• Title, Summary, Keyword: Settlement

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Investigations on the Formation of Settlement Parks during the Settlement Era($1845{\sim}1943$) in Shanghai

  • Zhang, An;Zhang, Junhua;Ono, Sawako;Mitani, Toru
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture Conference
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 2007
  • The settlement era($1845{\sim}1943$) in Shanghai was divided as periods parting point by the establishment of habitats, the establishment of the International Settlement and its two times expansions, the establishment of the French Settlement and its three times expansions. Investigations on the formation process and its characteristics of two settlement parks during each period were carried out. The formation process of Shanghai settlement park was divided simply into the settlement park foundation time correspond to the settlement expansion time(the International Settlement was from 1845 to 1898, the French Settlement was from 1849 to 1913) and the settlement park development time after the settlement expansion(the International Settlement is from 1899 to 1943, the French Settlement is from 1914 to 1943) by the characteristics such as its forming time, quantity and distribution.

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Settlement Problems in Shallow Foundations (얕은 기초에서의 침하문제)

  • 이상덕
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.53-80
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    • 2002
  • Settlement in the Shallow Foundation are presented. Various practical methods to calculate immediate settlement, consolidation settlement, and secondary compression of the compressive soils under the shallow foundation are summerized. Especially the critical depth for settlement calculation, the contact pressure, the allowable settlement of the shallow foundation are recommended.

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The study changes of the settlement structure on Bronze Age in Yongdong area (영동지역 청동기시대 취락구조의 변천)

  • Park, Yeong-Gu
    • KOMUNHWA
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    • no.69
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    • pp.5-40
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    • 2007
  • The research against Youngdong area Bronze Age settlement structure the condition where the investigation against the area and the remains which are limited becomes accomplished and Only the dwelling site will be investigated from the early settlement of most and recognition there is not a possibility which it will investigate synthetically. The Early settlement to the time which reaches the size of the settlement is small and From Bangnae-ri phases the house possession area increases inside the hill and it follows on south and if dwelling site numbers under increasing, from the aspect where the size of the settlement is magnified seems and it is a position. The Middle settlement currently was confirmed as the beginning from the room village A ruins, it investigates a settlement structure to, the increase of data is necessary. Is Pottery with clay stripes, phases the Later Settlement which Dwelling site, Storeage, Earthenware Kiln, Ditch enclosure and Tomb, the Public dwelling site back large scale Pottery with clay stripes settlement of formation will be investigated from Bangdong-ri settlements which correspond to Songhyun-ri settlement which is a hill characteristic settlement which is located in rivers circumference and the higShland characteristic settlement to provide the data the cultural aspect and character and a settlement structure of Bronze Age postscript and it will be able to grasp.

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Evaluation of Foundation Settlement of Gyungbu High Speed Concrete Track Under Construction (건설 중인 경부고속철도 콘크리트궤도 기초침하 평가)

  • Kim, Dae-Sang;Yoo, Chung-Hyun;Kim, Hwan-Ki
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.365-370
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    • 2007
  • Foundation settlements(settlements at the embankment surface and ground) has been evaluating to satisfy the strict allowable residual settlement level from the start of the construction of Gyungbu high speed railway. This is because both embankment and ground settlement could be important to minimize the residual settlement after the construction of concrete track. Ground settlement is caused by the increase of effective stress resulting from embankment. The causes of embankment settlement could be come from different sources, for example, the increase of effective stress, rainfall, creep behaviors. Based on the field measured data, this paper analysed the settlement of ground and embankment settlement. The biggest settlement at the embankment surface was 9.7mm during 246days at the STA 000k922.5. The calculated settlement of embankment itself was 8.6mm at the same places. These results conclude that the compressive settlement of embankment could not negligible.

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Issues and Directions for Rural Settlement Development (농촌 취락개발의 문제점과 개선방향)

  • 김정연
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 1995
  • This paper is intended to review the major problems of rural settlement development and attempts to find the direction to enhance the effectiveness of rural settlement development policies and strategies. Small amount of financial resources being mobilized, similar policies for rural settlement development have been implemented sectionally by the respective sectoral goverment bodies. It has resulted in a lot of coulict and ineffectiveness in the process of rural settlement development To rationalize the rural settlement development, there should be some change in the current practice of the project: integration of development efforts, consideration of regional situation and settlement system, and introduction of principles and criteria suitable for rural settlement planning.

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Evaluation of Decomposition Effect in Long-term Settlement Prediction of Fresh Refuse Landfill (신선한 쓰레기 매립지의 장기 침하 예측에 대한 분해효과 평가)

  • 박현일;이승래
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 1998
  • In refuse landfills, a considerable amount of settlement occurs due to the decomposition of refuse over several years. In this paper, several prediction methods are applied to the measured settlement data of fresh refuse sites. The effect of biological decomposition on the settlement characteristics is investigated in predicting the long-term settlement of refuse landfill sites in view of the predicted settlement curves and the amount of long-term settlement. Irrespective of the applied models, the long term settlement may not be correctly estimated if the model parameters do not contain the decomposition effects. Among the proposed several prediction methods, Gibson & Lo model and hyperbolic model seem to represent the long-term settlement characteristics, but the power creep law seems to considerably overestimate the long-term settlement.

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Modeling Demand for Rural Settlement of Urban Residents (도시민의 농촌이주 수요모형 분석: 정착자금 지원효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hee-Chan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.97-110
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this research was to develop a rural settlement demand model to analyze the determinants of settlement demand of urban residents. The point aimed at from model development was deriving stated preference of potential consumers towards rural settlement through setting a hypothetical market, and using settlement subsidy as a surrogate variable for price in the demand model. The adequate demand model deducted from hypothetical market data was derived from the basis of Hanemann's utility difference theory. In the rural settlement demand model, willingness to accept was expressed by a function of settlement subsidy. Data utilized in the analysis was collected from surveys of households nationwide. According to inferred results of the demand model, settlement subsidy had a significant influence on increasing demand for rural settlement. A significant common element was found among variables affecting demand increase through demand curve shift. The majority group of those with high rural settlement demand sought agricultural activity as their main motive, due to harsh urban environments aggravated by unstable job market conditions. Subsequently, restriction of income opportunities in rural areas does not produce an entrance barrier for potential rural settlers. Moreover, this argument could be supported by the common trend of those with high rural settlement demand generally tending to have low incomes. Due to such characteristics of concerned groups of rural settlement demand, they tended to react susceptibly to the subsidy provided by the government and local autonomous entities.

A Study on the Reliability of Observational Settlement Analysis Using Data Mining (데이터마이닝을 이용한 관측적 침하해석의 신뢰성 연구)

  • 우철웅;장병욱
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2003
  • Most construction works on the soft ground adopt instrumentation to manage settlement and stability of the embankment. The rapid progress of the information technologies and the digital data acquisition on the soft ground instrumentation has led to the fast-growing amount of data. Although valuable information about the behaviour of the soft ground may be hiding behind the data, most of the data are used restrictedly only for the management of settlement and stability. One of the critical issues on soft ground instrumentation is the long-term settlement prediction. Some observational settlement analysis methods are used for this purpose. But the reliability of the analysis results is remained in vague. The knowledge could be discovered from a large volume of experiences on the observational settlement analysis. In this article, we present a database to store settlement records and data mining procedure. A large volume of knowledge about observational settlement prediction were collected from the database by applying the filtering algorithm and knowledge discovery algorithm. Statistical analysis revealed that the reliability of observational settlement analysis depends on stay duration and estimated degree of consolidation.

The Obstacle Process on the Credit Card Settlement System of VAN company relay service (신용카드 결제 중계 서비스 VAN사의 시스템 장애처리)

  • Hwang, L.H.;Jang, J.H.;Na, S.K.;Kim, Y.S.;Ahn, I.S.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2105-2106
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    • 2006
  • Currently the settlement system which is used at credit card settlement from the member store of the off-line credit card is composed of the credit card settlement terminal, the VAN company which does a settlement relay service and the credit card company. When the obstacle occurs from the credit card company, the VAN company which does a settlement relay service conducts an approval vicarious execution, but when the obstacle occurs from the VAN company, the credit card settlement service is not accomplished smoothly. The dissertation proposes the credit card settlement system which receives a settlement relay service that credit card settlement terminal uses a telegram conversion Agent from other VAN company when the VAN company obstacle occurs.

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Prediction Method of Settlement Based on Field Monitoring Data for Soft Ground Under Preloading Improvement with Ramp Loading (점증 재하를 고려한 선행재하 공법 적용 연약지반의 현장 계측을 통한 침하량 예측 방법의 개발)

  • Woo, Sang-Inn;Yune, Chan-Young;Baek, Seung-Kyung;Chung, Choong-Ki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.452-461
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    • 2008
  • Previous settlement prediction method based on settlement monitoring such as hyperbolic, monden method were developed under instantaneous loading condition and have restriction to be applied to soft ground under ramp loading condition. In this study, settlement prediction method under ramp loading was developed. New settlement prediction method under ramp loading considers influence factors of consolidation settlement and increase accuracy of settlement prediction using field monitoring data after ramp loading. Large consolidation tests for ideally controlled one dimensional consolidation under ramp loading condition were performed and the settlement behavior was predicted based on the monitoring data. As a result, new prediction method is expected to have great applicability and practicability for the prediction of settlement behavior.

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