• Title, Summary, Keyword: Serotype

Search Result 386, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

The detection of Streptococcus suis serotype 1 (+14), 2 (+1/2), 7 and 9 from pneumonic lungs in slaughtered pigs by a multiplex PCR (도축돈의 폐병변에서 Streptococcus suis 1 (+14)형, 2 (+1/2)형, 7형 그리고 9형의 Multiplex PCR을 통한 검출)

  • Koo, Kyung-Min;Lim, Jae-Hyang;Koh, Hong-Bum
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.495-504
    • /
    • 2002
  • Streptococcus suis is an important swine pathogen in nearly all countries with an extensive pig industry. It is associated with meningitis, arthritis, endocarditis, septicaemia, bronchopneumonia and sudden death. Attempts to control the disease are still hampered the lack of effective vaccines and sensitive diagnostic tools. A PCR method which can be used for the detection of virulent strains of serotype 2, which is most prevalent serotype, and serotype 1 was developed. However, serotype 1, 2, 7 and 9 strains are frequently isolated from diseased pigs. In European countries, S suis serotype 2 is the most prevalent type isolated from diseased pigs, followed by serotype 9 and 1. In Japan, capsular serotype 2 was also the most prevalent serotype, followed by capsular serotype 7. Most of S suis isolated from diseased pigs belong to a limited number of capsular serotype, often those between 1 and 9. We investigated the distribution of S suis serotype 1, 2, 7 and 9 from 740 pig lungs at abattoir in Jeolla and Chungcheong by rapid multiplex PCR assay. Fifty of 740 lung samples, 6.8%, were S suis postitive and identified S suis were divided by 38% (19/50) in serotype 2, 2% (1/50) in serotype 7 and 4% (2/50) in serotype 9. The distribution of S suis serotype in Korea was similar to other countries. Moreover, the multiplex PCR assay may be an useful diagnostic tool for the detection of pigs carrying serotype 1, 2, 7, 1/2, 9 and 14 strains in epidemiological and transmission studies and facilitate control and eradication programs.

Agglutinating Antibody to Propionibacterium acnes Serotype I and Serotype II in Normal Human Sera (정상인(正常人) 혈청(血淸)의 Propionibacterium acnes Serotype I 및 Serotype II에 대한 항체(抗體))

  • Choi, Chul-S.;Seo, Yang-Y.;Yang, Yong-T.
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-69
    • /
    • 1979
  • Antibodies to Propionibacterium acnes(Corynebacterium parvum) serotype I and serotype II in normal human sera were measured using a microtitre bacterial agglutination test. Of 168 sera tested, 53 sera(31.0%) exhibited higher agglutinin titres to serotype I than to serotype II and 34 sera(20.2%) gave higher titers to serotype II than to serotype I. Eighty-one sera(48.3%), however, showed similar antibody titres to both types. Antibodies to serotype I(x) and serotype II(y) showed high correlation(r=0.73, p<0.01) and regression equation was Y=1,078+0.73X. The mean antibody titre($log_2$) of 529 normal sera(male 447 and female 82) to serotype I was $5.49{\pm}1.36$, but there was no significant difference between male($5.45{\pm}1.36$) and female($5.74{\pm}1.36$). Bacterial agglutinin to Propionibacterium acnes in normal sera belonged to a 2-mercaptoethanol resistant IgG class.

  • PDF

INDIRECT IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF ACTINOMYCES SPECIES IN PATIENTS WITH PERIAPICAL LESION (치근단 병변에서 Actinomyces 종의 검정을 위한 간접 면역형광법적 연구)

  • Chang, Won-Jung;Yoon, Soo-Han;Kwon, O-Yang
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.121-135
    • /
    • 1996
  • Actinomyces are Gram-positive, non-acid-fast, anaerobic or microaerophilic filamentous bacteria. These organisms are frequently detected from infected root canals and periapical lesion. The purpose of this study was to use indirect immunofluorescence to determine the prescence of select Actinomyces species in a survey of teeth associated with periapical lesion, to clarify the relationship between clinical symptoms of periapical lesions and the Actinomyces species and to study on the cross reaction among Actinomyces. Actinomyces israelii serotype I (ATCC 12102), Actinomyces israelii serotype II (ATCC 29322), Actinomyces viscosus serotype II (ATCC 19246), Actinomyces naslundii serotype I (ATCC 12104) were cultured in anaerobic condition. Rabbit antisera were prepared by intravenous injection of formalized whole cells. Indirect immunofluorescence method was used to achieve the purpose. The following results were obtained. 1. There was a relationship between Actinomyces and periapical disease. 2. A. israelii serotype I, II were frequently identified with Indirect Immunofluorescence and most often assosiated with periapical disease. In culture finding, there was no significant difference between each group. 3. Indirect Immunofluoresence is both more sensitive and more rapid than culture for identification of Actinomyces species in patients with periapical lesion. 4. A. israelii serotype I, II was highly isolated in infected root canals with local swelling, A. naslundii serotype I was highly isolated in those with foul odor, and A. israelii serotype I was found in higher frequncy in those with exudate than other bacteria. 5. In the Indirect Immunofluorescence (1 : 320), A positive cross reaction was obtained between A. israelii serotype I and A. israelii serotype II, also, A. viscosus serotype II and A. naslundii serotype I. There was no cross reaction between A. israelii serotype I, II and A. viscosus serotype II, A. naslundii serotype I.

  • PDF

Genetic Relatedness within Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 19F and 23F Isolates in Korea by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis

  • Lee, Kwang-Jun;Bae, Song-Mee;Hwang, Kyu-Jam;Lee, Young-Hee;Kim, Ki-Sang
    • Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.41 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-6
    • /
    • 2003
  • The genetic relatedness of multidrug-resistant pneumococcal isolates of serotypes 19F and 23F was investigated. The DNA fragments digested with Sma I were resolved by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). PFGE analysis of 365. pneumoniae isolates showed 13 different patterns. Among 22 isolates of serotype 19F, 9 different PFGE patterns were present and 14 isolates of serotype 23F isolates represented 5 distinct PFGE patterns. Two isolates of serotype 19F and six isolates of serotype 23F shared the same PFGE pattern (Pattern I). Based on the genetic relatedness within the strains (one genetic cluster was defined as having more than 85% homology), we divided the pneumococcal strains into genefic clusters (Ⅰ, II, III, IV, V, and VI). The 22 strains of serotype 19F belonged to five distinct genetic clusters (I, II, III, IV, V and VI) and 14 strains of serotype 23F represented two genetic clusters (I and II ). These results showed that strains of serotype 19F are genetically more diverse than those of serotype 23F, Serotype 19F isolates with PFGE patterns H and I appeared to be less related to those of the remaining PFCE patterns (A to G) (less than 60% genetic relatedness), but those strains were genetically closely related with serotype 23f. These results suggest that the latter isolates originated from horizontal transfer of the capsular type 19F gene locus to 23F pneumococcal genotypes. In conclusion, the multidrug-resistant pneumococcal isolates of serotype 19f and 23F isolated in Korea are the result of the spread of a limited number of resistant clones.

PFGE patterns of Streptococcus suis isolates from diseased pigs in Gyeongbuk province, Korea (경북지역 환돈 유래 Streptococcus suis의 PFGE 패턴 실태 조사)

  • Kim, Seong-Guk;Kim, Young-Hoan;Lee, Hong-Young;Yun, Mun-Jo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.283-288
    • /
    • 2012
  • Streptococcus(S.) suis is a pathogen, causing meningitis, septicemia and sudden death in weaning piglets as well as fattening pigs. Using multiplex PCR method based S. suis capsular genes, 61 S. suis isolates was classified as serotypes 2, 7, 9 and untypable. Genotyping of S. suis isolates was analysed by PFGE pattern with treated Sma I restricted enzyme. Of the 61 S. suis, 25 (40.9%) were serotype 2, 6 (9.8%) were serotype 7, 5 (8.2%) were serotype 9, and 25 (40.9%) were untypable, respectively. Twenty four PFGE patterns were detected in this study and also PFGE patterns were classified according to serotype; serotype 2 was classified as 6 genotypes, serotype 7 was 5 genotypes, serotype 9 was 3 genotypes, and untypable was 11 genotypes, respectively.

Serotypes and Sensitivity Distribution of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (임상재료에서 분리된 녹농균의 혈청형과 약제 감수성과의 관계)

  • Park, Kwang-Woong;Cho, Yang-Ja
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.57-66
    • /
    • 1982
  • The correlation between the serotypes and sensitivity distribution of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was studied with stock strains of department, strains isolated from various clinical sources and strains of haspital environment of the past two years. Two hundred and fifty seven strains were typable and 38 strains were untypable out of 295 clinical sorces. Serotype B was most provalent(27.6%) followed by serotype G(24.9%), serotype E(23.3%) and serotype A(7.8%) among 257 typable strains. However, no serotype J,L and M were observed. Serotype B,G,E and A were isolated from pus, sputum, wound, burn site and urine. Serotypes E were most frequently isolated from nasal discharge and serotypes K were isolated from pus. There were no apparent differences in sensitivity distribution of streptomycin, carbenicillin and ampicillin between the clinical and The environmental origin. However, the strains of environmental origin were found to be relatively more susceptable to tetracycline, gentamicin and fradiomycin than the strains of clinical sources in high concentration. The strains of clinical sources of serotype B,G,E and A showed different resistant patterns to all antimicrobial agents except for carbenicillin. Serotype E showed the highest percentage resistance followed by serotype G,B and A.

  • PDF

Serotyping of Cryptococcus neoformans Strains Isolated in Korea

  • Hwang, Soo-Myung
    • Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.40 no.2
    • /
    • pp.166-169
    • /
    • 2002
  • Twenty strains of Cryptococcus neoformams isolated from environmental and clinical sources in Korea were examined for their serotypes. Two environmental isolates from pigeon excreta belonged to C. neoformans var. neoformans serotypes A. Of the 18 isolates from clinical specimens, 17 belonged to C. neoformans vats, neoiomans (serotype A : 16, serotype D : 1) and one belonged to C. neoformans vats, gattii serotype B, which was culturally unusual, producing mucous colonies. This is the first report of the identification of C. neoformans roar, gattii serotype B from a patient in Korea.

A Survey of the Serotype Distribution of Streptococcus mutans Isolated from Dental Plaques of Caries-active and Caries-free Subjects (치아우식증환자와 치아정상인(齒牙正常人)의 치태(齒苔)에서 분리(分離)한 Streptococcus mutans의 혈청형(血淸型) 분포(分布)에 관(關)한 조사(調査) 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Jean-Yong;Choi, Eu-Gene;Ha, Youn-Mun
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-29
    • /
    • 1983
  • An epidemiological survey was carried out to identify the serotypes of Streplococcus mutans isolated from carious lesions of 65 caries-active subjects(CAS) and sound tooth surfaces of 40 caries-free subjects(CFS). The autoclaved antigen extract was performed on each isolate, and then, serotypes of the isolates were determined in agar-gel immunodiffusion test. The results were as follows: 1. S. mutans was found in 78% of the samples of CAS, and of CFS. The difference of isolation frequency between CAS and CFS was not observed. 2. Only one serotype per single subject was detected in 61% of total samples, in remaining 39% of samples two or more serotypes were detected. 3. In 41.2% of CAS samples plural serotypes of S. mutans were found, whereas 35.5% of CFS samples showed plural serotypes distribution. 4. The most frequently identified serotype in each subject was serotype c; 69.5% of subjects harbored serotype c S. mutans. Serotype d was next most frequently isolated from subjects, comprising 23.2%. 5. Serotype c strain was found in 64.7% of CAS, 77.4% of CFS. 6. Of the isolates from CAS and CFS, serotype c was most commonly found, comprising 48.8%, serotype d was found in 16.3%, serotypes f. e, and g comprising 13.2%, 9.3%, and 7.8% respectively. Serotypes a and b were also found but in far lower frequencies(2.3%, 0.8%). 7. Serotype c strains were more found in CFS than in CAS, but serotypes d and e were more found in CAS.

  • PDF

A STUDY ON THE ISOLATION AND SEROTYPING OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS FROM DENTAL PLAQUE OF CARIOUS LESION (치아우식증(齒牙齲蝕症)의 환자(患者)의 우식이환부(齲蝕罹患部) 치태(齒苔)로 부터 Streptococcus mutans의 분리(分離)와 혈청형(血淸型)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Chae-Dong;Choi, Ho-Young;Park, Sang-Jin
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-44
    • /
    • 1982
  • Streptococcus mutans strains were isolated from dental plaques of carious lesions of 53 patients on mitis-salivarius-bacitracin (MSB) and mitis-salivarius(MS) medium as a supplement. The epidemiological investigation was carried out to determine the biotypes and serotypes of S. mutans isolates. For the serotyping, autoclaved extract antigens from the isolates and serotype-specific antisera against seven known serotypes of S. mutans were prepared. The serotypes of the isolates were demonstrated in immunodiffusion test. In addtition, the prevalence of ${\beta}$-hemolysis on 5% sheep blood agar plate in restricted anaerobic condition and yellow pigment production on 5% sucrose agar plate in less anaerobic condition among the isolates were investigated. The results were as follows: 1. Forty-eight S. mutans strains were isolated from dental plaque samples of 33 patients (62.3%) among 53 patients. 2. Of the isolates, some strains were not grown on MSB medium. 3. Serotype c S. mutans was found in 60.6%, serotype d was found in 30.3% of the patients who were known to harbor S. mutans. 4. Of. the isolates, serotype c isolates were most prevalent (43.8%), serotype d isolates were 25.0%, and serotype b, e, f and g isolates were also found but in lower frequencies. Serotype a S. mutans were not detected. 5. The correlation between serotype and biotype of the isolates was found in 78.6% of the typing cases. 6. Strains revealed ${\beta}$-hemolysis were in 52.1% of the isolates, strains produced yellow pigment were in 47.9% of the isolates, and with one exception, all the strains were belong to serotype c, e and f. 7. The majority of the isolates which revealed ${\beta}$-hemolysis appeared to be yellow pigmented, these isolates were belong to serotype c, e and f.

  • PDF

Opsonophagocytic Antibodies to Serotype Ia, Ib, and III Group B Streptococcus among Korean Infants and in Intravenous Immunoglobulin Products

  • Kim, Han Wool;Lee, Ji Hyen;Cho, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Hyunju;Seo, Ho Seong;Lee, Soyoung;Kim, Kyung-Hyo
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
    • /
    • v.32 no.5
    • /
    • pp.737-743
    • /
    • 2017
  • Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection is a leading cause of sepsis and meningitis among infants, and is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in many countries. Protection against GBS typically involves antibody-mediated opsonization by phagocytes and complement components. The present study evaluated serotype-specific functional antibodies to GBS among Korean infants and in intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) products. An opsonophagocytic killing assay (OPA) was used to calculate the opsonization indices (OIs) of functional antibodies to serotypes Ia, Ib, and III in 19 IVIG products from 5 international manufacturers and among 98 Korean infants (age: 0-11 months). The GBS Ia, Ib, and III serotypes were selected because they are included in a trivalent GBS vaccine formulation that is being developed. The OI values for the IVIG products were 635-5,706 (serotype Ia), 488-1,421 (serotype Ib), and 962-3,315 (serotype III), and none of the IVIG lots exhibited undetectable OI values (< 4). The geometric mean OI values were similar for all 3 serotypes when we compared the Korean manufacturers. The seropositive rate among infants was significantly lower for serotype Ia (18.4%), compared to serotype Ib and serotype III (both, 38.8%). Infant age of ${\geq}3months$ was positively correlated with the seropositive rates for each serotype. Therefore, only a limited proportion of infants exhibited protective immunity against serotype Ia, Ib, and III GBS infections. IVIG products that exhibit high antibody titers may be a useful therapeutic or preventive measure for infants. Further studies are needed to evaluate additional serotypes and age groups.