• Title, Summary, Keyword: Security Measures

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A Study on The Security Measures of The 17th FIFA World Cup in 2002 (2002년월드컵축구대회에 대한 안전대책)

  • Kim, Doo-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.2
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    • pp.33-60
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    • 1999
  • I Study on the security measures of the World Cup Korea and Japan jointly in 2002. The paper, purporting to consider security counterplans, comprise five chapters. Chapter I which sets out purpose, scope and method, is followed by chapter II, dealing largely with the legislations and importance on the security measures of the 17th FIFA World Cup in 2002. Chapter III concerns the security environment -internal environment, external environment- and the highlights accidents and events of history on the FIFA World Cup. Chapter IV consider security measures of the World Cup Korea in 2002. It is followed by concluding observation made in chapter V. To be operated security systems effectively, these need to be regulated according to a security measures organizations, security facilities and equipments, security plan and protective force, security operations and so forth.

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A Study on the Information Security Measures Influencing Information Security Policy Compliance Intentions of IT Personnel of Banks (은행 IT 인력의 정보보호 정책 준수에 영향을 미치는 정보보호 대책에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Joonbo;Hwang, K.T.
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.171-199
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    • 2015
  • This study proposes the practical information security measures that help IT personnel of banks comply the information security policy. The research model of the study is composed of independent variables (clarity and comprehensiveness of policy, penalty, dedicated security organization, audit, training and education program, and top management support), a dependent variable (information security policy compliance intention), and moderating variables (age and gender). Analyses results show that the information security measures except 'clarity of policy' and 'training and education program' are proven to affect the 'information security policy compliance intention.' In case of moderating variables, age moderated the relationship between top management support and compliance intention, but gender does not show any moderating effect at all. This study analyzes information security measures based solely on the perception of the respondents. Future study may introduce more objective measurement methods such as systematically analyzing the contents of the information security measures instead of asking the respondents' perception. In addition, this study analyzes intention of employees rather than the actual behavior. Future research may analyze the relationship between intention and actual behavior and the factors affecting the relationship.

An Empirical Study on Influencing Factors of Using Information Security Technology (정보보안기술 사용의 영향요인에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Gab-Su
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.151-175
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    • 2015
  • Although three types of the information security measures (technical, physical and managerial ones) are all together critical to maintaining information security in the organizations and should be implemented at the same time, this study aims at providing theoretical basis of establishing and implementing effective managerial security measures. The rationale behind this research objective is that it is very important to effectively perform the managerial security measures to achieve the target performance level of the technical and the physical security measures because main agents of practicing the information security measures in the organizations are staff members even though the technical and the physical ones are well constructed and implemented. In particular, this study intends to develop and propose the theoretical model applicable to providing the way of improving organizational members' intention to use information security technologies since the very intention to use them is essential to effectively establishing and promoting managerial security measures. In order to achieve the objective of this study, the factors critical to influencing upon the intention to use information security technologies are derived through systematically reviewing related theories and previous studies, and then the research model and hypotheses are proposed by logically reasoning the casual relationship among the these factors. Also, the empirical analyses are performed by conducting the survey of the organization members of domestic large companies and analyzing the structural equation model by PLS (Partial Least Squares) method. The significant results of this study can contribute to expanding the research area of managerial information security and can be applied to suggesting the practical guidelines for effectively establishing and implementing the managerial security measures in various organizations.

Development of Food Security Measures for Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (국민건강영양조사 식품안정성 측정 도구 개발)

  • Kim, Ki-Rang;Hong, Seo-Ah;Kwon, Sung-Ok;Oh, Se-Young
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.551-561
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    • 2011
  • Given that household food security issues have become the concern of the Korean society, this study aimed to develop food security measures for the Korean population. Based on the literature reviews on previously developed food security measures, the 18-item US household food security survey module (US HFSSM) was adapted. The developed food security measures was assessed by qualitative validity method. It was evaluated and modified by face validity by expert focus groups belong to university, public health center, and government agencies and by cognitive interview by 40 subjects with low household income who live in an urban community and are participants in welfare programs of local districts. Then, it was reviewed and revised by the National Institute of the Korean Language and the advisory committee for nutrition survey of Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The results showed that the developed questionnaire items were well adapted by expert focus groups and general subjects, showing the feasibility of measuring food security with the developed measures although there were discrepancies in some expressions of questionnaire items between experts focus groups and general subjects. The study to assess reliability and quantitative validity of the developed food security measures should be further needed to examine its application for KNHANES.

Electronic Security Control Center Building Process and Security and Management Measures (시스템경비 관제시설의 구축과 보안 및 경영대책)

  • Ha, Kyung-Su;Cho, Cheol-Kyu;Kim, Pyong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2015
  • This research suggests construction processes and security solutions for security control center as management measures for security management improvement in domestic electronic security companies. Security control center (SCC) is the central nerve of electronic security service, and no matter how well the on-site response system has been built, if SCC ceases to work due to an incident or disaster or security control personnel are harmed, the electronic security system cannot perform its proper functions. It is divided to a spatial structure, the infrastructure, control equipment, control solutions and operating structure in a construction process in the security control center. And a solution can be presented for physical security, information security, and personnel security in the way to security solutions.

Study on Improving Airport Security to Prevent Air Terrorism (항공테러 방지를 위한 공항보안 개선대책 연구)

  • Kim, Kwanho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.90-105
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    • 2013
  • As witnessed in September 11 attacks, air terrorism is often the most effective means to achieve their goals, and thereby requires a sophisticated level of security measures. Moreover, considering the nature of air transportation, the prevention of air terrorism demands a wide range of international cooperation and joint efforts such as timely sharing of information related to air terrorism (such as latest terror techniques and list of terrorists) between nations, International Air Transport Association (IATA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) As most air terrorism can be effectively prevented through security and search activities in airports, this study has focused on researching security measures and issues in major airports around the world, along with the potential measures to improve them. To achieve this effect, this paper offers solutions to preventing air terrorism by exploring appropriate responses to various type of air terrorism, deployment of advanced security and search equipment, techniques to identify terrorists, R&D on equipments to physically take down terrorists and systematic improvements on airport security search process.

Chinese Naval Power Build-up and Measures for Regional Maritime Cooperation (중국의 해군력 발전과 지역 해양안보 협력 방안)

  • Park, Chang-Hee
    • Strategy21
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    • pp.162-189
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    • 2016
  • This research deals with the PLAN's capabilities and its implication for regional security, and suggests some measures for maritime security cooperation among regional states. China has began to focus its national strategy more on 'rising as a new maritime power' since the 18th Party Convention in November 2012. Chinese new strategy aims at building a strong navy, contributing economic prosperity and national security, and thus elevating its prestige in international society. Most of all, building a strong navy is the foremost task at this time, and that is why the PLAN has the priority for military modernization. Chinese new maritime strategy could cause naval arms race in East Asia and aggravate maritime territorial disputes among concerned parties. It is the time for regional states to discuss some measures to build confidence, such as arms control of naval weapons, establishment of multilateral maritime security mechanism, and foundation of regional security regime, thus enhancing regional maritime cooperation.

A Study on Measurements of IT Security Service Quality : Feasibility of Quantitative Measures (IT 보안 서비스 품질의 측정 방법에 관한 연구 : 정량 지표의 사용 가능성)

  • Kyung, Ji Hoon;Kim, Chong Su
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2015
  • IT security service provides customers with the capability of protecting the networked information asset and infrastructures, and the scope of security service is expanding from a technology-intensive task to a comprehensive protection system for IT environment. To improve the quality of this service, a research model which help assess the quality is required. Several research models have been proposed and used in various service areas, but few cases are found for IT security service. In this work, a research model for the IT security quality has been proposed, based on research models such as SERVQUAL and E-S-QUAL. With the proposed model, factors which affect the service quality and the best quality measure have been identified. And the feasibility of using quantitative measures for quality has been examined. For analysis, structural equation modeling and various statistical methods such as principal component analysis were used. The result shows that satisfaction is the most significant measure affected by the proposed quality factors. Two quality factors, fulfillment and empathy, are the main determinants of the service quality. This leads to a strategy of quality improvement based on factors of emotion and perception, not of technology. The quantitative measures are considered as promising alternative measures, when combined with other measures. In order to design reliable quantitative measures, more work should be done on target processing time and users' expectation. It is hoped that work of this research will provide efficient tools and methods to improve the quality of IT security service and help future research works for other IT service areas.

The Preventive Measures On Terrorism Against Overseas Korean Businessmen(A view of recent ethnic minority separation movement) (해외근무(海外覲務) 기업체(企業體)에 대(對)한 테러 방지책(防止策) - 최근(最近) 소수민족분리주의운동지역(小數民族分離主義運動地域)을 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Choi, Yoon-Soo
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.1
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    • pp.351-370
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    • 1997
  • This study concerns possible measures to prevent separatists' terrorist acts against overseas Korean businessmen. Of late, many Korean enterprises are helping a number of foreign countries develop their economy, by building factories and manning regional offices in those countries. But recent development of terrorism especially against Korean businessmen is alarming. This report discusses the need for Korean enterprises heading overseas to prepare themselves with awareness of terrorism and possible protective measures against it, besides their routine pursuance of profits; and for the government and prospective enterprises to refrain from investing in those countries having active separatist movements. If an investment has become inevitable, a careful survey of the region in conflict should be conducted and self-protective measures should be put in place through security information exchange, emergency coordination and training of personnel, etc. This study will first review the past terrorist incidents involving employees of overseas Korean enterprises, and then will focuss on seeking effective measures on the basis of the reported incidents. In carrying out the study, related literature from both home and abroad have been used along with the preliminary materials reported and known on the Internet from recent incidents. 1. The separatist movements of minority groups Lately, minority separatist groups are increasingly resorting to terrorism to draw international attention with the political aim of gaining extended self rule or independence. 2. The state of terrorism against overseas Korean enterprises and Koreans Korean enterprises are now operating businesses, and having their own personnel stationed, in 85 countries including those in South East Asia and Middle East regions. In Sri Lanka, where a Korean enterprise recently became a target of terrorist bombing, there are 75 business firms from Korea and some 700 Korean employees are stationed as of August 1996. A total of 19 different terrorist incidents have taken place against Koreans abroad since 1990. 3. Terrorism preventive measures Terrorism preventive measures are discussed in two ways: measures by the government and by the enterprises. ${\blacktriangleleft}$ Measures by the government - Possible measures at governmental level can include collection and dissemination of terrorist activity information. Emphasis should be given to the information on North Korean activities in particular. ${\blacktriangleleft}$ Measures by individual enterprises - Organizational security plan must be established by individual enterprises and there should also be an increase of security budget. A reason for reluctant effort toward positive security plan is the perception that the security budget is not immediately linked to an increment of profit gain. Ensuring safety for overseas personnel is a fundamental obligation of an enterprise. Consultation and information exchange on security plan, and an emergency support system at a threat to security must be sought after and implemented. 4. Conclusion Today's terrorism varies widely depending on reasons and causes, and its means has become increasingly informationalized and scientific as well while its method is becoming more clandestine and violent. Terrorist organizations are increasingly aiming at enterprises for acquisition of budgets needed for their activities. Korean enterprises have extended their business realm to foreign countries since 1970, exposing themselves to terrorism. Enterprises and their employees, therefore, should establish their own security measures on the one hand while the government must provide general measures, on the other, for the protection of the life and property of Korean residents abroad from terrorist attacks. In this regard, set-up of a counter terrorist organization that coordinates the efforts of government authorities in various levels in planning and executing counter terrorist measures is desired. Since 1965, when the hostile North Korea began to step up its terrorist activities against South Koreans, there have been 7 different occasions of assassination attempt on South Korean presidents and some 500 cases of various kidnappings and attempted kidnappings. North Korea, nervous over the continued economic growth and social stabilization of South Korea, is now concentrating its efforts in the destruction and deterioration of the national power of South Korea for its earlier realization of reunification by force. The possibility of North Korean terrorism can be divided into external terrorist acts and internal terrorist acts depending on the nationality of the terrorists it uses. The external terrorist acts include those committed directly by North Korean agents in South Korea and abroad and those committed by dissident Koreans, hired Korean residents, or international professionals or independent international terrorists bought or instigated by North Korea. To protect the life and property of Korean enterprises and their employees abroad from the threat of terrorism, the government's administrative support and the organizational efforts of enterprises should necessarily be directed toward the planning of proper security measures and training of employees. Also, proper actions should be taken against possible terrorist acts toward Korean business employees abroad as long as there are ongoing hostilities from minority groups against their governments.

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Revitalizing Measures of an Operating System on Casino Security Management - Focusing on Domestic Casino Only for Foreigners - (카지노 기업 보안관리 운영시스템 활성화 방안 - 국내 외국인 전용 카지노를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jae Il;Lee, Julak
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.55
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    • pp.57-73
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    • 2018
  • The domestic casino industry is attempting to change from the existing single form to the advanced-type of complex casino resort. In addition, the importance of the security management system, which prevents and responds to accidents caused by negative influences of gambling, is emphasized at the casino enterprise level. Therefore, this study aimed to find measures to revitalize the security management system for domestic casinos only for foreigners through an analysis of relevant literature and case studies. As a result of the analysis, it was found that in order to effectively cope with changes in the casino industry, three areas were needed to be revamped: (1) a lack of protocols which intend to protect casino security personnel, (2) an inefficient operational system due to the dualized casino security management system, and (3) a lack of systematic educational system for casino security personnel. This study therefore proposed three measures: (1) a review of revisions of related laws to protect casino security personnel, (2) enhancement of professionalism of casino security personnel and (3) establishment of a single operating system of the casino security management operating system.