• Title, Summary, Keyword: Seafarers on Board

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De Lege Frenda for Improvement of Marine Telemedicine Service System (해양원격의료 지원제도 개선을 위한 관련 법령정비 방안)

  • JEON, Yeong-Woo;HONG, Sung-Hwa;KIM, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.994-1005
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    • 2016
  • Expansion and spreading of marine telemedicine is rather restricted due to the conflict of laws relating to medical service and lack of provisions in the Seafarers' Act, Medical Service Act, etc. Thus, this study is intended to reveal the current status and problems of marine emergency medical advice system for the furtherance of health care of seafarers and emergency medical assistance conditions and deduce relevant proposals for legislative improvements thereof in order to resolve underlying problems and issues. The results of this study can be summated as follows. First, in respect of directions to provide marine emergency service based on marine telemedicine system, emergency radio medical advice system needs to be strengthened to meet domestic and international instrument, marine telemedicine system needs to be provided through integrating u-Health technology and special marine medical center needs to be established. Second, regarding directions to provide health promotion service based on the marine telemedicine system, a new process of health care service for seafarers needs to be devised and provided involving seafarers' life cycle covering from prior to boarding to after leaving a ship. The conclusions of this study can be given as follows. First, the following new provisions need to be introduced in the Seafarers' Act. (1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries and a shipowner shall conduct matters pertaining to preventive health promotion and care for seafarers; (2) a provisions regarding establishment of seafarers' health promotion center by the Minister; (3) a special exemption permitting marine telemedicine service and qualification requirements for marine telemedicine assistant; (4) shipowner's obligation of carrying seafarers' health measuring equipment on board. Second, the relevant provisions regarding medical care persons needs to be revised in such a way that master or chief officer shall be appointed to be in charge of medical care on board. Last but not least, it is also essential to amend and update the minimum standards on drug and medicines to be carried on board and medicine chest and equipment on board.

A Study on the Marine Accidents' Prevention of Korean Fishing Vessel which Foreign Seafarers are on board (외국인선원 승선 한국어선의 해양사고 예방에 관한 고찰)

  • Chong, Dae-Yul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2015
  • Foreign seafarers have embarked on the fishing vessels as industrial trainees since 1990s and the total number of foreign seafarers on merchant ships and fishing vessels marked 21,327 as of the end of 2013. Especially, in case of deep-sea fishing vessels and coastal/inshore fishing vessels, although the number of fishing vessels decreased, the number of foreign seafarers nearly doubled during recent 5 years. Looking at the marine accidents occurred to fishing vessels, after multinational seafarers are joining on board fishing vessels, difficulties in communication among seafarers has become a major issue. And the safety rules which could be understandable by foreign seafarers are not provided and the education and training for foreign seafarers are not properly conducted either. Consequently, the risk of marine accidents during fishing operation on fishing vessels has increased and emergency response under the captain's control was not effective enough to cope with such emergency situation. Several forced labour issues were also reported resulting from abusive words and assault committed by Korean seafarers. Therefore, This study aims first to review the cases of marine accidents on board fishing vessels which foreign seafarers are working and, the problems concerning employment and education for those foreign seafarers, and then to point out the necessity of conducting training on the safety rules and regular emergency drills for the foreign seafarers in order to prevent marine accidents.

Sleep and Fatigue Among Seafarers: The Role of Environmental Stressors, Duration at Sea and Psychological Capital

  • Hystad, Sigurd W.;Eid, Jarle
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.363-371
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    • 2016
  • Background: Seafaring is an inherently stressful environment. Because working time and leisure time is spent in the same confined environment for a prolonged period of time, many stressors present in seafaring can also be conceived of as chronic. We explored the effects of duration at sea, seafaring experience, environmental stressors, and psychological capital (PsyCap) on the sleep quality and fatigue of seafarers. PsyCap is a construct that draws upon ideas from positive psychology and positive organizational behavior, and is intended to capture an individual's psychological capacities that can be developed and utilized for performance improvements. Methods: We collected survey data from a sample of seafarers working in the offshore re-supply industry (n = 402) and a sample of seafarers working on board combined passenger and cargo ships (n = 340). Results: PsyCap emerged as a robust predictor with statistically significant relations to fatigue and sleep quality in both samples. PsyCap also interacted with duration at sea in explaining fatigue in seafarers working on board the passenger and cargo ships. Seafarers on passenger and cargo ships also reported significantly higher levels of fatigue than those working in the offshore re-supply industry. Conclusion: Coupled with emerging research showing that PsyCap is trainable, our results suggest that maritime organizations could have much to gain by being cognizant of and developing routines for continually developing the PsyCap of their employees.

A Basic Study on the Introduction of Human Rights Education for Seafarers (선원인권교육의 도입 방안에 관한 기초연구)

  • Jin, Ho-Hyun;Lee, Chang-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.560-571
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    • 2019
  • In line with the United Nations' Action Plan for the First and Second World Programme for Human Rights, countries around the world are making efforts to strengthen and develop human rights education through voluntary participation and improvement of the legal system. South Korea is also trying to spread human rights education under the leadership of the National Human Rights Commission of the Republic of Korea, but there has been no significant progress so far. Moreover, it has failed to pay close attention to the human rights issues of seafarers on board. This study identified the phenomenological problems based on an analysis of domestic and international literature, and of cases of violation of seafarers' human rights. It utilized the interactivity research method to create an educational environment for improving the human rights situation of seafarers on board mixed-nationality crew vessels. In doing so, the research suggests the introduction of human rights education for seafarers and the implementation of a human rights education program in designated educational institutions as fundamental solutions to the human rights issues of seafarers, as these have been pointed out as the main cause of conflicts in mixed-nationality crew vessels.

A Study on the Improvement of On-board Training Program through the Analysis of Satisfaction Level

  • Kim, Hong-Ryeol;Kim, Bu-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.270-276
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    • 2013
  • The educational process and result of onboard training should be evaluated according to the 1995 Amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch-keeping for seafarers(STCW), 1978. In particular, the revised Convention requires that a trainee's seagoing service must be recorded in each cadet's Training Record Book approved by the maritime administration responsible for the issuance of certificates of competency. Trainees for certification under regulation III/1 of the STCW Convention are required to complete an approved on-board training programme. The purpose of this paper is to understand the compliance of the education for an approved on-board training programme. The questionnaire was distributed among 110 cadets being trained on board the training ship of the maritime college of the Mokpo National Maritime University. In this study, we conducted the questionnaire survey which is related to the on-board training programme such as marine engineering; controlling the operation of the ship and care for persons on board; electrical, electronic and control engineering; etc. The survey revealed that onboard training program was normally satisfactory, however, lack of practical training tools and time have accounted for most of the reasons for dissatisfaction. Therefore, it is our goal to enhance the satisfactory value of onboard training education by analyzing the reason of the dissatisfaction.

Analysis of the Effects of Behavioral Factors on the Seafarers' Career Path (해기직업 경로상의 행동요인 영향 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Mo;Jun, Sang-Yup;Hwang, Byeong-Ho;Kang, In-Chul;Jeong, Hae-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.369-374
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    • 2009
  • It is difficult to improve maritime safety in the aspect of human elements without seafarers' job satisfaction. Therefore, through the career development for seafarers from their entries into the job to their retirements, longer and more stable seafarers' life on board ship could be achieved together with maritime safety. This study aims at the establishment of seafarers' career path model and the verification of six hypotheses by using the questionnaire data of 2,830 respondents of students, slip officers and shore-based ex-seafarers. The results of analyses of behavior factors on the career path are as follows; first, it is important to improve educational environment and to provide seafarers with detailed information on seafarer's life; second, economic factors such as income-level and etc. do not play a role in promoting motivation of going to sea; third, the guidance to shore jobs at proper time increases seafarers' job satisfaction and induces longer stay at sea; last, it is necessary to simplify the licence system for seafarers, to allow seafarers to acquire higher class certificates, and to work at higher rank on board ships as early as possible.

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A Study on the Institutional Improvement for the Guarantee of Fisher Wage Claims (어선원 임금채권의 보장을 위한 제도적 개선방안)

  • Yim, Jong-Sun
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.49-71
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    • 2020
  • A fisher means any person employed to provide his/her labor in a fishing vessel in exchange for a wage. There is no concept of a fisher in Seafarers Act. This act shall not apply to seafarers who are in service on board a fishing vessel the gross tonnage of which is less than 20 tons. However, of the total 63,112 fishing vessels, only 2,829 fishing vessels have a total tonnage of more than 20 tons. Fishermen engaged in fishing vessels with a gross tonnage of which is less than 20 tons are not guaranteed to be paid arrears through the Wage Claim Guarantee Fund for Seafarer (Article 56). In addition, fishermen working on a fishing vessel are excluded from the Wage claim Guarantee Act. The Labor Standards Act shall apply to fishermen engaged in fishing vessels with a gross tonnage of which is less than 20 tons. Fishermen and seafarers are at a higher risk of living security than regular workers. Guaranteeing the payment of wages is essential for fishermen to improve the life and employment stability. In order to guarantee fisher wage claims, the concept of a fisher in the Seafarers Act must be realized by sources such as the Wage Claim Guarantee Fund of Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, step by step expansion of members in the wage claim guarantee fund for seafarers and interest for delayed payment of wages, etc.

A Study on the New Education and Training Scheme for Developing Seafarers in Seafarer 4.0 - Focusing on the MASS - (선원 4.0시대에 적합한 새로운 선원교육훈련 체계에 대한 연구 - 자율운항선박을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Chang-Hee;Yun, Gwi-ho;Hong, Jung-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.726-734
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    • 2019
  • The current maritime industry is expected to have a significant impact on the role of maritime-related technologies and systems, especially seafarers, in the rapidly changing Fourth Industrial Revolution. The Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship (MASS) aims to reduce the number of safety accidents and improve seafarers' working environment. With regard to MASS, the International Maritime Organization has been trying to minimize unexpected impact in the maritime education and training sector by establishing international conventions such as the Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers. However, domestic designated educational institutions have not yet established an education and training scheme to develop seafarers who will be on board for MASS. Therefore, this paper reviews the technology of MASS, analyzes the changes in education and training in order to upgrade the qualifications, and suggests the competencies of smart seafarers equipped with the integrated management ability required for Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Cybersecurity, and the Digital System Revolution through education and training. In addition, this study provides basic information for the education and training of seafarers who are optimized for the rapidly changing technological environment.

A Study on the Systematization of Education after the Entry of Foreign Seafarers who is On-boarding in Ocean-going Merchant Vessel in Korea (외항상선 외국인선원 입국 후 교육의 체계화에 관한 기초연구)

  • Cho, Moon-Gyo;Lee, Jin-Woo;Kim, E-Wan;Lee, Chang-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.858-866
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    • 2019
  • In line with the transformation of the shipping industry, the number of mixed-manning ships is on the rise - bringing foreign sailors aboard with their local sailors. During on-board work, a culture is formed according to mixed-manning, which leads to changes in on-board living environment. This causes various problems such as communication problems, and lack of education and training. In order to identify and solve problems caused by mixed-manning, this study presented a plan for systematic education of foreign seafarers. The officials in charge of the affairs of foreign sailors conducted questionnaire surveys at various shipping lines. The questionnaire survey results were analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistic 26 program. Three improvement measures were proposed to solve the problems after identification of the types of education, education methods, and problems of foreign employees. This study revealed that it is imperative to systematize related education of foreign seafarers based on the results of the survey.

A Research on the Perception Level of Seafarer Related Organizations in Seafarer's Actual Health Care Conditions (선원유관단체의 선원 보건의료실태 인식도 조사)

  • Kim, Jae-Ho;Jeon, Yeong-Woo
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2015
  • This research was conducted to provide an improvement plan concerning medical treatment on board and medical health care conditions for seafarers. 139 persons from government agencies and seafarer related organizations, who could influence the government's seafarers healthcare policy-making, were asked to fill in the questionnaire prepared for this research about their perceptive views on actual condition of health and disease management for seafarers. The results of the survey on seafarer's health care management conditions(p<0.01), health care manage ability(p<0.01), current radio emergency medical service policy(p<0.01), usefulness of on board medicine chest and medical equipment(p<0.05), and the system of the onboard medical care persons show the difference of perception level among the seafarer related organizations. But generally, the rate of negative responses was high. And this research suggests that there is an urgent need to provide portable health measurement equipment on board, reenforce regular medical examination and establish the seafarer's health promotion center for telemedicine and healthcare management(p<0.01) in order to improve the onboard medical treatment support system for healthcare of seafarers.