• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sensor

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Sensor Fault Detection and Analysis of Fault Status using Smart Sensor Modeling

  • Kim, Sung-Shin;Baek, Gyeong-Dong;Lee, Soo-Jin;Jeon, Tae-Ryong
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2008
  • There are several sensors in the liquid cargo ship. In the liquid cargo ship, we can get values from various sensors that are level sensor, temperature sensor, pressure sensor, oxygen sensor, VOCs sensor, high overfill sensor, etc. It is important to guarantee the reliability of sensors. In order to guarantee the reliability of sensors, we have to study the diagnosis of sensor fault. The technology of smart sensor is widely used. In this paper, the technology of smart sensor is applied to diagnosis of level sensor fault for liquid cargo ship. In order to diagnose sensor fault and find the sensor position, in this paper, we proposed algorithms of diagnosis of sensor fault using independent sensor diagnosis unit and self fault diagnosis using sensor modeling. Proposed methods are demonstrated by experiment and simulation. The results show that the proposed approach is useful. Proposed methods are useful to develop smart level sensor.

Sensor Node Design based on State Transition Model (상태천이모델 기반의 센서 노드 설계)

  • Shin, DongHyun;Kim, Changhwa
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.1357-1368
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    • 2017
  • Sensor networks are used in various fields such as marine, defense, and smart home etc. Among the components of the sensor network, the sensor node collects sensor data, as one of the representative sensor network roles, and the sensor node makes a greate influence on the overall performance of the sensor network. Therefore, how to design the sensor node is an important issue in the sensor network field. However, the research on the sensor network architecture suitable for the sensor network installation environment has been made more important than the research on how to configure the sensor node. In this paper, we propose to identify elements to be considered for designing a sensor node that makes a large influence on the performance of the sensor network, and to easily implement the sensor node through the state transition model based on these elements.

An Integrated Sensor for Pressure, Temperature, and Relative Humidity Based on MEMS Technology

  • Won Jong-Hwa;Choa Sung-Hoon;Yulong Zhao
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.505-512
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents an integrated multifunctional sensor based on MEMS technology, which can be used or embedded in mobile devices for environmental monitoring. An absolute pressure sensor, a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor are integrated in one silicon chip of which the size is $5mm\times5mm$. The pressure sensor uses a bulk-micromachined diaphragm structure with the piezoresistors. For temperature sensing, a silicon temperature sensor based on the spreading-resistance principle is designed and fabricated. The humidity sensor is a capacitive humidity sensor which has the polyimide film and interdigitated capacitance electrodes. The different piezoresistive orientation is used for the pressure and temperature sensor to avoid the interference between sensors. Each sensor shows good sensor characteristics except for the humidity sensor. However, the linearity and hysteresis of the humidity sensor can be improved by selecting the proper polymer materials and structures.

Antenna sensor skin for fatigue crack detection and monitoring

  • Deshmukh, Srikar;Xu, Xiang;Mohammad, Irshad;Huang, Haiying
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.93-105
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    • 2011
  • This paper presents a flexible low-profile antenna sensor for fatigue crack detection and monitoring. The sensor was inspired by the sense of pain in bio-systems as a protection mechanism. Because the antenna sensor does not need wiring for power supply or data transmission, it is an ideal candidate as sensing elements for the implementation of engineering sensor skins with a dense sensor distribution. Based on the principle of microstrip patch antenna, the antenna sensor is essentially an electromagnetic cavity that radiates at certain resonant frequencies. By implementing a metallic structure as the ground plane of the antenna sensor, crack development in the metallic structure due to fatigue loading can be detected from the resonant frequency shift of the antenna sensor. A monostatic microwave radar system was developed to interrogate the antenna sensor remotely. Fabrication and characterization of the antenna sensor for crack monitoring as well as the implementation of the remote interrogation system are presented.

Development of Control Simulator for Integrated Sensor Module of Vehicle (차량용 통합 센서 모듈 제어를 위한 시뮬레이터 개발)

  • Jeon, Jin-Young;Park, Jeong-Yeon;Byun, Hyung-Gi
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2013
  • The integrated sensor module of vehicle combines the functions of rain sensor, auto defog sensor, and sun angle sensor into a single module. These functions originally were applied to work separatively. This integrated sensor module should meet the each performance which appears from the individual modules up to the same level or higher. Therefore, it is important to verify the stability and the accuracy considering the characteristics of the integrated sensor module according to various situations. For the verification, we need to use the actual data of integrated sensor module measured but, a lot of time and money is needed to collect data measured under various circumstances when operating. Thus, through the development of this simulator for the control of the integrated sensor module, we can use it effectively for the initial verification of integrated sensor module by implementing the various situations. In this paper, the simulator for controlling the integrated sensor module which combines vision-based rain sensor, auto defog sensor, auto light sensor, and sun angle sensor has been developed.

Design of a Three-Axis Force Sensor for Finger Force Measuring System (손가락 힘측정장치의 3축 힘센서 설계)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Jun;Kim, Gab-Soon
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.110-115
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    • 2016
  • This paper describes the design and fabrication of a three-axis force sensor with three parallel plate structures(PPSs) for measuring force in a finger force measuring system for a spherical object catch. The three-axis force sensor is composed of a Fx force sensor, Fy force sensor and a Fz force sensor, and the elements of Fx force sensor and Fy force sensor are a parallel plate structure(PPS) respectively and Fz force sensor is two PPS. The three-axis force sensor was designed using FEM(Finite Element Method), and manufactured using strain-gages. The characteristics test of the three-axis force sensor was carried out. As a test results, the interference error of the three-axis force sensor was less than 1.32%, the repeatability error of each sensor was less than 0.04%, and the non-linearity was less than 0.04%.

Design and Implementation of TinyOS Supporting Sensor Transparency of Sensor Nodes (센서노드의 센서 투명성을 지원하는 TinyOS의 확장)

  • So, Sun-Sup;Eun, Seong-Bae;Kim, Byung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.2127-2133
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we proposed an architecture for supporting sensor transparency in sensor node operating systems, design the standard APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) and sensor device abstraction to provide the sensor transparency and implemented the sensor transparency in the TinyOS, the most well known sensor node operating system. With the proposed sensor node operating system which can support the sensor transparency, application developers can develop the target applications independent to each sensor device by using the standard APIs provided by the sensor node operating system and the sensor device manufacturers also can develop sensor device drivers by using the standard hardware interfaces and HAL (Hardware Adaptation Layer) interfaces independent to the specific hardware platform of sensor nodes.

COSMOS: A Middleware for Integrated Data Processing over Heterogeneous Sensor Networks

  • Kim, Ma-Rie;Lee, Jun-Wook;Lee, Yong-Joon;Ryou, Jae-Cheol
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.696-706
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    • 2008
  • With the increasing need for intelligent environment monitoring applications and the decreasing cost of manufacturing sensor devices, it is likely that a wide variety of sensor networks will be deployed in the near future. In this environment, the way to access heterogeneous sensor networks and the way to integrate various sensor data are very important. This paper proposes the common system for middleware of sensor networks (COSMOS), which provides integrated data processing over multiple heterogeneous sensor networks based on sensor network abstraction called the sensor network common interface. Specifically, this paper introduces the sensor network common interface which defines a standardized communication protocol and message formats used between the COSMOS and sensor networks.

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Design of an Absolute Location and Position Measuring System for a Mobile Robot

  • Kim, Dong-Hwan;Park, Young-Chil;Hakyoung Chung
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.1369-1379
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    • 2001
  • This paper focuses on a development of a sensor system measuring locations of a vehicle to localize a mobile robot while it tracks on the track (location sensor) . Also it focuses on a system configuration identifying the vehicle's orientation and distance from the object while it is stationary at certain station (position sensor) . As for the location sensor it consists of a set of sensors with a combined guiding and counting sensor, and an address-coded sensor to localize the vehicle while moving on the rail. For the position sensor a PSD (Position Sensitive Device) sensor with photo-switches sensor to measure the offset and orientation of the vehicle at each station is introduced. Both sensor systems are integrated with a microprocessor as a data relay to the main computer controlling the vehicle. The location sensor system is developed and its performance for a mobile robot is verified by experiments. The position measuring system is proposed and is robust to the environmental variation. Moreover, the two kinds of sensor systems guarantee a low cost application and high reliability.

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Design of Three-Axis Force/Torque Sensor for Rehabilitation Robot (재활로봇용 3축 힘/토크센서 설계)

  • Jung, Jae-Hyun;Kim, Gab Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.309-316
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we described the design of a three-axis force/torque sensor for measuring the force and torque in a lower-limb rehabilitation robot. The three-axis force/torque sensor is composed of Fx force sensor, Fz force sensor and Tz torque sensor. The sensing element for Fx force sensor and Tz torque sensor is used in a two-step parallel plate beam, and that of Fz force sensor is used in a parallel plate beam. The rated loads of Fx force sensor, Tz torque sensor and Fz force sensor are 300 N, 15 N m and 100 N, respectively. The three-axis force/torque sensor was designed using the finite element method, and manufactured using strain-gauges. The three-axis force sensor was further characterized. As a result, the interference error of the three-axis force/torque sensor was < 1.24%, the repeatability error of each sensor was < 0.03%, and the non-linearity was < 0.02%.