Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationship among the self-efficacy, self-directed learning ability, school adjustment and learning flow in middle school students by the structural equation modeling analysis. The subjects of this study consisted of 553 middle school students. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations and structural equation modeling analysis by using the SPSS 12.0 and AMOS 5.0 statistical program. The results of this study were as followed: First, there were significant correlations among the self-efficacy, self-directed learning ability, school adjustment and learning flow. Second, the self-directed learning ability and school adjustment directly affected the learning flow. Third, self-efficacy and school adjustment variables indirectly affected learning flow. The indices of the best fit model on these variable were adequate. This study shows that the self-efficacy, self-directed learning ability, school adjustment are the significant predictor for the learning flow during adolescent.
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
The purpose of this study is development of learning coaching program that is grafted onto advantage of Self-directed learning and coaching intended for Youth-After-School-Academy children and analysis the effect on self-efficacy and Self-directed learning ability from this program. The program of this study is developed on the base of Seels & Richey's 'ADDIE Model'. In order to verify the effect of this study, two times tests were carried out on 14 persons of the experimental group and the control group respectively, before and after the program was performed. The MANCOVA & ANCOVA was done on the difference between the post-test results of the experimental group and the control group. Findings of this study might be summarized as follows: First, the post-test result in the experimental group on self-efficacy was meaningfully higher than in the control group. Second, on Self-directed learning ability the result in the experimental group was also higher than in the control group. Therefore, learning coaching program impacted on self-efficacy and Self-directed learning ability of Youth-After-School-Academy children. This program that aim to discover the potential on learning, expect to be effective for children education of today when pursue Self-directed learning ability and creativity.
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of academic self-efficacy on self-directed learning attitude of emergency medical students. Methods : A total of 209 emergency medical technology students filled out the questionnaire after receiving the informed consents. The questionnaire consisted of demographical characteristics, academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude. Results : Academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude of the subjects were above mean average. Higher correlations existed between academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude of the subjects, and the significant positive correlations were found between sub-factors of the academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude. The academic self-efficacy of the subjects had the significant influence on the self-directed learning, and self-efficacy. The self-confidence among sub-factors in the academic self-efficacy had a significant influence on self-directed learning attitude and sub-factors. Conclusion : The results of the study subjects of academic self-efficacy had a significant influence on the attitude of self-directed learning, In particular, self-efficacy and confidence of the academic self-efficacy sub-factors showed a significant impact on the sub-factors, attitudes and self-directed learning. This study will provide the basic data for the implementation of the educational programs. This will be effective in managing the knowledge, information, self-directed learning attitude and academic self-efficacy.
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
Purpose: This study was designed to explore the influencing factors on self-directed learning ability of nursing students and to investigate the relationship between learning style, learning attitude, and self-directed learning ability. Methods: The study sample was composed of 263 nursing students. Data were collected from March 8th to April 7th, 2011 using a questionnaire which included Kolb's learning style inventory, learning attitude inventory, and self-directed learning ability inventory. Results: Learning styles of the subjects were assimilator 33.8%, converger 31.9%, accommodator 24.7%, and diverger 9.5%. There was no significant difference in learning styles among grades. However, the total mean score of learning attitude (F=8.30, p<.001) and self-directed learning ability (F=2.85, p=.038) significantly differed among grades. Learning attitude positively correlated to self-directed learning ability (r=.62, p<.001). Learning attitude was the most significant predictor and accounted for 36.5% of the variance in self-directed leaning ability in nursing students. Conclusion: It is important for students to use all four learning styles rather than to rely solely on one style. There should be more emphasis placed on the development of positive learning attitude and self-directed learning ability of nursing students.
The purpose of this study was to investigate implications of self-directed learning experiments in elementary science education through understanding elementary school students' awareness of their experiences in self-directed learning experiments. Twenty students joined the school science club voluntarily and conducted self-directed learning experiments. We collected data through observation of the experiments, interviews, and questionnaires. The students who participated in the club showed high satisfaction with self-directed learning experiments. The participants were aware that their scientific interest and knowledge, and the confidence in conducting experiments were increased. The students felt positive about the inquiry process of conducting self-directed learning experiments with their own subjects. They also felt a sense of achievement in attempting their experiments in defiance of several failures. The participants realized that the self-directed inquires led to increased declarative and procedural knowledge of science. The students stated that they had some difficulties in coping with the different results contrary to expectations and preparing laboratory materials and instruments. Nonetheless, they showed the promotion of their scientific literacy during overcoming those difficulties. We suggest that self-directed learning experiments can be a more effective way in science learning to make students experience the nature of science than existing school experiments. This can be implemented through a creative experience activities such as science clubs.
The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effects of self-determined motivation between mother's psychological control and self-directed learning ability in children. The participants were 457 sixth-grade elementary students in the Gyung-gi province. They completed questionnaires that included the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale, K-SPQ-A, Psychological Control Scale. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's product correlation coefficients were obtained using SPSS (version 18.0), and tests of the mediation were performed using SEM with AMOS (version 18.0). The major findings of this study were as follows that significant correlations among maternal psychological control, self-determined motivation and self-directed learning exist. Also a mother's psychological control was negatively related to a child's self-directed learning. The relationship between maternal psychological control and a child's self directed learning was fully mediated by self determined motivation. These results suggested that high maternal psychological control was negatively affected that development of self-determined motivation and self-directed learning.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of cooperative learning on the learning attitude and self-directed learning capability of learners. Methods: The subjects were 50 sophomores enrolled in cooperative learning for 12-week period from March to June, 2014. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by the subjects. The instruments were 16 questions of learning attitude, 32 questions of self-directed learning, academic achievement, and 12 questions of satisfaction with instruction by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach's alpha was 0.84 in the previous study and 0.78 in this study. Self-directed learning was modified by Yoo and Cheong. Cronbach's alpha of self-directed learning was 0.86 in this study. Academic achievement was assessed by before and after the cooperative learning class. Cronbach's alpha was 0.95 in this study. Their learning attitude and self-directed learning capability were evaluated before and after the cooperative learning, and their satisfaction with the instruction and academic achievement were assessed by the written examination. Results: The score of learning attitude increased from 2.89 in the pretest to 3.38 in the posttest. The self-directed learning of the students increased from 2.98 in the pretest to 3.48 in the posttest. The academic achievement of students also increased from 82.0 in the pretest to 85.2 in the posttest. The satisfaction with instruction was 4.24 of Likert 5 scale. There were significant differences in satisfaction with instruction, cooperative learning and academic achievement. Conclusions: It is important to develop the cooperative learning program linked to self-directed learning for the dental hygiene students continuously. This study will provide the basic data and information for the development of new teaching methods for the dental hygiene.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to learn the importance of self-directed learning about career-preparation behavior of department of dental technology students. Methods: Using the questionnaire, the department of dental technology in Gyeongnam Province conducted a survey of students of department of dental technology at A and B college for one month from May 15, 2019 through June 15, 2019, and finally 204 students were surveyed for Self-esteem, Self-determination, Self-efficacy, Internal control, College life adaptation, Self-directed learning, and Career-preparation behavior. Results: Self-esteem among students has been shown to improve self-directed learning by increasing the stress of college life, and self-efficacy has only a direct effect on self-directed learning. In addition, self-determination and internal control of department of dental technology students were found to be variables that have a common positive effect on college life adaptation and self-directed learning. In addition, college life adaptation gives direct positive effect to self-directed learning, but indirect effect through self-directed learning was found to be stronger than direct effect on career-preparation behavior, and the career-preparation behavior of students was further strengthened through self-directed learning. Conclusion: The changes in college restructuring and various policies also suggest that students should actively seek ways to instill certainty about their major's vision and career path within the college rather than deciding their future through extreme measures such as academic secession at a time when anxiety and uncertainty about their career is strong.
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between pre-service early childhood teacher's motivations of choosing a teaching profession, educational belief, and self-directed learning readiness. The sample included 308 early childhood education major students, and the data were collected using the Modified Orientation to Teach Survey (MOTS), Teaching-belief type scale, and self-directed learning readiness scale. A statistical analysis included correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: 1) analysis of the relationship between pre-service early childhood teacher's motivations of choosing a teaching profession, educational belief, and self-directed learning readiness conveys that intellectual stimulation and self-directed learning had the strongest relationships while nature of work had the weakest. For educational belief and self-directed learning readiness, maturationism and interactionism showed significantly positive correlations while behaviorism displayed a negative correlation. Behaviorism had a significantly negative correlation with openness for challenge, a sub-factor of self-directed learning. 2) Analysis of the effect of pre-service early childhood teacher's motivations of choosing a teaching profession and educational belief on self-directed learning readiness indicates that pre-service early childhood teacher's motivations of choosing a teaching profession had a stronger effect on self-directed learning. These results suggest the following: successful performance as an early childhood teacher not only requires receiving institutionalized education but also self-directed learning while working as an early childhood teacher.
Purpose: This study was done to identify the preferences for learning style and the degree of self-directed learning and influencing factors on it among nursing students working on a Bachelor of Science in a nursing program at Suwon. Methods: The study sample included 156 nursing students. A self-report questionnaire was used to assess the data. The data was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN program for descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Most of the students preferred lectures rather than discussion or team projects as a teaching method. Students preferred deliberating, sensing, and the use of visuals for their learning style. In addition, they favored sequential learning over comprehensive learning. Self directed learning had better outcomes in 3rd and 4th year students than 1st or 2nd year students. Additionally, active learners and high achievers who had a good GPA showed higher self directed learning than the others. Conclusion: In order to maximize students' self-directed learning, study guidance will be necessary for freshmen and for some who experience difficulties in studying nursing courses. Nursing faculty members should pay close attention to facilitate student's self directed learning, and encourage more discussions in the classes.
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