• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ship fire

Search Result 175, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

A Study on Ship Evacuation Safety Consequent on the Size and Sort of Fire (화재의 크기와 종류에 따른 선박 피난 안전 연구)

  • KIM, Won-Ouk;KIM, Dae-Hee
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1358-1364
    • /
    • 2016
  • Maritime accidents caused by a ship include collisions, sinking, stranding and fire etc. This study is intending to consider fire accidents among such diverse marine accidents. It is much likely that various sorts of fires break out because crewmen are living in a narrow space for long periods of time consequent on the ship's characteristic of sailing on the sea. According to the ship fire survey, about 50% of the total fire accidents occurred at an engine room, and the main fire origin was analyzed to be oil. In addition, ship fire breaks out in the order of baggage racks and living quarter. In short, the survey indicates that all sorts of fires belonging to A, B, C and D-class have occurred. This study, targeting an actual passenger ship 'A', found the response time to evacuation, during which the people on board a ship recognize the outbreak of fire, and act, and the travel time for evacuation which is the actual travel time. In addition, this study carried out a simulation through the special program for fire analysis - FDS (Fire Dynamics Simulator) in order to find the effective evacuation time, i.e. life survival time. Particularly, this study did comparative analysis of the influence on the survival of passengers and crew based on the collected simulation data by fire size and sort. As a result of the analysis, it was found that when examining the only actual evacuation movement time excepting the response time to evacuation, people are safe by completing evacuation before the effective evacuation time only in case fire size is 100Kw among all sorts of fires. In other words, in case of the outbreak of fire more than 1 MW, it was found to fail to meet evacuation safety regardless of fire size.

A Case Study on the Fire Prevention of Passenger ship (여객선의 화재방지대책을 위한 사례연구)

  • Cho, Dae Hwan;Park, Chan Su;Choi, Joo Yeol;Ko, Jae Yong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Marine Engineers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.271-272
    • /
    • 2012
  • It is expected that passenger ship will be large-scale and luxurious according to the needs of modern function. A passenger short of information on the ship, so that they may be injured at the occurrence of fire accident. This study has investigated a case related to fire accident and presented basic data ship to minimize damages and loss at the occurrence of fire accident.

  • PDF

A Study on Improvement of Fire-fighter's outfits and fire-fighting scenarios for effective water-extinguishment on ship (효과적인 선상 수소화를 위한 소방원 장구 및 화재진압 시나리오 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Sim, Hyo-Sang;Park, Young-Soo;Ha, Won-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.100-102
    • /
    • 2016
  • Every crew are in great peril that they should put out a fire on board in person due to a property of ship isolated. Accordingly, it is essential to verify whether the fire-fighter's outfits and fire-fighting scenarios in accordance with present regulations are safe and effective actually. As a result of comparison between shore fire-fighter's outfits and fire-fighting scenarios and those on ship and statistics calculation of the place and frequency of the fire of actual ship, present limitations of fire suppression system and fire-fighter's outfits were proved. In addition, derive the distance to the place on ship that has highest frequency of fire occurrence from examining actual ship's drawings according to their description and size. Finally from experiments in more experimental groups by changing numbers of actual fire-fighters and environment and conduction of survey of a number of crew in active service on ship, the most effective fire-fighter's outfits system and fire-fighting scenarios will be derived.

  • PDF

Case Study of the Identification of Ship Zone for Generalize of Fire Safety Module in Korean e-Navigation System (한국형 e-Navigation 시스템에서 화재안전모듈 범용화를 위한 선박구역 식별에 관한 사례연구)

  • Kim, Byeol;Hwang, Kwang-Il;Moon, Serng-Bae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.346-347
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study is a case study on ship zone identification for the generalization of fire safety module in Korean e-Navigation system and assessed the method of dividing the area of the ship based on the location of the fire detector of the target ship.

  • PDF

Prediction of the Effects of the Ship's Heel and Trim Conditions on the Fire Development Characteristics (선박의 종경사 및 횡경사 변화가 화재 확산에 미치는 영향 예측)

  • Kim, Byeol;Hwang, Kwang-Il
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.283-290
    • /
    • 2018
  • Due to the environmental factors of the sea, ship accidents always contain an inclination angle. The change in the ship affects not only the evacuation speed of passengers but also the fire growth in the ship. For this reason, when analyzing the fire, it is necessary to analyze the risks by considering conditions of inclination. In this study, the temperature that affects the fire was calculated by alteration of ship's heel and trim angle and analyzed using FLUENT. Based on fire occurrence position, evacuation should be done within 37 seconds under the condition of $-10^{\circ}$ heeling angle and 36 seconds under the condition of $-10^{\circ}$ trim angle. However, it was predicted that the evacuation will not be affected under the conditions of $+10^{\circ}$ heel angle and $+10^{\circ}$ trim angle. For these reasons, it is confirmed that when the ship is on fire, evacuation measures should be considered based on the heel and trim conditions as per the location of the fire.

A Study on Risk Response against Ship Fire using Robot

  • Park, Dea-Woo;Park, Young-Suk;Nam, Jae-Min
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.230-234
    • /
    • 2011
  • It is endeavoring for sea safety and fire[1] at sea prevention solidifying control of standard technology and safety supervision aspect in IMO[2] but sea accident and ship fire are happening continuously. Because using Robot in artistic talent of ship in this treatise, studied that correspond to Risk and manage. Attach fire perception sensor for Robot's Risk confrontation, and because using infrared rays sensor, TOUCH SWITCH, sound perception sensor, gas perception sensor, light perception sensor that is threaded in Robot and is achieved, controlled Robot, and establish Low-High value the speed of sound output use and DC MOTOR and COM SEN of when indicate Risk confrontation to Robot and establish Robot's Risk confrontation administration action.

A Study on the Life Risk Assessment of Ship's Engine Room Fire (기관실화재 인명위험성평가에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Sang-Kook;Cho, Dae-Hwan;Park, Chan-Soo
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
    • /
    • /
    • pp.283-289
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study is a preparation for the application of FSA (Formal Safety Assessment) to the fire safety of ships. FSA is the new-fashioned methodology proposed to prevent ships from the accidents. To make a base of the fire safety assessment about ship's fire protection design and Classification Society rule, statistical informations for the fire safety engineering are investigated. From results, the necessity of new criterion for ship's fire safety design, the need to study the human behavior in the evacuation from fire, and the development of new fire progress model considering special situations in ships are acknowledged.

  • PDF

Study of the improvement program for fire safety of FRP vessel (FRP선박의 화재안전성 개선방안 연구)

  • Gang, Byeong-Jae;Lee, Hui-Jun
    • Journal of Korea Ship Safrty Technology Authority
    • /
    • /
    • pp.4-18
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to improve the fire safety characteristic of the FRP vessel. In this study, we analyzed the fire accidents of FRP vessel and investigated the ruels of domestic and other country for the structural fire protection standard of FRP vessel. We suggested the fire-retardent resin quality standard, and the improvement program for fire safety of FRP vessel.

  • PDF

A Study on Grid Size and Generation Method for Fire Simulations for Ship Accommodation Areas (선박 거주구역 화재시뮬레이션을 위한 격자크기와 생성방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byeol;Hwang, Kwang-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
    • /
    • v.23 no.7
    • /
    • pp.791-800
    • /
    • 2017
  • For fires in ship accommodation areas, if it is possible to predict the pattern in which fire will spread and suggest proper countermeasures according to a situation using a fire simulation tool, fire damage may be reduced. However, fire simulations have a practical limit: a significant amount of time is required to analyze the results due to the size of the computational domain and the number of grids. Therefore, in this study, applicable grid size for fire simulations to predict fire patterns in ship accommodation areas was analyzed, and a generation method was conducted to predict fire behavior in real time. As a result, a value within 0.25[m] was judged appropriate as an applicable grid size for ship accommodation areas. Also, in comparison with studies using a single mesh generation method, the visibility value was similar, within 4.3 %, as was the temperature value, within 8.3 %, when a multi mesh generation method was used, showing a decline of 80 % in analysis time. Therefore, it was confirmed that composing a grid using multi mesh was effective for reducing analysis time.

A Design and Implementation of the Intelligent System for the Fire Fighting Control using Fuzzy Logic in Integrated Platform Management System (통합플랫폼관리체제에서 퍼지논리를 이용한 화재진압통제 지능시스템의설게 및 구현)

  • Hyeon, U-Seok;Kim, Yong-Gi
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
    • /
    • v.7 no.7
    • /
    • pp.2095-2107
    • /
    • 2000
  • In maned ship, crews may have risks as they manage damage control system in IPMS in damage situations such as fire in a ship. So the application of unmaned autonomous systms can reduce the number of boarding crews and attribute to safe marine transportation. The paper suggests an intelligent system of the fire fighting control using fuzzy logic in Integrated Platform Management System which can take measures against fire situation of a ship excluding unnecessary warnings with undamaged situations. The system here detected the fire more accurately and adopted more appropriate measures according to ship status compared with conventional systems. Of all, a reduction of false detection of fires was noted.

  • PDF