• Title, Summary, Keyword: Seoritae

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Antioxidant Activity and Cytotoxic Effect of an Ethanol Extract from Seoritae (서리태 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 암세포 증식 억제 효과)

  • Jeon, Yeon-Hee;Won, Ji-Hye;Kwon, Ji-Eun;Kim, Mee-Ra
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2011
  • The antioxidant activity and cytotoxic effect of an ethanol extract from Seoritae were analyzed to develop new functional food materials. The antioxidant activity of Seoritae was determined by measuring electron donating ability with 1,1-diphenyl-2picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2-2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) assays, as well as the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. The cytotoxic effect of the Seoritae ethanol extract was measured with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-dipheltetrazolium (MTT) and sulforhodamine B (SRB) assays. As a result, the electron donating abilities of Seoritae against the DPPH and ABTS radicals were 63.75% and 87.68% at 500 ${\mu}g$/assay, respectively. The $IC_{50}$ values of Seoritae in the DPPH and ABTS assays were 385.39 ${\mu}g$/assay (128.46 ${\mu}g/mL$) and 209.39 ${\mu}g$/assay (51.83 ${\mu}g/mL$). Additionally, the FRAP value of Seoritae was 0.84 $FeSO_4$ eq. mM at 800 ${\mu}g$/assay. The total amounts of polyphenols and flavonoids, which indicate the antioxidant capability of Seoritae extract were 1.65 mg/g and 0.59 mg/g, respectively. Moreover, Seoritae extract showed a high cytotoxic effect of up to 81% against human cancer cells, particularly A-549 and HeLa cells. The growth inhibition rate of Seoritae extract against A-549 and HeLa cells was up to 76.48% and 75.67% in the MTT assay, and 78.98% and 80.54% in the SRB assay, respectively. The results of this study suggest that an ethanol extract of Seoritae is a potentially good natural antioxidant.

Manufacture and Quality Evaluation of Beverage with prepared with Roasted Seoritae (로스팅 서리태를 이용한 음료 제조 및 품질 평가)

  • Jeong, Soo-ok;Kim, Hae-yean;Han, Jung-soon;Kim, Min-ju;Kang, Mi-sook;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.557-564
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    • 2016
  • This study was performed to develop and evaluate beverage prepared with optimally roasted seoritae to maximize the isoflavone content and antioxidant activities of the beverage. Isoflavone content was maximized at the roasting temperature of $110^{\circ}C$ for 20 min. Both DPPH radical scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity along with total polyphenol content were highest when seoritae was roasted at $110^{\circ}C$ for 20 min. Western blotting was used to determine the level of nuclear factor of activated T-cells 1(NFATc1) involved in controlling osteoclast differentiation. The results showed that NFATc1 had a concentration-dependent inhibitory effect when the RoS110 (roasted seoritae at $110^{\circ}C$ for 20 min) samples were processed at varying concentrations (10, 50, and $100{\mu}g/mL$). Tea samples were prepared from optimally roasted seoritae by varying brewing times (5~90 min) at $65^{\circ}C$, and tea brewed for 60 min had the highest preference with $65^{\circ}C$ as the preferred temperature for drinking.

Established marginal seeding period for green cotyledon black soybean (Seoritae) cultivation in Chungbuk province of Korea

  • Yun, Geon-Sig;Hwang, Se-Gu;Hong, Seong-TaeK;Hong, Eui-Yon;Kim, Hong-Sig
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.305-305
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    • 2017
  • Seoritae with green cotyledons refers to Korean native black beans harvested when the frost falls because the maturity is late. It is one of the beans preferred by consumers because of its softness and high sugar content. Because of late maturity, if the agricultural work is delayed by weather or agricultural schedule in green cotyledon black soybean (Seoritae), it affects seriously harvest and yield of soybeans. The aim of this study was to investigate the marginal seeding period on June 30, July 10 and July 20 in Cheongju and Jecheon area in Korea to produce stable soybean yield. The yields of green cotyledon black soybean as seeding date in Cheongju area are as follows: Seolitae (Yeoncheon), Seoltae (Goesan) and Seoritae (Gogseong), which increased by 23%, 56%, 23% and 40%, respectively, compare to July 10th to June 30th. As soybean sowing is delayed, the quality of soybean seeds has decreased due to the increase of immature seeds and fungal damaged seeds. The contents of anthocyanin in Cheongju area a functional substance of soybeans, was high on July 20 for Heukcheong, on June 30 for Seolitae (Yeoncheon), on July 10 for Seoritae (Goesan). The yields of Heukcheong and Seolitae (Yeoncheon) in Jecheon area were increased by 5% and 17%, respectively, compare to July 10th to June 30th, while Seolite (Goesan) and Seolite (Gogseong) were high in yields on June 30th. Similarly in Cheongju area, as the sowing period is delayed, the number of immature and mold damaged seeds in Jecheon area increased. The contents of anthocyanin in Jecheon area was high on July 10 for Heukcheong, on June 30 for Seolitae (Yeoncheon) and Seolitae (Goesan). From the above results, Sowing marginal date of green cotyledon black soybeans (Seolitae) in Cheongju area increased 30% in sowing on July 10 and increased 2% in sowing on July 20 compared to June 30. And Sowing marginal date of green cotyledon black soybeans (Seolitae) in Jecheon area increased 2% in July 10 compared to June 30, and the yield decreased rapidly on July 20. We have identified the seeding time limit of green cotyledon black bean in Chungbuk province. It will be possible to provide a variety of crop selection after double cropping of farmers. And by knowing the yield and seed quality of soybean according to sowing date, farmers will observe appropriate sowing period of soybeans for high quality. From the viewpoint of consumers, functional substances of Seoritae will meet the desire for health.

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A New Improved Soybean Variety, 'Josaengseori' by Mutation Breeding (돌연변이 육종에 의한 재래종 서리태 개량 신품종 콩 '조생서리')

  • Song, Hi Sup;Kim, Jin-Baek;Lee, Kyung Jun;Kim, Dong Sub;Kim, Sang Hoon;Lee, Sang Jae;Kang, Si-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.222-225
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    • 2010
  • 'Seoritae' is a very famous variety of black soybean for mixed cooking with rice in Korea. However, it has a couple of bad traits such as late flowering and maturity. To improve these characteristics, seeds of original 'Seoritae' were irradiated using a 250 Gy gamma ray in 1994. Some mutants were identified and finally a new soybean variety 'Josaengseori' was developed in 2005. This variety has a few distinguishable characteristics such as smaller grain size, early maturity and high yielding compared to the 'Seoritae'. The flowering period of 'Josaengseori' is 57 days after seeding (DAS), which is 10 days earlier than that of 'Seoritae' (67 DAS). The maturation period of 'Josaengseori' is 130 DAS, which is 34 days earlier than 'Seoritae' (164 DAS). And the total yield of the new variety with 179 kg/10a is 2.4 times higher than that of 'Seoritae' with 74 kg/10a. 100 grain weight of 'Josaengseori' is 32.8 g, which is 20% lower than that of 'Seoritae' with 40.1 g.

Germination Effect of Soybean on Its Contents of Isoflavones and Oligosaccharides

  • Kim, Woo-Jung;Lee, Hye-Yeon;Won, Moo-Ho;Yoo, Sang-Ho
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.498-502
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    • 2005
  • Three Korean soybean varieties - Shinpaldal-2, Seomoktae and Seoritae - were investigated for changes in their physical properties and the amount of functional components (i.e. isoflavones and oligosaccharides), during germination. Soybeans were germinated at $20^{\circ}C$ for 96 hr in complete darkness. The dry weights of cotyledone, hypocotyl, seed coat, and hilum of Seoritae were heavier than those of other varieties. The dry weights of the three bean varieties decreased steadily in spite of root growth. The largest amount of isoflavone content was observed from Shinpaldal-2 (1.824 mg/g), followed by Seoritae (1.216 mg/g) and Seomoktae (1.125 mg/g). Total isoflavone content increased by 13% during initial germination, and then decreased thereafter. Aglycone types such as daidzein and genistein dominated the increase in isoflavone contents. The increase in genistein content of Shinpaldal-2 was 17.5 fold compared with ungerminated soybean, while the amount of daidzein was 6.7 times as much as ungerminated Shinpaldal-2 over an 18-hr germination period. Oligosaccharide contents such as raffinose (Raf) and stachyose (Sta) rapidly decreased during germination, while the sucrose (Sue) content remained constant until 36-48 hr of germination. From these results, it was clearly shown that the germination process significantly changed the contents of functional nutrients in soybeans. Therefore, the optimization of germination process should be considered to improve the biological functionality of soybeans in food processing.

Quality Properites of Legumes subjected to Salt Solution and Microwave Heating (가염침지 및 마이크로파 처리 두태류의 품질특성)

  • Park, Jong-Dae;Jeon, Hyang-Mi;Choi, Bong-Kyu;Kum, Jun-Seok;Lee, Hyun-Yu
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.686-690
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    • 2006
  • Quality properties of legumes (Seoritae and red bean) with soaking of 3% NaCl solution and microwave dying were evaluated. The samples were soaking with 3% NaCl at $25^{\circ}C$ for 6 hr(Seoritae) and 12 hr(red bean). Moisture content of Seoritae and red bean after soaking are 35.8%, and 35.1% respectively. The samples were dried with microwave treatment and cooling with microwave treatment combination secondly to $12{\sim}14%$ for moisture content Hardness of Seoritae was decreased from $12,863g_f$ to $3,309g_f$. There was a difference between varieties on color value. Hardness of cooked rice with ratio of milled rice and legumes(7:3) was $3,165g_f$ which is lower value compared to regular cooked mixed rice. Sensory evaluation of cooked mixed rice showed that treated samples have higher scores on color, flavor, taste, texture and overall acceptability values than those of control.

Effect of cookies made with soybean/seoritae and Hwanggum using response surface methodology on the blood glucose response in healthy adults (반응표면분석을 이용해 개발한 황금과 대두콩/서리태 분말 혼합 쿠키가 정상인의 혈당반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jae-Hee;Kim, Rae-Young;Park, Eunju
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.186-191
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    • 2017
  • The goal of this study was to develop an optimal formula for cookies containing soybean/seoritae, Hwanggum, and isomalto-oligosaccharide using response surface methodology to achieve a blood glucose lowering effect. The model showed a good fit with the experimental data [$R^2=0.92$ (soybean) and 0.93 (seoritae)]. However, the p-value of lack of fit was less than 0.05 and ridge analysis was used to determine an optimal formula. The estimated optimal conditions were as follows: soybean cookie: 68.7% soybean, 2.5% Hwanggum, and 75.2% isomalto-oligosaccharide; seoritae cookie: 56.5% soybean, 3.8% Hwanggum, and 56.2% isomalto-oligosaccharide. The area under the curve and glycemic index were significantly lower in the soybean cookie group than in the control. The glycemic load (GL) index of the soybean (19.9) cookie was in the range of a low-glycemic food (<20 GL). These results can be applied to develop a cookie with a blood glucose lowering effect.

Response of Leaf Pigment and Chlorophyll Fluorescence to Light Quality in Soybean (Glycine max Merr. var Seoritae) (콩의 광질에 대한 엽 색소 및 엽록소 형광반응 연구)

  • Park, Sei-Joon;Kim, Do-Yun;Yoo, Sung-Yung;Kim, Hyun-Hee;Ko, Tae-Seok;Shim, Myong-Yong;Park, So-Hyun;Yang, Ji-A;Eom, Ki-Cheol;Hong, Sun-Hee;Kim, Tae-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.400-406
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    • 2010
  • Etiolation of plant leaves evoke to be photosynthetically inactive because plant leaves are unable to convert photochlorophyllide to chlorophyllide in the absence of light. In addition, UV-B radiation plays an important role in photomorphogenesis and excessive UV-B radiation decreases photosynthesis and causes to damage to cellular DNA. In the present study, two electrical lights obtained with the ultraviolet lamp and moderate lamp were employed to young plants soybean (Glycine max Merr. var Seoritae). After treatment of different lights, young plants were harvested for the determination of pigment contents and chlorophyll fluorescence. The contents of carotenoids and anthocyanins were significantly enhanced with the excessive UV-B radiation. Excessive UV-B light reduced dramatically photosynthetic efficiency causing an irreversible damage on PSII in comparison to the controls treated under normal illumination. As the treatment of normal illumination after dark treatment, the contents of carotenoids and anthocyanains were not changed in the leaves and photosynthetic ability were retained. Therefore, Seoritae soybean leaves might protect themselves from excessive UV-B radiation with up-regulation of antioxidants.

Effect of Soy Protein Hydrolyzate on Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidant Activity in the Rat (대두단백가수분해물이 흰쥐의 지질대사와 항산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Yoon-Hee;Park, Sang-Kyu;Kim, Hye-Young
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of soy protein hydrolyzate on lipid metabolism and antioxidant activity in the rat. Thirty-eight male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain were divided into five groups: casein, isolated soy protein (ISP), seoritae protein hydrolyzate (SH), soluble soy protein hydrolyzate (SS), and insoluble soy protein hydrolyzate (IS). The control diet (casein group) contained 20% casein protein and experimental diet contained 10% casein and 10% isolated soy-protein or soy-protein hydrolyzate. Fecal lipid content was increased and lipid apparent absorption rate was decreased significantly by the ISP group at the first week of experimental period. Blood triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and atherogenic index (AI) were decreased by soy protein hydrolyzate groups than casein group. Liver total lipid, triglyceride and cholesterol were not different among groups, but showed decreasing tendencies in soyprotein hydrolyzate groups. The lipid lowering effect was prominent in the IS group among soy protein hydrolyzate groups. Total antioxidant activity showed increasing tendency in the seoritae hydrolyzate group. Liver superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase activities also showed higher tendencies in the seoritae hydrolyzate group than other groups. In conclusion, insoluble soyprotein hydrolyzate was more effective in lowering body lipids and seoritae hydrolyzate had higher antioxidant capacity among soy protein hydrolyzates.

Antioxidative and Fibrinolytic Activity of Extracts from Soybean and Chungkukjang(Fermented Soybeans) Prepared from a Black Soybean Cultivar (검은콩의 품종에 따른 콩과 청국장 추출물의 항산화능 및 혈전용해능)

  • Joo, Eun-Young;Park, Chan-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.874-880
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    • 2010
  • We sought to develop natural preservatives or functional health foods from black soybeans (Yakkong, Seoritae and Chungkukjang). These materials were extracted with distilled water or 70% (v/v) ethanol, and the extracts sanalyzed for polyphenol content and tested for antioxidative and fibrilytic activities. The polyphenol contents of water extracts from Yakkong and Yakkong Chungkukjang was 316.23 mg/100 g, 896.01 mg/100 g, respectively, whereas those from Seoritae and Seoritae Chungkukjang were 304.28 mg/100 g and 875.23 mg/100 g. The polyphenol contents of water extracts from Chungkukjang were 2.8-fold higher than those from black soybean. The electron-donating abilities (EDAs) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activities of water extracts from black soybean Chungkukjang were higher than those of water extracts from black soybean, but both extracts had fibrinolytic activity, the highest activity was present in water extracts of Yakkong Chungkukjang. The polyphenol contents, and antioxidative and fibrinolytic activities of extracts from black soybean Chungkukjang were higher than those of other black soybean extracts from black soybeans. These results indicate that black soybean Chungkukjang can be used for development of a health food or as a natural antioxidant.