• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-compassion

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The Mediating Effect of Active Emotion Regulation and Marital Quality in the Relationships Between Self-compassion and Maternal-fetal Attachment (자기자비와 태아애착의 관계에서 능동적 정서조절과 부부관계 질의 매개효과)

  • Kang, Su-Kyoung;Kim, Hae-Mi;Chung, Mi-Ra
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.21-39
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study was to examined the mediating effect of active emotion regulation and marital quality in the relationships between self-compassion and maternal-fetal attachment. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 836 pregnant women and the data were analyzed by SPSS21 and M-plus7, and statistical analysis, frequency analysis, and then structural equation modeling were performed. Results: First, self-compassion directly affects maternal-fetal attachment. Second, self-compassion was indirectly influenced by maternal-fetal attachment through active emotional regulation. Third, self-compassion indirectly affects maternal-fetal attachment through marital quality. Fourth, in regards to the relationship between self-compassion and maternal-fetal attachment, active emotional regulation and marital quality were mediated. Conclusion/Implications: we discussed implications for enhancing self-compassion and active emotional regulation and enhancing marital quality to increase the maternal-fetal attachment of pregnant women.

Effect of Empathy, Resilience, Self-care on Compassion Fatigue in Oncology Nurses (종양간호사의 공감, 자아탄력성, 자기관리가 공감피로에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Ho Jin;Jung, Myun Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.373-382
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of empathy, resilience and self-care on compassion fatigue in oncology nurses. Methods: The study design was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from December 1 to 15, 2013. Participants were 171 oncology nurses caring for cancer patients. Data was analyzed using independent t-test, $Scheff\acute{e}$ test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Seventy two percent of the participants reported a moderate to high level of compassion fatigue. Empathy was positively correlated with compassion fatigue, whereas, resilience and self-care had negative correlations with compassion fatigue. Finally, empathy, resilience, self-care and age accounted for 30% of the variance in compassion fatigue. Conclusion: Results indicate that empathy, resilience and self-care are factors influencing compassion fatigue. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and make available programs embracing personal factors in the prevention and reduction of compassion fatigue.

The Impacts of Perceived Stress and Self-compassion on Quality of Life of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 지각된 스트레스와 자기연민이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Jeong-Hui;Park, Hyun-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.67-77
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the impacts of perceived stress and self-compassion on the quality of life of nursing students. Methods: Data were collected from 180 nursing students between 11 October and 26 October 2018 from a college in A city. A total of 157 questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, a one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The findings show that perceived stress had a significant negative correlation with quality of life (r=-.73, p<.001). However, self-compassion showed a significant positive correlation with quality of life (r=.66, p<.001). The factors influencing quality of life included perceived stress, self-compassion, state of health, and satisfaction with school life, with perceived stress being the most influential factor (β=-.42), followed by self-compassion (β=.30), which together had an explanatory power of 64.0%. Moreover, there was a mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationship between perceived stress and quality of life. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that nursing college students should search for ways to reduce their perceived stress as well as increase self-compassion with meditation programs in order to improve their quality of life.

Effects of Traumatic Events, Compassion Fatigue, Self-esteem, and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout of Nurses in Emergency Department (ED) (응급실 간호사의 외상사건 경험, 공감피로, 자아존중감, 공감만족 및 소진)

  • Jun, Yeon-Jin;Sung, Mi Hae
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.80-88
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to verify the factors that determines burnout of nurses in emergency department. Methods: The survey was given to 170 ED nurses which are located in Busan from July 1st to August 31st of 2012. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression using SAS 9.2 program. Results: There were statistically significant differences in burnout depending on gender, position, workplace satisfaction, job satisfaction. Significant positive correlation between compassion fatigue and burnout was found. Also significant negative correlation was found between self-esteem, compassion satisfaction and burnout. Factors influencing burnout were self-esteem, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue with $R^2$ value 58.0%. Conclusion: Considering these results, it seems that great efforts will be needed for reducing burnout by mitigating the emergency nurses' compassion fatigue and introducing programs to increase the self-esteem and compassion satisfaction.

Conflict resolution strategies as a mediator in the relationship between self-compassion and relationship satisfaction : Actor effect and partner effect (자기자비와 관계만족에서 갈등대처행동의 매개: 자기효과와 상대방효과 분석)

  • Park, Chanmi;Seol, Kyoung Ok
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.29-46
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate a role of self-compassion in conflict resolution strategies among dating couples. Further, we examined conflict resolution strategies as mechanisms to explain in the relationship between self-compassion and relationship satisfaction. Method: Two hundred forty two dating couples were recruited. Actor and Partner Independence Model(APIM) was used to examine actor and partner effects of self-compassion on relationship satisfaction as well as conflict resolution strategies. The total of 4 APIMs, two positive conflict resolution strategies(i.e., positive emotional reactions, active coping) and two negative conflict resolution strategies(i.e., negative emotional reactions and hostility, avoidance) were analyzed. Positive conflict resolution strategies had only actor effect in the link between self-compassion and relationship satisfaction. That is, self-compassionate men and women were more likely to use positive conflict resolution strategies and, in turn, led to their higher relationship satisfaction. Both actor and partner effects were found in the negative conflict resolution strategy models. In terms of actor effect self-compassionate men and women were less likely to use negative conflict resolution strategies and that, in turn, led to their higher relationship satisfaction. In terms of partner effects we found that women's negative emotional reactions and hostility mediated the link between women's self-compassion and their male partners' relationship satisfaction. Men's avoidance mediated the link between men's self-compassion and their female partners' relationship satisfaction.

A Study on Adults' Self-Compassion, Anxiety, Depression, and Color Preference Based on Sasang Constitution (일반 성인의 사상체질에 따른 자기자비와 불안, 우울 및 색선호도에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Hea;Chang, Seok-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.578-587
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to examine differences in mental health indices such as self-compassion, trait anxiety, and depression, and color preference based on Sasang Constitution type. This study also explored the relationships among self-compassion, trait anxiety, and depression. 205 adults were surveyed for participants of this study. A Two-Step Questionnaire (TS-QSCD) was conducted to diagnose Sasang Constitution such as Tae-yangin, Tae-yinin, So-yangin, and So-yinin. Also, scales for self-compassion, trait anxiety, depression level, and color preference were utilized for measures. The results showed that among Sasang Constitutional groups, Ta-yangin had a higher level of self-compassion and lower trait anxiety than So-yinin. Furthermore, in relationships among mental health indices, trait anxiety and depression tendency were lower with higher self-compassion. No significant differences were revealed in depression level and color preference based on Sasang constitution. Finally, implications of this study for mental health were suggested and limitations were discussed.

Validation study of the Korean version of self-compassion scale - focusing on correctional workers (한국판 자기-자비척도 타당화 연구 - 교정시설 종사자를 대상으로)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Min
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the reliability and validity of the Korean self-compassion scale using data from 312 correctional workers. To validate the self-compassion scale using the collected data, correlational analysis, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were applied. To explore relationships between the self-compassion scale and related instruments, five instruments were used (the Korean occupational stress scale, the center for epidemiological studies depression scale, the Maslach burnout inventory scale, perceived stress scale, and the satisfaction with life scale). The results showed that the collected data better fit the 6-factor model than the 3-factor and 2-factor models. There were statistically significant relationships between the self-compassion scale and five other scales. These results suggest that the self-compassion scale is a good instrument to examine risk factors that can remain during continuous stress situations and to explore protective factors that can maintain the therapeutic relationship. The implications of this study and future research directions were also discussed.

Coping Strategies, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction among Nurses in Emergency Room (응급실 간호사의 대처방식과 공감피로, 공감만족)

  • Jang, Yang Min;Kim, Souk Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.348-358
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This was a descriptive correlation study to identify emergency room (ER) nurses' coping types and factors affecting compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue. Methods: During March and April 2013, 170 questionnaires were distributed to ER nurses working in general hospitals in D and C regions. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and stepwise regression analysis. Results: Compassion fatigue was most strongly affected by emotional expression for burnout and by practical support pursuit for secondary traumatic stress. Positive coping, emotional expression, position, positive reinterpretation, and self-blame explained 42% of CS. Conclusion: Results indicate that nurses with moderate levels of career had high compassion fatigue and low compassion satisfaction. Thus these nurses need to be given an opportunity to achieve self-development and improve their ability as nurses; interventions that can reinforce positive coping strategies should be provided as personal coping strategies affect compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction.

The Influence of Experiences in Close Relationships with Teachers for Young Children on Their Depression: Examining the Mediating Effect of Their Self-compassion (영유아교사의 친밀관계경험이 우울에 미치는 영향에서 자기자비의 매개효과)

  • Choi, Insuk;Chae, Jin-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.201-218
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of experiences in close relationships with teachers for young children on their depression and to see whether there would be a mediating effect of their self-compassion. Methods: The subjects were 206 teachers recruited from Seoul and five different provinces who currently worked at the kindergarten and child care centers and agreed to participate in the survey. The data were analyzed by means of frequency, percentages, Cronbach's reliability coefficient and Pearson's correlation using SPSS 25.0 and model 4 provided in The PROCESS macro for SPSS 3.4 version. Results: The findings were as followed. First, the teachers' degrees of anxiety and avoidance for their close relationships were below the median scores. In contrast their degree of self-compassion was above the median score. In addition, their level of depression was relatively low. Second, both of the teachers' anxiety and avoidance for their close relationships had a positive impact on their depression and their self-compassion, and there were the partial mediating effect in both cases. Conclusion/Implications: These results imply that the early attachment experience connecting the experience in close relationships in the adulthood is important and that it is necessary to develop a program to enhance teachers' self-compassion to protect their psychological well-being.

The Relationship between Job Stress, Depression, and Life Satisfaction of Educational Institution Counselors: Mediating Effect of Self-compassion (교육기관 상담자의 직무스트레스와 우울 및 삶의 만족의 관계: 자기자비의 매개효과 검증)

  • Kim, Hyun Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a structural model to investigate the causal relationship between job stress, depression, life satisfaction, and self-compassion. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 314 practitioners working at D metropolitan offices of education affiliated counselors. The model fit and mediating effects between variables were tested using AMOS. This study found that self-compassion had a direct effect on depression and life satisfaction, and self-compassion mediated between job stress and depression as well as job stress and life satisfaction. Also, depression mediated between self-compassion and life satisfaction. These results showed the vicious cycle that individuals with high levels of job stress are more likely to experience lower levels of self-compassion, higher levels of depression, and lowers level of life satisfaction. This study discussed the strategy to reduce the stress and depression, improve the life satisfaction.