• Title, Summary, Keyword: Short line fault

### A Numerical Algorithm for Fault Location Estimation Considering Long-Transmission Line (장거리 송전선로를 고려한 사고거리추정 수치해석 알고리즘)

• Kim, Byeong-Man;Chae, Myeong-Suk;Kang, Yong-Cheol
• The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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• v.57 no.12
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• pp.2139-2146
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• 2008
• This paper presents a numerical algorithm for fault location estimation which used to data from both end of the transmission line. The proposed algorithm is also based on the synchronized voltage and current phasor measured from the PMUs(Phasor Measurement Units) in the time-domain. This paper has separated from two part of with/without shunt capacitance(short/long distance). Most fault was arc one-ground fault which is 75% over [1]. so most study focused with it. In this paper, the numerical algorithm has calculated to distance for ground fault and line-line fault. In this paper, the algorithm is given with/without shunt capacitance using II parameter line model, simple impedance model and estimated using DFT(Discrete Fourier Transform) and the LES(Least Error Squares Method). To verify the validity of the proposed algorithm, the EMTP(Electro- Magnetic Transient Program) and MATLAB did used.

### Operating properties of resistive type superconducting fault current limiters with a single line-to-ground fault (1선지락사고에 대한 초전도한류기의 동작특성)

• Park, Hyo-Sang;Park, Chang-Joo;Lee, Sang-il;Chung, Soo-Bok;Oh, Geum-Kon;Chung, Hun-Sang
• Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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• pp.279-281
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• 2003
• We analysed the operating properties of resistive type superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs) based on YBCO thin films with a single line-to-ground fault. When a single line-to-ground fault occurred, the short circuit current of a fault phase increased up to about 6 times of transport currents immediately after the fault instant and was effectively limited to the designed current level within 2 ms by the resistance development of the SFCL. The fault currents of the sound phases almost did not change because of their direct grounding system. The unsymmetrical rates of a fault phase were distributed from 6.4 to 1.4. It was found that the unsymmetrical rates of currents were noticeably improved within one cycle after the fault instant. We calculated the zero phase currents for a single line-to-ground fault using the symmetrical component analysis. The positive sequence resistance was reduced remarkably right after the fault but eventually approached the balanced positive resistance component prior to the system fault. This means that the system reaches almost the three-phase symmetrical state in about 60 ㎳ after the fault. The ground currents were almost 3 times of the zero phase mts since most of the fault currents flowed through the grounding line.

### Study on Application of Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Considering Risk of Circuit Breaker Short-Circuit Capacity in a Loop Network System

• Kim, Jin-Seok;Lim, Sung-Hun;Kim, Jae-Chul
• Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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• v.9 no.6
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• pp.1789-1794
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• 2014
• This paper suggests an application method for a superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) using an evaluation index to estimate the risk regarding the short-circuit capacity of the circuit breaker (CB). Recently, power distribution systems have become more complex to ensure that supply continuously keeps pace with the growth of demand. However, the mesh or loop network power systems suffer from a problem in which the fault current exceeds the short-circuit capacity of the CBs when a fault occurs. Most case studies on the application of the SFCL have focused on its development and performance in limiting fault current. In this study, an analysis of the application method of an SFCL considering the risk of the CB's short-circuit capacitor was carried out in situations when a fault occurs in a loop network power system, where each line connected with the fault point carries a different current that is above or below the short-circuit capacitor of the CB. A loop network power system using PSCAD/EMTDC was modeled to investigate the risk ratio of the CB and the effect of the SFCL on the reduction of fault current through various case studies. Through the risk evaluations of the simulation results, the estimation of the risk ratio is adequate to apply the SFCL and demonstrate the fault current limiting effect.

### A Study on Future System Construction Using WSCR Strengthness Index based on Python (Python 기반 WSCR 강건 지수를 이용한 미래계통 구축에 관한 연구)

• Park, Seong-Jun;Hur, Jin;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Cho, Yoon-Sung
• The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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• v.67 no.8
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• pp.994-1001
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• 2018
• In this paper, to studied about future power system construction using PSS / E-Python API. Python-based future system automatical construction methods and modeling of renewable sources. it confirmed the stability of the powert system for each renewable area by calculating the weighted short circuit ratio (WSCR) index. it calculated the short circuit ratio (SCR) and selected the transmission line linkage scenario to improve the stability of vulnerable areas. it confirmed the WSCR index improvement through the selected transmission line linkage of scenario, and analyzed the stability of the renewable power system applying the scenario. It describes Facts and Shunt devices adjustment for the load flow convergence. It describes the stable methed of the bus voltage through the transformer Ratio Tap adjustment. By performing PSS/E ASCC using the Python it was performed three-phase short circuit fault capacity analysis, it is confirmed whether excess of the fault current circuit breaker capacity. In order to contingency accident analysis, it have described the generation of one or two line list of each areas using the Python. The list is used to contingency analysis and describe the soluted of the transmission line overload through comparison before and after adding the scenario line.

### Unbalanced Characteristics of the Superconducting Fault Current Limiters with a Single Line-to-ground Fault (1선 지락사고에 대한 초전도한류기의 불평형 특성)

• Choi, Hyo-Sang;Lee, Na-Young;Lee, Sang-Il
• Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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• v.18 no.9
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• pp.851-855
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• 2005
• We investigated the unbalanced characteristics of the superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs) based on YBCO thin films with a single line-to-ground fault. When a single line-to-ground fault occurred, the short circuit current of a fault phase increased about 6 times of transport currents after the fault onset but was effectively limited to the designed current level within 2 ms by the resistance development of the SFCL. The fault currents of the sound phases almost did not change because of their direct grounding system. The unbalanced rates of a fault phase were distributed from 6.4 to 1.4. It was found that the unbalanced rates of currents were noticeably improved within one cycle after the fault onset. We calculated the zero phase currents for a single line-to-ground fault using the balanced component analysis. The positive sequence resistance was reduced remarkably right after the fault onset but eventually approached the balanced positive resistance component prior to the system fault. This means that the system reaches almost the three-phase balanced state in about 60 ms after the fault onset at the three-phase system.

### Operating properties of superconducting fault current limiters with a sing1e line-to-ground fault in a three-phase system (3상 전력계통의 1선 지락사고에 대한 초전도한류기의 동작특성)

• 최효상;현옥배;김혜림;황시돌;차상도
• Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Applied Superconductivity and Cryogenics Conference
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• pp.261-262
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• 2003
• We performed unsymmetrical analysis of a single line-to-ground fault in a three-phase system. The current limiting elements were meander type YBCO stripes coated with Au shunt. When the fault occurred, short circuit currents were effectively limited within 1-2 msec after fault instant. The unsymmetrical rate of fault phase was distributed from 6.4 to 1.4 and most of the fault current flowed in the grounding line due to its direct grounding system.

### Simplified Synthetic Testing Facility with Modified TRV Circuit

• Chong, Jin-Kyo;Lee, Kyung Seob;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Kim, Gyu-Tak
• Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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• v.13 no.2
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• pp.881-885
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• 2018
• In order to develop a gas circuit breaker (GCB), the breaking performance of the short line fault (SLF) should be prioritized over that of the breaker terminal fault (BTF). In brief, it is necessary to evaluate the thermal characteristics of the insulating gas that is filled in a GCB. In the process of developing a GCB, many companies use the simplified synthetic testing facility (SSTF).In order to evaluate the SLF breaking performance of a GCB with a long minimum arcing time, a modifications to the conventional SSTF was proposed. In this study, we developed the SSTF with a modified transient recovery voltage circuit. The performance of the newly developed SSTF was verified by an $L_{90}$ breaking performance test on a rating combination of 170 kV, 50 kA, and 60 Hz.

### A Study on Selecting the Optimal Location of BTB HVDC for Reducing Fault Current in Metropolitan Regions Based on Genetic Algorithm Using Python (Python을 이용한 유전 알고리즘 기반의 수도권 고장전류 저감을 위한 BTB HVDC 최적 위치 선정 기법에 관한 연구)

• Song, Min-Seok;Kim, Hak-Man;Lee, Byung Ha
• The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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• v.66 no.8
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• pp.1163-1171
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• 2017
• The problem of fault current to exceed the rated capacity of a power circuit breaker can cause a serious accident to hurt the reliability of the power system. In order to solve this issue, current limiting reactors and circuit breakers with increased capacity are utilized but these solutions have some technical limitations. Back-to-back high voltage direct current(BTB HVDC) may be applied for reducing the fault current. When BTB HVDCs are installed for reduction in fault current, selecting the optimal location of the BTB HVDC without causing overload of line power becomes a key point. In this paper, we use genetic algorithm to find optimal location effectively in a short time. We propose a new methodology for determining the BTB HVDC optimal location to reduce fault current without causing overload of line power in metropolitan areas. Also, the procedure of performing the calculation of fault current and line power flow by PSS/E is carried out automatically using Python. It is shown that this optimization methodology can be applied effectively for determining the BTB HVDC optimal location to reduce fault current without causing overload of line power by a case study.

### A Numerical Algorithm for Fault Location Estimation and Arc Faults Detection for Auto-Reclosure (자동 재폐로기의 동작책무를 위한 아크전압 판정 및 사고거리 표정 알고리즘)

• Kim, Byeong-Man;Chae, Myeong-Suk;Zheng, Tai-Ying;Kang, Yong-Cheol
• The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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• v.58 no.7
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• pp.1294-1303
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• 2009
• This paper presents a new numerical algorithm for fault discrimination and fault location estimation when occur to arcing ground and arcing line to line on transmission lines. The object of this paper is developed from new numerical algorithm to calculate the fault distance and simultaneously to make a distinction between transient and permanent faults. so the first of object for propose algorithm would be distinguish the permanent from the transient faults. This arcing fault discrimination algorithm is used if calculated value of arc voltage amplitude is greater than product of arc voltage gradient and the length of the arc path, which is equal or greater than the flashover length of a suspension insulator string[1-3]. Also, each algorithm is separated from short distance and long distance. This is difference to with/without capacitance between short to long distance. To test the validity of the proposed algorithms, the results of algorithm testing through various computer simulations are given. The test was simulated in EMTP/ATP simulator under a number of scenarios and calculate of algorithm was used to MATLAB.

### Analysis on Insulation and Protection Characteristics of Grid Connected ESS in Ground/Short-Circuit Fault (지/단락실증시험에서 MW급 계통연계형 ESS 절연/보호시스템 성능 분석에 관한 연구)

• Kim, Jin-Tae;Lee, Seung-Yong;Park, Sang-Jin;Cha, Han-Ju;Kim, Soo-Yeol
• KEPCO Journal on Electric Power and Energy
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• v.6 no.2
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• pp.119-122
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• 2020
• With recent ESS (Energy Storage System) fire accident, the fault protection performance is becoming more important. However, there has never been any experiments with the protection performance on the faults in the ESS system level. In this study, the effect of AC ground fault and IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar mode Transistor) short-circuit failure on MW class ESS was performed experimentally for the first time in the world. First of all, the effect of the AC single line ground fault on battery was analyzed. Moreover, the transient voltage was investigated as a function of the battery capacity and the power level. Finally, the breaking capability and insulation performance of ESS were examined under PCS short-circuit fault condition. Through the tests, it was found that ESS protection system safely blocked the faulty current regardless of the faults, whereas the electronic parts such as IGBT and MC (Magnetic Contactor) were broken by the fault current. Also, the electrical breakdown in ESS resulted from the transient voltage during the protection process.