• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self exercise

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Effects of the Exercise Self-Efficacy and Exercise Benefits/Barriers on doing Regular Exercise of the Elderly (운동 자기효능감과 운동 유익성 및 장애성이 노인대상자의 운동 수행에 미치는 효과)

  • Hwang, Eun-Hee;Chung, Yeo-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects af exercise self-efficacy and exercise benefits/barriers on doing regular exercise among elderly. Methods: The subjects were 484 older adults who were eligible and agreed to. participate in this study. Data were collected from July 27 to. September 21, 2007 by face-to-face, and private interviews. The questionnaires consisted of Exercise Self-efficacy, and Exercise Benefits/Barriers. The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS 13.0 program, which was used for frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and logistic regression. Results: The major findings af this study were as follows: 1) Approximately 56.8% of participants were doing regular exercise. Study participants' exercise self-efficacy mean scare was 36.30, exercise benefits 2.74, and exercise barriers 2.03; 2) There was significant correlation between exercise self-efficacy and exercise benefits; 3) Significant factors influencing regular exercise were self-efficacy, exercise benefits and exercise barriers. Conclusion: These results suggested that nurses should emphasize exercise benefits/barriers and reinforce self-efficacy to improve regular exercise in the elderly.

Factors Influencing Exercise Compliance among Older Adults (일 지역 노인의 운동이행 영향요인 분석)

  • Ko, Young-Ji;Lee, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among perceived health status, exercise self-efficacy, social support, and exercise compliance and factors influencing exercise compliance in older adults in an area. Methods: The sample consisted of 154 older adults who attended a senior welfare center in D metropolitan city. Data were collected from the 25th to the 31th of January in 2012. Results: The mean score for perceived health status was 2.94, 911.69 for exercise self-efficacy, 46.99 for social support, and 6.83 for exercise compliance. The highest score on social support domains was emotional support, followed by self-esteem, material, and informational support. There were significant correlations between perceived health status and exercise self-efficacy, between perceived health status and exercise compliance, between exercise self-efficacy and social support, between exercise self-efficacy and exercise compliance, between emotional support and exercise compliance. Findings of multiple regression indicated that only exercise self-efficacy significantly explained exercise compliance. Conclusion: Health care providers may need to develop various intervention program to promote exercise self-efficacy in order to influence on exercise compliance and adherence among older adults.

A Comparative Study on Pain, Fatigue, Flexibility and Health status between Patients with Self-Exercise and Patient without Self-Exercise (만성관절염 환자의 자가운동에 따른 통증, 피로, 유연성, 건강상태의 비교연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Ae;Kim, Jong-In
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.177-186
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was examine the effect of self-exercise on patients with chronic arthritis. This study was performed from 1999 to 2001 with 107 subjects. Pain, Fatigue, Flexibility and Health status were measured. Data were analysed by SPSSWIN 10. 0 Package program, frequency, independent t-test and One Way ANOVA. The results were as follows : Of the 107 patients who were sutdied, mean age was 62 years and most of common disease were osteoarthritis. 67.4%was doing self-exercise and self-exercise consisted of 17 types of exercise. Fatigue was statistically different by disease type, duration of disease, education respectively. And fatigue, left shoulder flexibility were significantly different by duration of disease. There weren't significant differences between patient with self-exercise and patient without self-exercise on pain fatigue, flexibility and halth status. These findings confirms that self-exercise do not effective in increasing health improvement for the patients with osteoarthritis. From results of this study indicate that patients with arthritis should have taken systematic exercise such as the self-help education program aquatic exercise program for arthritis patient.

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Influence of Physical and Psychological Symptoms on Exercise Adherence in Patients with Heart Failure: Focused on the Mediating Effects of Self-efficacy (심부전 환자의 신체적·심리적 증상이 운동이행에 미치는 영향: 운동 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Jin, Hyekyung;Kim, Jong Hyun;Kim, Minju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.52-61
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship of physical and psychological symptoms to exercise adherence in patients with heart failure. Methods: The participants in this study were 186 patients with heart failure in two hospitals located in Busan. The measures included questions about general and disease characteristics, physical symptoms, psychological symptoms, self-efficacy for exercise, and exercise adherence. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, simple and multiple regression using Baron and Kenny steps for mediation. Results: There were significant differences in age, gender and comorbidity on exercise adherence. There were also significant correlations among physical and psychological symptoms, self-efficacy for exercise, and exercise adherence. Self-efficacy for exercise showed partial mediating effects in the relationship between physical symptoms and exercise adherence. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, the enhancement of self-efficacy for exercise may positively affect the exercise compliance of the patients with health failure, even while they are experiencing physical symptoms. Therefore, it is necessary to develop effective strategies to enhance self-efficacy for exercise.

Health Locus of Control, Exercise Self-efficacy, and Exercise Benefits / Barriers of Female College Students (여대생의 건강통제위와 운동 자기효능감, 운동 유익성 및 장애성)

  • Ha, Ju-Young
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.116-125
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between health locus of control, exercise self-efficacy and exercise benefits / barriers of female college students. Methods: Convenient sampling was used to recruit participants from a University based in Pusan. Data were collected from October 15 to December 20, 2007, and participants were 322 students. The questionnaires administered consisted of Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (HLOC) Scales, Exercise Self-efficacy Scale, and Exercise Benefits / Barriers Scale. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean scores for the HLOC among female students was HLOC-I: 22.24, HLOC-P: 16.82, HLOC-C: 15.16. The mean scores were exercise self-efficacy: 37.45, exercise benefit: 2.96, and exercise barriers: 2.89. The 'double external' response pattern of HLOC was the largest group in female students with significant difference in exercise benefit between response patterns of HLOC. There were significant correlations between HLOC-I, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise benefit/barriers. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that tailored health management program by pattern of HLOC should be developed to promote the exercise behavior and enhance the exercise self-efficacy and benefit for female students.

The Influence of Exercise Intention, Exercise Habits, and Exercise Self-efficacy on Regular Exercise Behaviors in the Elderly (노인의 운동의도, 운동습관, 운동자기효능감이 규칙적 운동행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Song Mi;Eun, Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.232-240
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise intention, exercise habit, exercise self-efficacy on exercise behavior with elders at welfare center. Methods: The subjects were 152 elders at the welfare center at J city. Data were collected using the questionnaires which consisted of the Exercise intention scale and the Exercise habit scale developed by Lee and Gu (2018), and the Exercise self-efficacy scale developed by Lee and Chang (2001). The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program, which was used for frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, x2 test, and multiple logistic regression. Results: The regular exercise group consisted of 92 elders (62.5%) and the irregular exercise group of 60 elders (39.5%). The scores for exercise intention, exercise habits, exercise self-efficacy were 3.28±0.70, 3.92±0.61, 2.80±0.88 in regular exercise group, and 2.38±0.99, 3.00±1.07, 2.04±0.73 in irregular exercise group, respectively. Two groups were significantly different between the two groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that exercise intention (OR: 2.26, 95% CI:1.19~4.28), exercise habits (OR: 1.79, 95% CI:1.01~3.15), exercise self-efficacy (OR: 1.99, 95% CI:1.11~3.57) were affecting factors for regular exercise in elders. Conclusion: To increase the regular exercise behaviors of the elderly at the welfare center, it is needed the strategies to increase exercise intention, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise habits.

Perceived Exercise Self-Efficacy and Exercise Benefits/Barriers of Korean Adults with Chronic Diseases (성인 만성질환자가 지각하는 운동 자기효능감과 운동 유익성 및 장애성에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Yun-Hee;Jang, Hee-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.869-879
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the perceived exercise self-efficacy and exercise benefits/barriers of Korean adults with chronic diseases, and the relationship between the two variables. For the study, 249 Korean adults with chronic diseases with ages ranging from 18 to 79 years were recruited from hospitals or health centers in five Korean cities and surrounding rural areas. The research instruments were the scales that researchers psychometrically verified the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, developed by Bandura (1997), and the Exercise Benefits/ Barriers Scale, developed by Sechrist, Walker, and Pender(1987). Results of descriptive analysis showed that Korean adults with chronic diseases perceived relatively low exercise self-efficacy and relatively high exercise benefits/ barriers. Exercise self-efficacy was significantly correlated with gender, education, regular exercise, and exercise benefits/barriers was significantly correlated with gender, regular exercise. Pearson correlation coefficient showed the significant relationship between the two variables. Further researches, which are a study to evaluate a causal structure for Pender's Health Promotion Model and an intervention study to increase physical activity of chronic patients, are recommended.

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Determinant factors of Exercise behaviors in Patients with Arthritis (관절염 환자의 운동행위 결정요인)

  • Suh, Gil-Hee;Lim, Nan-Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.102-130
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    • 2000
  • The aims of this study were to understand and to predict the determinant factors affecting the exercise behaviors and physical fitness by testing the Ponder's health promotion model, and to help the patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis perform the continuous exercise program, and to help them maximize the physical effect such as muscle strength. endurance, and fuctional status and mental effects including self efficacy and quality of life, and improve the physical and mental wellbeing, and to provide a basis for the nursing intervention strategies. We analyzed the clinical records of 208 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative arthritis who visited the outpatient clinics at H university hospital in Seoul between October 5, 1999 and October 24, 1999. Data were composed of self reported questionnaire and good of fitness score which were obtained by pedalling the ergometer of bicycle for 9 minutes. SPSS Win 8.0 and Window LISREL 8.12a were used for statistical analysis. 24 Of 54 hypothetical paths were supported in modified model, which was considered as a proper model with improved fit index. The physical fitness was directly influenced by exercise participation behavior and education level, and indirectly by physical fitness, while fatigue, physical disability, pastexercise behavior, life-style, self-efficacy, which explained 20% of physical fitness. The exercise participation were directly influenced by perceived benefits and self-efficacy, and indirectly influenced by life-style, fatigue and physical disability, and directly and indirectly by past exercise behavior, which explained 53% of exercise participation. Exercise score were directly affected by perceived health status, perceived benefits, self efficacy, and past exercise behavior, and were indirectly affected by fatigue, physical disability, and life-style, which explained 50%. Perceived health status were directly influeced by level of education, depression, sleep disorder, and physical disability, which explained 34% of perceived health status. Perceived benefit was directly influenced by fatigue, sleep disorder, physical disability, and life-style, which explained 45%. Perceived barriers was directly influenced by fatigue, sleep disorder, and lifestyle, which explained 9%. Self- efficacy was directly influenced by fatigue, physical disability, past exercise behavior, and level of education, which explained 61%. In conclusion, important variables for physical fitness were exercise participation and level of education, and variables affecting exercise participation were perceived self-efficacy, benefits, and past exercise behavior. Perceived self-efficacy of exercise was a significant predictor of exercise participation. Life-style, fatigue, and physical disability showed direct effects on perceived benefit, perceived barriers, and self-efficacy, and indirect effects on exercise behavior. Therefore, disease related factor should be minimized for physical performance and well being in nursing intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and plans to promote and continue exercise should be soaked to reduce disability. In addition, Exercise program should be planned and performed by the exact evaluation of exercise according to the ability of the patients and the contents to improve the importance of exercise and self efficacy in self control program, dedicated educational program should be involved.

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The Effects of the Self Efficacy Promotion and Exercise Training Program on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life of Kidney Transplant Recipients (자기효능증진 운동훈련 프로그램이 신장이식 환자의 불안, 우울 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과)

  • Ahn, Jae-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the Self Efficacy Promotion and Exercise Training Program to decrease anxiety and depression and to increase the quality of life for kidney transplant recipients. The subjects were selected randomly among the patients who underwent renal transplant at three major transplantation hospitals in Seoul, Korea. The observed subjects in this study consisted of 56 patients who had renal transplantations between one to twelve months prior to this study. The patients did not take any regular physical exercise. This study was carried out between November, 1999 and March, 2000. The study groups were divided into 3 groups; exercise training group (n=16), self efficacy group (n=18) and control group (n=22). The exercise training group received self efficacy promotion and exercise training program for 12 weeks. The self efficacy group received self efficacy promotion education, but no exercise training was given. The control group was not offered any education. The anxiety, depression and quality of life were evaluated 3 times, before the experiment, after 8 weeks and after 12 weeks. The data were analyzed with mean, standard deviation, Chi-square test, ANOVA and $Scheff\acute{e}$ test. The results were as follows: 1. After the experiment, anxiety and depression scores of the exercise training group and self efficacy group were more significantly decreased than those of the control group (p=.05). 2. After the experiment, the quality of life score of the exercise training group and self efficacy group were more significantly increased than those of the control group (p=.05). This study showed that the Self Efficacy and Exercise Training Programs were effective. Therefore, it is expected that the Self Efficacy Promotion and Exercise Training Program could be widely applied as an effective independent nursing intervention to decrease anxiety and depression and to increase quality of life for kidney transplant recipients.

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A Structural Model for Aquatic Exercise Adherence of Patients with Arthritis (관절염 환자의 수중운동 지속에 관한 구조 모형)

  • Kang, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.5-26
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    • 2001
  • Many studies have reported that regular aquatic exercise can lead to improvement of health for patients suffering from arthritis. In spite of these benefits, the adherence rate has shown as few as 26% of patients with arthritis who had completed the aquatic exercise education program. Moreover, when patients with arthritis begin an aquatic exercise, 47% withdraw within the first 6 month. No study has been found that constructs model to explain aquatic exercise adherence of patients with arthritis. The purpose of this study were to identify the factors influencing exercise adherence and to construct and test a structural model to explain aquatic exercise adherence of patients with arthritis. Hypothesized model was constructed on the basis of Bandura's social cognitive theory and literature review. Exogenous latent variables included in this model are group cohesion and barrier, endogenous latent variables are self-efficacy, outcome expectancy and self-evaluation. Empirical data used was collected through individual interviews with the structural questionnaire on 249 patients with arthritis who had completed the 6-week aquatic exercise education program of Korean Rheumatology Health Professionals Academy. The interviews were performed from September 6, 1999 through October 8, 1999. A model tested by the covariance structural analysis with LISREL 8.12a program and by descriptive statistics and correlation with SAS 6.12 program. The results are summarized as follows: First, hypothesized model showed a good fit to the empirical data. In the modified model added one new path showed a much better fit. Second, group cohesion had a direct, indirect positive effects, self-efficacy and self evaluation had a direct positive effects on exercise adherence. Barrier had a direct, indirect negative effects on exercise adherence. Outcome expectancy had a direct negative effect, indirect positive effects through self-evaluation on exercise adherence, but total effects was not significant. Total effect size of the variables were group cohesion, self-efficacy, barrier and self evaluation in order. All variables accounted for 54% of the total variance of exercise adherence in the model. In conclusion, this model confirmed to be proper in explaining of aquatic exercise adherence. Group cohesion, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, self-evaluation, barrier contributed to the aquatic exercise adherence of patients with arthritis. The results of this study suggested that improvement of group cohesion, self-efficacy and self-evaluation, motivation of outcome expectancy through self-evaluation, and reduction of the barrier should be included in the strategy of nursing intervention for the aquatic exercise adherence of patients with arthritis.

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