• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-Concept Development

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Nurse's Perception of Technological Development and Professional Self-Concept (의료기술발달에 대한 간호사의 지각과 전문직 자아개념)

  • No, Chun-Hui;Song, Gyeong-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.1368-1378
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to explore the nurse's perception of technological development and professional self-concept. The research subjects were 560 clinical nurses in Korea, who worked the general hospitals in Seoul, Kyeonggi, and the Kangwon province. Data sampling was done for the month, of December. 1997. The research tool consisted of 82 items questionnaires which were demographic data, TIQ, PSCNI. The research findings were as follows: 1. Nurses perceived the technological development as slightly positive (Mean =48.8). Also, nurses saw that the fastest developing technological nursing unit was the cardiac care unit, while the lowest technological developing nursing unit was the psychiatric unit. 2. The view of technological development was found to be significantly different according to religion (P=.0109), marital status (P=.0431), and the practical setting (P=.0048). Professional self concept was significantly different according to age (P=.0001), religion (P=.0001), education (P=.0007), marital status (P=.0000), career (P=.0001), and position (P=.0000). 3. The relationship between a nurse's perception of technological development and professional self-concept was highly correlated(r=.26, P=.0001). In the results of the multiple regression, the factors influencing professional self-concept were career, the nurse's perception of technological development, the level of technological development in nursing unit, and education. All these parameters showed the explaining power of 15.4% of the professional self-concept. In conclusion, nurses recognized the technological development was related to the professional self-concept. This study shed light on the meaning of technological development and vision of the nursing profession. Inservice education program should be developed to help the adaptability to technological development and conduct the qualitative research to explore the world of technological development which the nurses are experiencing in nursing.

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The Effects of Parenting Behavior and Peer Relationships on Adolescent Self-Concept Development (부모의 양육행동과 또래관계가 청소년 자아개념에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sa-Rah;Oh, Yun-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.9
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how parenting and peer relationships influence the development of adolescent self-concept by using Structural Equation Modeling(SEM). The subjects were 198 first graders (94 male and 104 female) from four high schools within the Seoul area. Descriptive and comparative statistical analysis was conducted with SPSS (Version10.0), while AMOS (Version 4.0) was used to assess structural equation modelling of parenting, peer relationship and the self-concept. Results showed that, in terms of correlation, more positive parenting behaviors induced more positive self-concept. In addition, better peer relationships demonstrated more positive self-concept. Regression analysis showed that peer relationships explained the variance in adolescents' self-concept more effectively than parenting behavior. This was confirmed by the SEM.

Interaction effects of Parent-child Relationship and School Adjustment on adolescent self-concept (청소년의 자아개념에 대한 부모-자녀관계와 학교생활 적응간의 상호작용 효과)

  • Shin, Na-Na;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.99-114
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    • 2000
  • This study investigated the relations among parent-child relationship, school adjustment and self-concept in adolescence. In addition, interaction effects of parent-child relationship and school adjustment on adolescent self-concept were examined. The major results of this study were as follows: 1. Parent-child relationship and school adjustment were positively associated with self-esteem. The better parent-child relationships they perceive, the higher self-concept they have. The better school adjustment they experience, the higher self-concept they have. 2. There were interaction effects of parent-child relationships and school adjustment on self-concept. Adolescents whose parent-child relationships were poor had higher self-concept when they adjusted to school well. There were little differences in self-concept as a function of the school adjustment when their parent-child relationships were good. These findings indicate that experience in the family and school domains interact in their associations with adolescent self-concept.

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Pathways from Maternal Monitoring to Adolescent Externalizing Problem Behavior: The Mediating Roles of Deviant Peer Affiliation and Self-Concept (어머니의 감독이 청소년의 외현화 문제행동에 영향을 미치는 경로: 일탈또래와의 연합 및 자아개념의 매개적 역할)

  • Park, Sun-Young;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Kim, Min-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.139-150
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    • 2010
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine pathways from maternal parenting behavior to externalizing problem behavior through deviant peer affiliation and self-concept. A sample of 405 high school students (184 boys and 221girls) in the Gyeonggi-do region of South Korea completed questionnaires focusing on maternal monitoring and adolescent deviant peer affiliation, self-concept, and externalizing problem behavior. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling. The results demonstrated that maternal monitoring indirectly influences adolescent externalizing problem behavior through deviant peer affiliation and/or self-concept. When maternal monitoring was perceived as low by adolescents, they were more involved with deviant peers. This was followed by a more negative self-concept. Finally, negative self-concept resulted in more externalizing problem behavior by adolescents. The results emphasize that deviant peer affiliation plays a crucial role in increasing adolescent externalizing problem behavior.

Self-Concept and Career Development of Children from Multi-cultural Families and General Families (다문화가정과 일반가정 초등학생의 자아개념과 진로발달*)

  • Cho, Bung-Hwan
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.235-250
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    • 2010
  • The subjects of this study were 180 elementary school students from multi-cultural families and general families. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in self-concept and career development within two groups and the correlations between self-concept and career development. Also, it was to investigate the self-concept's effects on career development. The results were as follows: First, the children from general families showed higher academic-occupational exploration than those in multi-cultural families. Second, the self-concept had significant correlations with career development in both groups. And there were stronger correlations in children from multi-cultural families. Third, the regression analyses of two groups showed that academic self-concept had significant effects on career development in both groups, but there were higher effects in children from multi-cultural families.

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Analysis of Middle School Students' Stress and Related Variables (청소년 스트레스에 대한 관련 변인 분석)

  • Jang, Young-Ae;Son, Young-Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.137-149
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of middle school students' stress in relation to certain variables, those of grade, gender, academic achievement, coping behavior and self-concept. The subjects were 574 students selected from 4 middle schools in the Incheon area. The instruments included a stress index, coping behavior questionnaire and self-concept inventory. The statistics used from this data were t-test, one-way ANOVA (Scheff test), correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. This study showed that middle school students' stress was influenced significantly by the grade, gender and achievement in school. Also, coping behavior and self-concept were influenced significantly by the grade, gender, and achievement in school. Correlation analysis indicated that student's stress and certain coping behavior were postively correlated, especially avoidance coping behavior indicated a higher correlation to students' stress than active coping behavior. The relationship between stress and self-concept indicated a negative high correlation. It was also found that avoidance coping behavior, family self-concept, general self-concept, school and class self-concept, grade and academic achievement were significant predictors of middle school students' stress.

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Self-Leadership and Self-Concept in the Freshmen of Nursing College (간호대학 신입생의 셀프리더십과 자기개념)

  • Cho, Hee;Ko, Young-Aie;Kang, Yoon-Sook;Lee, Gyu-Young
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.107-117
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between selfleadership and self-concept in nursing students. Methods: We used a descriptive correlation survey in a convenient sample of 818 subjects recently admitted into college in Seoul and the Kyungki province, Korea. The self-leadership and self-concept levels were measured using the self-leadership and self-concept scales, respectively. The subjects were given a self-report questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, t-test, ANOVA, scheffe-test and pearson correlation, using the SPSS software version 17.0. Result: Positive correlations were identified between the self-leadership and self-concept in the investigated nursing students. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that it is important to provide opportunities for the nursing students to participate in the programs designed for self-leadership and self-concept development.

The Effect of Group Sandplay Therapy for Children's Self-concept Construction and Ego-development Enhancement (아동의 자아개념형성과 자아발달 촉진을 위한 집단모래놀이치료 효과)

  • You, Seung-Eun;Park, Boo-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.163-184
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted in order to inquire into the impact of children's self-concept construction and ego-development enhancement during Group Sandplay Therapy. The Group Sandplay Therapy sessions were held once week, for a total of 20 weeks. The Group Sandplay Therapy Process consisted of playing with sand and creating a sand tray in groups. There were two group in total. Each group had 4 children of the same sex aged from six to seven years old. In order to study the self-concept and ego-development, we used a self-concept test and ego-development as a research tool. In addition, the present research analyzed any changes which tool place by dividing each aspect in each sand tray of the therapy process into a positive subject and a negative subject, and analyzed the changing patterns seen in the sand tray worldas it unfolded. It was proven that an efficient treatment in changing the sand tray world and children's action, had an effect on rearranging the children's mental schemas. In terms of the progress of the sandplay journey, it was seen that negative elements decreased dramatically and positive elements were observed to have increased. As a result it was confirmed that Group Sandplay Therapy had a number of positive effects in the construction of children's self-concept and in terms of the enhancement of children ego-development.

Comparing Effects of Academic Achievement on Academic Self-Concept in Adolescent Siblings: The Mediating Role of Differential Maternal Treatment (형제와 비교한 아동의 학업성취가 자신의 학업적 자아개념에 미치는 영향: 어머니의 차별적 양육행동의 매개적 역할)

  • We, Hyun-Ah;Park, Seong-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the impact of academic achievement and maternal differential treatment on academic self-concept among adolescent siblings. The sample consisted of 438 students attending middle schools in Seoul (M = 15.2 yrs.), who had a sibling. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling. Academic achievement compared with a sibling and maternal differential treatment had direct effects on academic self-concept, indicating that children with higher academic achievement scores than their sibling and with perceived maternal differential treatment reported a significantly higher academic self-concept. Also, the relationship between academic achievement as compared with a sibling and academic self-concept was mediated by maternal differential treatment. These findings could be used in educational settings as a basis for improving the academic self-concept of early adolescents.

The Influence of Parents, Peers and Teachers on the Development of Self-Concept in Korean and Korean-Chinese Elementary School Students : A Cross-Cultural Study (부모, 또래 및 교사가 아동의 자아개념발달에 미치는 영향에 관한 문화적 비교 연구 : 한국과 중국 심양 조선족 초등학생을 중심으로)

  • Park Choi, Hye-Won;Lee, Sarah
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.169-182
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    • 2005
  • Influence of parenting, peer relationship, and teacher's support on the development of children's self-concept was assessed in Korean and Korean-Chinese elementary school students. Subjects were 280 Korean children in Korea and 210 Korean-Chinese children in Shenyang, China. The Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents(Harter, 1988), Parenting Practice(Cho et al., 2001), and 4 items from Social Support(Koo, 2000) were used to measure self-concept, parenting, and peer relationships, respectively. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, factor analysis, and multiple regression. Results revealed differential influences between the two cultures : Korean children's self-concepts were significantly influenced by his/her peer relationships and teacher's support while Korean-Chinese children's self-concepts were influenced by teacher's support and parenting.

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