• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sewol Ferry Disaster

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A Technical Approach to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder of the Sewol Ferry Victims' Parents (세월호 참사 희생자 부모들의 심리적 외상에 관한 기술적 접근)

  • Park, Gi-Muk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.134-145
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    • 2015
  • It has been 1 year since Sewol Ferry disaster occurred in the Gwanmaedo sea of Jindo, Jeollanamdo, on Apr. 16, 2014. The Sewol Ferry Disaster which took 304 lives and had some victims still missed has become the largest tragic accident in Korea since 2010. Although one year has passed since the disaster, there is no psychological communication research on the trauma of the victims' families. This study first investigated the actual state of the Sewol Ferry victims' parents suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after their losses of children by the disaster. This study revealed that the victims' families suffer from physical and psychological the PTSD but neglect treatment. The PTSD still influences their daily life. It was observed that the victims' families have a lot of difficulties with interpersonal relationship, relationship with co-workers, residence, values, and other kinds of daily life. Given that the victims' families have a great deal of PTSD after the disaster, the academic circle needs to make discussions of the issue actively in order to heal the pains of the Sewol Ferry victims' families who are unattended in our society.

Disaster safety education and safety awareness of high school students after the Sewol ferry incident (세월호 사고 후 고등학생의 재난안전교육 및 안전의식에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Suk-Hui;Kim, Chul-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.51-64
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: To investigate disaster safety education and the safety awareness of Korean high school students following the Sewol ferry incident. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 1022 high school students in Korea from September 7 to 26, 2015. The questionnaire comprised questions pertaining to the general characteristics of the subjects, disaster safety education, and safety awareness, which were measured on a four-point Likert. Results: The majority of the students recognized the necessity of disaster safety education ($3.12{\pm}0.61$); however, most did not know where safety devices were located. After the Sewol ferry incident, awareness of disaster safety education was $2.11{\pm}0.64$, and the necessity of education was relatively low. More than half the students (53.5%) responded that disaster safety education must be conducted in professional education facilities. Conclusion: It is important to develop and implement regular disaster safety education for high school students in professional education facilities.

Analysis of Disaster News Contents on TV News Programs: Three Network TVs and JTBC's News Coverage of Sewol Ferry Disaster (방송 뉴스의 재난보도 콘텐츠에 대한 분석: 지상파 3사와 JTBC의 세월호 참사 보도를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jinbong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.539-550
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    • 2016
  • The news coverage of Sewol Ferry catastrophe has reprimanded from numbers of people because of false reports and mediamorphosis such as distorted news. Thus, the purpose of this study is to examine the news coverage of television news programs about the Sewol Ferry catastrophe. Specifically, this study was conducted to figure out problems with the disaster news reports of several broadcasting stations such as, KBS, MBC, SBS and JTBC. Furthermore, the study also explores about how they reported without following the rules of disaster news coverage and policy of disaster news coverage by content analysis.

Social Support as a Mediator of Posttraumatic Embitterment and Perceptions of Meaning in Life among Danwon Survivors of the Sewol Ferry Disaster

  • Lee, So Hee;Nam, Hee Sun;Kim, Hak Beom;Kim, Eun Ji;Won, Sung-Doo;Chae, Jeong-Ho
    • Yonsei Medical Journal
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.1211-1215
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Our research was designed to test and explore the relationships among embitterment, social support, and perceptions of meaning in life in the Danwon High School survivors of the Sewol ferry disaster. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five Sewol ferry disaster survivors were eligible for participation, and were invited to participate in the study 28 months after the disaster. Forty-eight (64%) survivors (24 males, 24 females) completed questionnaires; the Posttraumatic Embitterment Disorder (PTED) scale, the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ). Results: PTED scores were negatively correlated with scores on the FSSQ and the Presence of Meaning (MLQ-P) (r=-0.43 and -0.40, respectively). The hierarchical regression analysis showed that FSSQ scores may fully mediate the effects of PTED scores on MLQ-P scores, given that the indirect effect was significant whereas the direct effect was not (95% confidence interval=-0.5912 to -0.0365). Conclusion: These findings imply that therapies targeting embitterment may play a vital role in increasing positive cognitions, such as those related to perceived social support and the meaningfulness of life.

Frontal Alpha Asymmetry, Heart Rate Variability, and Positive Resources in Bereaved Family Members with Suicidal Ideation after the Sewol Ferry Disaster

  • Jang, Kuk-In;Lee, Sangmin;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Chae, Jeong-Ho
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.1168-1173
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    • 2018
  • Objective After the Sewol ferry disaster, bereavement with suicidal ideation was a critical mental health problem that was accompanied by various neuropsychological symptoms. This study examined the frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA), heart rate variability (HRV), and several psychological symptoms in bereaved family members (BFM) after the Sewol ferry disaster. Methods Eighty-three BFM after the Sewol ferry disaster were recruited. We assessed FAA, HRV, and psychological symptoms, including depression, post-traumatic stress, post-traumatic growth factor, anxiety, grief, and positive resources, between BFM with the presence and absence of current suicidal ideation. Results Compared to BFM without suicidal ideation, BFM with suicidal ideation showed a higher FAA with right dominance. Significant differences in psychological symptoms were observed between the groups. In BFM with suicidal ideation, the low: high frequency (LF:HF) ratio correlated with social resources and support. Conclusion The FAA and LF:HF ratio may be biomarkers that represent the pathological conditions of BFM with suicidal ideation. If researched further, they may shed light on the interaction between bereavement with suicidal ideation and social resources for therapeutic intervention.

Risk Communication on Social Media during the Sewol Ferry Disaster

  • Song, Minsun;Jung, Kyujin;Kim, Jiyoung Ydun;Park, Han Woo
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.189-216
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    • 2019
  • The frequent occurrence of overwhelming disasters necessitates risk communication systems capable of operating effectively in disaster contexts. Few studies have examined risk communication networks during disasters through social networking services (SNS). This study therefore investigates the patterns of risk communication by comparing Korean and international networks based on the social amplification of risk communication in the context of the Sewol ferry disaster (SFD). In addition, differences in language use and patterns between Korean and international contexts are identified through a semantic analysis using KrKwick, NodeXL, and UCINET. The SFD refers to the sinking of the ferry while carrying 476 people, mostly secondary school students. The results for interpersonal risk communication reveal that the structure of the Korean risk communication network differed from that of the international network. The Korean network was more fragmented, and its clustering was more sparsely knitted based on the impact and physical proximity of the disaster. Semantic networks imply that the physical distance from the disaster affected the content of risk communication, as well as the network pattern.

A Study on the Effective Command of Disaster Site: Lessons Learned from Sinking of the Sewol Ferry (효과적인 재난현장 지휘에 관한 연구: 세월호 사례의 교훈)

  • Kim, SungGeun;Hwang, K.T.
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2014
  • Today, scale of a disaster becomes huge, all the available resources should be mobilized to control the disaster situation, and situations of the disaster site is broadcasted by the various media on a real-time basis. Accordingly, The commander of the disaster site should manage the situation taking all the factors into consideration. Despite the importance of the factors affecting the command of disaster site, there are not much research on this topic. This study utilizes METT-TC(Mission, Enemy, Troops, Terrain and weather, Time available, and Civilian considerations) which is applied in a combat situation by the military area and proposes MORT-TEC(Mission, Object, Resources available, Terrain and weather, Time available, Exercise, and Civilian considerations) as factors affecting the effective command of disaster site. These factors are applied to the Sewol Ferry Incidents and policy implications which can help researchers and practitioners in the area are suggested.

A Study on the Ferry Sewol Disaster Cause and Marine Disaster Prevention Informatization with Big Data : In terms of ICT Administrative Spatial Informatization and Maritime Disaster Prevention System development (세월호사고원인과 빅데이터 해양방재정보화연구 -ICT행정공간정보화와 해양방재시스템개발 측면에서-)

  • Lee, Sang-Yun;Yoon, Hong-Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.567-580
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    • 2016
  • In recent years, our society, because of the arrival of a new paradigm according to the rapid changes in ICT has entered into future smart society and the ubiquitous era. So it can be a notable turning point in the marine disaster prevention system with big data, aspects of the era change. Therefore, this study was to derive a desirable vision for the big data marine disaster prevention informatization in terms of ICT maritime disaster prevention system development as preparedness for the maritime disaster by applying 'scenario planning' as a foresight method. Soon this study derived a successful marine disaster prevention informatization strategy as preparedness for the maritime disaster like Ferry Sewol Disaster. It proposed the big data marine disaster prevention informatization system with the use of the administrative aspects of information with spatial informatization as big data information. Also this study explored the future leadership strategy of the big data marine disaster prevention informatization in smart society. Eventually in 2030 to around, In order to still remain our marine disaster prevention informatization as a leading ICT nation, this study suggested the following strategy. It is important to ready the advanced Big Data administrative spatial informatization system In terms of prevention of incidents like Ferry Sewol Disaster.

Lessons from the Experiences of Volunteers at the Sewol Ferry Disaster (세월호 자원봉사자의 경험으로부터 교훈)

  • Shim, Sang Min;Yoon, Hyae Young;Choi, Yun Kyeung
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.105-119
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    • 2017
  • Backgound: The first step in disaster response is preparation, and education and training of workforce are considered as important elements of preparedness. The purpose of this study was to identify the needs of volunteers by exploring service experiences after a disaster to develop volunteer education programs. Methods: Participants were 11 volunteers who had supported the victims' families during about 1 year after the Sewol ferry disaster. Focus group interviews were conducted to investigate the experience of volunteer at the levels of individual, within-team and between-teams, and to discover the need of further training. Results: The results showed that the needs for self- and team-care and advanced education were reported. Conclusions: These results were discussed in terms of development of competence and mental health needs disaster volunteers. Limitations of this study and directions of future research were suggested.

Reorganization of Disaster Management Systems for Effective Emergency and Disaster Response: The Pivotal Role of The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) (대형 재난의 효율적 대응을 위한 소방조직 중심의 재난대응체계 개편 방안)

  • Mun, Gi-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2017
  • The current study aims to propose a reorganization plan for the national emergency management system to improve the current organizational structure for responding to national disasters and emergency situations. As a theoretical framework, the current study identified four key elements of successful disaster response systems: responsiveness, controllability, expertise, and devotedness. On the basis of the four key elements of disaster response systems, this study critically reviewed the current state of the organizational structure of the Korean national emergency response system by discussing the issues inherent in the current structure and by doing a comparative analysis of two high-profile national disaster cases-the Sewol ferry disaster in 2014 and the Gwangsan Rescue of buried people in 2013. Then, this study proposed the reorganization plan for the national disaster response system in which the NEMA is under direct control of the Prime Minister of Korea. It coordinates and controls the related government departments, such as the police, maritime police, and military during the national disaster and emergency situation. This study also proposed a reorganizational plan for the regional disaster response system in Korea. Finally, it was suggested that the status of firefighters should be elevated to the national public servant level in order to achieve organizational efficiency and solve existing problems that come from the current separated systems.