• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sensitivity

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The Study of Social-Face Sensitivity and Consumer Purchasing Behavior with Outdoor Wear -Mediating Effect of Conspicuous Consumption- (소비자의 체면민감성과 아웃도어웨어 구매행동 연구 -과시소비의 매개효과 분석-)

  • Jin, Daegun;You, Soye
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.14-26
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    • 2018
  • This study was to explore purchasing behavior and repurchase intention by considering social-face sensitivity and conspicuous consumption. To do this, first, this study tried to explain how consumers had different characteristics for social-face sensitivity, conspicuous consumption, purchasing behavior, and repurchase intention for outdoor wear. Second, this study tested the relationship between consumer behavior (purchasing behavior and repurchase intention) and social-face sensitivity by considering the mediating effect of conspicuous consumption. As the results, first, there was a significant relationship between social-face sensitivity (sensitivity to saving face) and conspicuous consumption, which had a significant effect on the purchasing behavior with outdoor wear(purchase frequency, purchase cost). Second, social-face sensitivity (consciousness of shame) had a significant effect on conspicuous consumption (preference for famous brands, status symbol, pursuing fashion), and social face sensitivity (consciousness of social formality) had a significant effect on conspicuous consumption (preference for famous brands). The relationship between the conspicuous consumption and purchasing behavior showed that conspicuous consumption had significant effects on consumer behavior (purchase frequency, purchase cost). The relationship between the social-face sensitivity and purchasing behavior showed that being conscious of others had a significant effect on purchasing behavior. Third, purchasing behavior with outdoor wear had a significant effect on repurchase intention. Finally, this study confirmed that conspicuous consumption had a partially significant mediating effect on the relationship between social-face sensitivity (sensitivity to saving face) and purchasing behavior.

Estimating Ozone Sensitivity Coefficients to NOx and VOC Emissions Using BFM and HDDM for A 2007 June Episode (HDDM과 BFM을 이용한 NOx와 VOC 배출량에 대한 오존민감도계수 산정 및 결과 비교: 2007년 6월 수도권 사례)

  • Kim, Soon-Tae
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.1465-1481
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    • 2011
  • The accuracy of ozone sensitivity coefficients estimated with HDDM (High-order Decoupled Direct Method) can vary depending on the $NO_x$ (Nitrogen Oxides) and VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) conditions. In order to evaluate the applicability of HDDM over the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) during a high ozone episode in 2007 June, we compare BFM (Brute Force Method) and HDDM in terms of the $1^{st}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficient to explain ozone change in response to changes in NOx and VOC emissions, and the $2^{nd}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficient to represent nonlinear response of ozone to the emission changes. BFM and HDDM estimate comparable ozone sensitivity coefficients, exhibiting similar spatial and temporal variations over the SMAduring the episode. NME (Normalized Mean Error) between BFM and HDDM for the episode average $1^{st}$- and $2^{nd}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficients to NOx and VOC emissions are less than 3% and 9%, respectively. For the daily comparison, NME for the $1^{st}$- and $2^{nd}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficients are less than 4% ($R^2$ > 0.96) and 15% ($R^2$ > 0.90), respectively. Under the emission conditions used in this study, two methods show negative episode average $1^{st}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficient to $NO_x$ emissions over the core SMA. The $2^{nd}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficient to $NO_x$ emissions leads ozone to respond muchnonlinear to the reduction in $NO_x$ emissions over Seoul. Nonlinear ozone response to reduction in VOC emissions is mitigated due to the $2^{nd}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficient which is much smaller than the $1^{st}$-order ozone sensitivity coefficient to the emissions in the magnitude.

Calculation of the Neutron Sensitivity in Rh Self-Powered Detector

  • Lee, Wanno;Gyuseong Cho;Kim, Ho kyung;Hur, Woo-Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 1996
  • For the application of the neutron flux mapping, an accurate calculation of the sensitivity is required because the sensitivity is proportional to the neutron flux density. Sensitivity is defined as the current per unit length per unit neutron flux and it mainly depends on the depression factor(f), the escape probability from the emitter($\varepsilon$1) and the charge build-up factor of the insulator layer(c). A Monte Carlo simulation was accomplished to calculate the sensitivity of rhodium emitter material and alumina(Al$_2$O$_3$) insulator with a cylindrical geometry, based on the (n,${\beta}$) interaction and on other interaction including the secondary electron generation for the more accurate estimation of the sensitivity. From the simulation results, factors fur the sensitivity were accurately calculated and compared with other theoretical and experimental values. In addition, the sensitivity linearly increases and saturates as the emitter radius increases. The accomplished method is useful in the analysis for the change of SPND sensitivity as a function of burn-up and in the optimum design of SPND.

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Transient Response Analysis of a Lumped Mass System Using Sensitivity Method in Time Domain (시간영역 민감도 방법을 이용한 집중 질량 구조물의 천이응답 해석)

  • 백문열;기창두
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 1997
  • This paper deals with the basic concepts of sensitivity analysis in a time domain for the transient response of a lumped mass system. Sensitivity analysis methods in thme domain for determining the effects of parameter changes on the response of a dynamic system by external excitation are presented. The parametric sensitivity of a lumped mass system in time domain can be investigated using different types of sensitivity functions, including first order standard and percentage sensitivity functions. These sensitivity functions are determined as a function of partial derivatives of system variables taken with respect to system parameters. In addition, we compared the results of the analytical method by direct method and those of numerical methods.

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Fabrication of six-beam accelerometer with self-eliminated off-axis sensitivity by summing circuit (합산회로를 통하여 타축감도가 자체상쇄된 6빔 가속도센서의 제조)

  • 심준환;김동권;이종현
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics D
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    • v.35D no.2
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 1998
  • A six-beam accelerometer with self-compensated off-axis sensitivity was fabricated onthe selectively diffused (111)-oriented n/n$^{+}$/n silicon substrates by a unique porous silicon micromachining technique, which has self-stip characteristics and highly seletive formation of porous silicon layer during anodic reaction. Also, the characteristics of the fabricated accelerometer were investigated. The sensitivity of the acceleormeter added up outputs of three bridges through a summing circuit was 0.68 mV/g and the nonlinearity was less than 2% of the full scale output. The measured first resonant frequency was 4.236 kHz. When the outputs of three bridges were compared to summing output of bridges obtained through summing circuit, the normal output for Z-axis acceleration exhibited the same value s summing outputs of three bridges without reduction of sensitivity and thus the sensitivity decrease due to additional beam was compensated. Although a maximum off-axis sensitivity in one bridge of the accelerometer showed 17% of normal sensitivity, the off axis sensitivity obtained from summing output of three bridges decreased to 1.0%. Therefore, the self-elimination of off-axis sensitivity can be simply realized by obtaining the output of the sensor through summing circuit.t.

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Augmented Displacement Load Method for Nonlinear Semi-analytical Design Sensitivity Analysis (준해석적 비선형 설계민감도를 위한 개선된 변위하중법)

  • Lee, Min-Uk;Yoo, Jung-Hun;Lee, Tae-Hee
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.492-497
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    • 2004
  • Three methods for design sensitivity such as numerical differentiation, analytical method and semi-analytical method have been developed for the last three decades. Although analytical design sensitivity analysis is exact, it is hard to implement for practical design problems. Therefore, numerical method such as finite difference method is widely used to simply obtain the design sensitivity in most cases. The numerical differentiation is sufficiently accurate and reliable for most linear problems. However, it turns out that the numerical differentiation is inefficient and inaccurate because its computational cost depends on the number of design variables and large numerical errors can be included especially in nonlinear design sensitivity analysis. Thus semi-analytical method is more suitable for complicated design problems. Moreover semi-analytical method is easy to be performed in design procedure, which can be coupled with an analysis solver such as commercial finite element package. In this paper, implementation procedure for the semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis outside of the commercial finite element package is studied and computational technique is proposed, which evaluates the pseudo-load for design sensitivity analysis easily by using the design variation of corresponding internal nodal forces. Errors in semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis are examined and numerical examples are illustrated to confirm the reduction of numerical error considerably.

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The Influence of Price Sensitivity, Bundle Discount Type and Price Level of Male Cosmetics on Quality Perception (가격민감도와 번들할인 유형, 남성화장품의 가격수준이 품질지각에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Keun Jung;Hwang, Sun Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.66 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2016
  • This study was intended to investigate the influences that consumer's price sensitivity, bundle discount type, and price level of the male cosmetics have on consumer attitude. The design of this research was comprised of $2{\times}2{\times}2$ mixed design studies. The first element was high price sensitivity vs. low sensitivity, the second element was the bundle discount type (mixed leader vs. mixed-joint), and the third element was the price level of male cosmetics (high-price brand vs. low-price brand). The results of this study showed that price sensitivity, bundle discount type and price level of male cosmetic had a statistically significant interaction effect on the consumer's quality perception. The quality perception of low-cost brands for high price sensitivity/mixed-joint bundle group was low. The quality perception of low-cost brands for mixed-leader bundled groups did not change significantly even when the price sensitivity became higher. However, it can be seen as the same result that the overall value is higher when suggested the price information in Mixed-leader bundle than Mixed-joint bundle. In particular, this study suggests that price information should be presented in mixed-leader bundles for high price sensitivity and low cast brands.

The effect of parenting behaviors on the cyber delinquency in adolescents - The mediating effects of moral sensitivity - (부모양육행동이 청소년의 사이버일탈에 미치는 영향 - 도덕적 민감성의 매개효과 검증)

  • Lee, Hyun
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.51-69
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations and paths among parenting behaviors, cyber delinquency, and moral sensitivity in adolescents to reduce and prevent cyber delinquency. Method: The data was collected by a survey for 270 students from a middle school and a high school in G city. The valid 262 cases were analyzed by frequency, descriptive analysis with SPSS 18.0 and tested by structural equation model by using AMOS 18.0 program. Results: Results showed that 1) 'control' among the parenting behaviors has positive effects on the cyber delinquency in adolescents, 2) 'intimacy and rationality' among the parenting behaviors has positive impacts on the moral sensitivity, 3) it shows that moral sensitivity has negative effects on the cyber delinquency in adolescents, and 4) bootstrapping test for indirect effect of moral sensitivity was verified significantly. We founded the full mediation of moral sensitivity and the path of 'intimacy and rationality' to cyber delinquency through moral sensitivity. Conclusions: The results implied 1) provision of the parent education and program for parents and newlyweds to learn positive parenting behaviors and 2) application of moral education to develop moral sensitivity of adolescents in schools and communities.

Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examinations in Impingement Syndrome and Rotator Cuff Tear (충돌 증후군과 회전근 개 파열을 위한 이학적 검사들의 진단적 가치에 대한 분석)

  • Lee Young Soo;Kim Jin Yong;Cho Duck Yun;Kim Young Ho;Kim Se Hyen
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.186-190
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of Neer, Hawkins provocative tests and supraspinatus manual muscle test for the assessment of impingement syndrome, partial tear and small complete tear of De rotator cuff. Materials and Methods: Seventy-one female and 115 male patients were included in the study. Patients were divided into four groups of no impingement, impingement without tear, partial tear and small complete tear of the rotator cuff, which were confirmed by sonogram, magnetic resonance imaging and surgery. Neer and Hawkins provocative tests and supraspinatus manual muscle test were performed respectively. SAS 6.12 version was used in statistical analysis. Results: We found that Neer test had 94% sensitivity, 54% specificity for impingement without tear and 89% sensitivity, 78% specificity for partial tear and 96% sensitivity, 23% specificity for small tear. Hawkins test revealed 95% sensitivity, 54% specificity for impingement without tear and 93% sensitivity, 78% specificity for partial tear and 100% sensitivity, 23% specificity for small tear. Supraspinatus manual muscle test revealed 27% sensitivity, 94% specificity for impingement without tear and 29% sensitivity, 82% specificity for partial tear and 48% sensitivity, 82% specificity for small tear. Conclusion: Neer and Hawkins tests have high sensitivity, low specificity for impingement syndrome, partial and small tear. Supraspinatus manual muscle test had low sensitivity and high specificity. However this test was not effective to differentiate the partial and small rotator cuff tear. We thought that more effective provocative test should be designed to detect the partial and small rotator cuff tear.

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Calibration of the Pyranometer Sensitivity Using the Integrating Sphere

  • Kim, Bu-Yo;Lee, Kyu-Tae;Zo, Il-Sung;Lee, Sang-Ho;Jung, Hyun-Seok;Rim, Se-Hun;Jang, Jeong-Pil
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.639-648
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    • 2018
  • The pyranometer for observing the solar radiation reaching the surface of the earth is manufactured by various companies around the world. The sensitivity of the pyranometer at the observatory is required to be properly controlled based on the reference value of the World Radiometric Center (WRC) and the observatory environment; otherwise, the observational data may be subject to a large error. Since the sensitivity of the pyranometer can be calibrated in an indoor or outdoor calibration, this study used a CSTMUSS-4000C Integrating Sphere by Labsphere Inc. (USA) to calibrate the sensitivity of CMP22 pyranometer by Kipp&Zonen Inc. (Netherlands). Consequently, the factory sensitivity of CMP22 was corrected from $8.68{\mu}V{\cdot}(Wm^{-2})^{-1}$ to $8.98{\mu}V{\cdot}(Wm^{-2})^{-1}$, and the result from the outdoor calibration according to the observatory environment was $8.90{\mu}V{\cdot}(Wm^{-2})^{-1}$. After the indoor calibration of the pyranometer sensitivity, the root mean square error (RMSE) of the observational data at the observatory on a clear day without clouds (July 13, 2017) was $7.11Wm^{-2}$ in comparison to the reference pyranometer. After the outdoor calibration of the pyranometer sensitivity based on these results, the RMSE of the observational data was $1.74Wm^{-2}$ on the same day. Periodic inspections are required because the decrease of sensitivity over time is inevitable in the pyranometer data produced at the observatory. The initial sensitivity after indoor calibration ($8.98{\mu}V{\cdot}(Wm^{-2})^{-1}$) is important, and the sensitivity after outdoor calibration ($8.90{\mu}V{\cdot}(Wm^{-2})^{-1})$ can be compared to the data at the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) or can be used for various studies and daily applications.