• Title/Summary/Keyword: Self esteem

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The Relation between Paternal Self-esteem, Child-rearing Behaviors and Child's Self-esteem (아버지의 자기존중감 및 양육행동과 아동의 자기존중감의 관계)

  • Lee, Mi Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.47-61
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    • 1988
  • The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between paternal self-esteem, child-rearing behaviors and child's self-esteem. The secondary purpose was to examine whether there were significant relational differences according to child's sex. 272 dyads consisting of fifth and sixth grade children in elementary school and their measured by the Self-Esteem Inventory (for children), the Self-Esteem Scale (for fathers), and the Iowa Parent Behavior Inventory: Father form. Pearson's r., F-test, and Ducan's multiple range test were used for data analysis. Paternal self-esteem was significantly associated with 'parental involvement', 'reasoning guidance', and 'intimacy'. Paternal self-esteem was positively correlated with girl's self-esteem. Child's self-esteem was positively related to 'parental involvement', 'limit setting', 'responsiveness', 'reasoning guidance' and 'intimacy'. In sex differences, only boy's self-esteem wasn't related to paternal 'limit setting'. Boys' self-esteem was strongly related to 'parental involvement', and girls' self-esteem was strongly related to 'reasoning guidance'.

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The Relations of Mothers' Self-Esteem and Facilitative Communication to Child's Self-Esteem (어머니의 자아존중감, 촉진적 의사소통과 아동의 자아존중감과의 관계)

  • Lee, In Young;Lee, Hee Ja
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 1995
  • The objective of this study was to clarify the relations among mothers' self-esteem and facilitative communication, to children's self-esteem, and facilitative communication and then to inquire into how these relationships relatively contribute to children's self-esteem. Subjects were 206 elementary school children and their mothers in Anjang. Two types of instruments were used in this study. To measure the children's and mothers' self-esteem, SEI(Self-Esteem Inventory) was to used. To measure mothers' facilitative communication levels, "Mothers' Facilitative Communication Scales" was constructed by the researcher. The statistical procedures used for collected data analyses were correlation, one-way ANOVA, multiful regression. The findings are as following: 1. A significant static correlation was found between mothers' self-esteem and children's self-esteem. 2. Also, a significant static correlation was revealed between mothers' facilitative communication level and children's self-esteem. 3. The level of mothers' facilitative communication discloses a significant difference depending upon the mothers' self-esteem. 4. Mothers' level of facilitative communication affected children's self-esteem rather than the mothers' self-esteem.

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Effects of Media Involvement, Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem on the Appearance Management Behavior of Preteen Boys and Girls (남녀 프리틴 세대의 외모관리행동 영향요인 -미디어관여, 신체만족, 자아존중감을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Analia;Lee, Soo-Gyoung;Koh, Ae-Ran
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.30 no.11
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    • pp.1538-1549
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was 1) to identify gender differences in appearance management behavior and influencing variables(media involvement, body satisfaction and self-esteem), 2) the effects of influencing variables on appearance management behavior, and 3) to analyze the relationships among influencing variables. The data were collected ken 458 fifth and sixth grade girls and boys of five elementary schools ill Seoul, Korea via self-administered questionnaires, and were analyzed by factor analysis, t-test, and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows: Regarding the gender differences in research variables, preteen girls showed more interest in clothing/hair style management, weight management, TV involvement and celebrity imitation than preteen boys. Girls showed lower level of satisfaction than boys. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to identify the effects of media involvement, body satisfaction and self-esteem on appearance management behavior. For boy group, clothing/hair style interest was influenced by celebrity imitation, and weight management by TV involvement, body satisfaction and school self-esteem, and height management by celebrity management and school self-esteem. For girl group, clothing/hair style management was influenced by celebrity imitation and general self-esteem, and weight management by body satisfaction, general self-esteem, celebrity imitation and TV involvement, and height management by school self-esteem, TV involvement, time spent watching TV and general self-esteem. From the results of analyzing relationships among influencing variables, it was found that media involvement influenced self-esteem; TV involvement and celebrity imitation influenced school self-esteem; body satisfaction had the effect on all three sub dimensions of self-esteem in boy group. For female group, TV involvement had the effect on body satisfaction, and celebrity imitation on general self-esteem, the family self-esteem and school self-esteem, and body satisfaction on all three sub dimensions of self-esteem.

Control Effect of Self-Esteem on Apparel Brand Types (의류브랜드 유형에 대한 자아존중감의 조절효과)

  • Kim, Ju-Ae;Song, Seung-Hee;Yi, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fashion and Beauty
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the difference between high self-esteem and low self-esteem about the product. The study used the questionnaire method to find out the control effect of self-esteem on apparel brand types. The survey data was analyzed by SPSS Hangul 10.0 Statistic Package. 16 apparel brands that had been selected by a preliminary study were surveyed by using. Brand Mapping was performed in each group for brand classification, and ANOVA was conducted in order to compare the variables depending on brand types. The self-esteem was surveyed by using the self-esteem scale by Rosenberg was used. Multivariate analysis was conducted to identify brand preference, product involvement according to purchase intention and the interactive effects of the brand types that are divided into familiarity and control recognition. For the purpose of the study was to compare searched the results of the high self-esteem comparison with the low self-esteem. The results of the study found the differences on perception about the brand between the high self-esteem and the low self-esteem on the preference. People with high self-esteem liked the brand that was perceived obedience. But the low self-esteem liked the brand that was perceived control.

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A study on the self-esteem of the gifted children (영재아의 자아존중감에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Su-Jie
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.87-108
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    • 2000
  • This study analyzes the factors influencing self-esteem of the gifted children. The factors are divided into the environmental ones and innate ones. The purposes of this study is presented as follows. 1) To analyze the environmental factors influencing self-esteem of the gifted children (1) whether the education period affects self-esteem of the gifted children? (2) what influences do the manners of parental child-rearing behavior make? (3) what influences do peer relationships make on self-esteem of the gifted children? 2) To analyze the innate factors influencing self-esteem of the gifted children (1) does the gender make a difference to self-esteem of the gifted children? (2) does the level of intelligence make a difference to self-esteem of the gifted children? (3) what influences does the locus of control make on the self-esteem of the gifted children? To solve these questions 120 gifted children were selected, who were taking a special education program at C Korea Academy of Gifted Education located at Yangjae-dong Seocho-gu. They were 1st to 3rd grades at elementary school. We used Hare Self-Esteem Scale developed by Bruce R. Hare in 1985, the Index of Peer Relations developed by Hudson in 1986, and Nowicki & Strickland Locus of Control Scale developed by Nowicki and Strickland in 1973. At the other hand the nursing behaviors of 120 mothers of the gifted, were also investigated, based on the Korean Maternal Behavior Inventory, developed by Sungyeon Park in 1989 with some modifications. For statistical analysis we adopted SPSS, a computer software, and calaulated the coefficient of internal appropriateness and the frequencies and percentages of general aspects of the cases. We analysed the factors influencing the self-esteem of the gifted children by way of Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis and Duncan for ex-post-facto approval. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. 1) Influences of the environmental factors on the self-esteem of the gifted children: (1) The duration of education period had a significant effect on the self-esteem; the longer the duration were, the higher self-esteem they possessed. (2) Of parental child-rearing behaviors, active involvement had positive influence on the self-esteem; on the contrary, authoritarian control and overprotection had negative influences on the self-esteem. (3) An acceptable peer relationship had a positive influence on the self-esteem of the gifted children. 2) Influences of individual innate characteristics on the self-esteem of the gifted children: (1) The gender made no difference on the self-esteem of the gifted. (2) The intelligence did not have a statistically significant effect on the self-esteem of the gifted. (3) When the locus of control was external, the self-esteem of the gifted tended to be low.

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Maternal Parenting, Mother-Adolescent Conflict, and Adolescent Self-Esteem (어머니의 양육행동 및 모-자녀간 갈등과 남녀 청소년의 자아존중감간의 관계)

  • 윤지은;최미경
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.237-251
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    • 2004
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the relations between maternal parenting, mother-adolescent conflict, and middle adolescents' self-esteem with a sample of 271 high school students enrolled in 2nd year at high school in Seoul, and their mothers. Data was analysed using correlations and regression analyses. Maternal affection, monitoring and reasoning were positively related with and maternal physical abuse and neglect were negatively related with adolescent self-esteem. Maternal over-expectation and intrusiveness were not related with adolescent self-esteem in boys, but were negatively related with adolescent self-esteem in girls. In both adolescents' and mothers' report, mother-adolescent conflict was related negatively with adolescent self-esteem. In mothers' report, mother-adolescent conflict was not related with adolescent self-esteem in boys, but was negatively related with adolescent self-esteem in girls. In adolescents' report, maternal affection, monitoring and reasoning were negatively related with mother-adolescent conflict, which maternal over-expectation, intrusiveness, neglect, and physical abuse were positively related with mother-adolescent conflict. In mothers' report, maternal affection, monitoring and reasoning were negatively related with mother-adolescent conflict. Mediating roles of mother-adolescent conflict in relation of maternal parenting and adolescent self-esteem were examined. In adolescents' report, mother-adolescent conflict perceived by male adolescents played a mediating role between maternal monitoring, reasoning and physical abuse, representatively, and adolescent self-esteem. And mother-adolescent conflict perceived by female adolescents played a mediating role between maternal parenting with the expectation of maternal affection and adolescent self-esteem. In mothers' report, mother-adolescent conflict perceived by mothers only played mediating role between maternal monitoring and adolescent self-esteem. So, mediating roles of mother-adolescent conflict were more emphasized in the adolescents' report than in the mothers' report. Therefore, the fact that maternal parenting except affection affects the adolescent self-esteem indirectly through mother-adolescent conflict can be found. Implying that maternal affection is crucial in implying positive self-esteem of adolescents.

The Relations between Family Functioning and Self-Esteem and Loneliness in Adolescents (가족기능 및 자아존중감과 청소년의 외로움간의 관계)

  • Park, Seon Young;Doh, Hyun Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.229-244
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    • 1998
  • The relations between family functioning (cohesion, conflicts, family sociability, and democratic family style) and self-esteem and loneliness in adolescents were examined in a sample of 485 2nd-grade high school students (256 boys and 229 girls). Data were collected using three questionnaires on the loneliness, family functioning, and self-esteem of adolescents. Family functioning and self-esteem were significantly related to loneliness both in adolescent boys and girls. Adolescents experienced less loneliness when family cohesion and sociability were higher, conflicts were lower, the family style was more democratic, and self-esteem was higher. Family functioning was also related to self-esteem. The more functional the family, the higher the self-esteem of adolescents. Self-esteem played a partly mediating role in the relation between family functioning and loneliness only for boys. This emphasizes the influential role of self-esteem on loneliness.

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Characteristics and Relationships of Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem in Children (아동의 정서지능과 자아존중감의 특성 및 상호관계)

  • Park, Young Yae;Choi, Young Hee;Park, In Jeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.5-23
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    • 2000
  • This study of the characteristics and the relationships of children's emotional intelligence (EQ) and self-esteem had a sample of 1060 5th grade children. The rank order of four EQ factors from highest to lowest was "perception of emotion", "other-regulation and self-expression", "self-regulation and emotion utilization", and "empathy". Among self-esteem factors, "general self-worth" had the highest correlation with overall self-esteem; "physical appearance" was most strongly correlated with "general self-worth". Relationships between EQ and self-esteem showed that higher EQ was associated with higher self-esteem. Among EQ factors, "other-regulation and self-expression" was the strongest predictor of "behavioral conduct." The next strongest predictor of self-esteem among EQ factors was "self-regulation and utilization of emotion". Other self-esteem factors well predicted by EQ were "general self-worth", and "scholastic competence".

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Survey on the Relationship Self-esteem and Professional Self-concept of Nurses (임상간호사의 자아존중감과 전문직 자아개념에 관한 연구)

  • Noh Choon-Hee;Sohng Kyeong-Yae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 1997
  • This survey was done to identify the self esteem of nurses in Korea. Data was collected from 700 nurses in hospital setting. These data were collected by self-reporting questionnaire, Rosenberg's self-esteem scale, Professional self-concept of nurses instrument, from Dec. 1994 to Jan. 1995. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics with SAS program. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The mean of self-esteem was 30.74. 2. The correlation between self-esteem and PSCNI was slightly moderate(r=.5739). 3. The self-esteem of nurses was found to be significant by age(P=.0245), religion(P=.0004), position(P=.0186). This study suggested that we need to identify the factors influencing self-esteem and to design the program increasing self-esteem.

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Self Esteem, Self Efficacy and Critical Thinking Disposition of College Students (대학생의 자아존중감, 자기효능감이 비판적 사고 성향에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-In
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.166-174
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine self esteem, self efficacy and critical thinking disposition of college students. Method: A descriptive survey method was used in this study. Data were collected from May to August, 2008, from 486 college students. The survey sheet was composed of questions on self esteem, self efficacy, and critical thinking disposition. Result: The average score of self esteem, self efficacy, and critical thinking disposition was 2.99, 2.80, and 3.99 respectively. There were positive correlations between self esteem and critical thinking disposition, between self efficacy and critical thinking disposition, and between self esteem and self efficacy. Self esteem and self efficacy were significant predictors of critical thinking disposition. Conclusion: In order to help college students adopt to a rapidly changing society, the university should make efforts to develop a curriculum and program for improving self esteem, self efficacy and critical thinking disposition.