• Title, Summary, Keyword: Secondary Science Textbook

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The Development of Evaluating Framework for a Science Textbook in a Secondary School (과학 교과서 선정과 평가에 관련된 교사들의 인식조사와 과학 교과서 평가틀 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Sook-Jin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.303-313
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    • 1996
  • The major purpose of this thesis is to construct the evaluating framework of a science textbook with a high confidence and universal validity, referring to a preceeding study and materials involved in research work, and in consideration of the educational conditions of the secondary school. The framework developed in this study are composed of 7 categories: content, organization, representation, laboratory, illustrations, external form or editing system, and supplementary materials. Each category consists of detailed items. Eech item in the check-list is to be given between one and five points, and the total number of possible points in this evaluating framework is 290. As a result, these evaluating items enable quantitative analyses, afford an opportunity which we can look into many-sidedly the respects we should consider when a science textbook is adopted, and they can be estimated partly or synthetically as occasional demands. This study is exepected to contribute to choose a good science textbook as fundamental data in the future, and to help the lasting study or estimation of the textbook.

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A Study on Development of Textbook 'Modern Algebra' for Training Mathematics Teacher of Secondary Schools (중등학교 수학교사 양성을 위한 현대대수학 교재 개발 연구)

  • Shin Hyunyong;Lee Kang Sup;Han Inki;Lyou Ikseung
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.337-360
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    • 2005
  • In this paper we develop textbook 'Modem Algebra' for training mathematics teacher of secondary schools. In order to understand mathematics teacher's viewpoint about desirable textbook 'Modem Algebra' we created a Questionnaire related with curriculum and textbook for training mathematics teacher of secondary schools. We analyze the result of the questionnaire along with recent studies on teacher education and come up with basic principles of developing textbook 'Modern Algebra'. The first version of 'Modern Algebra for Mathematics Teachers' that we have developed based on our study can be found in website 'www.teacheredu.co.kr'.

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On Science Textbooks and Related Teaching Learning Materials (과학교과서와 그에 관련된 교수 학습자료의 활용 실태 조사)

  • Kwon, Chi-Soon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 1985
  • The purpose of the study was to establish a new view of textbook which may contribute to the abolishment of the instruction mainly based on the only textbook and to the promotion of creativities of students. We first reviewed science textbooks and related teaching-learning materials of foreign countries with emphasis on the relationship among textbook and teaching-learning materials and practical use of them. In western countries the roles of traditional textbook has been changed. That is, various kinds of materials such as reading book, work-book, worksheet, experimental guidebook, filmstrips are used to raise effect of instruction besides of traditional type of textbook. Secondary, we identified the problems related to the science textbook-view of textbook, textbook contents, practical use of textbook-through opinion survey administered to principals akd teachers of elementary schools. The results of the survey are as follows; Concerning the view of textbook, most teachers did not recognize textbook as an absolute materials. They thought that textbook contents could be taught reorganized according to their judgements. On the contrary, teachers responded to the question of whether or not they follow contents of textbook as they are presented in it were approximately 30%. Further, more than 75% of them have seldom used instructional materials except textbooks. In order to revise the problems of our present textbook as stated above, a new view of textbook should be established. We, above all, established 4 basic premises for searching a new view of textbook. 1) Textbook should not be considered as the only material but as being at the center of various teaching -learning materials. 2) The importance of textbook should be illustrated Among Curriculum, textbook and related teaching-learning materials, instruction and evaluation. 3. Textbook contents should not be regarded as definitely fixed or absolute ones. 4. Human being can understand environment more fully by commanding his swnsory organ multilaterally. Under these premises we disscussed about curriculum and textbook, textbook, and instruction, akd evaluation method.

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Analysis of Concepts Related to Heat and Temperature in Elementary and Secondary School Science Textbooks (초등.중등학교 과학교과서에 나타난 열, 온도 개념에 대한 분석)

  • Paik, Seoung-Hey;Park, Young-Ju
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.478-489
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    • 2002
  • In this study, we identified the conceptions of heat and temperature on a basis of the science history, and analyzed the explanation types in elementary, and secondary school science textbooks. From these data, we tried to discover the cause of students' misconceptions. The results revealed that the explanation types of the textbooks don't include modem sight. Different conceptions developed in different era mixed in the textbooks. We can infer that students who learn heat and temperature concept by the textbooks could have misconceptions because of the above problems.

The High School Common Science Textbook and Classes by the Point of Science Teacher's View (교사들에 의한 공통과학 교과서 평가와 수업내용 현황)

  • Kim, Sung-Won;Jin, Yoo-Jung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.405-413
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    • 1997
  • High school common science is introduced by the sixth national curriculum. It consists of physics, chemistry, biology and earth science like the secondary school science. In this paper, textbooks are analyzed by the science teachers and the status of the present teaching and learning methods is reported. The detailed results are as follows; 1. Almost high school teachers choose textbook that included little the STS material. More than two teachers are teaching the high school common science and when they are chosen, they are independent with their major. 2. According to the national curriculum, they evaluated the textbooks as it is below the middle level. This evaluations are not dependent on teachers' comparement and textbook's class except the several matters based on STS (science-technology-society). 3. The teacher teaching the high school common science thought that teaching the textbook in school is worse than analysizing it. they must have emphasised on learning of inquire method than system of knowledge, introduction to material connected with real life and STS in the high school common science.

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Exploring Reasoning Patterns of Students' Scientific Thinking, Inquiry Activities in Textbook, and Examination Items

  • Kim, Young-Shin;Kwon, Yong-Ju;Yang, Il-Ho;Chung, Wan-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.309-318
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    • 2003
  • Scientific reasoning is one of the main concerns in current science education. This study have tried to answer on the question whether Korean science education has the potential to help improve of students' ability to think scientifically. Therefore, the present study investigated the relationship between reasoning patterns evident in science textbook and science examination items, and students' scientific reasoning skills across grades in Korea. 1975 subjects (1022 females and 953 males) were administered in the Lawson's Test of Scientific Reasoning skills. Forty seven science textbooks and 240 assessment instrument were analyzed by several scientific reasoning keys. Scientific reasoning patterns were adopted from Lawson's classification which characterized the patterns as the empirical-inductive and the hypothetical-deductive. This study found that reasoning patterns evident in textbook analyses and assessment instrumental items do not evidentce the potential to stimulate the development of students' reasoning skill. In order to improve the students' abilities to think and achieve, higher levels of reasoning must be included in the science textbook and examination. Further, some of scientific reasoning processes, such as generating hypotheses, designing experiments, and logical prediction, were not found in science textbooks and test items in Korean secondary schools. This study also discussed the educational implication of these results and further studies about to develop student's reasoning ability.

An Study on Plant Classification System as Described in the Science Textbook of Elementary and Secondary School (초.중등학교 과학교과서(생물영역)의 식물 분류 체계에 관한 연구)

  • Yeau, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.635-641
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to suggest a new direction of learning method in botany based on the analysis of a classification system and concepts in Science(Biology) textbooks of elementary and secondary school. Elementary and secondary school textbooks of Biology have been analyzed for plant classification system and concepts. Findings are summarized as belows. 1. In textbook of elementary school, the organization of life is grouped into Plantae and Animalia. Learning contents of plant are divided by the size and habitat. However, this system of classification might cause false concepts. Therefore, learning contents should be organized as whether they are flowering plants or not. 2. In a textbook of middle school, the organization of life is grouped into Plantae and Animalia. For a textbook of high school, it is grouped into three kingdoms; Plantae, Animalia and Prorista. With the idea of new age of Life Science, we should change the standards to 5 kingdoms; Plantae, Animalia, Proristae, Fungi and Monera. Moreover, it would be desirable if the concept of plant classification could be explained with a general outline, not by an individual interpretation focusing on characters of species only. In addition to the above indications, a learning course should provide present a standard classification according to a cognitive developemental level. It also has to teach students how to classify plant, in secondary school. Learning materials focusing on algae of the present system, but should be organized based on Seed plants.

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Analysis of MBL Experiments from the Korean Secondary Science and Chemistry Textbooks Based on 2007 and 2009 Revision (2007 개정 및 2009 개정 중등 과학 및 고등학교 화학 교과서의 MBL 실험 분석)

  • Jung, Eun-a;Cha, Jeongho;Kim, Inwhan
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.254-266
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    • 2016
  • In this study, MBL experiments in the Korean secondary science textbooks and chemistry textbooks under the 2007 and the 2009 curriculum revision were analyzed in terms of curriculum revision era, grade, context of experiment in the textbook, field of science, topic, sensor, and publisher. As a result, 25 MBL experiments were found in the science textbooks under the 2007 revision, and 29 experiments under the 2009 revision (19 for middle school textbook and 10 for high school textbook). MBL experiments in middle school textbooks were not increased after curriculum revision while those in high school textbooks appeared for the first time. Most of them were in the textbooks for grade 7 and presented as an essential experiment rather than optional one. Motion sensor and temperature sensor were used most frequently, and oxygen sensor and carbon dioxide sensor were followed. In aspect of publishers, a frequency of MBL experiment was decreased in most textbook and some publishers didn't include MBL experiment at all. Based on these results, educational implications were discussed.

Content Analysis of Secondary School Environmental Education Textbooks and 10th Grade Science Textbooks (중등 환경 교과서와 10학년 과학 교과서의 공통 내용 분석)

  • Shin, Dong-Hee;Son, Yeon-A;Park, June-Hee
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.26-40
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to analyze the science content in secondary school environmental education(EE) textbooks and the environment-related content in secondary school science text- books. Firstly, a total of 73 EE and science textbooks for secondary students were reviewed, which three kinds of textbooks, secondary school EE textbooks and the 10th grade "Science" textbooks, were finally selected for analysis. Three researchers separately analyzed the textbooks using NAAEE framework(1996) for the development of EE materials. In condition that there was a disagreement in their opinion, they had discussed until they came to an agreement. The results showed that secondary school EE textbooks contained more and deeper science concepts than the 10th grade "Science" textbooks, which were evaluated better in all perspectives of the analysis framework. The 10th grade "Science" textbooks had more various teaching and learning activities than EE textbooks. It it expected that the new EE textbook developers should consider the ultimate goal of EE which focused the affective perspectives rather than the cognitive perspectives.

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