• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sentiment Analysis

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Sentiment Analysis Main Tasks and Applications: A Survey

  • Tedmori, Sara;Awajan, Arafat
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.500-519
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    • 2019
  • The blooming of social media has simulated interest in sentiment analysis. Sentiment analysis aims to determine from a specific piece of content the overall attitude of its author in relation to a specific item, product, brand, or service. In sentiment analysis, the focus is on the subjective sentences. Hence, in order to discover and extract the subjective information from a given text, researchers have applied various methods in computational linguistics, natural language processing, and text analysis. The aim of this paper is to provide an in-depth up-to-date study of the sentiment analysis algorithms in order to familiarize with other works done in the subject. The paper focuses on the main tasks and applications of sentiment analysis. State-of-the-art algorithms, methodologies and techniques have been categorized and summarized to facilitate future research in this field.

Compositional rules of Korean auxiliary predicates for sentiment analysis

  • Lee, Kong Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.291-299
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    • 2013
  • Most sentiment analysis systems count the number of occurrences of sentiment expressions in a text, and evaluate the text by summing polarity values of extracted sentiment expressions. However, linguistic contexts of the expressions should be taken into account in order to analyze sentimental orientation of the text meticulously. Korean auxiliary predicates affect meaning of the main verb or adjective in some ways while attached to it in their usage. In this paper, we introduce a new approach that handles Korean auxiliary predicates in the light of sentiment analysis. We classify the auxiliary predicates according to their strength of impact on sentiment polarity values. We also define compositional rules of auxiliary predicates to update polarity values when the predicates appear along with sentiment expressions. This approach is implemented to a sentiment analysis system to extract opinions about a specific individual from review documents which were collected from various web sites. An experimental result shows approximately 72.6% precision and 52.7% recall for correctly detecting sentiment expressions from a text.

Empirical Sentiment Classification Using Psychological Emotions and Social Web Data (심리학적 감정과 소셜 웹 자료를 이용한 감성의 실증적 분류)

  • Chang, Moon-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.563-569
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    • 2012
  • The studies of opinion mining or sentiment analysis have been the focus with social web proliferation. Sentiment analysis requires sentiment resources to decide its polarity. In the existing sentiment analysis, they have been built resources designed with intensity of sentiment polarity and decided polarity of opinion using the ones. In this paper, I will present sentiment categories for not only polarity of opinion but also the basis of positive/negative opinion. I will define psychological emotions to primary sentiments for the reasonable classification. And I will extract the informations of sentiment from social web texts for the actual distribution of sentiments in social web. Re-classifying primary sentiments based on extracted sentiment information, I will organize sentiment categories for the social web. In this paper, I will present 23 categories of sentiment by using proposed method.

Extracting Multiword Sentiment Expressions by Using a Domain-Specific Corpus and a Seed Lexicon

  • Lee, Kong-Joo;Kim, Jee-Eun;Yun, Bo-Hyun
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.838-848
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents a novel approach to automatically generate Korean multiword sentiment expressions by using a seed sentiment lexicon and a large-scale domain-specific corpus. A multiword sentiment expression consists of a seed sentiment word and its contextual words occurring adjacent to the seed word. The multiword sentiment expressions that are the focus of our study have a different polarity from that of the seed sentiment word. The automatically extracted multiword sentiment expressions show that 1) the contextual words should be defined as a part of a multiword sentiment expression in addition to their corresponding seed sentiment word, 2) the identified multiword sentiment expressions contain various indicators for polarity shift that have rarely been recognized before, and 3) the newly recognized shifters contribute to assigning a more accurate polarity value. The empirical result shows that the proposed approach achieves improved performance of the sentiment analysis system that uses an automatically generated lexicon.

A Rating Inference of Movie Reviews Using Sentiment Patterns (감성 패턴을 이용한 영화평 평점 추론)

  • Kim, Jung-Ho;In, Joo-Ho;Chae, Soo-Hoan
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2014
  • We propose the sentiment pattern as a novel sentiment feature for more accurate text sentiment analysis, and introduce the rating inference of movie reviews using it. The text sentiment analysis is a task that recognizes and classifies sentiment of text whether it is positive or negative. For that purpose, the sentiment feature is used, which includes sentiment words and phrase pattern that have specific sentiment like positive or negative. The previous researches for the sentiment analysis, however, have a limit to understand accurately total sentiment of either a sentence or text because they consider the sentiment of sentiment words and phrase patterns independently. Therefore, we propose the sentiment pattern that is defined by arranging semantically all sentiment in a sentence, and use them as a new sentiment feature for the rating inference that is one of the detail subjects of the sentiment analysis. In order to verify the effect of proposed sentiment pattern, we conducted experiments of rating inference. Ratings of test reviews is inferred by using a probabilistic method with sentiment features including sentiment patterns extracted from training reviews. As a result, it is shown that the result of rating inference with sentiment patterns are more accurate than that without sentiment patterns.

A Method for User Sentiment Classification using Instagram Hashtags (인스타그램 해시태그를 이용한 사용자 감정 분류 방법)

  • Nam, Minji;Lee, EunJi;Shin, Juhyun
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1391-1399
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    • 2015
  • In recent times, studies sentiment analysis are being actively conducted by implementing natural language processing technologies for analyzing subjective data such as opinions and attitudes of users expressed on the Web, blogs, and social networking services (SNSs). Conventionally, to classify the sentiments in texts, most studies determine positive/negative/neutral sentiments by assigning polarity values for sentiment vocabulary using sentiment lexicons. However, in this study, sentiments are classified based on Thayer's model, which is psychologically defined, unlike the polarity classification used in opinion mining. In this paper, as a method for classifying the sentiments, sentiment categories are proposed by extracting sentiment keywords for major sentiments by using hashtags, which are essential elements of Instagram. By applying sentiment categories to user posts, sentiments can be determined through the similarity measurement between the sentiment adjective candidates and the sentiment keywords. The test results of the proposed method show that the average accuracy rate for all the sentiment categories was 90.7%, which indicates good performance. If a sentiment classification system with a large capacity is prepared using the proposed method, then it is expected that sentiment analysis in various fields will be possible, such as for determining social phenomena through SNS.

Public Sentiment Analysis of Korean Top-10 Companies: Big Data Approach Using Multi-categorical Sentiment Lexicon (국내 주요 10대 기업에 대한 국민 감성 분석: 다범주 감성사전을 활용한 빅 데이터 접근법)

  • Kim, Seo In;Kim, Dong Sung;Kim, Jong Woo
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.45-69
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    • 2016
  • Recently, sentiment analysis using open Internet data is actively performed for various purposes. As online Internet communication channels become popular, companies try to capture public sentiment of them from online open information sources. This research is conducted for the purpose of analyzing pulbic sentiment of Korean Top-10 companies using a multi-categorical sentiment lexicon. Whereas existing researches related to public sentiment measurement based on big data approach classify sentiment into dimensions, this research classifies public sentiment into multiple categories. Dimensional sentiment structure has been commonly applied in sentiment analysis of various applications, because it is academically proven, and has a clear advantage of capturing degree of sentiment and interrelation of each dimension. However, the dimensional structure is not effective when measuring public sentiment because human sentiment is too complex to be divided into few dimensions. In addition, special training is needed for ordinary people to express their feeling into dimensional structure. People do not divide their sentiment into dimensions, nor do they need psychological training when they feel. People would not express their feeling in the way of dimensional structure like positive/negative or active/passive; rather they express theirs in the way of categorical sentiment like sadness, rage, happiness and so on. That is, categorial approach of sentiment analysis is more natural than dimensional approach. Accordingly, this research suggests multi-categorical sentiment structure as an alternative way to measure social sentiment from the point of the public. Multi-categorical sentiment structure classifies sentiments following the way that ordinary people do although there are possibility to contain some subjectiveness. In this research, nine categories: 'Sadness', 'Anger', 'Happiness', 'Disgust', 'Surprise', 'Fear', 'Interest', 'Boredom' and 'Pain' are used as multi-categorical sentiment structure. To capture public sentiment of Korean Top-10 companies, Internet news data of the companies are collected over the past 25 months from a representative Korean portal site. Based on the sentiment words extracted from previous researches, we have created a sentiment lexicon, and analyzed the frequency of the words coming up within the news data. The frequency of each sentiment category was calculated as a ratio out of the total sentiment words to make ranks of distributions. Sentiment comparison among top-4 companies, which are 'Samsung', 'Hyundai', 'SK', and 'LG', were separately visualized. As a next step, the research tested hypothesis to prove the usefulness of the multi-categorical sentiment lexicon. It tested how effective categorial sentiment can be used as relative comparison index in cross sectional and time series analysis. To test the effectiveness of the sentiment lexicon as cross sectional comparison index, pair-wise t-test and Duncan test were conducted. Two pairs of companies, 'Samsung' and 'Hanjin', 'SK' and 'Hanjin' were chosen to compare whether each categorical sentiment is significantly different in pair-wise t-test. Since category 'Sadness' has the largest vocabularies, it is chosen to figure out whether the subgroups of the companies are significantly different in Duncan test. It is proved that five sentiment categories of Samsung and Hanjin and four sentiment categories of SK and Hanjin are different significantly. In category 'Sadness', it has been figured out that there were six subgroups that are significantly different. To test the effectiveness of the sentiment lexicon as time series comparison index, 'nut rage' incident of Hanjin is selected as an example case. Term frequency of sentiment words of the month when the incident happened and term frequency of the one month before the event are compared. Sentiment categories was redivided into positive/negative sentiment, and it is tried to figure out whether the event actually has some negative impact on public sentiment of the company. The difference in each category was visualized, moreover the variation of word list of sentiment 'Rage' was shown to be more concrete. As a result, there was huge before-and-after difference of sentiment that ordinary people feel to the company. Both hypotheses have turned out to be statistically significant, and therefore sentiment analysis in business area using multi-categorical sentiment lexicons has persuasive power. This research implies that categorical sentiment analysis can be used as an alternative method to supplement dimensional sentiment analysis when figuring out public sentiment in business environment.

Text Mining and Sentiment Analysis for Predicting Box Office Success

  • Kim, Yoosin;Kang, Mingon;Jeong, Seung Ryul
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.4090-4102
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    • 2018
  • After emerging online communications, text mining and sentiment analysis has been frequently applied into analyzing electronic word-of-mouth. This study aims to develop a domain-specific lexicon of sentiment analysis to predict box office success in Korea film market and validate the feasibility of the lexicon. Natural language processing, a machine learning algorithm, and a lexicon-based sentiment classification method are employed. To create a movie domain sentiment lexicon, 233,631 reviews of 147 movies with popularity ratings is collected by a XML crawling package in R program. We accomplished 81.69% accuracy in sentiment classification by the Korean sentiment dictionary including 706 negative words and 617 positive words. The result showed a stronger positive relationship with box office success and consumers' sentiment as well as a significant positive effect in the linear regression for the predicting model. In addition, it reveals emotion in the user-generated content can be a more accurate clue to predict business success.

Sentiment Analysis of User-Generated Content on Drug Review Websites

  • Na, Jin-Cheon;Kyaing, Wai Yan Min
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.6-23
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    • 2015
  • This study develops an effective method for sentiment analysis of user-generated content on drug review websites, which has not been investigated extensively compared to other general domains, such as product reviews. A clause-level sentiment analysis algorithm is developed since each sentence can contain multiple clauses discussing multiple aspects of a drug. The method adopts a pure linguistic approach of computing the sentiment orientation (positive, negative, or neutral) of a clause from the prior sentiment scores assigned to words, taking into consideration the grammatical relations and semantic annotation (such as disorder terms) of words in the clause. Experiment results with 2,700 clauses show the effectiveness of the proposed approach, and it performed significantly better than the baseline approaches using a machine learning approach. Various challenging issues were identified and discussed through error analysis. The application of the proposed sentiment analysis approach will be useful not only for patients, but also for drug makers and clinicians to obtain valuable summaries of public opinion. Since sentiment analysis is domain specific, domain knowledge in drug reviews is incorporated into the sentiment analysis algorithm to provide more accurate analysis. In particular, MetaMap is used to map various health and medical terms (such as disease and drug names) to semantic types in the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Semantic Network.

Stock Market Sentiment and Stock Returns

  • Kim, Taehyuk;Ryu, Hoyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.2759-2769
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    • 2018
  • The behavioral finance view on the existence of asset pricing anomalies is based on two factors: investors' sentiment and limits to arbitrage. This paper tries to examine the effect of investors' sentiment on the stock price in the Korean stock market. In order to measure investors' sentiment, we constructed the sentiment index using principal component of five sentiment variables. By using sentiment index as an additional independent variable to three risk factors, impacts of the sentiment index on individual stocks and 25 portfolios sorted by BM-size are examined. Main results found are as follows: 1) not only all three risk factors show positive impacts on the return of individual stock, but also the sentiment index has a positive impact. SI alone explains 15% of individual return variation. 2) among four independent variables, the most important factor turned out to be the market risk factor and investors' sentiment has better explanatory power on stock price than the size effect. 3) after controlling the market risk factor, the coefficient of the sentiment index for the smallest size and highest book/market value portfolios is significantly positive. 4) all the coefficients of the sentiment index for 25 portfolios sorted by BM-size have significant positive value after controlling size or (and) value.