• Title, Summary, Keyword: Shenyang in China

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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Police Dogs in Shenyang, Northeastern China

  • Liu, Cheng-Wu;Yang, Na;He, Jian-Bin;Mu, Ming-Yang;Yang, Min;Sun, Ning;Li, Hong-Kui
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.579-581
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    • 2013
  • In recent years, worldwide surveys of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs have been reported. However, only limited surveys of T. gondii infection in police dogs have been available, including China. In the present study, we report the seroprevalence of T. gondii in police dogs in Shenyang, northeastern China. Sera from 291 police dogs were examined for T. gondii antibodies with the modified agglutination test (MAT), and 30.9% animals were tested seropositive. The results of the present study indicated a relatively high prevalence of T. gondii infection in police dogs in Shenyang, China.

Water Caves of Liaoning in Northeastern China -Shenyang Water Cave and Benxi Water Cave-

  • Soh Dea Wha;Fan Zhanguo
    • Journal of the Speleological Society of Korea
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    • no.65
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2004
  • To introduce the typical water caves of the northeastern district in China, the Shenyang Water Cave located in the Shenyang city and the Benxi Water Cave located in the Benxi city of the Liaoning province of the northeastern part of China are presented. The caves are very big and long, and the water flows in the cave to drive the motor boat for tourist watching the beautiful sight in the caves through the year. The geological information and the beautiful internal sight of views in the caves are introduced.

Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in Dogs in Shenyang, Northeastern China

  • Liu, Chengwu;Yang, Na;He, Jianbin;Yang, Min;Sun, Ming
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.375-377
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    • 2013
  • In the present study, we first report the seroprevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs in Shenyang, northeastern China. Sera from 528 randomly selected dogs were examined for D. immitis antigen using SNAP$^{(R)}$4Dx test kit; 12.7% tested showed seropositive. No significant difference of infection was observed in different genders and breeds (P>0.05), but the difference was significant in different age groups and rearing conditions (P<0.05). The result suggested that the risk of exposure to D. immitis in dogs is high in Shenyang, and should be given attention.

Studies on the Soybean Cyst Nematode (Heterodera glycines) in China

  • Liu, Wei-Zhi;Liu, Ye;Duan, Yu-Xi;Hong, Quan-Chun;Wang, Ke-Ning
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 1995
  • Soybean has been cultivated in China for 5,000 years. The soybean cyst neamtode (SCN), Heterodra glycines, was recongnized in Northeastern China in 1899. Currently, it is known to occur in 12 provinces. The biology of SCN was investigated in several provinces. Six races of SCN were identified (race 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7). About f10,000 soybean germplasm lines were evaluated for their resistance to race 1, 3, 4 and 5 of SCN. At least two black-seeded cultivars are resistant to all four races. Several tolerant soybean cultivars with yellow seed coat were released and are in production. Additional resistant cultivars are being developed. Nematicides were not applied in production Potential biocontrol agents and related aspects are being investigated.

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2007 Summer Women's Street Fashion in Shenyang, China

  • Bae, Soo-Jeong;Wee, Eun-Hah;Jung, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze women's street fashion in Shenyang and to understand the regional design preference. The city, Shenyang is not only known as the one of three major northeastern province in China, but also known as the city where large numbers of Korean fashion companies have launched in. The observation focused mainly on young/young adults and missy in Oe Market and ZungJie(中街) which are the most busy streets in Shenyang. A digital camera or a camcorder were used to take photos of these women. In addition, video captures or photos were analyzed by three fashion experts. Finally, the photos were classified by item and data was coded for statistics and reviewed through frequency and percentage. As a result, it was found that most young women in Shenyang liked to wear a casual style such as easy t-shirt, denim pants or skirt and a feminine style such as a one-piece dress in summer. Top items that were favoured by young women in Shenyang were t-shirts and blouse types, while they favoured to wear denim pants of indigo blue for bottom items. Frequently found colors among these womens' clothing were white, black, vivid blue, red and red purple. I strongly believe this study will provide basic but significant information for the establishment of design and marketing strategies to the Korean fashion brands, who is trying to access Chinese fashion market.

Rapid separation and identification of 31 major saponins in Shizhu ginseng by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-electron spray ionization-MS/MS

  • Sun, Ting-Ting;Liang, Xin-Lei;Zhu, He-Yun;Peng, Xu-Ling;Guo, Xing-Jie;Zhao, Long-Shan
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.220-228
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    • 2016
  • Background: Among the various ginseng strains, Shizhu ginseng is endemic to China, mainly distributed in Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County (Liaoning Province, China); however, not much is known about the compounds (especially saponins) in Shizhu ginseng. Methods: A rapid, sensitive, and reliable ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with MS/MS (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed to separate and identify saponins in Shizhu ginseng. Results: The separation was carried out on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH $C_{18}$ column ($100mm{\times}2.1mm$, $1.7{\mu}m$) with acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution as the mobile phase under a gradient elution at $40^{\circ}C$. The detection was performed on a Micromass Quattro Micro API mass spectrometer equipped with electrospray ionization source in both positive and negative modes. Under the optimized conditions, a total of 31 saponins were identified or tentatively characterized by comparing retention time and MS data with related literatures and reference substances. Conclusion: The developed UHPLC-MS/MS method was suitable for identifying and characterizing the chemical constituents in Shizhu ginseng, which provided a helpful chemical basis for further research on Shizhu ginseng.

A Study on Modern City Development of Shenyang in terms of Formation and Development of Railway Network(1895~1945) (철도의 형성과 발전을 중심으로 본 심양의 근대도시 발전과정에 관한 연구(1898~1945))

  • Lho, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.7-19
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    • 2016
  • Shenyang was one of the representative transportation hub of Northeast China during the modern period. The formation and development of the railway network gave great influence on Shenyang's city development. In order to understand the relationship between railway and city development, first, we classified Shenyang's city development period by the railway network's formation and expansion process. Then, we analyzed the relationship between railway and city space by five categories. The results of this study are as follows. First, before railway was constructed, Shenyang was a castle city, which also was the economic center of Northeast China. This was the main reason Shenyang was chosen as a railway zone. During the modern period, the castle structure became an obstacle to city transportation and environment, therefore, it was disposed. During the period of railways' expansion, South Manchuria, Jingfeng and Shenhai railway line was constructed in Shenyang. Since each line had different operation organizations, city sites along the railways were planned separately. However, these operation organizations had one common purpose, which was to use railway as an accelerator for economic development. During the period of railway's military usage, railway was reorganized as military supply transport for the Japanese, which also was used as a tool for the expansion of colonialism. Second, after Shenyang's city space was reconstructed along the railway, it created a close connection with city structure, city facilities, landscape and city transportation system. Hence, the railway system played a key role in modern city planning.

Determination of Optimal Build Orientation Based on Satisfactory Degree Theory for RPT

  • Zhao, Jibin;Liu, Weijun;Wu, Jianhuang
    • International Journal of CAD/CAM
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2006
  • In rapid prototyping, the optimal part orientation during fabrication is critical as it can improve part accuracy, minimize the requirement for supports and reduce the production time. Through investigating the geometric issues of STL model and process planning of RPM, This paper establishes optimizing model based on the considerations of staircase effect, support area and production time. The general satisfactory degree function is constructed employing the multi-objective optimization theory based on the general satisfactory degree principle. The best part-building orientation is obtained by solving the function employing generic algorithm. Experiment shows that the methods can effective resolve the part-building orientation in RP.

Comparison of Force Calculation Methods in 2D and 3D Finite Element Method

  • Yan Xiuke;Koh, Chang-Seop;Ryu, Jae-Seop;Xie Dexin
    • KIEE International Transaction on Electrical Machinery and Energy Conversion Systems
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    • v.11B no.4
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 2001
  • The magnetic force calculation methods, the Maxwell's stress tensor method, virtual work method, and nodal force method, are reviewed and the equivalence of them are theoretically proved. The methods are applied to the magnetic force calculation of 2D linear and nonlinear problems, and 3D nonlinear problem. As the results, the convergence of the methods as the number of elements increases, accuracy of the methods, and integral path dependence of the methods are discussed. Finally some recommendations on the usage of the methods, including the determination of the integral path, are given.

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On the Travelogue to Shenyang written by Seon Yak-hae - A mushin's (military official) report of secret observation on Qing Dynasty (선약해(宣若海)의 『심양일기(瀋陽日記)』 - 병자호란 전 조선 무신의 후금(後金)에 대한 정탐 일기 -)

  • Nam, Eun-kyung
    • (The)Study of the Eastern Classic
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    • no.34
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    • pp.133-165
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    • 2009
  • 'Travelogue to Shenyang(瀋陽日記)' is a documentary literature that Seon Yak-hae (宣若海) who was a military official of Joseon(朝鮮) Dynasty, described matters happened in Shenyang when he visited there as an envoy during early 17th century when Qing(淸) Dynasty and Ming(明) Dynasty coexisted and had diplomatic conflict with Joseon Dynasty. This documentary literature is included in the data collection of China that gathers important historical data of China and has been published and delivered in China, but it hasn't caught attention in Korean academic society. There's another 'Travelogue to Shenyang' which is known in the academic society that is a record of eight years of hostage period of Crown Prince Sohyeon and his group in Shenyang. However, this 'Travelogue to Shenyangl' of Seon Yak-hae is a record of Joseon and other countries' status at that time as well as the Joseon intellectual's activities while visiting Shenyang before the outbreak of the Manchurian Invasion (to Korea) in 1636. Seon Yak-hae who wrote this 'Travelogue to Shenyang' recorded his successful works as an envoy with proud, and showed a unique appearance as a military official and intellect who wanted to observe political and military status of Qing Dynasty secretly and report to his country. Since he was an intellect who had military background, he responded bravely when dealing with diplomatic problem and collected data strategically. He also had the ability as an intellectual official, so he wrote realistic articles and also wrote some poems to express his honest feelings in this peculia Travelogue. Therefore, this ' Travelogue to Shenyang' has both values as a historic records that showed diplomatic status of Joseon in the 17th century and literature records that showed unique spirit to record as an intellect who also had military mind.