to maximize the learning effects. A task centered Scratch programming learning program was developed to enhance problem solving abilities of middle school students. And then, we implemented the developed program in middle school programming classes and analysed the educational effects of the developed program. We found that the developed program was helpful in enhancing learners' problem solving abilities, especially in the element of 'troubleshooting', which explains ability of error detecting and correcting.

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Development of English word learning contents using touch sensor based on S4A (S4A 기반의 터치센서를 이용한 영어단어 학습용 콘텐츠 개발)

  • Wi, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Jun-Hyeong;Lee, Hyeong-Ok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.317-320
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    • 2017
  • S4A (Scratch For Arduino) is a program that controls to Arduino with scratch. In this paper, We developed a simple game form for learning contents and using touch sensor that composed of scratch language based on S4A. We used background music and scores to motivate and interest that beginning to learn English for students.

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