• Title, Summary, Keyword: Seismic response

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Numerical Analysis for Buried Box Structures during Earthquake (지중 박스구조물의 지진시 거동 해석)

  • 박성진
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.108-115
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    • 2000
  • Numerical analysis of slop stability is presented using seismic displacement, response seismic coefficient, and earthquake response analysis methods. In seismic displacement and response seismic coefficient methods, horizontal static seismic force is considered as 0.2g while vertical static seismic force is not considered in analysis. For earthquake response analysis Hahinoha-wave is applied, It is found from result that analysis using response seismic coefficient method is much more conservative than that using seismic displacement method Also, analysis result using earthquake response analysis method is somewhat less conservative about 25% when compared with that using seismic displacement method.

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Seismic fragility assessment of isolated structures by using stochastic response database

  • Eem, Seung-Hyun;Jung, Hyung-Jo
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.389-398
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    • 2018
  • The seismic isolation system makes a structure isolated from ground motions to protect the structure from seismic events. Seismic isolation techniques have been implemented in full-scale buildings and bridges because of their simplicity, economic effectiveness, inherent stability and reliability. As for the responses of an isolated structure due to seismic events, it is well known that the most uncertain aspects are the seismic loading itself and structural properties. Due to the randomness of earthquakes and uncertainty of structures, seismic response distributions of an isolated structure are needed when evaluating the seismic fragility assessment (or probabilistic seismic safety assessment) of an isolated structure. Seismic response time histories are useful and often essential elements in its design or evaluation stage. Thus, a large number of non-linear dynamic analyses should be performed to evaluate the seismic performance of an isolated structure. However, it is a monumental task to gather the design or evaluation information of the isolated structure from too many seismic analyses, which is impractical. In this paper, a new methodology that can evaluate the seismic fragility assessment of an isolated structure is proposed by using stochastic response database, which is a device that can estimate the seismic response distributions of an isolated structure without any seismic response analyses. The seismic fragility assessment of the isolated nuclear power plant is performed using the proposed methodology. The proposed methodology is able to evaluate the seismic performance of isolated structures effectively and reduce the computational efforts tremendously.

Evaluation of Velocity Response Spectrum of Seismic Base and Response Displacement for the Seismic Design of Buried Structures (지중구조물 내진설계를 위한 기반면의 속도 응답스펙트럼 및 응답변위 산정기법에 대한 연구)

  • 김동수;김동수;유제남
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2003
  • The response displacement method is the most frequently used method for seismic design of buried structures. This method is pseudo-static method, and the evaluations of velocity response spectrum of seismic base and response displacement of surrounding soil are the most important steps. In this study, the evaluation of velocity response spectrum of seismic base according to the Korean seismic design guide and the simple method of calculating the response displacement were studied. It was found that velocity response spectrum of seismic base can be estimated by direct integrating the ground-surface acceleration response spectrum of soil type $S_{A}$, and the evaluation of the response displacement using double cosine method assuming two layers of soil profile shows the advantages in the seismic design.n.

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The Seismic Response According to Rise-Span Ratio of the Arch Structure With Seismic Isolation (라이즈-스팬비에 따른 면진 아치구조물의 지진응답 분석)

  • Kim, Su-Geun;Kim, Yu-Seong;Kim, Gee-Cheol;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.55-65
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    • 2018
  • In order to reduce the seismic response of the spatial structure, a seismic isolation system with sufficient flexibility is used. The natural period of structure with seismic isolation system got be long to avoid prominent period. In this study, The seismic response of the truss-arch structure, which is modeled in three types according to the rise-span ratio is analyzed on El-centro, Northridge and Artificial Earthquake and compared with the seismic response of the truss-arch structure with lead rubber bearing(LRB). When seismic load is applied to the truss arch with isolation system, the horizontal acceleration response of the truss arch is reduced and vertical seismic response is also reduced. The application of the seismic isolation system is effective in controlling the seismic response.

Seismic Response of Multi-Supported Spatial Structure under Seismic Excitation (다중지점 지진하중에 대한 아치구조물의 지진응답 분석)

  • Kim, Gee-Cheo;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2013
  • Spatial structures have the different dynamic characteristics from general rahmen structures. Therefore, it is necessary to accurately analyze dynamic characteristics and seismic response for seismic design of spatial structure. Keel arch structure is used as an example structure because it has primary characteristics of spatial structures. In case of spatial structures with different ground condition and time lag, multiple support excitation may be subjected to supports of a keel arch structure. In this study, the response of the keel arch structure under multiple support excitation and with time lag are analyzed by means of the pseudo excitation method. Pseudo excitation method shows that the structural response is divided into two parts, ground displacement and structural dynamic response due to ground motion excitation. It is known that the seismic responses of spatial structure under multiple support excitation are different from those of spatial structure under simple excitation. And the seismic response of spatial structure with time lag are different from those of spatial structure without time lag. Therefore, it has to be necessary to analyze the seismic response of spatial structure under multiple support excitation and time lag because the spatial structure supports may be different and very long span. It is shown that the seismic response of spatial structure under multiple support seismic excitation are different from those of spatial structure under unique excitation.

Earthquake Response Analysis for Seismic Isolation System of Single Layer Lattice Domes With 300m Span (300m 단층 래티스 돔의 면진 장치에 대한 지진 반응 해석)

  • Park, Kang-Geun;Chung, Mi-Ja;Lee, Dong-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.105-116
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the response reducing effect of a seismic isolation system installed between 300m dome and supports under both horizontal and vertical seismic ground motion. The time history analysis is performed to investigate the dynamic behavior of single layer lattice domes with and without a lead rubber bearing seismic isolation system. In order to ensure the seismic performance of lattice domes against strong earthquakes, it is important to investigate the mechanical characteristics of dynamic response. Horizontal and vertical seismic ground motions cause a large asymmetric vertical response of large span domes. One of the most effective methods to reduce the dynamic response is to install a seismic isolation system for observing seismic ground motion at the base of the dome. This paper discusses the dynamic response characteristics of 300m single layer lattice domes supported on a lead rubber seismic isolation device under horizontal and vertical seismic ground motions.

Large strain nonlinear model of lead rubber bearings for beyond design basis earthquakes

  • Eem, Seunghyun;Hahm, Daegi
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.600-606
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    • 2019
  • Studies on the application of the lead rubber bearing (LRB) isolation system to nuclear power plants are being carried out as one of the measures to improve seismic performance. Nuclear power plants with isolation systems require seismic probabilistic safety assessments, for which the seismic fragility of the structures, systems, and components needs be calculated, including for beyond design basis earthquakes. To this end, seismic response analyses are required, where it can be seen that the behaviors of the isolation system components govern the overall seismic response of an isolated plant. The numerical model of the LRB used in these seismic response analyses plays an important role, but in most cases, the extreme performance of the LRB has not been well studied. The current work therefore develops an extreme nonlinear numerical model that can express the seismic response of the LRB for beyond design basis earthquakes. A full-scale LRB was fabricated and dynamically tested with various input conditions, and test results confirmed that the developed numerical model better represents the behavior of the LRB over previous models. Subsequent seismic response analyses of isolated nuclear power plants using the model developed here are expected to provide more accurate results for seismic probabilistic safety assessments.

Seismic response distribution estimation for isolated structures using stochastic response database

  • Eem, Seung-Hyun;Jung, Hyung-Jo
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.937-956
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    • 2015
  • Seismic isolation systems decouple structures from ground motions to protect them from seismic events. Seismic isolation devices have been implemented in many full-scale buildings and bridges because of their simplicity, economic effectiveness, inherent stability, and reliability. It is well known that the most uncertain aspect for obtaining the accurate responses of an isolated structure from seismic events is the seismic loading itself. It is needed to know the seismic response distributions of the isolated structure resulting from the randomness of earthquakes when probabilistic designing or probabilistic evaluating an isolated structure. Earthquake time histories are useful and often an essential element for designing or evaluating isolated structures. However, it is very challenging to gather the design and evaluation information for an isolated structure from many seismic analyses. In order to evaluate the seismic performance of an isolated structure, numerous nonlinear dynamic analyses need to be performed, but this is impractical. In this paper, the concept of the stochastic response database (SRD) is defined to obtain the seismic response distributions of an isolated structure instantaneously, thereby significantly reducing the computational efforts. An equivalent model of the isolated structure is also developed to improve the applicability and practicality of the SRD. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is numerically verified.

Effect of design spectral shape on inelastic response of RC frames subjected to spectrum matched ground motions

  • Ucar, Taner;Merter, Onur
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.293-306
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    • 2019
  • In current seismic design codes, various elastic design acceleration spectra are defined considering different seismological and soil characteristics and are widely used tool for calculation of seismic loads acting on structures. Response spectrum analyses directly use the elastic design acceleration spectra whereas time history analyses use acceleration records of earthquakes whose acceleration spectra fit the design spectra of seismic codes. Due to the fact that obtaining coherent structural response quantities with the seismic design code considerations is a desired circumstance in dynamic analyses, the response spectra of earthquake records used in time history analyses had better fit to the design acceleration spectra of seismic codes. This paper evaluates structural response distributions of multi-story reinforced concrete frames obtained from nonlinear time history analyses which are performed by using the scaled earthquake records compatible with various elastic design spectra. Time domain scaling procedure is used while processing the response spectrum of real accelerograms to fit the design acceleration spectra. The elastic acceleration design spectra of Turkish Seismic Design Code 2007, Uniform Building Code 1997 and Eurocode 8 are considered as target spectra in the scaling procedure. Soil classes in different seismic codes are appropriately matched up with each other according to $V_{S30}$ values. The maximum roof displacements and the total base shears of considered frame structures are determined from nonlinear time history analyses using the scaled earthquake records and the results are presented by graphs and tables. Coherent structural response quantities reflecting the influence of elastic design spectra of various seismic codes are obtained.

Seismic Analysis of Tunnel Response by Response Displacement Method (응답변위법에 의한 터널의 내진해석)

  • Yun, Se-Ung;Shin, Jong-Ho;Park, Du-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.457-462
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    • 2009
  • In this study, seismic analysis is performed using simplified method, analytical solution and numerical analysis based on one-dimensional seismic site response analysis. The results show that analytical solution of tunnel response is predicted more conservative than numerical solution. And simplified method is not appropriate for seismic analysis of tunnel response. In addition, it is reasonable to determine shear-modulus reduction ratio performing seismic site response analysis to consider ground nonlinear-behavior.

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